Events on May 10

  • 1278Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining
  • 1291Scottish nobles recognize authority of English King Edward I
  • 1427Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland
  • 1497Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for 1st voyage to New World
  • 1503Columbus discovers Cayman Islands
  • 1525Church Reformer John Pistorius caught in the Hague
  • 1534French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland
  • 1559Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary
  • 1570Czar Ivan IV becomes Protestant
  • 1624Jacob Willekens and Piet Heyn conquer Salvador, Civil rights activist
  • 1652John Johnson, a free black, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Virginia
  • 1655Jamaica captured by English
  • 1752Benjamin Franklins 1st tests the lightning rod
  • 1774Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
  • 17752nd Cont Congress convenes in Pa issues paper currency for 1st time
  • 17752nd Continental Congress names George Washington, Supreme Commander
  • 1775Green Mountain Boys capture Ft Ticonderoga NY - American Revolution
  • 1787Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings
  • 1796French government arrest 10 utopists
  • 1796Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge
  • 1796Riot after disagreement of patriotic demand in Amsterdam
  • 17971st Navy ship, the "United States, " is launched
  • 1816English steamship "Defiance" arrives at Rotterdam harbor
  • 18231st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Ft Snelling
  • 1849Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
  • 1857Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys of Meerut
  • 1857Sepoy-revolt in Meerutkazerne, Delhi
  • 1861Union troops march on state militia in St. Louis, MI
  • 1862Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • 1864Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia

Born on May 10

  • 1705Gallus Zeiler: Composer
  • 1724Johan A Zoutman: Dutch Lieutenant Admiral (battle of Doggersbank)
  • 1727Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot: French Minister of Finance (17.. -76)
  • 1730George Ross: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1741Johann Michael Schmidt: Composer
  • 1754Asmus Jakob Carstens: Painter
  • 1760Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle: Soldier / author / composer (Marseillaise)
  • 1760J P Hebel: Writer
  • 1769Jean Lannes [duc de Montebello]: Marshal of France
  • 1770Louis Nicholas Davout: French Field Marshal (defeated Prussians)
  • 1776George Thomas Smart: Composer
  • 1780Peter Lichtenthal: Composer
  • 1783Niccola Benvenuti: Composer
  • 1788Augustin-Jean Fresnel: Optics pioneer / physicist
  • 1795Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry: Historian
  • 1800Nikolay Alexeyevich Titov: Composer
  • 1810James Shields: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1813Montgomery Blair: Franklin County, Kentucky -- Lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford)
  • 1822August Ritter von Pettenkofen: Painter
  • 1823John Sherman: MC (Union), died in 1900
  • 1824Charles Henry Van Wyck: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1825Rudolf Viole: Composer
  • 1830Francois M Raoult: French physicist / chemist (law of Raoult)
  • 1837Pinckney B S Pinchback: Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • 1838James: 1st Viscount Bryce, historian / Statesman
  • 1843Kaufmann Kohler: Reform rabbi / Theologian
  • 1850Thomas Johnstone Lipton: Glasgow, Scotland -- Yachtsman / tea magnate (Lipton Tea)
  • 1857Hendrik Zwaardemaker: Dutch physiologist (olfactometer)
  • 1858Frederick Zech, Jr.: Composer
  • 1873Carl J Eldh: Swedish sculptor

Died on May 10

  • 0238Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus [the Thracian]: Roman Emperor, murdered
  • 0995Boudouin: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1566Leonhard Fuchs: German botanist, dies at 65
  • 1569Juan the Avila: Spanish Minister / writer
  • 1653John Bicker: Ship builder / Merchant / regent, dies at 61
  • 1710Georg Dietrich Leiding: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1760Johann Christoph Graupner: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1764Picander [Christian Henrici]: German writer (Die Weiberprobe)
  • 1774Louis XV: King of France (1715-74), dies at 64
  • 1785Etienne Joseph Floquet: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1789Guillaume Gommaire Kennis: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1794Elisabeth PMH: Princess of France, beheaded at 30
  • 1798George Vancouver: British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • 1818Paul Revere: American patriot
  • 1820Matthaus Stegmayer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1826Giuseppe Sigismondo: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1829Thomas Young: Physicist / decipherer of Egyptian hierogolyphics
  • 1833Francois GJS Andrieux: French writer / politician, dies at 74
  • 1849Katsushika Hokusai: Japanese painter, dies at 89
  • 1859Johan BJFS: Archduke of Austria (Firechief & Housewife)
  • 1863Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate General (Civil War)
  • 1864James Clay Rice: Lawyer / Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 34
  • 1864Thomas Greeley Stevenson: Union Brigadier General, dies at about 27
  • 1869Bernhard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1869Wilhelm Bernard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1880John Goss: Composer / organist, dies at 79
  • 1885Edward Stephen: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1897William Thomas Best: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1904Henry M Stanley [John Rowlands]: British explorer
  • 1909Johannes de Koo: Journalist / playwright

Historical events on May 11

  • 0330Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes capital of Roman Empire
  • 1189Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa and 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg
  • 1330Constantinople (Istanbul) becomes new capital by Roman Emperor Constantine for Eastern Roman Empire
  • 1421Jews are expelled from Styria Austria
  • 1502Columbus begins 4th and last trip to "Indies"
  • 1674Netherlands and Cologne sign peace treaty
  • 1689Battle of Bantry Bay, French and English naval battle
  • 1690English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal Nova Scotia
  • 1745Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war
  • 1749British parliament accept Consolidation Act: fleet reorganization
  • 17511st US hospital founded (Pennsylvania Hospital)
  • 17521st US fire insurance policy issued (Philadelphia)
  • 1772Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
  • 1784England and Tippu Sahib van Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 1792Columbia River discovered and named by US Captain Robert Gray
  • 1812Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting and immoral. No wonder it caught on!
  • 1814Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh
  • 1816American Bible Society forms (NY)
  • 1818Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 6-0
  • 1833"Lady-of-the-Lake" strikes iceberg and sinks in N Atlantic; kills 215
  • 1850Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • 1858Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • 1862Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1864Gen J E B Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern
  • 1865Jeff Thompson surrenders
  • 1867Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg
  • 1875George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • 188816th Preakness: F Littlefield aboard Refund wins in 2:49
  • 1893Henri Desgrange establishes 1st bicycle-world record (35.325 km)
  • 1894American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Company

Born on May 11

  • 1568Christian I: Ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (Battle of White Mountain)
  • 1654Cornelis van Alkemade: Dutch historian
  • 1722Peter Camper: Leyden, Holland -- Anatomist / professor (Amsterdam)
  • 1731Johann Gottfried Seyfert: Composer
  • 1772Henri-Jean Rigel: Composer
  • 1791Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer
  • 1807Ira Aldridge: Great 19th century black Shakespearian actor (Othello)
  • 1811Chang & Eng Bunker: Chinese Siamese twins
  • 1821[Carlos] Charles John Stolbrand: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Alfred Stevens: Belgian painter
  • 1830John Converse Starkweather: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1840Filippo Capocci: Composer
  • 1841Ernst von Possart: German actor / stage manager / reciter
  • 1852Charles Warren Fairbanks: (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • 1854Ottmar Mergenthaler: Hachtel, Germany -- Inventor (linotype)
  • 1855Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov: Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 1858Carl Hauptmann: Writer
  • 1869Francisco Lacerda: Composer
  • 1878Mr Reyskens: Oldest male resident of the Netherlands, ever
  • 1881Jan van Gilse: Composer / resistance fighter (Frau Helga von Staveren)
  • 1881Pascual Rogatis: Composer
  • 1882Joseph Marx: Austrian composer / critic
  • 1888P A J Losecaat Vermeer: Leader of Dutch High Council
  • 1891Henry Morgenthau, Jr.: US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45)
  • 1892Margaret Rutherford: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Murder Most Foul)
  • 1894Anton A Mussert: Dutch Nazi leader (NSB)
  • 1894Florimond Cornellie: Belgium -- Yachting (1920 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1894Martha Graham: Allegheny, Pennsylvania -- Choreographer (Appalachian Spring)
  • 1895Jan Parandowski: Writer
  • 1895William Grant Still: Woodville, Mississippi -- Composer (African-American)

Died on May 11

  • 1610Matteo Ricci: Italian Missionary (China)
  • 1631Christoph Buel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1742Francesco Stradivari: Ital violin maker / Son of Antonius, dies at 70
  • 1772Joseph Kerckhoff: Limburg surgeon / robber captain, hanged
  • 1778William Pitt, Sr.: English Premier (1756-61, 66-68), dies at 69
  • 1779John Heart: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 68
  • 1819Caspar Furstenau: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1845Karoly Filtsch: Composer, dies at 14
  • 1849Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1849Otto Nicolai: German Composer / conductor, dies at 39
  • 1857E Francois Vidocq: French criminalogist / police officer, dies at 81
  • 1871John Herschel: Cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • 1895Feliks Jaronski: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1907John Albert Delany: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1916Karl Schwarzschild: German astronomer (s-effect)
  • 1916Max [Johann BJM] Reger: German Composer / pianist / organist, dies at 43
  • 1916Max Reger: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1917Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1927Juan Gris: Spanish cubist painter, dies at 40
  • 1935Edward H Thompson: US archaeologist (Mayan civilization), dies at 78
  • 1937Viliam Figus: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1938Arnold Sauwen: Flemish Poet (Hours of Solitude), dies at 81
  • 1944Henk Hos: Resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • 1947Ture Rangstrom: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1949Adrianus PHA de Kleyn: Throat / nose / otologist (ear doctor), dies at 65
  • 1952Giovanni Tebaldini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1953Jean Adair: Dies at 80
  • 1956Walter S Adams: US astronomer / Director of Mount Wilson, dies at 79
  • 1960John D Rockefeller, Jr.: Philanthropist, dies at 86
  • 1965Ludovicus H "Lode" Baekelmans: Flemish playwright, dies at 86