Events on Apr 28

  • 0357Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 0585War between Lydia and Media ended by solar eclipse
  • 1202King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France
  • 1376English parliament demands supervision on royal outlay
  • 1521Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Neth-Austria
  • 1550Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1635Virginia Gov John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655English Admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet
  • 1770Captain James Cook in Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • 1788Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution
  • 1789Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty and Captain William Bligh
  • 1796Cease fire of Cherasco
  • 180431 English ship sail Suriname river demand transition colony
  • 1818Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
  • 1829Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848Free last slaves in French colonies
  • 18551st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 19011st soccer game between Belgium (8) and Netherlands (0)
  • 19101st night air flight (Claude Grahame-White, England)
  • 1914181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1914W H Carrier patents air conditioner
  • 19191st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1923Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs. West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • 1924119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster
  • 1925Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925Netherlands and Great Britain return to gold standard
  • 19301st night organized baseball game (Independence KS)
  • 1931Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field

Born on Apr 28

  • 1715Franz Sparry: Composer
  • 1748Lorenz Justinian Ott: Composer
  • 1750Paul Ignaz Kurzinger: Composer
  • 1753Franz K Achard: German physicist
  • 1757Claus Nielsen Schali: Composer
  • 1758James Monroe: Westmoreland, Virginia -- (D-R) 5th President (1817-25)
  • 1770Nikita P Panin: Russian diplomat / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1795Charles Sturt: England, United Kingdom -- Explorer (Australia)
  • 1809Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist
  • 1810Daniel Ullmann: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1812Daniel Henry Rucker: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
  • 1815Andrew Jackson Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1825James Winning McMillan: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Alexander Stadtfeld: Composer
  • 1838Tobias M Carel Asser: Holland, Netherlands -- Advocate of world law (Nobel 1911)
  • 1842Louis PMFG of Orleans: Earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • 1846Johann E Backlund: Swedish astronomer (planets / asteroids)
  • 1848Ludvig Schytte: Composer
  • 1864William F A Ellison: Irish clergyman / director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 1870Hermann Suter: Composer
  • 1873Harold Bauer: English / US pianist (Beethoven-Association)
  • 1874Karl Kraus: Writer
  • 1874Sidney Toler: Warrensburg, Missouri -- Actor (Madame X, Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1878Lionel Barrymore [Blythe]: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)
  • 1879Edgar Tytgat: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1879Franz Arnold: Writer
  • 1882Alberto Pirelli: Italian industrialist
  • 1886Erich Salomon: German photographer
  • 1888Henry DG Crerar: Canadian General (WWI / Italy / Netherland)
  • 1889Bryant Washburn: Chicago, Illinois -- Actor (Exposure, Millionaire Kid, Nabonga)

Died on Apr 28

  • 1089Dirk de Grote: Bishop of Verdun / Basel / Archbishop of Trier
  • 1109Hugo van Cluny: 6th abbott of Cluny / saint
  • 1770Marie AC de Camargo: Spanish / Italian / Belgian dancer, dies at 60
  • 1799Francois Giroust: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1804Hans Gram: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1853Ludwig Tieck: Writer, dies at 79
  • 1873A Manzoni: Writer, dies at 88
  • 1881Robert W Ollinger: US warden / last victim of Billy the Kid
  • 1887Carl Ferdinand Pohl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1896Heinrich von Treitschke: German historian
  • 1925Louis F J Bouwmeester: Actor (Shakespeare)
  • 1933Robin Irvine: Actor (Easy Virtue), dies at 31
  • 1935Alexander Campbell Mackenzie: Scotish composer, dies at 87
  • 1936Foead I: King of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 1945Bernito Mussolini: Fascist leader (Italy), tried and shot
  • 1945Claretta Petacci: Mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • 1945Hans Bloesch: Writer
  • 1955Lode Cantens: Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
  • 1960Anton Pancake: Astronomer / marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1965Ferdinand Bordewijk: Dutch lawyer / writer (Character), dies at 80
  • 1966Ralph Bunker: Actor (Ghost Goes West), dies of a stroke at 77
  • 1969Johannes Rontgen: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1970Ed Begley: Actor (Mr Koppel-Leave it to Larry), dies at 69
  • 1973Pat Henning: Actor (Goodyear TV Playhouse), dies at 62
  • 1974Paul Page: Actor (Girl from Havanna, Moth), dies at 70
  • 1975Jan A de Jonge: Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • 1976Eugen Roth: Writer, dies at 81
  • 1977Ricardo Cortez: Actor / director (Bad Company, Flesh), dies at 87
  • 1979Feliks Roderyk Labunski: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1980Dee Carroll [Betty Jean Marsh]: Actress (Mad Bomber, Split)

Historical events on April 29

  • 1091Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes
  • 1429Joan of Arc leads Orleans, France, to victory over English
  • 1522Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly Inquisitor-Generalof the Netherlands
  • 1540Emperor Charles declares all privileges of Gent ended
  • 1550Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
  • 1553Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
  • 162311 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
  • 1628Sweden and Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein
  • 1636Prince Frederik Henry occupies Schenkenschans
  • 1644Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes Emperor of China and flees Peking
  • 1661Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1670Pope Clemens X elected
  • 1701Drenthe Neth adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
  • 1706Emperor Jozef I becomes Monarch of Cologne / Bavaria
  • 1707English / Scottish parliament accept Act of Union, form Great Britain
  • 1715John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
  • 1781French fleet occupies Tobago
  • 1781French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • 1813Rubber is patented
  • 1845Macon B Allen and Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice
  • 1853Comet C / 1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • 1856Peace between England and Russia
  • 1857US Army, Pacific Division HQ permanently forms at Presidio (San Francisco)
  • 1862100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862New Orleans fell to Union forces during Civil War
  • 1863Battle of Chancellordville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 18861st public Dutch electricity opens
  • 1888Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha
  • 190127th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
  • 1901Anti semitic riot in Budapest

Born on April 29

  • 1584Melchior Teschner: Composer
  • 1660Matthias Henriksen Schacht: Composer
  • 1667John Arbuthnot: Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
  • 1745Oliver Ellsworth: 3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1796-1800)
  • 1771Matthaus Stegmayer: Composer
  • 1783David Cox: English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
  • 1806Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben: Austria -- Physician / philosopher
  • 1815Abram Duryee: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1818Alexander II N Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
  • 1830Adolph Sutro: SF Mayor, built Cliff House, railways, and tunnels
  • 1855Edmund van der Straeten: Composer
  • 1857Frantisek Ondricek: Composer
  • 1860Lorado Taft: United States -- Sculptor (Black Hawk)
  • 1862Vittorio Mario Vanzo: Composer
  • 1871Louis William Stern: German / US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • 1872Eyvind Alnaes: Composer
  • 1873Alida J M Tartaud-Klein: Actress / stage star (Rotterdam Stage)
  • 1879Thomas Beecham: England, United Kingdom -- Composer (found London Philharmonic)
  • 1882Hendrik N Werkman: Painter / printer / resistance fighter (Hot printing)
  • 1885Egon E Kisch: Czechoslovakia -- Writer / journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • 1885Wallingford Riegger: Albany, Georgia -- Composer (Bacchangle)
  • 1893Elisaveta Bagrjana [Beltsheva]: Bulgaria -- Poet
  • 1893Harold C Urey: Indiana, United States -- Physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)
  • 1895Malcolm Sargent: English conductor (Promenade Concerts)
  • 1896Jacques Leon Wolfe: Composer
  • 1896Walter Mehring: Writer
  • 1899Karl Yngve Skold: Composer
  • 1899Natalie Talmadge: Actress (Our Hospitality)
  • 1901George Osborne Sayles: Historian
  • 1901Hirohito: Emperor of Japan (1926-89)

Died on April 29

  • 0852Amalarius / Fortunatus / Symphosius of Metz / Lyon: Bishop, dies at 76
  • 1499John IV: Dutch army leader / Earl of Egmond
  • 1535John Houghton: English, executed
  • 1676Michiel A de Ruyter: Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69
  • 1699Samuel Apostool: Vicar / Theologist (Zonisten), dies at 50
  • 1712Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1813Christian Danner: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1841A Bertrand: Writer
  • 1871John Gelinde van Blom: Fries notary / author, dies at 75
  • 1905Ignacio Cervantes: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1918Gavrilo Princip: Bosnian murderer of Archduke Ferdinand, dies at 22
  • 1928Henrich Federer: Switz, writer (I Switch Off The Light), dies at 61
  • 1935Leroy Carr: Rocker
  • 1936Florentinus M Wibaut: Amsterdam social alderman, dies at 76
  • 1943Joseph Achron: Latvian violinist / Composer (Golem suite), dies at 56
  • 1943Karl Adrian Wohlfart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1943Sidney A K Keyes: English Poet (Foreign Gate), dies at 20
  • 1947Irving Fisher: US economist, dies at 80
  • 1951Jules Verstraete [Julien G de Graef]: Actor (Boefje), dies at 67
  • 1951Ludwig J J Wittgenstein: Austria / English philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1954Ernst Heldring: Dutch Merchant / ship owner / financier, dies at 82
  • 1956Nemesio Otano y Eugenio: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1957Otallo Morales: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1964Albert Saverys: Flemish painter, dies at 77
  • 1967Anthony Mann: US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60
  • 1973Manfred Gurlitt: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1975Charles McMahon, Jr.: US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam
  • 1975Darwin Judge: USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet
  • 1975Michael John Shea: USMC-lt / pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975William Craig Nystul: USMC Captain, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet