Events on May 8

  • 0535John II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0615St. Boniface IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0685St. Benedict II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1521Parliament of Worms installs edict against Marten Luther
  • 1541Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River
  • 1639William Coddington founds Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1660English parliament asks King Charles II to resigns
  • 1721Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • 1741France and Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1784Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
  • 1792British Captain George Vancouver sights, names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792US establishes military draft
  • 1823"Home Sweet Home" 1st sung (London)
  • 1834Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • 1840Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
  • 1842Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1847Robert Thompson patents rubber tire
  • 1858John Brown holds antislavery convention
  • 1861Richmond Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy
  • 1862Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell, Virginia
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign: Sever fighting near Dalton
  • 1864Battle of Antietam, VA (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill)
  • 1866Australian Rules Football is created
  • 1871English-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • 18771st Westminster Dog Show held
  • 18781st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • 1879George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
  • 1881Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
  • 1885Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
  • 1895China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki

Born on May 8

  • 1492Andreas Alciatus [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato]: Italian lawyer
  • 1521Peter Canisius [Pieter de Hondt / Kanijs]: Jesuit / Saint
  • 1527Johann Walter: Composer
  • 1592Francis Quarles: English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems)
  • 1641Nicolaas Witsen: Etcher / Mayor (Amsterdam)
  • 1668Alain R Lesage: French author (Turcaret ou le Financier)
  • 1673Johann Valentin Eckelt: Composer
  • 1703Gottlob Harrer: Composer
  • 1742Johann Baptist Krumpholtz: Composer
  • 1745Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer
  • 1750Elias Mann: Composer
  • 1763John Goldberg: Dutch patriot / Statesman
  • 1778Johann Gansbacher: Composer
  • 1786Thomas Hancock: Founded British rubber industry
  • 1803Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer
  • 1806Jan Bedrich Kittl: Composer
  • 1810James Cooper: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1814Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin: Anarchist
  • 1824William Walker: Filibuster / President of Nicaragua (1856-57)
  • 1828Jean Henri Dunant: Switzerland -- Writer / founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)
  • 1829Louis Moreau Gottschalk: 1st internationally recognized US pianist
  • 1833Frank Wheaton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
  • 1836Bryan Morel Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1839Francis W Warre-Cornish: English vice-provost of Eton / writer
  • 1842Emil C Hansen: Danish physiologist
  • 1844Hermann Gradener: Composer
  • 1846Oscar Hammerstein: Germany -- Opera / playwright (Kohinoor)
  • 1853Charles Lee Williams: Composer
  • 1857Frits [Frederik H] Tartaud: Dutch actor / husband of Alida Klein
  • 1858John Meade Falkner: Novelist (Moonfleet)

Died on May 8

  • 0535John [Mercurius]: Italian Pope (533-35)
  • 0685Benedict II: Italian Pope (683-85)
  • 1319Haakon V: King of Norway (1299-1319)
  • 1577Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus: Lawyer / President (Raad van State)
  • 1684Henri Dumont: Composer
  • 1725John Lovewell: US indian fighter, dies in battle
  • 1773Ali Bey: Egyptian Mameluk head
  • 1785Pietro Longhi: Painter
  • 1794Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier: Chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 1809Augustin Pajou: French Sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 1818Franz Ignaz Kaa: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1829Mauro Giuseppe Sergio Pantaleo Giuliani: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1844Charles XIV Johan [Jean B Bernadotte]: King of Sweden / Norway
  • 1846Giacomo Cordella: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1853Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch lt Colonel-General of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 1864James Samuel Wadsworth: General Major (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • 1873John Stuart Mill: Great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66
  • 1876Truganini: Last originating Tasmanian
  • 1885Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1887Alexander Ulyanov: Brother of Lenin / hanged for assassination of tsar
  • 1891Helena Petrovina Blavatsky: Russian theosophist
  • 1904Eadweard Muybridge: English photographer (horse trot)
  • 1909Friedrich von Holstein: German diplomat
  • 1915Henry McNeal Turner: 1 US black army chaplain, dies at 82
  • 1924Lev N Lunts: Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23
  • 1930Lvar Henning Mankell: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1936Oswald Spengler: German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes)
  • 1941Heinrich Zollner: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1943Mordicai Anielewicz: Commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • 1948Alfred Holy: Composer, dies at 81

Historical events on May 9

  • 1002After trailing 9-0, St. Louis Cardinals beat Atlanta Braves 12-11
  • 1092Lincoln Cathedral consecrated
  • 1336Italian Poet Francesco Petrarca climbs Mont Ventoux
  • 1386Treaty of Windsor between Portugal-England
  • 1460Court yard episcopal palace Atrecht has witch burnings
  • 1502Columbus left Spain on his 4th and final trip to New World
  • 1519Austrian adel / burgerij in uprising against central government
  • 1573Polish Parliament selects Duke of Anjou as King
  • 1588Duke Henri de Guises troops occupy Paris
  • 1671Colonel Thomas Blood attempts to steal Crown Jewels
  • 1689English King Willem III declares war on France
  • 1738England routes fleet in Mediterranean Sea and West-Indies
  • 1753King Louis XV disbands French parliament
  • 17541st newspaper cartoon in America-divided snake "Join or Die"
  • 1766John Byron back in England after trip around the world
  • 1785British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle
  • 1788English parliament accepts abolishing of slave trade
  • 1836HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin departs Port Louis, Mauritius
  • 1837"Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
  • 1846Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
  • 1862Battle of Farmington, Mississippi
  • 1862Battle of Ft Pickens, Florida (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
  • 1862US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1864Battle of Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • 1874Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • 1882Telegraph Hill RR Co organized
  • 18961st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
  • 1899Lawn mower patented
  • 1901Australia opens its 1st parliament in Melbourne

Born on May 9

  • 1265Dante Alighieri: Italian poet (Divina Commedia)
  • 1596Abraham van Diepenbeeck: Painter
  • 1738John Pindar [Peter]: Physician / poet
  • 1740Giovanni Paisiello: Italian composer (Barber of Seville)
  • 1783Alexander Ross: Canada -- Pioneer / fur trader
  • 1785James Pollard Espy: Pennsylvania, United States -- Meteorologist (Philosphy of Storms)
  • 1793Johannes C de Jonge: Dutch historian / archivist
  • 1796August Pauly: German classicus (Real Encyclopedia)
  • 1800John Brown: Abolitionist; led attack on Harpers Ferry
  • 1801Samuel Cousins: Mezzotint engraver
  • 1810Louis Gallait: Historical painter
  • 1810WFLC Marianne: Princess of Orange-Nassau / Daughter of King Willem I
  • 1814Adolph von Henselt: Composer
  • 1824William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1829Ciro Pinsuti: Pianist / composer
  • 1833Boleslaw Dembinski: Composer
  • 1837Adam Opel: German manufacturer (cycling, motorcars)
  • 1843Belle Boyd: Spy (Confederate) / actress / lecturer
  • 1844[Maria] Catharina Beersmans: Belgian actress (Bad Herders)
  • 1855Julius Rontgen: Composer
  • 1860James Matthew Barrie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Margaret Ogilvy, Peter Pan)
  • 1865August de Boeck: Composer
  • 1882Henry J Kaiser: Builder (Liberty Ships, Jeeps, Boulder Dam)
  • 1887Jules Van de Leene: Belgian writer
  • 1892Eric Westberg: Composer
  • 1892Zita: Empress (Austria) / Queen (Hungary)
  • 1895Lucian Blaga: Romaniams philosopher / poet (Dogmatic Aeon)
  • 1895Richard Barthelmess: NYC, New York -- Actor (Broken Blossoms, Noose)
  • 1899Edward Pollock: Saxophone / clarinet
  • 1901Fuzzy Knight: Fairmont, West Virginia -- Actor (Oklahoma Annie, Cowby & the Lady)

Died on May 9

  • 1079Stanislaus: Polish Bishop of Cracow, murdered
  • 1280Magnus VI Lagaboeter: King of Norway (1263-80), dies at 42
  • 1460Jean Lavite: Atrechts painter
  • 1474Peter van Hagenbach: Elzasser knight / land guardian, beheaded
  • 1590Karel "Cardinal" van Bourbon: Archbishop of Rouen, dies at 66
  • 1657William Bradford: Governor (Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts)
  • 1667Marie Louise de Gonzague-Nevers: French Queen of Poland (1645-48)
  • 1688Frederick William: Great Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 68
  • 1707Dietrich Buxtehude: German Organist / composer, dies at about 69
  • 1745Tomaso Antonio Vitali: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1760Nikolaus Ludwig und Pottendorf: Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • 1785Franz Xaver Schnitzer: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1791Francis Hopkinson: US writer / music / lawyer, dies at 53
  • 1799Claude-Benigne Balbastre: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1805Friedrich Schiller: Writer, dies at 45
  • 1805Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller: Poet / playwright, dies at 45
  • 1822Charles Duquesnoy: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1850Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac: Chemist / physicist
  • 1853Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1864"Uncle" John Sedgwick: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 50
  • 1864Thomas Donnely Doubleday: US Union Col, dies in an accident
  • 1880Johann Hermann Berens: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1884Hermanus W Witteveen: Theologist, dies at 69
  • 1905Ernst Pauer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1926Joseph Mallaby Dent: Publisher
  • 1928Constantin Dimitrescu: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1931A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson: US physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • 1937Walter Mittelholzer: Swiss aviation pioneer, dies in crash at 43
  • 1944Ethel Mary Smyth: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1949Louis II: Prince of Monaco