Events on May 7

  • 12742nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens
  • 13551,200 Jews of Toledo Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
  • 1416Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay
  • 1579Congress of Cologne forms in the Netherlands
  • 1624Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1638Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • 1660Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
  • 1663Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens
  • 1700William Penn began monthly meetings for Blacks advocating emancipation
  • 1727Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia
  • 1748French troops conquer Maastricht
  • 1765Adm Nelsons sailboat HMS Victory runs aground
  • 1771Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • 1775Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • 17891st inaugurational ball (for George Washington in NYC)
  • 1792Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • 1800Indiana Territory organized
  • 1832Greece becomes independent Republic
  • 1832Otto of Bavaria is chosen King of Greece
  • 1840Tornado strikes Natchez Miss, kills 317
  • 1847American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • 1856Argentine and Brazilian sign a navigation pact
  • 1861Riot occurs between prosecessionist and Union supporters in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1862Much of Enschede Netherlands destroyed by fire
  • 1864Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • 1866German Premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassin attempt
  • 1867Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans
  • 1873US marines attack Panama
  • 1875German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed

Born on May 7

  • 1574Innocent X [Giambattista Pamfili]: 236th Pope (1644-55)
  • 1700Gerard van Swieten: Dutch Botanist
  • 1704Carl Heinrich Graun: Composer
  • 1763Josef Poniatovski: Polish General / marshal of France
  • 1769Giuseppe Farinelli: Composer
  • 1795Gerhard M Roentgen: Industrialist (founder dockyard Fijenoord)
  • 1803Johan Peter Cronhamm: Composer
  • 1812Robert Browning: London, England -- Poet (Pied Piper)
  • 1826Varina Howell Davis: 1st lady (Confederacy), died in 1905
  • 1827Francis Engle Patterson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1832Carl G Neumann: German mathematician / physicist (Neumann-functions)
  • 1845Jacob van Stolk Azn: Timber Merchant / art collector
  • 1847Archibald Primrose: Earl of Rosebery (Lib), British Prime Minister (1894-95)
  • 1866Cornelis J K van Aalst: President (Dutch Trading Company)
  • 1867Philippine "Pine" Belder [Mary de Klerk]: Actress (Hope of Blessing)
  • 1873Clarence Dickinson: Composer
  • 1882Willem Elsschot [Alfons J de Ridder]: Flemish writer (Mend)
  • 1883Gino Roncaglia: Composer
  • 1883Martin Albertz: German theologist (Church Jesus Christ)
  • 1885George "Gabby" Hayes: Wellesvile, New York -- Actor (In Old Santa Fe, El Paso)
  • 1887Henri Pourrat: French writer (Gaspard of the Montagnes)
  • 1890Billy House: Minnesota, United States -- Actor (Imitation of Life, Bedlam, Egg & I)
  • 1892Archibald MacLeish: Glencoe, Illinois -- Polit essayist / poet / dramatist (JB)
  • 1892Josip Broz Tito: WWII partisan, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80)
  • 1897Kitty McKane: England, United Kingdom -- Tennis (1920, 24 Olympics - Gold / 2 Silver / 2 Bronze Medals)
  • 1898Vera Chapman: Writer
  • 1900Bauke Tuinstra: Dutch / Frisian notary / author (Earste Keur)
  • 1900Ralph Truman: London, England -- Actor (Web of Evidence)
  • 1901L T Coggeshall: Medical Scientist / US Secretary of HEW (1956-58)
  • 1901Marcel Poot: Belgian Baron / composer

Died on May 7

  • 0685Marwan I ibn al-Hakam: 4th kalief of Omajjaden (684-85)
  • 0973Otto I the Great: Holy Roman Emperor (962-973), dies at 60
  • 1166Willem I [the Bad]: King of Sicily (1154-66)
  • 1205Ladislaus III Arpad: King of Hungary (1204-05), dies at 5 or 6
  • 1523Franz von Sickingen: German knight / protect of poor, dies of wounds at 42
  • 1617David Fabricius: German astronomer, dies at 53
  • 1667Johann Jakob Froberger: German Organist / singer / composer, dies at 50
  • 1671Edward Montagu: English Baron Kimbolton, dies at about 68
  • 1671Pieter Stockmans: Flemish Chairman of Opperkrijgshof, dies at 62
  • 1673Johannes Teellinck: Dutch vicar, dies at about 58
  • 1736John Weldon: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1792Aert Schouman: Dutch bird / portrait painter, dies at 82
  • 1793Johan A Zoutman: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral (battle of Doggersbank), dies at 68
  • 1793Pietro Nardini: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1800Laurens P van Spiegel: Regent / pension advisor (1787-95), dies at 64
  • 1814Franz Volrath Buttstett: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1818Leopold Jan Antonin Kozeluh: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1825Antonio Salieri: Italian composer, dies at 74 in Vienna, Austria
  • 1836Norbert Burgmuller: Composer, dies at 26
  • 1863Amiel Weeks Whipple: US Union General Major, dies of injuries at 46
  • 1871Louis Papineau: Political reformer
  • 1876Franz Count of Pocci: German artist / Composer (Alchemist), dies at 69
  • 1884Judah P Benjamin: Confederate Minister of War, dies at 72
  • 1900Richard Storrs Willis: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1904Peter Hille: Writer
  • 1914Edward Mollenhauer: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1915Alfred G Vanderbilt: US millionaire, dies aboard Lusitania
  • 1915Alfred Scott Witherbee, Jr.: US Lusitania officer
  • 1915Charles Frohman: Dies aboard Lusitania
  • 1928Alexander Afanasii Spendiaryan: Composer, dies at 56

Historical events on May 8

  • 0535John II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0615St. Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0685St. Benedict II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1521Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther
  • 1541Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River
  • 1639William Coddington founds Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1660English parliament asks King Charles II to resigns
  • 1721Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • 1741France and Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1784Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
  • 1792British Captain George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792US establishes military draft
  • 1823"Home Sweet Home" 1st sung (London)
  • 1834Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1840Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
  • 1842Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1847Robert Thompson patents rubber tire
  • 1858John Brown holds antislavery convention
  • 1861Richmond Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy
  • 1862Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell, Virginia
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign: Sever fighting near Dalton
  • 1864Battle of Antietam, VA (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill)
  • 1866Australian Rules Football is created
  • 1871English-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • 18771st Westminster Dog Show held
  • 18781st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • 1879George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
  • 1881Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
  • 1885Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
  • 1895China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki

Born on May 8

  • 1492Andreas Alciatus [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato]: Italian lawyer
  • 1521Peter Canisius [Pieter de Hondt / Kanijs]: Jesuit / Saint
  • 1527Johann Walter: Composer
  • 1592Francis Quarles: English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems)
  • 1641Nicolaas Witsen: Etcher / Mayor (Amsterdam)
  • 1668Alain R Lesage: French author (Turcaret ou le Financier)
  • 1673Johann Valentin Eckelt: Composer
  • 1703Gottlob Harrer: Composer
  • 1742Johann Baptist Krumpholtz: Composer
  • 1745Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer
  • 1750Elias Mann: Composer
  • 1763John Goldberg: Dutch patriot / Statesman
  • 1778Johann Gansbacher: Composer
  • 1786Thomas Hancock: Founded British rubber industry
  • 1803Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer
  • 1806Jan Bedrich Kittl: Composer
  • 1810James Cooper: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1814Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin: Anarchist
  • 1824William Walker: Filibuster / President of Nicaragua (1856-57)
  • 1828Jean Henri Dunant: Switzerland -- Writer / founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)
  • 1829Louis Moreau Gottschalk: 1st internationally recognized US pianist
  • 1833Frank Wheaton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
  • 1836Bryan Morel Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1839Francis W Warre-Cornish: English vice-provost of Eton / writer
  • 1842Emil C Hansen: Danish physiologist
  • 1844Hermann Gradener: Composer
  • 1846Oscar Hammerstein: Germany -- Opera / playwright (Kohinoor)
  • 1853Charles Lee Williams: Composer
  • 1857Frits [Frederik H] Tartaud: Dutch actor / husband of Alida Klein
  • 1858John Meade Falkner: Novelist (Moonfleet)

Died on May 8

  • 0535John [Mercurius]: Italian Pope (533-35)
  • 0685Benedict II: Italian Pope (683-85)
  • 1319Haakon V: King of Norway (1299-1319)
  • 1577Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus: Lawyer / President (Raad van State)
  • 1684Henri Dumont: Composer
  • 1725John Lovewell: US indian fighter, dies in battle
  • 1773Ali Bey: Egyptian Mameluk head
  • 1785Pietro Longhi: Painter
  • 1794Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 1809Augustin Pajou: French Sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 1818Franz Ignaz Kaa: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1829Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1844Charles XIV Johan [Jean B Bernadotte]: King of Sweden / Norway
  • 1846Giacomo Cordella: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1853Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch lt Colonel-General of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 1864James Samuel Wadsworth: General Major (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • 1873John Stuart Mill: Great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66
  • 1876Truganini: Last originating Tasmanian
  • 1885Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1887Alexander Ulyanov: Brother of Lenin / hanged for assassination of tsar
  • 1891Helena Petrovina Blavatsky: Russian theosophist
  • 1904Eadweard Muybridge: English photographer (horse trot)
  • 1909Friedrich von Holstein: German diplomat
  • 1915Henry McNeal Turner: 1 US black army chaplain, dies at 82
  • 1924Lev N Lunts: Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23
  • 1930Lvar Henning Mankell: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1936Oswald Spengler: German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes)
  • 1941Heinrich Zollner: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1943Mordicai Anielewicz: Commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • 1948Alfred Holy: Composer, dies at 81