Events on Apr 29

  • 1091Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes
  • 1429Joan of Arc leads Orleans, France, to victory over English
  • 1522Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly Inquisitor-Generalof the Netherlands
  • 1540Emperor Charles declares all privileges of Gent ended
  • 1550Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
  • 1553Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
  • 162311 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
  • 1628Sweden and Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein
  • 1636Prince Frederik Henry occupies Schenkenschans
  • 1644Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes Emperor of China and flees Peking
  • 1661Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1670Pope Clemens X elected
  • 1701Drenthe Neth adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
  • 1706Emperor Jozef I becomes Monarch of Cologne / Bavaria
  • 1707English / Scottish parliament accept Act of Union, form Great Britain
  • 1715John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
  • 1781French fleet occupies Tobago
  • 1781French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • 1813Rubber is patented
  • 1845Macon B Allen and Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice
  • 1853Comet C / 1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • 1856Peace between England and Russia
  • 1857US Army, Pacific Division HQ permanently forms at Presidio (San Francisco)
  • 1862100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862New Orleans fell to Union forces during Civil War
  • 1863Battle of Chancellordville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 18861st public Dutch electricity opens
  • 1888Old Kavallison, Congo: Stanley meet Emin Pasha
  • 190127th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
  • 1901Anti semitic riot in Budapest

Born on Apr 29

  • 1584Melchior Teschner: Composer
  • 1660Matthias Henriksen Schacht: Composer
  • 1667John Arbuthnot: Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
  • 1745Oliver Ellsworth: 3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1796-1800)
  • 1771Matthaus Stegmayer: Composer
  • 1783David Cox: English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
  • 1806Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben: Austria -- Physician / philosopher
  • 1815Abram Duryee: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1818Alexander II N Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
  • 1830Adolph Sutro: SF Mayor, built Cliff House, railways, and tunnels
  • 1855Edmund van der Straeten: Composer
  • 1857Frantisek Ondricek: Composer
  • 1860Lorado Taft: United States -- Sculptor (Black Hawk)
  • 1862Vittorio Mario Vanzo: Composer
  • 1871Louis William Stern: German / US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • 1872Eyvind Alnaes: Composer
  • 1873Alida J M Tartaud-Klein: Actress / stage star (Rotterdam Stage)
  • 1879Thomas Beecham: England, United Kingdom -- Composer (found London Philharmonic)
  • 1882Hendrik N Werkman: Painter / printer / resistance fighter (Hot printing)
  • 1885Egon E Kisch: Czechoslovakia -- Writer / journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • 1885Wallingford Riegger: Albany, Georgia -- Composer (Bacchangle)
  • 1893Elisaveta Bagrjana [Beltsheva]: Bulgaria -- Poet
  • 1893Harold C Urey: Indiana, United States -- Physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)
  • 1895Malcolm Sargent: English conductor (Promenade Concerts)
  • 1896Jacques Leon Wolfe: Composer
  • 1896Walter Mehring: Writer
  • 1899Karl Yngve Skold: Composer
  • 1899Natalie Talmadge: Actress (Our Hospitality)
  • 1901George Osborne Sayles: Historian
  • 1901Hirohito: Emperor of Japan (1926-89)

Died on Apr 29

  • 0852Amalarius / Fortunatus / Symphosius of Metz / Lyon: Bishop, dies at 76
  • 1499John IV: Dutch army leader / Earl of Egmond
  • 1535John Houghton: English, executed
  • 1676Michiel A de Ruyter: Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69
  • 1699Samuel Apostool: Vicar / Theologist (Zonisten), dies at 50
  • 1712Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1813Christian Danner: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1841A Bertrand: Writer
  • 1871John Gelinde van Blom: Fries notary / author, dies at 75
  • 1905Ignacio Cervantes: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1918Gavrilo Princip: Bosnian murderer of Archduke Ferdinand, dies at 22
  • 1928Henrich Federer: Switz, writer (I Switch Off The Light), dies at 61
  • 1935Leroy Carr: Rocker
  • 1936Florentinus M Wibaut: Amsterdam social alderman, dies at 76
  • 1943Joseph Achron: Latvian violinist / Composer (Golem suite), dies at 56
  • 1943Karl Adrian Wohlfart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1943Sidney A K Keyes: English Poet (Foreign Gate), dies at 20
  • 1947Irving Fisher: US economist, dies at 80
  • 1951Jules Verstraete [Julien G de Graef]: Actor (Boefje), dies at 67
  • 1951Ludwig J J Wittgenstein: Austria / English philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1954Ernst Heldring: Dutch Merchant / ship owner / financier, dies at 82
  • 1956Nemesio Otano y Eugenio: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1957Otallo Morales: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1964Albert Saverys: Flemish painter, dies at 77
  • 1967Anthony Mann: US director (El Cid, Last Frontier), dies at 60
  • 1973Manfred Gurlitt: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1975Charles McMahon, Jr.: US USMC lance corporal, killed in Vietnam
  • 1975Darwin Judge: USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet
  • 1975Michael John Shea: USMC-lt / pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975William Craig Nystul: USMC Captain, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Viet

Historical events on April 30

  • 0311Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 1064German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland
  • 1349Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated
  • 1396Crusaders and Earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
  • 1492Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
  • 1492Spain announces it will expels all Jews
  • 1506Philip of Bourgondy and England sign trade agreement
  • 1527England and France sign treaty of Westminster
  • 15621st French colonists in US: Jean Ribaut and Hugenots at Parris Island, North Carolina
  • 1563Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
  • 15981st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
  • 1616English King Jacob I leaves Brielle / Vlissingen
  • 1650French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1722Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
  • 1725Emperor Charles VI and King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1748Ceasefire at Aken ends
  • 1748French troops occupy Maastricht
  • 1763London Journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower
  • 1772John Clais patents 1st scale
  • 1789George Washington inaugurated as 1st President of US
  • 1798Department of Navy forms
  • 1803US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • 18081st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 1812(Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1838Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1852Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 1857San Jose State University forms
  • 1859Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
  • 1860Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • 1861President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory

Born on April 30

  • 1309Kazimierz III de Great: King of Poland (1333-70)
  • 1602William Lilly: England, United Kingdom -- Astrologer / author / almanac compiler
  • 1651Jean-Baptiste de la Salle: French priest / theorist / Saint
  • 1717Guillaume Gommaire Kennis: Composer
  • 1743Robert Jasper van de Capellen: Master of Marsch / politician
  • 1767Jean Henri Appelius: Lawyer / Minister of Finance
  • 1770David Thompson: English / Canadian explorer (Columbia River)
  • 1790John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrialist
  • 1792Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer
  • 1797Andreas V Michiels: Dutch military Governor of West-Sumatra
  • 1805William Kerley Strong: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1812Kaspar Hauser: German Son of grand Duke Karel van Bathe
  • 1823George JD Campbell: Scottish / British Minister to Indies (1868-74 / 80-85)
  • 1830Davis Tillson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1837Alfred Gaul: Composer
  • 1846Rosalie Amstein: Writer
  • 1853Alfred v Berger: Writer
  • 1858Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison: 1st lady (1889-1893)
  • 1864Frans Netscher: Dutch writer / journalist (Studies of nude model)
  • 1870Franz Lehar: Operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
  • 1874Cyriel Verschaeve: Belgian priest / writer
  • 1882Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf: Author (To the Invisible)
  • 1883David John de Lloyd: Composer
  • 1884Albert Israel Elkus: Composer
  • 1885Luigi Russolo: Composer
  • 1886Frank Merrik: Composer
  • 1888John Crowe Ransom: US poet / critic (God Without Thunder)
  • 1889Acario Cotapos: Composer
  • 1889Rudolph Hermann Simonsen: Composer
  • 1891Watze Cuperus: Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik)

Died on April 30

  • 0313Gaius G V Maximus [Daia]: Emperor of Rome
  • 0535Amalaswintha: Queen of Ostrogoten, murdered
  • 1196Boudouin II: Bishop of Utrecht (1178-96)
  • 1214Huguccio / Hugo van Pisa: Italian Bishop
  • 1328Eckhard: German Theologist / mystic
  • 1630Ercole Porta: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1632Jean de Tilly: Field Marshal
  • 1632Sigismund III: King of Poland / Sweden, dies at 65
  • 1708Simon de Vries: Book seller / writer (Unequal)
  • 1712Philippus van Limborch: Remonstrants Theologist / vicar, dies at 78
  • 1743Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo: Peruvian playwright / poet
  • 1784Franz K Earl von Velbruck: German Freemason
  • 1785Frederick Philipse 3: Land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • 1792Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1792John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich: English Naval minister, dies at 73
  • 1793Lorenzo Fago: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1800John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1829George Washington Adams: Son of John Q Adams
  • 1847Charles L J: Archduke of Austria / Governor-General (Austria-Netherland)
  • 1848Friedrich Freiherr Gagern: German / Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1855Henry Rowley Bishop: British Composer / conductor, dies at 68
  • 1859Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Bagrova-vnuka), dies at 67
  • 1887Friedrich Wilhelm Markull: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1893Edouard Manet: French Painter (Olympia), dies at 61
  • 1893Gyula Beliczay: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1895Gustav Freytag: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1896Antonio Cagnoni: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1900John Luther (Casey) Jones: Dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • 1912Frantisek Kmoch: Composer
  • 1922David M Chumaceiro: Curacaos poet