Events on May 11

  • 0330Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes capital of Roman Empire
  • 1189Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa and 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg
  • 1330Constantinople (Istanbul) becomes new capital by Roman Emperor Constantine for Eastern Roman Empire
  • 1421Jews are expelled from Styria Austria
  • 1502Columbus begins 4th and last trip to "Indies"
  • 1674Netherlands and Cologne sign peace treaty
  • 1689Battle of Bantry Bay, French and English naval battle
  • 1690English troops of W Phips conquer Port Royal Nova Scotia
  • 1745Battle of Fontenoy (Doornik): Austrian Succession war
  • 1749British parliament accept Consolidation Act: fleet reorganization
  • 17511st US hospital founded (Pennsylvania Hospital)
  • 17521st US fire insurance policy issued (Philadelphia)
  • 1772Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed
  • 1784England and Tippu Sahib van Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 1792Columbia River discovered and named by US Captain Robert Gray
  • 1812Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting and immoral. No wonder it caught on!
  • 1814Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh
  • 1816American Bible Society forms (NY)
  • 1818Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 6-0
  • 1833"Lady-of-the-Lake" strikes iceberg and sinks in N Atlantic; kills 215
  • 1850Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • 1858Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • 1862Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1864Gen J E B Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern
  • 1865Jeff Thompson surrenders
  • 1867Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg
  • 1875George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • 188816th Preakness: F Littlefield aboard Refund wins in 2:49
  • 1893Henri Desgrange establishes 1st bicycle-world record (35.325 km)
  • 1894American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Company

Born on May 11

  • 1568Christian I: Ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (Battle of White Mountain)
  • 1654Cornelis van Alkemade: Dutch historian
  • 1722Peter Camper: Leyden, Holland -- Anatomist / professor (Amsterdam)
  • 1731Johann Gottfried Seyfert: Composer
  • 1772Henri-Jean Rigel: Composer
  • 1791Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer
  • 1807Ira Aldridge: Great 19th century black Shakespearian actor (Othello)
  • 1811Chang & Eng Bunker: Chinese Siamese twins
  • 1821[Carlos] Charles John Stolbrand: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Alfred Stevens: Belgian painter
  • 1830John Converse Starkweather: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1840Filippo Capocci: Composer
  • 1841Ernst von Possart: German actor / stage manager / reciter
  • 1852Charles Warren Fairbanks: (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • 1854Ottmar Mergenthaler: Hachtel, Germany -- Inventor (linotype)
  • 1855Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov: Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 1858Carl Hauptmann: Writer
  • 1869Francisco Lacerda: Composer
  • 1878Mr Reyskens: Oldest male resident of the Netherlands, ever
  • 1881Jan van Gilse: Composer / resistance fighter (Frau Helga von Staveren)
  • 1881Pascual Rogatis: Composer
  • 1882Joseph Marx: Austrian composer / critic
  • 1888P A J Losecaat Vermeer: Leader of Dutch High Council
  • 1891Henry Morgenthau, Jr.: US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45)
  • 1892Margaret Rutherford: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Murder Most Foul)
  • 1894Anton A Mussert: Dutch Nazi leader (NSB)
  • 1894Florimond Cornellie: Belgium -- Yachting (1920 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1894Martha Graham: Allegheny, Pennsylvania -- Choreographer (Appalachian Spring)
  • 1895Jan Parandowski: Writer
  • 1895William Grant Still: Woodville, Mississippi -- Composer (African-American)

Died on May 11

  • 1610Matteo Ricci: Italian Missionary (China)
  • 1631Christoph Buel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1742Francesco Stradivari: Ital violin maker / Son of Antonius, dies at 70
  • 1772Joseph Kerckhoff: Limburg surgeon / robber captain, hanged
  • 1778William Pitt, Sr.: English Premier (1756-61, 66-68), dies at 69
  • 1779John Heart: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 68
  • 1819Caspar Furstenau: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1845Karoly Filtsch: Composer, dies at 14
  • 1849Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1849Otto Nicolai: German Composer / conductor, dies at 39
  • 1857E Francois Vidocq: French criminalogist / police officer, dies at 81
  • 1871John Herschel: Cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • 1895Feliks Jaronski: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1907John Albert Delany: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1916Karl Schwarzschild: German astronomer (s-effect)
  • 1916Max [Johann BJM] Reger: German Composer / pianist / organist, dies at 43
  • 1916Max Reger: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1917Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1927Juan Gris: Spanish cubist painter, dies at 40
  • 1935Edward H Thompson: US archaeologist (Mayan civilization), dies at 78
  • 1937Viliam Figus: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1938Arnold Sauwen: Flemish Poet (Hours of Solitude), dies at 81
  • 1944Henk Hos: Resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • 1947Ture Rangstrom: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1949Adrianus PHA de Kleyn: Throat / nose / otologist (ear doctor), dies at 65
  • 1952Giovanni Tebaldini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1953Jean Adair: Dies at 80
  • 1956Walter S Adams: US astronomer / Director of Mount Wilson, dies at 79
  • 1960John D Rockefeller, Jr.: Philanthropist, dies at 86
  • 1965Ludovicus H "Lode" Baekelmans: Flemish playwright, dies at 86

Historical events on May 12

  • 0254Stephan I replaces Lucius I as Catholic Pope
  • 0919Duke Henry of Saxon becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankische rich
  • 1082Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austr
  • 1215English barons serve ultimatum on King John without Country
  • 1328Louis IV de Beier selects P Rainalducci as anti-Pope Nicolaas V
  • 1459Sun City India founded by Rao Jodhpur
  • 1551San Marcos University in Lima Peru, opens
  • 1588Catholic League under Duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1604Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1640Uprising against Spanish King Philip IV
  • 1641Prince Willem II (14) marries Engl Princess Henriette Mary Stuart (9)
  • 1689England and Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • 1695English King Willem III departs to the Netherlands
  • 1701Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4 / 29 / 1701)
  • 1733Maria Theresa crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1776Turgot, French Minister of Finance, resigns
  • 17771st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi - NY Gazette)
  • 1780British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1780Charleston, SC falls to British (Revolutionary War)
  • 1789Society of St. Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses
  • 1792Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented
  • 1835Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
  • 1849Willem Alexander PFL crowned King Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 1862Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1863Battle of Raymond, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1864US Union Colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to Brigade-General
  • 1865Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • 1870Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • 1871Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Kentucky

Born on May 12

  • 1670August II [the Strong One]: King of Poland (355 children)
  • 1679Giovanni Antonio Ricieri: Composer
  • 1700Luigi Vanvitelli: Italian architect
  • 1739Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer
  • 1739Johann Baptist Vanhal: Composer
  • 1751Gaetano Manna: Composer
  • 1754Franz Anton Hoffmeister: Composer
  • 1776Juan Bros y Bertomel: Composer
  • 1790[Johannes] Carsten Hauch: Danish writer
  • 1797Johann Hermann Kufferath: Composer
  • 1803Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist (agricultural chemics)
  • 1804Robert Baldwin: (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 1806Amos Beebe Eaton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1877
  • 1806J V Snellman: Finland -- Journalist / Statesman / nationalist
  • 1812Edward Lear: England, United Kingdom -- Landscape painter, author (The Complete Nonsense Book)
  • 1812Louis Ludwig Blenker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1813Johann Czerski: German chaplin
  • 1828D G Rossetti: Writer
  • 1828Gabriel Dante Rossetti: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / painter (Pre-Raphaelite)
  • 1829Paul Karrer: Composer
  • 1842Jules Emile Fred Massenet: Montaud, France -- Composer (Manon, Le Cid)
  • 1861Ivan Caryll: Composer (Pink Lady)
  • 1863Charles Bordes: Composer
  • 1868Halsey William Wilson: United States -- Publisher of reference books
  • 1874Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet: Austrian Physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1876Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria
  • 1880Lincoln Ellsworth: Led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
  • 1880W Hupkes: Engineer / director (Dutch Rail 1938)
  • 1886Albert Saverys: Flemish painter
  • 1886Hermann Grabner: Composer

Died on May 12

  • 0912Leo VI Sophos: Byzantine Emperor (886-912), dies at 45
  • 1003Gerbert: French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1003Sylvester II [Gerbert van Aurillac]: 1st French Pope (999-1003)
  • 1012Sergius IV [Pietro Crescentii]: Italian Pope (1009-12)
  • 1382Johanna I: Queen of Naples / Provence
  • 1634George Chapman: English dramatist / interpreter
  • 1641Thomas Wentworth: English Viceroy of Ireland, beheaded at 48
  • 1649Isaac Doreslaer: English lawyer / diplomat, murdered
  • 1737Cornelis van Alkemade: Historian, dies at 83
  • 1796Johann P Uz: German Poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • 1811Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1814Robert Treat Paine: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 1825Elias Mann: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Stanislao Mattei: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1843Johann Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1845August Wilhelm Schlegel: German Poet / interpreter / critic, dies at 77
  • 1852John Richardson: Canadian writer (War of 1812)
  • 1861Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1864Abner Monroe Perrin: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 37
  • 1864J E B Stuart: Confederate General, dies at 31
  • 1871Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer, dies at 89
  • 1871John F W Herschel: British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae)
  • 1876Henri A Esquiros: French Poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 1884Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Czech Composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 1896Juan Morel Campos: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1897Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • 1897Willem Roelofs: Painter / lithographer
  • 1907J K Huysmans: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1908Melesio Morales: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1921Emilia Pardo Bazan: Spanish writer (La sirena negra)