Events on May 14

  • 0649Theodore I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004Henry II the Saint crowned as King of Italy
  • 1027Robert II, the Vrome, names son Henry I, King of France
  • 1264Battle at Lewes: Simon van Leicester beats English King Henry III
  • 1509Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venitians in Northern Italy
  • 1576Dutch Council of State replaced by Council of Beroerten
  • 16071st permanent English settlement in New World, Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1638Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquerors Batticaloa, Ceylon
  • 1643Louis XIV (4) becomes King of France
  • 1702England and Netherlands declares war on France and Spain
  • 1702Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw
  • 1767British government disbands Americans import duty on tea
  • 1787Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution
  • 17961st smallpox inoculation administered, by Edward Jenner
  • 1804Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis for Pacific Coast
  • 1811Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1835Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
  • 18421st edition of London Illustrated News
  • 1845Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • 1853Gail Borden patents her process for condensed milk
  • 1862Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • 1863Battle of Jackson, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Reseca, Atlanta, Georgia
  • 18741st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats McGill 3-0
  • 1874Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) in football, 3-0
  • 1878Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)
  • 1884Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 189016th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45
  • 1892Vitesse 1892 soccer team forms in Arnhem
  • 1894Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings

Born on May 14

  • 1316Charles IV: King of Bohemia (1346-78) / Emperor (1355-78)
  • 1652Johann Philipp Fortsch: Composer
  • 1679Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow: Danish astronomer
  • 1707Antonio Teixeira: Composer
  • 1710Adolf Frederik: King of Sweden (1751-70)
  • 1727Thomas Gainsborough: English painter (Blue Boy), baptized
  • 1771Robert Owen: England, United Kingdom -- Factory owner / socialist
  • 1781Friedrich von Raumer: German historian / parliamentarian
  • 1798Frantisek Palacky: Czechoslovakia -- Historian
  • 1805Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann: Composer
  • 1816Gualtiero Sanelli: Composer
  • 1830George Pierce Doles: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1836James Patrick Major: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1846Arnold Kerdijk: Dutch lib politician / founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
  • 1846Pieter W A Cort van de Linden: Dutch Premier (1913-18)
  • 1864Eleanor Everest Freer: Composer
  • 1867Kurt Eisner: German Premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1870Zygmunt Denis Antoni Stojowski: Composer
  • 1881Ed Walsh: Pitcher (lowest lifetime ERA of 1.82)
  • 1883Jan Olieslagers: Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • 1883Julian Eltinge: Massachusetts, United States -- Vaudeville star / greatest female impersonator
  • 1885Otto Klemperer: Breslau, Germany -- Conductor / composer (Das Ziel)
  • 1888Miles Mander: Wolverhampton, England -- Actor (Tower of London)
  • 1891Egon Kornauth: Composer
  • 1892Arthur Vincent Lourie: Composer
  • 1892Felix Petyrek: Composer
  • 1893Ivan Alexandrovich Vishnegradsky: Composer
  • 1895Lew Lehr: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Comedian (Stop Me if I heard this One)
  • 1895Renato Lunelli: Composer
  • 1897Sidney Bechet: United States -- Jazz clarinetist / saxophonist / band leader

Died on May 14

  • 0347Pachomius: Egyptian monastery founder / abbot (Coenobieten)
  • 0649Theodore: Greek Pope (642-49) (excommunicated by Paul II)
  • 0964John XII [Octavianus]: Pope (955-64)
  • 1565Nicolaus von Amsdorf: German reform theologist
  • 1610Henry IV: 1st Bourbon-king of France (1572, 89-1610), murdered at 56
  • 1643Louis XIII: King of France (1610-43), dies at 41
  • 1726John B Wellekens: Poet / Painter (Wedding Guests)
  • 1726Moshe Darshan: Rabbi / Author (Torat Ahsam)
  • 1742Dominique Marie Valet: French RC / old-Catholic Bishop, dies at 64
  • 1761Thomas Simpson: English Mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • 1801Johann Ernst Altenburg: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1820Paul Friedrich Struck: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1832John van Speijk: Dutch heroic sailor, buried
  • 1833Johann Wilhelm Cornelius von Konigslow: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1847Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1863Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1864William N Green, Jr.: Union Brigadier General
  • 1870Ramon Vilanova y Barrera: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1877John Roberts: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1893Earnest E Kummer: German Mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
  • 1893Johan T Buys: Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1904Richard Hol: Dutch Composer / Organist / conductor, dies at 78
  • 1912August Strindberg: Swedish writer (Deaddans), dies at 63
  • 1912Frederik VIII C W K: King of Denmark (1906-12), dies at 68
  • 1925Henry Rider Haggard: English writer (Dawn, She)
  • 1936Edmond HH Allenby: English Field Marshal in Egypt, dies at 74
  • 1938Jacobus C J "Jacques" Hermans: Actor (Ghetto), dies at 81
  • 1940Eddy [Charles E] du Platform: Writer / poet
  • 1940Emma Goldman: US anarchists / feminist / Author (Living My Life)
  • 1940Jacob van Gelderen: Economist / sociologist / SDAP-2nd-Chamber, dies at 49

Historical events on May 15

  • 0756Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova Spain
  • 0884Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy
  • 1213English King John names Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1492Cheese and Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kills 232 Alkmaarse
  • 1525German boer army surrounded / slaughters 5,000; ends Boer war
  • 1536Anna Boleyn and Lord Rochford accused of adultery / incest
  • 1567Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • 1572Louis van Nassau and huguenots occupy Valenciennes
  • 1602Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold
  • 1610Parliament of Paris appoints Louis XIII (8) as French King
  • 1618Johannes Kepler discovers harmonics law
  • 1665Pope Alexander VII convicts Jansenisme
  • 16721st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
  • 1702War of Spanish Succession, 1st American conflict between England and France
  • 1730Robert Walpole becomes England 1st Prime Minister (was: chief min)
  • 1796France and Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1796French troops occupy Milan
  • 1800King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
  • 1800Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
  • 1817Ambonese uprising against Dutch authority, under T Matulesia
  • 1829Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith
  • 1849Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 1851Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], King of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • 18562nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
  • 1858Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • 1862Confederate cruiser The Alabama runs aground near London
  • 1862Department of Agriculture created
  • 1862Gen Benjamin F Butler delegates "Woman Order" of NO to be his whores
  • 1862Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens

Born on May 15

  • 1565Henrick de Keyser: Architect / master builder of Amsterdam
  • 1754Pierre Dutillieu: Composer
  • 1759Maria Theresia von Paradis: Composer
  • 1764Johann Nepomuk Kalcher: Composer
  • 1773Clemens L Metternich: Austrian Prince
  • 1791Baron Floris A van Hall: Dutch Minister of Justice / Finance
  • 1795Adolf B Marx: German music theorist
  • 1802Isaac Ridgeway Trimble: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1807Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata: Composer
  • 1808Gottfried Herrmann: Composer
  • 1808Michael William Balfe: Composer
  • 1810Jacob Thompson: (Confederacy), died in 1885
  • 1813Stephen Heller: Composer
  • 1819Thomas Leonidas Crittenden: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1830Laurence Simmons Baker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1830Martinus W van der Aa: Author / Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • 1841Giovanni Bolzoni: Composer
  • 1845Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: USSR -- Zoologist / bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1855Eduard Earl of Keyserling: German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • 1855Graf Keyserling: Writer
  • 1859Pierre Curie: France -- Physicist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1860Ellen Louise Axson Wilson: 1st Wife of Woodrow Wilson
  • 1862Arthur Schnitzler: Austria -- Playwright / Novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1865Albert Verwey: Dutch poet / literature historian (Motion)
  • 1878Francisco Pujol: Composer
  • 1880Otto Dibelius: German theologist / Bishop (Confessional Church)
  • 1883Stanley Robert Marchant: Composer
  • 1888Jean Wahl: French philosopher
  • 1889Bessie Hillman: Founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • 1890Katherine Anne Porter: United States -- Novelist (Ship of Fools)

Died on May 15

  • 0392Valentinianus II: Emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
  • 0884Marinus I [Martinus II]: Pope (882-84)
  • 1174Nur ad-Din Mahmud: King of Syria
  • 1470Charles VIII: Knutsson Bonde, King of Sweden
  • 1482Paolo Toscanelli: Italian Physician and mapmaker
  • 1591Dimitri Ivanovitch: Russian Son of Czar Ivan IV, murdered at 9
  • 1622Peter Plancius: Flemish vicar / cartographer, dies at about 69
  • 1685Henri Otto: Spanish Marquis of Caretto / Savona / Grana
  • 1746Giovanni Antonio Ricieri: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1761Jacob Mossel: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), dies at 56
  • 1785Karel Blazej Kopriva: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1801Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso: Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1821John Wall Calcott: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1822Christian Ludwig Dieter: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1823Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1824Alexander Campbell: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1832Carl Friedrich Zelter: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1833Edmund Kean: English actor (Shylock), dies at 46
  • 1842Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases: French Historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 1845Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer, dies at 76
  • 1855Jan Mazereeuw: Frisian farmer / Sect Leader, dies at 75
  • 1872Thomas Hastings: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1873Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Romania, dies at 53
  • 1886Emily Dickinson: US poet, dies at 55
  • 1889Alfred Potocki: Premier Austrian / Governor / Viceroy of Galicia
  • 1892Arthur Hodister: British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered
  • 1899Francisque Sarcey: French writer (Le Temps), dies at 70
  • 1926Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 1932Ki Inukai: Premier Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1933Ernest Torrence: Actor (I Cover the Waterfront), dies at 54