Events on May 12

  • 0254Stephan I replaces Lucius I as Catholic Pope
  • 0919Duke Henry of Saxon becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankische rich
  • 1082Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austr
  • 1215English barons serve ultimatum on King John without Country
  • 1328Louis IV de Beier selects P Rainalducci as anti-Pope Nicolaas V
  • 1459Sun City India founded by Rao Jodhpur
  • 1551San Marcos University in Lima Peru, opens
  • 1588Catholic League under Duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1604Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1640Uprising against Spanish King Philip IV
  • 1641Prince Willem II (14) marries Engl Princess Henriette Mary Stuart (9)
  • 1689England and Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • 1695English King Willem III departs to the Netherlands
  • 1701Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4 / 29 / 1701)
  • 1733Maria Theresa crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1776Turgot, French Minister of Finance, resigns
  • 17771st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi - NY Gazette)
  • 1780British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1780Charleston, SC falls to British (Revolutionary War)
  • 1789Society of St. Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses
  • 1792Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented
  • 1835Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
  • 1849Willem Alexander PFL crowned King Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 1862Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1863Battle of Raymond, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1864US Union Colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to Brigade-General
  • 1865Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • 1870Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • 1871Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Kentucky

Born on May 12

  • 1670August II [the Strong One]: King of Poland (355 children)
  • 1679Giovanni Antonio Ricieri: Composer
  • 1700Luigi Vanvitelli: Italian architect
  • 1739Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer
  • 1739Johann Baptist Vanhal: Composer
  • 1751Gaetano Manna: Composer
  • 1754Franz Anton Hoffmeister: Composer
  • 1776Juan Bros y Bertomel: Composer
  • 1790[Johannes] Carsten Hauch: Danish writer
  • 1797Johann Hermann Kufferath: Composer
  • 1803Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist (agricultural chemics)
  • 1804Robert Baldwin: (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 1806Amos Beebe Eaton: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1877
  • 1806J V Snellman: Finland -- Journalist / Statesman / nationalist
  • 1812Edward Lear: England, United Kingdom -- Landscape painter, author (The Complete Nonsense Book)
  • 1812Louis Ludwig Blenker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1813Johann Czerski: German chaplin
  • 1828D G Rossetti: Writer
  • 1828Gabriel Dante Rossetti: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / painter (Pre-Raphaelite)
  • 1829Paul Karrer: Composer
  • 1842Jules Emile Fred Massenet: Montaud, France -- Composer (Manon, Le Cid)
  • 1861Ivan Caryll: Composer (Pink Lady)
  • 1863Charles Bordes: Composer
  • 1868Halsey William Wilson: United States -- Publisher of reference books
  • 1874Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet: Austrian Physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1876Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria
  • 1880Lincoln Ellsworth: Led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
  • 1880W Hupkes: Engineer / director (Dutch Rail 1938)
  • 1886Albert Saverys: Flemish painter
  • 1886Hermann Grabner: Composer

Died on May 12

  • 0912Leo VI Sophos: Byzantine Emperor (886-912), dies at 45
  • 1003Gerbert: French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1003Sylvester II [Gerbert van Aurillac]: 1st French Pope (999-1003)
  • 1012Sergius IV [Pietro Crescentii]: Italian Pope (1009-12)
  • 1382Johanna I: Queen of Naples / Provence
  • 1634George Chapman: English dramatist / interpreter
  • 1641Thomas Wentworth: English Viceroy of Ireland, beheaded at 48
  • 1649Isaac Doreslaer: English lawyer / diplomat, murdered
  • 1737Cornelis van Alkemade: Historian, dies at 83
  • 1796Johann P Uz: German Poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • 1811Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1814Robert Treat Paine: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 1825Elias Mann: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Stanislao Mattei: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1843Johann Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1845August Wilhelm Schlegel: German Poet / interpreter / critic, dies at 77
  • 1852John Richardson: Canadian writer (War of 1812)
  • 1861Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1864Abner Monroe Perrin: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 37
  • 1864J E B Stuart: Confederate General, dies at 31
  • 1871Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer, dies at 89
  • 1871John F W Herschel: British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae)
  • 1876Henri A Esquiros: French Poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 1884Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Czech Composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 1896Juan Morel Campos: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1897Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • 1897Willem Roelofs: Painter / lithographer
  • 1907J K Huysmans: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1908Melesio Morales: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1921Emilia Pardo Bazan: Spanish writer (La sirena negra)

Historical events on May 13

  • 0535St. Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0609Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon into Catholic church
  • 0641Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes Bishop of Doornik-Noyon
  • 1110Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath
  • 1364Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven
  • 1497Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola
  • 1559Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • 1568Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside
  • 1588King Henri III flees Paris
  • 1607English colonists (John Smith) lands near James River in Virginia
  • 1624Admiral Hermites fleet blockade Lima Peru
  • 1637Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife
  • 1643Battle at Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • 1643Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1 / 3 of population
  • 1652Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • 1654Venetian fleet under Admiral Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1777University library at Vienna opens
  • 1779War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 1787Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay
  • 1828US passes Tariff of Abominations
  • 1830Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as President
  • 18351st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
  • 1865S Brownsville, TX (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed
  • 1874Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 1876Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • 1882Toba-indians killed 20 members of French expedition
  • 1884Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
  • 1888DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • 189018th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75
  • 1890Lord Salisbury offers Germany Helgoland in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda and Equatoria

Born on May 13

  • 1314Sergius of Radonesh: Russian Saint
  • 1592John Cloppenburg: Vicar / theologist
  • 1655Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti]: Italy -- 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • 1717Maria Theresa: Empress of Austria (Wife of Emperor Franz I)
  • 1729Henry William [Baron] Stiegel: Early American glassmaker
  • 1730Charles Watson-Wentworth [2nd Marquis of Rockingham]: English Prime Minister (1765-76)
  • 1730Marquess of Rockingham: (Whig), British Prime Minister (1765-66, 1782)
  • 1735Horace Coignet: Composer
  • 1746Oliver Brownson: Composer
  • 1756Wojciech Zywny: Composer
  • 1761Adrian Loosjes Pzn: Publisher / writer (Mauritius Lijnslager)
  • 1776Charles Ots: Composer
  • 1776Rodrigo Ferreira da Costa: Composer
  • 1792Pius IX "Pio Nono" [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti]: Pope (1846-78)
  • 1795Joshua Ratoon Sands: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 1828Josephine Elizabeth Butler: Social Reformer
  • 1830Zebulon Baird Vance: Governor (Confederacy), died in 1894
  • 1831Willem Baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller: Dutch Minister of Colonies
  • 1840Alphonse Daudet: Writer
  • 1842Arthur Seymour Sullivan: London, England -- Composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)
  • 1843Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 1847Johannes Haarklou: Composer
  • 1854Louis H Chrispijn: Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • 1854Paul Klengel: Composer
  • 1856Peter Henry Emerson: 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • 1857Ronald Ross: England, United Kingdom -- Pathologist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1859Eugust Enna: Composer
  • 1866Ottokar Eugen Novacek: Composer
  • 1867Frank Brangwyn: Wales, United Kingdom -- Painter / muralist / cartoonist (Willam Morris)
  • 1868Paolo Gallico: Composer

Died on May 13

  • 0384Servatius / Aravatius: Bishop of Tongeren
  • 1381John of Chatillon: Governor / Viceroy of Holland
  • 1390Robert II the Steward: King of Scotland (1371-90)
  • 1619Johan van Oldenbarnevelt: Lands advocate, beheaded
  • 1732Theodor Schwartzkopff: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1776Anton de Haen: Medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71
  • 1787Johann Michael Malzat: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1793Martin Gerbert: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1812Johann Matthias Sperger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1839Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov: Found Ashkenazic community (1815)
  • 1839Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 1864Junius Daniel: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1873Kaspar Masek: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1882Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer, murdered at 35
  • 1884Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor
  • 1885Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing: Author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire)
  • 1892Jean Alexander Ferdinand Poise: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1896Nora Perry: Writer
  • 1904Jan Boissevain: Ship owner / politician
  • 1916Sholem Aleichem: Yiddish writer (Fiddler on the Roof)
  • 1925Boris V Savinkov: Russian writer / terrorist
  • 1930Fridtjof Nansen: Diplomat (Nobel 1922)
  • 1930Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 1931Josif Marinkovic: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1933Paul Ernst: Writer, dies at 67
  • 1942Hyam Greenbaum: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1951Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips: Author (Issue Beukennoot), dies at 65
  • 1956Aleksandr A Fadejev: Russ Author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54
  • 1961Gary Cooper: 2 time Academy Award winning actor (High Noon), dies at 60
  • 1962Frank Jenks: Actor (Colonel Flack), dies of cancer at 60