Events on Apr 30

  • 0311Emperor Galerius legal recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 1064German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland
  • 1349Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated
  • 1396Crusaders and Earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
  • 1492Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
  • 1492Spain announces it will expels all Jews
  • 1506Philip of Bourgondy and England sign trade agreement
  • 1527England and France sign treaty of Westminster
  • 15621st French colonists in US: Jean Ribaut and Hugenots at Parris Island, North Carolina
  • 1563Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
  • 15981st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
  • 1616English King Jacob I leaves Brielle / Vlissingen
  • 1650French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1722Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
  • 1725Emperor Charles VI and King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1748Ceasefire at Aken ends
  • 1748French troops occupy Maastricht
  • 1763London Journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower
  • 1772John Clais patents 1st scale
  • 1789George Washington inaugurated as 1st President of US
  • 1798Department of Navy forms
  • 1803US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • 18081st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 1812(Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1838Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1852Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 1857San Jose State University forms
  • 1859Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
  • 1860Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • 1861President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory

Born on Apr 30

  • 1309Kazimierz III de Great: King of Poland (1333-70)
  • 1602William Lilly: England, United Kingdom -- Astrologer / author / almanac compiler
  • 1651Jean-Baptiste de la Salle: French priest / theorist / Saint
  • 1717Guillaume Gommaire Kennis: Composer
  • 1743Robert Jasper van de Capellen: Master of Marsch / politician
  • 1767Jean Henri Appelius: Lawyer / Minister of Finance
  • 1770David Thompson: English / Canadian explorer (Columbia River)
  • 1790John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrialist
  • 1792Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer
  • 1797Andreas V Michiels: Dutch military Governor of West-Sumatra
  • 1805William Kerley Strong: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1812Kaspar Hauser: German Son of grand Duke Karel van Bathe
  • 1823George JD Campbell: Scottish / British Minister to Indies (1868-74 / 80-85)
  • 1830Davis Tillson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1837Alfred Gaul: Composer
  • 1846Rosalie Amstein: Writer
  • 1853Alfred v Berger: Writer
  • 1858Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison: 1st lady (1889-1893)
  • 1864Frans Netscher: Dutch writer / journalist (Studies of nude model)
  • 1870Franz Lehar: Operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
  • 1874Cyriel Verschaeve: Belgian priest / writer
  • 1882Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf: Author (To the Invisible)
  • 1883David John de Lloyd: Composer
  • 1884Albert Israel Elkus: Composer
  • 1885Luigi Russolo: Composer
  • 1886Frank Merrik: Composer
  • 1888John Crowe Ransom: US poet / critic (God Without Thunder)
  • 1889Acario Cotapos: Composer
  • 1889Rudolph Hermann Simonsen: Composer
  • 1891Watze Cuperus: Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik)

Died on Apr 30

  • 0313Gaius G V Maximus [Daia]: Emperor of Rome
  • 0535Amalaswintha: Queen of Ostrogoten, murdered
  • 1196Boudouin II: Bishop of Utrecht (1178-96)
  • 1214Huguccio / Hugo van Pisa: Italian Bishop
  • 1328Eckhard: German Theologist / mystic
  • 1630Ercole Porta: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1632Jean de Tilly: Field Marshal
  • 1632Sigismund III: King of Poland / Sweden, dies at 65
  • 1708Simon de Vries: Book seller / writer (Unequal)
  • 1712Philippus van Limborch: Remonstrants Theologist / vicar, dies at 78
  • 1743Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo: Peruvian playwright / poet
  • 1784Franz K Earl von Velbruck: German Freemason
  • 1785Frederick Philipse 3: Land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • 1792Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1792John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich: English Naval minister, dies at 73
  • 1793Lorenzo Fago: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1800John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1829George Washington Adams: Son of John Q Adams
  • 1847Charles L J: Archduke of Austria / Governor-General (Austria-Netherland)
  • 1848Friedrich Freiherr Gagern: German / Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1855Henry Rowley Bishop: British Composer / conductor, dies at 68
  • 1859Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Bagrova-vnuka), dies at 67
  • 1887Friedrich Wilhelm Markull: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1893Edouard Manet: French Painter (Olympia), dies at 61
  • 1893Gyula Beliczay: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1895Gustav Freytag: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1896Antonio Cagnoni: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1900John Luther (Casey) Jones: Dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • 1912Frantisek Kmoch: Composer
  • 1922David M Chumaceiro: Curacaos poet

Historical events on May 1

  • 0305Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Jovius of Rome resigns
  • 1006Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
  • 1048Bishop Bernold flees St. Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth
  • 1523Danish King Christian III arrives in Veere
  • 1544Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1551Council of Trente resumes
  • 1598Jacob van Necks Merchant fleet departs for Java
  • 1625Portuguese and Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
  • 1625Prince Frederik Henry appointed Viceroy of Holland
  • 1628Meiboom in Quincy, Massachusetts, degenerates into orgy with indian women
  • 1682Louis XIV and his court inaugurates Paris Observatory
  • 1703Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
  • 1704Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper ad
  • 1707England, Wales and Scotland form UK of Great Britain
  • 1711Archduke Karel of Austria / Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
  • 1715Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • 1725Spain and Austria sign trade treaty
  • 1756France and Austria sign alliance
  • 1757Austria and France divide Prussia
  • 1759British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West-Indies, on France
  • 1776Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
  • 1777RB Sheridans "School for Scandal, " premieres in London
  • 1781Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
  • 1822John Phillips becomes 1st Mayor of Boston
  • 1834Belgian parliament accept railway laws
  • 18401st adhesive postage stamps ("Penny Blacks" from England) issued
  • 18411st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for California
  • 1844Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
  • 1844Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
  • 1846Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world

Born on May 1

  • 1238Magnus VI Lagabuter: King of Norway (1263-80)
  • 1493Phillippus Paracelsus: Switzerland -- Physician / Alchemist (or 11 / 10)
  • 1545Franciscus Junius [Francois du Jon]: French / Netherlands calvinist theologist
  • 1567Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt: Dutch royal painter
  • 1577Francois van Kinschot: Dutch treasurer
  • 1582Marco da Gagliano: Italian opera composer
  • 1592Johann A Schall von Bell: German missionaries / astronomer
  • 1672Joseph Addison: England, United Kingdom -- Essayist (Spectator)
  • 1735John H van Kinsbergen: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral / founder of Dutch Marines Corp
  • 1759Jacob Albright [Albrecht]: German / US predictor
  • 1764Benjamin Henry Latrobe: Engineer / architect (built Capitol)
  • 1764Gottfried Rieger: Composer
  • 1771George Guest: Composer
  • 1775Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn: Composer
  • 1800Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 1807John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1819William Steele: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1825George Inness: US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • 1829Jose M de Alencar: Brazilian writer / Minister of Justice
  • 1830Mary Harris Jones [Mother Jones]: Hell-raiser
  • 1835Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Chardonnet: Inventor (rayon)
  • 1852Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke]: Frontier adventurer / indian fighter
  • 1858Anthony Johnson Showalter: Composer
  • 1859Willem J Leyds: Dutch / South Africa lawyer / politician / diplomat
  • 1881Pierre Teilhard de Chardin: France -- Philosopher / paleontologist
  • 1884Felipe Boero: Composer
  • 1887Alan Gordon Cunningham: Irish / British General / Director of Palestine (1945-48)
  • 1892Howard Barlow: Plain City, Ohio -- Conductor (Voice of Firestone)
  • 1895Leo Sowerby: Grand Rapids, Michigan -- Composer (Pulitzer 1946)

Died on May 1

  • 1171Dermot MacMurrough: Last Irish King of Leinster
  • 1277Stefanus IV Uros I de Great: King of Serbia (1243-76)
  • 1308Albrecht I van Habsburg: German King (1298-1308), murdered
  • 1447Louis VII: Duke of Baveria (1413-43)
  • 1456Hugues de Lannoy: Flemish Viceroy of Holland / Zealand
  • 1471Thomas a Kempis: Spiritual writer (Navolging of Christ), dies at 91
  • 1555Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini]: Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
  • 1572Pius V [Antonio Ghislieri]: Great-inquisiteur / Pope (1566-72)
  • 1679Esaias Reusner: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1700John Dryden: English Poet / playwright (Rival Ladies)
  • 1703Kiva Yoshinaka: Japanese monarch, murdered
  • 1772Gottfried Achenwall: German lawyer / statistics / economist, dies at 52
  • 1831Antonius van Alphen: Apostle vicar of De Bosch, dies at 82
  • 1863Edward Dorr Tracy: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 29
  • 1872Amalia: Princess of Weimar / Wife of Prince Hendrik the Navigator
  • 1874Vilem Blodek: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1886Conrad Busken Huet: Writer (Country of Rubens)
  • 1886Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1892Willem A Scholten: Manufacturer (potatoes), dies at 89
  • 1896Nasr-ed-Din: Shah of Persia (184.-96), murdered at 65
  • 1898Alphonse Wauters: Belgian historian, dies at 81
  • 1902John Glover: English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85
  • 1903Luigi Arditi: Violist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1917Jose E Rodo: Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo)
  • 1921Louis Campbell-Tipton: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1924August Cuppens: Flemish Author (Limburgs Driemanschap), dies at 62
  • 1926Nicolaus Adriani: Translator (Middle-Celebes Language), dies at 60
  • 1934Alexander Alexandrovich Davidenko: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1937Snitz Edwards: Actor (Phantom of the Opera, College), dies at 75
  • 1941John R Locksmith de Brown: Vicar / CHU-politician, dies at 71