Events on May 1

  • 0305Emperor Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Jovius of Rome resigns
  • 1006Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
  • 1048Bishop Bernold flees St. Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth
  • 1523Danish King Christian III arrives in Veere
  • 1544Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1551Council of Trente resumes
  • 1598Jacob van Necks Merchant fleet departs for Java
  • 1625Portuguese and Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
  • 1625Prince Frederik Henry appointed Viceroy of Holland
  • 1628Meiboom in Quincy, Massachusetts, degenerates into orgy with indian women
  • 1682Louis XIV and his court inaugurates Paris Observatory
  • 1703Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
  • 1704Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper ad
  • 1707England, Wales and Scotland form UK of Great Britain
  • 1711Archduke Karel of Austria / Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
  • 1715Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • 1725Spain and Austria sign trade treaty
  • 1756France and Austria sign alliance
  • 1757Austria and France divide Prussia
  • 1759British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West-Indies, on France
  • 1776Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
  • 1777RB Sheridans "School for Scandal, " premieres in London
  • 1781Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
  • 1822John Phillips becomes 1st Mayor of Boston
  • 1834Belgian parliament accept railway laws
  • 18401st adhesive postage stamps ("Penny Blacks" from England) issued
  • 18411st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for California
  • 1844Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
  • 1844Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
  • 1846Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world

Born on May 1

  • 1238Magnus VI Lagabuter: King of Norway (1263-80)
  • 1493Phillippus Paracelsus: Switzerland -- Physician / Alchemist (or 11 / 10)
  • 1545Franciscus Junius [Francois du Jon]: French / Netherlands calvinist theologist
  • 1567Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt: Dutch royal painter
  • 1577Francois van Kinschot: Dutch treasurer
  • 1582Marco da Gagliano: Italian opera composer
  • 1592Johann A Schall von Bell: German missionaries / astronomer
  • 1672Joseph Addison: England, United Kingdom -- Essayist (Spectator)
  • 1735John H van Kinsbergen: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral / founder of Dutch Marines Corp
  • 1759Jacob Albright [Albrecht]: German / US predictor
  • 1764Benjamin Henry Latrobe: Engineer / architect (built Capitol)
  • 1764Gottfried Rieger: Composer
  • 1771George Guest: Composer
  • 1775Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn: Composer
  • 1800Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 1807John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1819William Steele: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1825George Inness: US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • 1829Jose M de Alencar: Brazilian writer / Minister of Justice
  • 1830Mary Harris Jones [Mother Jones]: Hell-raiser
  • 1835Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffie: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Chardonnet: Inventor (rayon)
  • 1852Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke]: Frontier adventurer / indian fighter
  • 1858Anthony Johnson Showalter: Composer
  • 1859Willem J Leyds: Dutch / South Africa lawyer / politician / diplomat
  • 1881Pierre Teilhard de Chardin: France -- Philosopher / paleontologist
  • 1884Felipe Boero: Composer
  • 1887Alan Gordon Cunningham: Irish / British General / Director of Palestine (1945-48)
  • 1892Howard Barlow: Plain City, Ohio -- Conductor (Voice of Firestone)
  • 1895Leo Sowerby: Grand Rapids, Michigan -- Composer (Pulitzer 1946)

Died on May 1

  • 1171Dermot MacMurrough: Last Irish King of Leinster
  • 1277Stefanus IV Uros I de Great: King of Serbia (1243-76)
  • 1308Albrecht I van Habsburg: German King (1298-1308), murdered
  • 1447Louis VII: Duke of Baveria (1413-43)
  • 1456Hugues de Lannoy: Flemish Viceroy of Holland / Zealand
  • 1471Thomas a Kempis: Spiritual writer (Navolging of Christ), dies at 91
  • 1555Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini]: Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
  • 1572Pius V [Antonio Ghislieri]: Great-inquisiteur / Pope (1566-72)
  • 1679Esaias Reusner: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1700John Dryden: English Poet / playwright (Rival Ladies)
  • 1703Kiva Yoshinaka: Japanese monarch, murdered
  • 1772Gottfried Achenwall: German lawyer / statistics / economist, dies at 52
  • 1831Antonius van Alphen: Apostle vicar of De Bosch, dies at 82
  • 1863Edward Dorr Tracy: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 29
  • 1872Amalia: Princess of Weimar / Wife of Prince Hendrik the Navigator
  • 1874Vilem Blodek: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1886Conrad Busken Huet: Writer (Country of Rubens)
  • 1886Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1892Willem A Scholten: Manufacturer (potatoes), dies at 89
  • 1896Nasr-ed-Din: Shah of Persia (184.-96), murdered at 65
  • 1898Alphonse Wauters: Belgian historian, dies at 81
  • 1902John Glover: English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85
  • 1903Luigi Arditi: Violist / composer, dies at 80
  • 1917Jose E Rodo: Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo)
  • 1921Louis Campbell-Tipton: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1924August Cuppens: Flemish Author (Limburgs Driemanschap), dies at 62
  • 1926Nicolaus Adriani: Translator (Middle-Celebes Language), dies at 60
  • 1934Alexander Alexandrovich Davidenko: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1937Snitz Edwards: Actor (Phantom of the Opera, College), dies at 75
  • 1941John R Locksmith de Brown: Vicar / CHU-politician, dies at 71

Historical events on May 2

  • 1345"Quaden Maendach" in Gent: Battles between volders and weavers
  • 1497John Cabot departs to North-America
  • 1526German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldische League
  • 1536King Henry VIII accused Anna Boleyn of adultery and incest
  • 1595King Philip II names Albrecht of Austria land guardian of Neth
  • 1598France and Spain signs Peace of Vervins
  • 1652Frederik Hendriks daughter Albertine Agnes marries Willem Frederik
  • 16681st peace of Aken: ends French-Spanish war in The Netherlands
  • 1668Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Devolution
  • 1670King Charles II charters Hudson Bay Company
  • 1703Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
  • 1749Empress Maria Theresa signs "Haugwitzschen State reform"
  • 1776France and Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
  • 1780William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris
  • 1808Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1824Goethe visits Ettersberg (Buchenwald)
  • 1833Czar Nicolas bans public sale of serfs
  • 1847Sabbath famine
  • 1863South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia
  • 1863Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men
  • 1865President Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
  • 1876Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • 1878US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • 1885"Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • 1885Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • 1887Hannibal W Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • 1889Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II / Italy signs Treaty of Wichale
  • 1890Territory of Oklahoma created
  • 1900George Bernard Shaws "You Never Can Tell, " premieres in London
  • 1902"A Trip To The Moon, " the 1st science fiction film released

Born on May 2

  • 1551William Camden: English historian (Brittania, Annales)
  • 1601Athanasius Kircher: German Jesuit / inventor (magic lantern)
  • 1660Pietro Alessandro Gaspare Scarlatti: Palermo, Italy -- Composer (Tigrane)
  • 1729Catherine II [the Great]: Empress of Russia (1762-96)
  • 1729Florian Johann Deller: Composer
  • 1740Elias Boudinot: Lawyer / patriot, founder American Biblical Society
  • 1752Ludwig August Lebrun: Composer
  • 1754Vicente Martin y Soler: Composer
  • 1768Jean-Louis M Alibert: French dermatologist
  • 1772Novalis: Writer
  • 1779John Galt: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
  • 1810Hans Christian Lumbye: Composer
  • 1817Zikmund Michal Kolesovsky: Composer
  • 1821Abram Sanders Piatt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
  • 1843Carl Michael Ziehrer: Composer
  • 1844Elijah McCoy: Black inventor, held over 50 patents
  • 1846Zygmunt Noskowski: Composer
  • 1853Marie Verstraete: Actress (Louise-Frou Frou)
  • 1855Theodore Moses Tobani: Composer
  • 1857Frederic Cliffe: Composer
  • 1860Theodor Herzl: Austria -- Journalist / founder (Zionist movement)
  • 1862Marie F M Emmanuel: French composer / musicologist (Salamine)
  • 1869Tyrone Power, Sr.: London, England -- Actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band)
  • 1872G G van der Hoeven: Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC)
  • 1884Francois de Vries: Dutch economist
  • 1886Gottfried Benn: Writer
  • 1890E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith: United States -- Sci-fi author (Triplanetary)
  • 1892Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen [Red Baron]: German WWI ace
  • 1895Alfred Kurella: Writer
  • 1895Peggy Bacon: Ridgefield, Connecticut -- Author / illustrator (Off With Their Heads)

Died on May 2

  • 0649Maruta of Tagrit: Theology / 1st mafriaan Jakobitische church
  • 1250Toeransa: Sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1459Pierozzi Antoninus: Italian Archbishop of Florence / saint
  • 1488Jacob van Horne: Burgundy statesman
  • 1519Leonardo Da Vinci: Artist / scientist, dies at 67
  • 1567Marin Drzic: Croatian playwright (Dundo Maroje)
  • 1669Pieter Jansz Post: Master builder (Waag, Gouda), dies at 61
  • 1685Adriaen van Ostade: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1727Paul Aler: French Jesuit / Poet (Gradus ad Parnassum), dies at 70
  • 1736Albert Seba: Amsterdam pharmacist, dies at 71
  • 1799Henri-Joseph Rigel: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1818Herman W Daendels: Governor-General of Guinea (1815-18), dies at 55
  • 1845August Pauly: German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 1857LC Alfred the Musset: French Poet (Lesson caprices Marianne)
  • 1864Giacomo Meyerbeer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1892Wilhelm Rust: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1897William Cleaver Francis Robinson: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1919Gustav Landauer: German socialist
  • 1937Arthur Somervell: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1945Martin Bormann: Propoganda Minister for Hitler
  • 1954Pauline de Cock-Manifarges: Singer, dies at 82
  • 1955Tadeusz Jarecki: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1957Joseph McCarthy: Commie hunting senator (R-Wisc), dies at 47
  • 1957Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1958Alfred Weber: German economist / sociologist, dies at 89
  • 1960Caryl Chessman: Rapist executed after 12 years of appeals at 39
  • 1963Tomas Vackar: Composer, dies at 17
  • 1963Van Wyck Brooks: US Historian (Ordeal of Mark Twain), dies at 77
  • 1964Nancy N Witcher Astor: US / Eng feminist / ex of Waldorf Astor
  • 1968Donald L Hall: Airplane designer (Spirit of St. Louis), dies at 69