Events on May 3

  • 1294John II becomes Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1342Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
  • 1382Battle on Beverhoutsfield near Brugge
  • 1455Jews flee Spain
  • 1494Columbus discovers Jamaica
  • 1494Jamaica discovered by Columbus; he names it "St Iago"
  • 15125th Lateran Council (18th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1515Persian Gulf: Portugese fleet occupies Ormuz
  • 1616Treaty of Loudun kills French civil war
  • 1621Francis Bacon accused of bribery
  • 1624Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
  • 1629French huguenot leader Duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
  • 1640English Upper house accept Act of Attainder
  • 1654Bridge at Rowley Mass begins charging tolls for animals
  • 1660Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg and Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1661Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen
  • 1662Royal charter granted Connecticut
  • 1678French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die
  • 1747Willem IV appointed Viceroy of Holland / Utrecht
  • 17651st US medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • 1802Washington DC incorporates as a city
  • 1810Lord Byron swims Hellespont
  • 1815Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • 1822Society for Propagation of Faith starts (Lyon, France)
  • 18301st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • 18451st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)
  • 1845Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China
  • 1846Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
  • 1851Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • 1855Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens

Born on May 3

  • 1446Margaretha: English Princess / Duchess of Bourgondie
  • 1514Bartholomaeus a Martyribus [Fernandez]: Primate of Portugal
  • 1535Alessandro "Agnolo" Allori: Italian painter / carpet designer
  • 1647John A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes: Poet (Bellone aen bant)
  • 1649Johann Valentin Meder: Composer
  • 1692Jan J Mauricius: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1742-51)
  • 1708Johann Adolph Scheibe: German music theroist / composer
  • 1729Florian Leopold Gassmann: Composer
  • 1737Friedrich Schwindl: Composer
  • 1742Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz: Composer
  • 1744Freidrich Wilhelm Weis: Composer
  • 1752Braz Francisco de Lima: Composer
  • 1764Elisabeth PMH: Princess of France / Son of King Louis XVI
  • 1773Giuseppe Acerbi: Italian traveller / nature investigator / diplomat
  • 1815Hermanus W Witteveen: Dutch theologist
  • 1816Montgomery Cunningham Meigs: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 1819Nicola De Giosa: Composer
  • 1826Charles XV Louis E: King of Sweden / Norway (1859-72) / poet
  • 1844Edouard A Drumont: French anti-semitic journalist
  • 1849Jacob Riis: Denmark -- Reporter (NY Tribune, New York Evening Sun)
  • 1859Andy Adams: US writer (Log of a Cowboy)
  • 1873[Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll: Norwegian author (Kvinnen og Den)
  • 1874Francois Coty: Corsica -- Corsican senator / perfume maker
  • 1890B Traven: Writer
  • 1892George Thomson: Demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937)
  • 1893Hope Landin: Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1895Earnest Kantorowicz: German / US historian (Laudes regiae)
  • 1895Zoltan Korda: Hungarian / British director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers)
  • 1897V K Krishna Menon: India -- Minister of Defense
  • 1898Golda Meir [Meyerson]: Kiev, Ukraine -- 4th Israeli Prime Minister (1969-74)

Died on May 3

  • 1010Ansfried: 9th Bishop of Utrecht (995-1010) / saint, dies at about 69
  • 1294Jan I: Duke of Brabant / Limburg / poet
  • 1442Engelbert I: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg
  • 1567Leonhard Paminger: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1614Sasbout Vosmeer: RC Theologist / apostole vicar, dies at 66
  • 1654Francois van Kinschot: Treasurer-General / chancellor of Brabant, dies at 77
  • 1703Eglon van de Down: Still-life painter
  • 1704Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber: Austrian violist / composer, dies at 59
  • 1707Michiel de Swaen: South Netherlands Physician / poet, dies at 53
  • 1737Abraham Patras: Governor-General of East-Indies (1735-37), dies at 65
  • 1758Benedict XIV [Prospero L Lambertini]: Pope (1740-58), dies at 83
  • 1764Francesco Algarotti: Italian Earl / encyclopedist, dies at 53
  • 1783Pieter Valckx: South Netherlands sculptor, dies at 49
  • 1792Carlo Zuccari: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1839Ferdinando Paer: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1841Cornelis T Elout: Dutch Minister of Finance / Navy / Colonies, dies at 74
  • 1854William Beale: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1856Adolfo Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1856Adolphe Charles Adam: French Composer / critic (Giselle), dies at 52
  • 1861Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1863Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1868Olof Wilhelm Udden: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1881Josip Jurcic: Slovic writer (Schone Vida)
  • 1893Josef Rudolf Zavrtal: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1902David R Capriles: Curacaos Director of Psychiatric, dies at 64
  • 1910Artie Shaw: Bandleader
  • 1926Napoleon V Bonaparte: French pretender to the throne, dies at 63
  • 1931Frank Hoyt Losey: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1931Otto Winter-Hjelm: Composer, dies at 93
  • 1932Anton Wildgans: Austr writer (Dies Irae) / director Burgtheater, dies at 51

Historical events on May 4

  • 1303Flemings conquers Middelburg
  • 1471Battle of Tewkesbury - King Edward IV vs. Ex-queen Margaretha
  • 1493Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain and Portugal
  • 1494Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica
  • 1540Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1572Veere sides with Geuzen
  • 1626Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth and buttons
  • 1626Peter Minuit becomes Director-General of New Netherlands
  • 1634Johan van Walbeecks fleet departs to West-Indies
  • 1652Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • 1715French manufacturer debuts 1st folding umbrella (Paris)
  • 1747Willem IV appointed Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1776Rhode Island declares independence from England
  • 1780American Academy of Arts and Science founded
  • 1780Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • 1783Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • 1805Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx
  • 1814Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 1818Netherlands and England sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • 1839The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 1843Great-Britain annexes Natal
  • 1846US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • 1847New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • 18511st major SF fire
  • 1861At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
  • 1862Yorktown, VA - McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • 1863Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • 1863End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant crosses Rapidan and begins his duel with Robert E Lee
  • 1865Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders

Born on May 4

  • 1006Abd-Allah Ansari: Persian mystic / poet (Monadjat)
  • 1611Carlo Rainaldi: Composer
  • 1631Mary I Henriette Stuart: Daughter of Charles I / Queen of England
  • 1635Willem van Outhoorn: Dutch Governor-General (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1655Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori: Italy -- Piano builder
  • 1738Josef Kohaut: Composer
  • 1744Marianne von Martinez: Composer
  • 1763Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer
  • 1769Charles Hague: Composer
  • 1776Johann Friedrich Herbart: Germany -- Philosopher / psychologist
  • 1777Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens: Composer
  • 1796Horace Mann: United States -- Educator / author / editor (pioneered public schools)
  • 1796Joseph Pannell Taylor: Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1864
  • 1820Julia Gardiner Tyler: 2nd Wife of President John Tyler (1841-45)
  • 1825Thomas Henry Huxley: Scientist / humanist / Darwinist
  • 1826Frederick Church: US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch)
  • 1835Edmund Hart Turpin: Composer
  • 1860Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Donna Diana)
  • 1867Dynam-Victor Fumet: Composer
  • 1871Mynona: Writer
  • 1875Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney: Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine)
  • 1877Arthur Lang: United States -- Boxer / businessman (Died August 8, 1992 at 115)
  • 1881Aleksandr F Kerenski: Russian Premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)
  • 1882Wilhelm Lehmann: Writer
  • 1889Francis J Spellman: US Cardinal
  • 1891Frederick Jacobi: Composer
  • 1891Johan W F Werumeus Buning: Dutch poet (Daily Bread)
  • 1893Edgar Dearing: Ceres, California -- Actor (Abraham Lincoln, Free & Easy)
  • 1893Royal Butler [Edwin Richey]: Atlanta, Georgia -- Actor
  • 1902Cola [Nicolas] Debrot: Bonaire Governor (Netherlands Antilles) / author

Died on May 4

  • 1594Paul Buys: Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at 62
  • 1605Ulisse Aldrovandi: Italian biologist / medical, dies at 82
  • 1752Pieter Snyers: Flemish Painter / engraver, dies at 71
  • 1770Christian Gottfried Krause: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1832Jan van Speyck: Dutch Admiral, buried in New Church
  • 1855Camille Pleyel: Austria piano builder / composer, dies at 66
  • 1879William Froude: British Civil Engineer / shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68
  • 1885Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
  • 1891Sherlock Holmes: "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
  • 1893George Washington Hewitt: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1928Barry E Odell Pain: English writer (Punch), dies at 63
  • 1929Henry Morton Dunham: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1938Carl von Ossietzky: German pacifist / writer (Nobel 1935), dies at 48
  • 1953Edward B B Shanks: British Poet / critic, dies at 60
  • 1953Thomas Tertius Noble: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1955Georges Enescu: Romanian / French violist / Composer (Oedipe), dies at 73
  • 1955Louis Breguet: French aviation pioneer, dies at 75
  • 1961Anita Stewart: Dies of heart attack at 66
  • 1965Norman Brokenshire: TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66
  • 1966Juan Maria Thomas Sabater: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1967Bengt Axel von Torne: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1969F Osbert S Sitwell: English Poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), dies at 76
  • 19704 students at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard
  • 1971Donald Dexter Van Slyke: US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88
  • 1971Joseph Csaky: Hungarian / French sculptor, dies at 83
  • 1971Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids]: Dutch actor (Bluejackets), dies at 87
  • 1973Jane Bowles: Writer, dies at 56
  • 1974Israel Citkowitz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1974John Wengraf: Actor (Pride & Passion, 12 to the Moon), dies at 77
  • 1975Moe Howard [Moses Horowitz]: Comedian (3 Stooges), dies at 77