Events on May 15

  • 0756Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova Spain
  • 0884Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy
  • 1213English King John names Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1492Cheese and Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kills 232 Alkmaarse
  • 1525German boer army surrounded / slaughters 5,000; ends Boer war
  • 1536Anna Boleyn and Lord Rochford accused of adultery / incest
  • 1567Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • 1572Louis van Nassau and huguenots occupy Valenciennes
  • 1602Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold
  • 1610Parliament of Paris appoints Louis XIII (8) as French King
  • 1618Johannes Kepler discovers harmonics law
  • 1665Pope Alexander VII convicts Jansenisme
  • 16721st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
  • 1702War of Spanish Succession, 1st American conflict between England and France
  • 1730Robert Walpole becomes England 1st Prime Minister (was: chief min)
  • 1796France and Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris
  • 1796French troops occupy Milan
  • 1800King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
  • 1800Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
  • 1817Ambonese uprising against Dutch authority, under T Matulesia
  • 1829Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith
  • 1849Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 1851Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], King of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • 18562nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
  • 1858Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • 1862Confederate cruiser The Alabama runs aground near London
  • 1862Department of Agriculture created
  • 1862Gen Benjamin F Butler delegates "Woman Order" of NO to be his whores
  • 1862Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens

Born on May 15

  • 1565Henrick de Keyser: Architect / master builder of Amsterdam
  • 1754Pierre Dutillieu: Composer
  • 1759Maria Theresia von Paradis: Composer
  • 1764Johann Nepomuk Kalcher: Composer
  • 1773Clemens L Metternich: Austrian Prince
  • 1791Baron Floris A van Hall: Dutch Minister of Justice / Finance
  • 1795Adolf B Marx: German music theorist
  • 1802Isaac Ridgeway Trimble: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 1807Luigi Ferdinando Casamorata: Composer
  • 1808Gottfried Herrmann: Composer
  • 1808Michael William Balfe: Composer
  • 1810Jacob Thompson: (Confederacy), died in 1885
  • 1813Stephen Heller: Composer
  • 1819Thomas Leonidas Crittenden: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1830Laurence Simmons Baker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1830Martinus W van der Aa: Author / Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • 1841Giovanni Bolzoni: Composer
  • 1845Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: USSR -- Zoologist / bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1855Eduard Earl of Keyserling: German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • 1855Graf Keyserling: Writer
  • 1859Pierre Curie: France -- Physicist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1860Ellen Louise Axson Wilson: 1st Wife of Woodrow Wilson
  • 1862Arthur Schnitzler: Austria -- Playwright / Novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1865Albert Verwey: Dutch poet / literature historian (Motion)
  • 1878Francisco Pujol: Composer
  • 1880Otto Dibelius: German theologist / Bishop (Confessional Church)
  • 1883Stanley Robert Marchant: Composer
  • 1888Jean Wahl: French philosopher
  • 1889Bessie Hillman: Founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • 1890Katherine Anne Porter: United States -- Novelist (Ship of Fools)

Died on May 15

  • 0392Valentinianus II: Emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
  • 0884Marinus I [Martinus II]: Pope (882-84)
  • 1174Nur ad-Din Mahmud: King of Syria
  • 1470Charles VIII: Knutsson Bonde, King of Sweden
  • 1482Paolo Toscanelli: Italian Physician and mapmaker
  • 1591Dimitri Ivanovitch: Russian Son of Czar Ivan IV, murdered at 9
  • 1622Peter Plancius: Flemish vicar / cartographer, dies at about 69
  • 1685Henri Otto: Spanish Marquis of Caretto / Savona / Grana
  • 1746Giovanni Antonio Ricieri: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1761Jacob Mossel: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), dies at 56
  • 1785Karel Blazej Kopriva: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1801Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso: Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1821John Wall Calcott: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1822Christian Ludwig Dieter: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1823Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1824Alexander Campbell: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1832Carl Friedrich Zelter: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1833Edmund Kean: English actor (Shylock), dies at 46
  • 1842Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases: French Historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 1845Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer, dies at 76
  • 1855Jan Mazereeuw: Frisian farmer / Sect Leader, dies at 75
  • 1872Thomas Hastings: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1873Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Romania, dies at 53
  • 1886Emily Dickinson: US poet, dies at 55
  • 1889Alfred Potocki: Premier Austrian / Governor / Viceroy of Galicia
  • 1892Arthur Hodister: British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered
  • 1899Francisque Sarcey: French writer (Le Temps), dies at 70
  • 1926Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 1932Ki Inukai: Premier Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1933Ernest Torrence: Actor (I Cover the Waterfront), dies at 54

Historical events on May 16

  • 1165Ramjbam and his family reach Acre Palestine
  • 1527Florence becomes a Republic
  • 1532Sir Thomas More resigns as English Lord Chancellor
  • 1547Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg
  • 1568Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England
  • 1571Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM
  • 15847 Westfriese towns divide monasteries of Egmond / Blokker / St-Pietersdal
  • 1605Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI becomes Paul V
  • 16062,000 foreigners murdered in Russia
  • 1747Prince Willem V sworn in as admiral-general of Neth
  • 1763Samuel Johnson meets his future biographer James Boswell in London
  • 1770Marie Antoinette (14) marries future King Louis XVI (15) of France
  • 1792Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • 1795Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassel state
  • 1796Lombardije Republic forms
  • 1803Peace of Amiens ends
  • 1804Senate and Tribune declare Napolean leader of France
  • 1811Peninsular War-Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1817Mississippi River steamboat service begins
  • 1861Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
  • 1862Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • 1864Battle of Bermuda Hundred, Virginia
  • 1866Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • 1866Congress authorizes nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • 1866US Treasury Department authorizes nickel
  • 1868By one vote, Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson
  • 1869Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
  • 1872Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time

Born on May 16

  • 1558Andreas of Austria: Bohemia Cardinal / gov of the Netherlands (1598-1600)
  • 1609Ferdinand: Austria -- Cardinal of Spain / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1641Dudley North: Financier / economist
  • 1659Campegius Vitringa: Dutch theologist
  • 1748Antonius van Alphen: Apostolic vicar of De Bosch
  • 1761John Opie: Artist
  • 1763Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin: Chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
  • 1782John Sell Cotman: Water color artist
  • 1801William Henry Seward: Secretary of State (1861-69, buys Alaska at 2 cents / acre)
  • 1804Elizabeth Palmer Peabody: Educator / founder (US kindergarten)
  • 1806George C Cadwalader: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1816Henry Hopkins Sibley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1886
  • 1819Daniel Ammen: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1898
  • 1822Eduard Hille: Dutch composer / conductor
  • 1824Edmund Kirby Smith: Florida, United States -- General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1824Levi Parsons Morton: (R) 22nd US VP (1889-93)
  • 1827Petrus J H Cuypers: Architect (Amsterdam Museum, Central station)
  • 1831David Edward Hughes: Inventor (microphone, teleprinter)
  • 1832Philip Danforth Armour: Founder (Armour Foods)
  • 1850Arthur Henry Mann: Organist / composer
  • 1857Juan Morel Campos: Composer
  • 1858Frank Lynes: Composer
  • 1858Hanus Trnecek: Composer
  • 1866Ernest Watson Burgess: US sociologist (ecological school)
  • 1878Taylor Holmes: Newark, New Jersey -- Actor (Tobor the Great, Beware My Lovely)
  • 1880Julian Tannen: New York, United States -- Comedian (Great Moment)
  • 1887Bull Montana: Vogliera, Italy -- Actor (Brass Buttons, Victory)
  • 1887J van Hoddis: Writer
  • 1889Joan Collette: Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • 1892Coenraad B van Haeringen: Linguist / etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)

Died on May 16

  • 0942Saadiah Gaon: Head of Talmudic Academy of Sura
  • 1434Pieter Appelmans: Flemish Architect / master builder, dies at about 60
  • 1669Pietro da Cortona [Berrettini]: Painter / architect
  • 1669Reyer Anslo: Writer / poet, dies at about 42
  • 1691Jacob Leisler: Becomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason
  • 1703Charles Perrault: Author / fairy tale writer
  • 1754Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1762Ernst Chreistian Hesse: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1768Cornelis Writer: Fleet supervisor, dies at about 81
  • 1777Button Gwinnet: US revolutionary leader, dies from wounds
  • 1782Daniuel Charles Solander: Botanist
  • 1805Christian Brunings: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 68
  • 1819Alexander van Bylandt: Military, dies at 75
  • 1830Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier: Mathematician
  • 1835Felicia Dorothea Hemans: Poet / hymn writer
  • 1847Kaspar Ett: German Organist / composer, dies at 59
  • 1863Lloyd Tilghman: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1864Lean Bear: Cheyenne chief, murdered
  • 1880Karl August Krebs: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1892John Banvard: Painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas)
  • 1892Theodoor J Canneel: Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • 1903Eduard Rappoldi: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1904N I Bobrikov: Russian Governor-General in Finland
  • 1910Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter, dies at 53
  • 1918Eusapia Palladino: Napolitan, dies at 64
  • 1926Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman): Last Sultan of Turkey
  • 1928Edmund William Grosse: Poet / author
  • 1929Lilli Lehmann: Soprano
  • 1932Ki Imukai: Premier of Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1932William Pember Reeves: Politician / poet