Events on May 13

  • 0535St. Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0609Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon into Catholic church
  • 0641Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes Bishop of Doornik-Noyon
  • 1110Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath
  • 1364Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven
  • 1497Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola
  • 1559Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • 1568Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside
  • 1588King Henri III flees Paris
  • 1607English colonists (John Smith) lands near James River in Virginia
  • 1624Admiral Hermites fleet blockade Lima Peru
  • 1637Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife
  • 1643Battle at Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • 1643Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1 / 3 of population
  • 1652Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • 1654Venetian fleet under Admiral Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1777University library at Vienna opens
  • 1779War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 1787Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay
  • 1828US passes Tariff of Abominations
  • 1830Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as President
  • 18351st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
  • 1865S Brownsville, TX (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed
  • 1874Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 1876Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • 1882Toba-indians killed 20 members of French expedition
  • 1884Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
  • 1888DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • 189018th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75
  • 1890Lord Salisbury offers Germany Helgoland in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda and Equatoria

Born on May 13

  • 1314Sergius of Radonesh: Russian Saint
  • 1592John Cloppenburg: Vicar / theologist
  • 1655Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti]: Italy -- 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • 1717Maria Theresa: Empress of Austria (Wife of Emperor Franz I)
  • 1729Henry William [Baron] Stiegel: Early American glassmaker
  • 1730Charles Watson-Wentworth [2nd Marquis of Rockingham]: English Prime Minister (1765-76)
  • 1730Marquess of Rockingham: (Whig), British Prime Minister (1765-66, 1782)
  • 1735Horace Coignet: Composer
  • 1746Oliver Brownson: Composer
  • 1756Wojciech Zywny: Composer
  • 1761Adrian Loosjes Pzn: Publisher / writer (Mauritius Lijnslager)
  • 1776Charles Ots: Composer
  • 1776Rodrigo Ferreira da Costa: Composer
  • 1792Pius IX "Pio Nono" [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti]: Pope (1846-78)
  • 1795Joshua Ratoon Sands: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 1828Josephine Elizabeth Butler: Social Reformer
  • 1830Zebulon Baird Vance: Governor (Confederacy), died in 1894
  • 1831Willem Baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller: Dutch Minister of Colonies
  • 1840Alphonse Daudet: Writer
  • 1842Arthur Seymour Sullivan: London, England -- Composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)
  • 1843Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 1847Johannes Haarklou: Composer
  • 1854Louis H Chrispijn: Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • 1854Paul Klengel: Composer
  • 1856Peter Henry Emerson: 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • 1857Ronald Ross: England, United Kingdom -- Pathologist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1859Eugust Enna: Composer
  • 1866Ottokar Eugen Novacek: Composer
  • 1867Frank Brangwyn: Wales, United Kingdom -- Painter / muralist / cartoonist (Willam Morris)
  • 1868Paolo Gallico: Composer

Died on May 13

  • 0384Servatius / Aravatius: Bishop of Tongeren
  • 1381John of Chatillon: Governor / Viceroy of Holland
  • 1390Robert II the Steward: King of Scotland (1371-90)
  • 1619Johan van Oldenbarnevelt: Lands advocate, beheaded
  • 1732Theodor Schwartzkopff: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1776Anton de Haen: Medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71
  • 1787Johann Michael Malzat: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1793Martin Gerbert: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1812Johann Matthias Sperger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1839Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov: Found Ashkenazic community (1815)
  • 1839Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 1864Junius Daniel: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 1873Kaspar Masek: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1882Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer, murdered at 35
  • 1884Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor
  • 1885Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing: Author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire)
  • 1892Jean Alexander Ferdinand Poise: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1896Nora Perry: Writer
  • 1904Jan Boissevain: Ship owner / politician
  • 1916Sholem Aleichem: Yiddish writer (Fiddler on the Roof)
  • 1925Boris V Savinkov: Russian writer / terrorist
  • 1930Fridtjof Nansen: Diplomat (Nobel 1922)
  • 1930Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 1931Josif Marinkovic: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1933Paul Ernst: Writer, dies at 67
  • 1942Hyam Greenbaum: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1951Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips: Author (Issue Beukennoot), dies at 65
  • 1956Aleksandr A Fadejev: Russ Author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54
  • 1961Gary Cooper: 2 time Academy Award winning actor (High Noon), dies at 60
  • 1962Frank Jenks: Actor (Colonel Flack), dies of cancer at 60

Historical events on May 14

  • 0649Theodore I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004Henry II the Saint crowned as King of Italy
  • 1027Robert II, the Vrome, names son Henry I, King of France
  • 1264Battle at Lewes: Simon van Leicester beats English King Henry III
  • 1509Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venitians in Northern Italy
  • 1576Dutch Council of State replaced by Council of Beroerten
  • 16071st permanent English settlement in New World, Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1638Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquerors Batticaloa, Ceylon
  • 1643Louis XIV (4) becomes King of France
  • 1702England and Netherlands declares war on France and Spain
  • 1702Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw
  • 1767British government disbands Americans import duty on tea
  • 1787Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution
  • 17961st smallpox inoculation administered, by Edward Jenner
  • 1804Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis for Pacific Coast
  • 1811Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1835Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
  • 18421st edition of London Illustrated News
  • 1845Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • 1853Gail Borden patents her process for condensed milk
  • 1862Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • 1863Battle of Jackson, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Reseca, Atlanta, Georgia
  • 18741st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats McGill 3-0
  • 1874Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) in football, 3-0
  • 1878Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)
  • 1884Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 189016th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45
  • 1892Vitesse 1892 soccer team forms in Arnhem
  • 1894Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings

Born on May 14

  • 1316Charles IV: King of Bohemia (1346-78) / Emperor (1355-78)
  • 1652Johann Philipp Fortsch: Composer
  • 1679Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow: Danish astronomer
  • 1707Antonio Teixeira: Composer
  • 1710Adolf Frederik: King of Sweden (1751-70)
  • 1727Thomas Gainsborough: English painter (Blue Boy), baptized
  • 1771Robert Owen: England, United Kingdom -- Factory owner / socialist
  • 1781Friedrich von Raumer: German historian / parliamentarian
  • 1798Frantisek Palacky: Czechoslovakia -- Historian
  • 1805Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann: Composer
  • 1816Gualtiero Sanelli: Composer
  • 1830George Pierce Doles: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1836James Patrick Major: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1846Arnold Kerdijk: Dutch lib politician / founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
  • 1846Pieter W A Cort van de Linden: Dutch Premier (1913-18)
  • 1864Eleanor Everest Freer: Composer
  • 1867Kurt Eisner: German Premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1870Zygmunt Denis Antoni Stojowski: Composer
  • 1881Ed Walsh: Pitcher (lowest lifetime ERA of 1.82)
  • 1883Jan Olieslagers: Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • 1883Julian Eltinge: Massachusetts, United States -- Vaudeville star / greatest female impersonator
  • 1885Otto Klemperer: Breslau, Germany -- Conductor / composer (Das Ziel)
  • 1888Miles Mander: Wolverhampton, England -- Actor (Tower of London)
  • 1891Egon Kornauth: Composer
  • 1892Arthur Vincent Lourie: Composer
  • 1892Felix Petyrek: Composer
  • 1893Ivan Alexandrovich Vishnegradsky: Composer
  • 1895Lew Lehr: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Comedian (Stop Me if I heard this One)
  • 1895Renato Lunelli: Composer
  • 1897Sidney Bechet: United States -- Jazz clarinetist / saxophonist / band leader

Died on May 14

  • 0347Pachomius: Egyptian monastery founder / abbot (Coenobieten)
  • 0649Theodore: Greek Pope (642-49) (excommunicated by Paul II)
  • 0964John XII [Octavianus]: Pope (955-64)
  • 1565Nicolaus von Amsdorf: German reform theologist
  • 1610Henry IV: 1st Bourbon-king of France (1572, 89-1610), murdered at 56
  • 1643Louis XIII: King of France (1610-43), dies at 41
  • 1726John B Wellekens: Poet / Painter (Wedding Guests)
  • 1726Moshe Darshan: Rabbi / Author (Torat Ahsam)
  • 1742Dominique Marie Valet: French RC / old-Catholic Bishop, dies at 64
  • 1761Thomas Simpson: English Mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • 1801Johann Ernst Altenburg: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1820Paul Friedrich Struck: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1832John van Speijk: Dutch heroic sailor, buried
  • 1833Johann Wilhelm Cornelius von Konigslow: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1847Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1863Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1864William N Green, Jr.: Union Brigadier General
  • 1870Ramon Vilanova y Barrera: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1877John Roberts: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1893Earnest E Kummer: German Mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
  • 1893Johan T Buys: Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1904Richard Hol: Dutch Composer / Organist / conductor, dies at 78
  • 1912August Strindberg: Swedish writer (Deaddans), dies at 63
  • 1912Frederik VIII C W K: King of Denmark (1906-12), dies at 68
  • 1925Henry Rider Haggard: English writer (Dawn, She)
  • 1936Edmond HH Allenby: English Field Marshal in Egypt, dies at 74
  • 1938Jacobus C J "Jacques" Hermans: Actor (Ghetto), dies at 81
  • 1940Eddy [Charles E] du Platform: Writer / poet
  • 1940Emma Goldman: US anarchists / feminist / Author (Living My Life)
  • 1940Jacob van Gelderen: Economist / sociologist / SDAP-2nd-Chamber, dies at 49