Events on May 4

  • 1303Flemings conquers Middelburg
  • 1471Battle of Tewkesbury - King Edward IV vs. Ex-queen Margaretha
  • 1493Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain and Portugal
  • 1494Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica
  • 1540Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1572Veere sides with Geuzen
  • 1626Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth and buttons
  • 1626Peter Minuit becomes Director-General of New Netherlands
  • 1634Johan van Walbeecks fleet departs to West-Indies
  • 1652Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • 1715French manufacturer debuts 1st folding umbrella (Paris)
  • 1747Willem IV appointed Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1776Rhode Island declares independence from England
  • 1780American Academy of Arts and Science founded
  • 1780Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • 1783Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • 1805Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx
  • 1814Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 1818Netherlands and England sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • 1839The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 1843Great-Britain annexes Natal
  • 1846US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • 1847New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • 18511st major SF fire
  • 1861At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
  • 1862Yorktown, VA - McClellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • 1863Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • 1863End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • 1864Ulysses S Grant crosses Rapidan and begins his duel with Robert E Lee
  • 1865Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders

Born on May 4

  • 1006Abd-Allah Ansari: Persian mystic / poet (Monadjat)
  • 1611Carlo Rainaldi: Composer
  • 1631Mary I Henriette Stuart: Daughter of Charles I / Queen of England
  • 1635Willem van Outhoorn: Dutch Governor-General (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1655Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori: Italy -- Piano builder
  • 1738Josef Kohaut: Composer
  • 1744Marianne von Martinez: Composer
  • 1763Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer
  • 1769Charles Hague: Composer
  • 1776Johann Friedrich Herbart: Germany -- Philosopher / psychologist
  • 1777Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens: Composer
  • 1796Horace Mann: United States -- Educator / author / editor (pioneered public schools)
  • 1796Joseph Pannell Taylor: Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1864
  • 1820Julia Gardiner Tyler: 2nd Wife of President John Tyler (1841-45)
  • 1825Thomas Henry Huxley: Scientist / humanist / Darwinist
  • 1826Frederick Church: US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch)
  • 1835Edmund Hart Turpin: Composer
  • 1860Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Donna Diana)
  • 1867Dynam-Victor Fumet: Composer
  • 1871Mynona: Writer
  • 1875Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney: Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine)
  • 1877Arthur Lang: United States -- Boxer / businessman (Died August 8, 1992 at 115)
  • 1881Aleksandr F Kerenski: Russian Premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)
  • 1882Wilhelm Lehmann: Writer
  • 1889Francis J Spellman: US Cardinal
  • 1891Frederick Jacobi: Composer
  • 1891Johan W F Werumeus Buning: Dutch poet (Daily Bread)
  • 1893Edgar Dearing: Ceres, California -- Actor (Abraham Lincoln, Free & Easy)
  • 1893Royal Butler [Edwin Richey]: Atlanta, Georgia -- Actor
  • 1902Cola [Nicolas] Debrot: Bonaire Governor (Netherlands Antilles) / author

Died on May 4

  • 1594Paul Buys: Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at 62
  • 1605Ulisse Aldrovandi: Italian biologist / medical, dies at 82
  • 1752Pieter Snyers: Flemish Painter / engraver, dies at 71
  • 1770Christian Gottfried Krause: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1832Jan van Speyck: Dutch Admiral, buried in New Church
  • 1855Camille Pleyel: Austria piano builder / composer, dies at 66
  • 1879William Froude: British Civil Engineer / shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68
  • 1885Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic: Monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
  • 1891Sherlock Holmes: "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
  • 1893George Washington Hewitt: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1928Barry E Odell Pain: English writer (Punch), dies at 63
  • 1929Henry Morton Dunham: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1938Carl von Ossietzky: German pacifist / writer (Nobel 1935), dies at 48
  • 1953Edward B B Shanks: British Poet / critic, dies at 60
  • 1953Thomas Tertius Noble: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1955Georges Enescu: Romanian / French violist / Composer (Oedipe), dies at 73
  • 1955Louis Breguet: French aviation pioneer, dies at 75
  • 1961Anita Stewart: Dies of heart attack at 66
  • 1965Norman Brokenshire: TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66
  • 1966Juan Maria Thomas Sabater: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1967Bengt Axel von Torne: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1969F Osbert S Sitwell: English Poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), dies at 76
  • 19704 students at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard
  • 1971Donald Dexter Van Slyke: US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88
  • 1971Joseph Csaky: Hungarian / French sculptor, dies at 83
  • 1971Louis de Bree [Louis C Davids]: Dutch actor (Bluejackets), dies at 87
  • 1973Jane Bowles: Writer, dies at 56
  • 1974Israel Citkowitz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1974John Wengraf: Actor (Pride & Passion, 12 to the Moon), dies at 77
  • 1975Moe Howard [Moses Horowitz]: Comedian (3 Stooges), dies at 77

Historical events on May 5

  • 05532nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1382Battle of Beverhoutsveld - population beats drunken army
  • 1430Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany
  • 1494On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica
  • 1640English Short Parliament unites
  • 1646King Charles I surrenders at Scotland
  • 1665Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
  • 1764Smolny-institution forms in St. Petersburg for noble girls
  • 17802nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts & Sciences) forms (Boston)
  • 1789French States-General for It first since 1614 together
  • 1809Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • 1809Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • 1814British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, New York
  • 1816American Bible Society organized (NY)
  • 1835King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway
  • 1842City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
  • 1847American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1854English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
  • 1855New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • 1861Alexandria, VA - CS troops abandon city
  • 1862French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • 1862Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia
  • 1863Battle of Tupelo, Mississippi
  • 1863Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • 1864Battle between Confederate and Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • 1864Battle of Wilderness, VA (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 1864Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta
  • 18651st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
  • 1874Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law

Born on May 5

  • 1352Ruprecht: Roman Catholic German King
  • 1557Emmanuel-Philibert van Lalaing: Baron of Montigny / Marquis of Renty
  • 1657Jacques Danican Philidor: Composer
  • 1680Giuseppe Porsile: Composer
  • 1715Daniel Dal Barba: Composer
  • 1749Jean-Frederic Edelmann: Composer
  • 1800Louis Hachette: French publisher (Librairie Hachette)
  • 1804Jacob Kats: Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
  • 1817George Washington Julian: MC (Union), died in 1899
  • 1819Stanislaw Moniuszko: Polish composer
  • 1823James Allen Hardie: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1876
  • 1832H H Bancroft: Historian, publisher (History of Pacific States)
  • 1833Ferdinand von Richthofen: German geographer / explorer
  • 1842Johann Nepomuk Fuchs: Composer
  • 1846Federico Chueca: Composer
  • 1846Henryk Sienkiewicz: Poland -- Author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
  • 1848Adalbert von Goldschmidt: Composer
  • 1849Hambletonian: Chester, New York -- Greatest standardbred horse
  • 1854Antonio Smareglia: Composer
  • 1862Max Elskamp: Belgian author / poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
  • 1863Frederik A Stoett: Linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • 1865Felicjan Szopski: Composer
  • 1867Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman]: Journalist
  • 1867Thomas Tertius Noble: Composer
  • 1871Alberto Cametti: Composer
  • 1879Symon Petlyura: Leader Ukraine (pogroms)
  • 1883Leopold Samuel: Composer
  • 1883Petar Konjovic: Composer
  • 1884Wang Tjing-Wei: Premier China (1932-35)
  • 1885Henri Velge: 1st Chairman (Belgian Council of State)

Died on May 5

  • 0311Gaius VM Galerius: Emperor of Rome, dies at about 50
  • 1194Kazimierz II [the Justified]: Grand Duke of Poland (1177-94)
  • 1309Charles II [the Lame]: King of Naples (1285-1309)
  • 1504Anton of Burgundy [the Great Bastard]: Knight, dies at about 82
  • 1525Frederik III [the Wise]: Ruler of Saxon (1486-1525), dies at 62
  • 1582Charlotte de Bourbon: Princess of Orange
  • 1613Johann Steuerlein: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1678Anna M van Schurman: Dutch Poet / spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
  • 1702Jacob Hintze: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1705Leopold I von Hapsburg: Emperor of Holy Roman Empire, dies at 64
  • 1786Pedro III: King of Portugal
  • 1801Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt: Flemish Painter / engraver, dies at 74
  • 1821Napoleon I Bonaparte: Emperor France (1799-1815), dies in St Helena
  • 1827Frederik Augustus I: Justified, King of Saxon (1806-27), dies at 76
  • 1831Friedrich Ludwig Seidel: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1837Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli: Italian Composer / bandmaster, dies at 85
  • 1840Gottlob Benedikt Bierey: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1840Matthaus Fischer: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1859Peter G L Dirichlet: German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1864Alexander Hays: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1864John Marshall Jones: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 1864Leroy A Stafford: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 42
  • 1875Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
  • 1885Lauro Rossi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1886Joseph Albert: German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61
  • 1892Jan Nepomuk Skroup: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1902Bret Harte: Writer, dies at 65
  • 1909Pauline Staegeman: German feminist
  • 1921Alfred H Fried: Austrian / German pacifist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1927Charles Boissevain: Editor in chief (General Trade 1885-1908)