Events on May 16

  • 1165Ramjbam and his family reach Acre Palestine
  • 1527Florence becomes a Republic
  • 1532Sir Thomas More resigns as English Lord Chancellor
  • 1547Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg
  • 1568Mary Queen of Scotland flees to England
  • 1571Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM
  • 15847 Westfriese towns divide monasteries of Egmond / Blokker / St-Pietersdal
  • 1605Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI becomes Paul V
  • 16062,000 foreigners murdered in Russia
  • 1747Prince Willem V sworn in as admiral-general of Neth
  • 1763Samuel Johnson meets his future biographer James Boswell in London
  • 1770Marie Antoinette (14) marries future King Louis XVI (15) of France
  • 1792Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • 1795Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassel state
  • 1796Lombardije Republic forms
  • 1803Peace of Amiens ends
  • 1804Senate and Tribune declare Napolean leader of France
  • 1811Peninsular War-Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1817Mississippi River steamboat service begins
  • 1861Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
  • 1862Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • 1864Battle of Bermuda Hundred, Virginia
  • 1866Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • 1866Congress authorizes nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • 1866US Treasury Department authorizes nickel
  • 1868By one vote, Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson
  • 1869Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
  • 1872Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time

Born on May 16

  • 1558Andreas of Austria: Bohemia Cardinal / gov of the Netherlands (1598-1600)
  • 1609Ferdinand: Austria -- Cardinal of Spain / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1641Dudley North: Financier / economist
  • 1659Campegius Vitringa: Dutch theologist
  • 1748Antonius van Alphen: Apostolic vicar of De Bosch
  • 1761John Opie: Artist
  • 1763Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin: Chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
  • 1782John Sell Cotman: Water color artist
  • 1801William Henry Seward: Secretary of State (1861-69, buys Alaska at 2 cents / acre)
  • 1804Elizabeth Palmer Peabody: Educator / founder (US kindergarten)
  • 1806George C Cadwalader: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1816Henry Hopkins Sibley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1886
  • 1819Daniel Ammen: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1898
  • 1822Eduard Hille: Dutch composer / conductor
  • 1824Edmund Kirby Smith: Florida, United States -- General (Confederate Army), died in 1893
  • 1824Levi Parsons Morton: (R) 22nd US VP (1889-93)
  • 1827Petrus J H Cuypers: Architect (Amsterdam Museum, Central station)
  • 1831David Edward Hughes: Inventor (microphone, teleprinter)
  • 1832Philip Danforth Armour: Founder (Armour Foods)
  • 1850Arthur Henry Mann: Organist / composer
  • 1857Juan Morel Campos: Composer
  • 1858Frank Lynes: Composer
  • 1858Hanus Trnecek: Composer
  • 1866Ernest Watson Burgess: US sociologist (ecological school)
  • 1878Taylor Holmes: Newark, New Jersey -- Actor (Tobor the Great, Beware My Lovely)
  • 1880Julian Tannen: New York, United States -- Comedian (Great Moment)
  • 1887Bull Montana: Vogliera, Italy -- Actor (Brass Buttons, Victory)
  • 1887J van Hoddis: Writer
  • 1889Joan Collette: Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • 1892Coenraad B van Haeringen: Linguist / etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)

Died on May 16

  • 0942Saadiah Gaon: Head of Talmudic Academy of Sura
  • 1434Pieter Appelmans: Flemish Architect / master builder, dies at about 60
  • 1669Pietro da Cortona [Berrettini]: Painter / architect
  • 1669Reyer Anslo: Writer / poet, dies at about 42
  • 1691Jacob Leisler: Becomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason
  • 1703Charles Perrault: Author / fairy tale writer
  • 1754Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1762Ernst Chreistian Hesse: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1768Cornelis Writer: Fleet supervisor, dies at about 81
  • 1777Button Gwinnet: US revolutionary leader, dies from wounds
  • 1782Daniuel Charles Solander: Botanist
  • 1805Christian Brunings: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 68
  • 1819Alexander van Bylandt: Military, dies at 75
  • 1830Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier: Mathematician
  • 1835Felicia Dorothea Hemans: Poet / hymn writer
  • 1847Kaspar Ett: German Organist / composer, dies at 59
  • 1863Lloyd Tilghman: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 1864Lean Bear: Cheyenne chief, murdered
  • 1880Karl August Krebs: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1892John Banvard: Painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas)
  • 1892Theodoor J Canneel: Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • 1903Eduard Rappoldi: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1904N I Bobrikov: Russian Governor-General in Finland
  • 1910Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter, dies at 53
  • 1918Eusapia Palladino: Napolitan, dies at 64
  • 1926Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman): Last Sultan of Turkey
  • 1928Edmund William Grosse: Poet / author
  • 1929Lilli Lehmann: Soprano
  • 1932Ki Imukai: Premier of Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1932William Pember Reeves: Politician / poet

Historical events on May 17

  • 0352Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I
  • 0884St. Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1525Battle at Zabern: Duke of Lutherans beats rebels
  • 1536Anne Boleyns 4 "lovers" executed
  • 1544Scot Earl Matthew van Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII
  • 1579Artois / Henegouwen / French-Flanders sign Treaty / Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 16201st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)
  • 1630Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface
  • 1631Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • 1648Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1672Frontenac becomes Governor of New France (Canada)
  • 1673Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi
  • 1678King Charles II and Louis XIV sign secret treaty
  • 1712Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of the Netherlands"
  • 1733England passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum and molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions
  • 1742Frederick great (Emperor of Prussia) beats Austrians
  • 1744French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • 1787English slave ship Sisters, from Africa to Cuba, capsizes
  • 179224 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • 1794Hard frost in southern New England
  • 1803John Hawkins and Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 1804Lewis and Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase
  • 1809Papal States annexed by France
  • 1814Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • 1814Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • 1837Royal Decides installs the Weapon of Belgium firm (ly)
  • 1845Rubber band patents
  • 1846Saxophone is patents by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • 1848Premier Earl Schimmelpenninck resigns
  • 1849Fire destroy Centrum in St. Louis, Missouri

Born on May 17

  • 1444Sandro Botticelli: Italian painter (Birth of Venus)
  • 1451Engelbert II: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz / Viceroy of Luxembourg
  • 1490Albrecht von Hohenzollern: 1st Duke of Prussia
  • 1551Martinus A del Rio: Spanish / South Netherlands lawyer / historian / theologist
  • 1568Christoph Thomas Walliser: Composer
  • 1576Ferdinand van Apshoven [the Older]: Flemish painter
  • 1691Antoine Court: French reformed theologist
  • 1732Francesco Pasquale Ricci: Composer
  • 1749Edward Jenner: England, United Kingdom -- Physician (discovered vaccination)
  • 1768Caroline Brunswick: Queen Consort of King George IV
  • 1794Anna Brownell Jameson: Dublin, Ireland -- Writer
  • 1796Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop of Curacao (christen slaves)
  • 1800Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer
  • 1803Robert Smith Surtees: Novelist
  • 1804Ottho G Heldring: Dutch vicar / Reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • 1808Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel: Composer
  • 1812Joseph Warren Revere: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1880
  • 1819Johann Nepomuk Kafka: Composer
  • 1823Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Contralto / composer
  • 1836Joseph Norman Lockyer: Discoverer (Helium) / founder (Nature magazine)
  • 1846Edmund Bishop: English Secretary of Thomas Carlyle
  • 1850Antonio Scontrino: Composer
  • 1867Gerrit Mannoury: Dutch mathematician / philosopher
  • 1871Henricus P Bremmer: Art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • 1873Dorothy Miller Richardson: Abingdon Berkshire, United Kingdom -- Novelist
  • 1873Henri Barbusse: Asnieres, France -- Novelist (Le Feu)
  • 1876Alban Collignon: Belgian sport journalist
  • 1878Conway Tearle: US actor (Klondike Annie, Should Ladies Behave?)
  • 1888Selmer Jackson: Iowa, United States -- Actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp)
  • 1889Alfonso Reyes: Mexican poet / historian / diplomat (Higenia Cruel)

Died on May 17

  • 1050Guido van Arezzo: Italian music theorist
  • 1510Alessandro di Botticelli: Painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65
  • 1510Sandro Botticelli [Alessandro di Mariano del Filpepi]: Painter
  • 1575Matthew Parker: Archbishop of Canterbury (1559-75), dies at 68
  • 1591Jost / Jobst / Jodocus Amman: Swiss cartoonist / graphic artist, dies at 51
  • 1606Forges Dimitri #1: Czar of Russia (1605-06), murdered
  • 1695Cornelis de Heem: Painter
  • 1727Catherine I: Empress of Russia (1725-27)
  • 1729Samuel Clarke: Theologian
  • 1796Jacob Wilhelm Lustig: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1809Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg: Physician
  • 1840Niccolo Paganini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1851Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde: Journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 1864N Hawthorne: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1866Adolf Bernhard Marx: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1872Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1883Lydia Estes Pinklham: Patent-medicine manufacturer
  • 1884Louis Brassin: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1889William Roxby Beverly: Artist
  • 1914Peter Leyten: Bishop of Breda (1885-1914), dies at 79
  • 1916Gervais Bernard Gaston Salvayre: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1919Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1926Lucien Herr: French leader (Correspondance entre Schiller)
  • 1930Herbert David Croly: US founder (New Republic), dies at 61
  • 1931Johan [Eliza J] de Master: Art critic / writer
  • 1931Timothy Cole: Wood engraver
  • 1943Montagu Love: Actor (Wind), dies at 65
  • 1945Jan van Geenen: Resistance fighter
  • 1945Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an: Founder 1st Zen Institute of America
  • 1950Eduardo Fabini: Composer, dies at 67