Events on May 17

  • 0352Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I
  • 0884St. Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1525Battle at Zabern: Duke of Lutherans beats rebels
  • 1536Anne Boleyns 4 "lovers" executed
  • 1544Scot Earl Matthew van Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII
  • 1579Artois / Henegouwen / French-Flanders sign Treaty / Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 16201st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)
  • 1630Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface
  • 1631Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • 1648Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1672Frontenac becomes Governor of New France (Canada)
  • 1673Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi
  • 1678King Charles II and Louis XIV sign secret treaty
  • 1712Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of the Netherlands"
  • 1733England passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum and molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions
  • 1742Frederick great (Emperor of Prussia) beats Austrians
  • 1744French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • 1787English slave ship Sisters, from Africa to Cuba, capsizes
  • 179224 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • 1794Hard frost in southern New England
  • 1803John Hawkins and Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 1804Lewis and Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase
  • 1809Papal States annexed by France
  • 1814Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • 1814Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • 1837Royal Decides installs the Weapon of Belgium firm (ly)
  • 1845Rubber band patents
  • 1846Saxophone is patents by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • 1848Premier Earl Schimmelpenninck resigns
  • 1849Fire destroy Centrum in St. Louis, Missouri

Born on May 17

  • 1444Sandro Botticelli: Italian painter (Birth of Venus)
  • 1451Engelbert II: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz / Viceroy of Luxembourg
  • 1490Albrecht von Hohenzollern: 1st Duke of Prussia
  • 1551Martinus A del Rio: Spanish / South Netherlands lawyer / historian / theologist
  • 1568Christoph Thomas Walliser: Composer
  • 1576Ferdinand van Apshoven [the Older]: Flemish painter
  • 1691Antoine Court: French reformed theologist
  • 1732Francesco Pasquale Ricci: Composer
  • 1749Edward Jenner: England, United Kingdom -- Physician (discovered vaccination)
  • 1768Caroline Brunswick: Queen Consort of King George IV
  • 1794Anna Brownell Jameson: Dublin, Ireland -- Writer
  • 1796Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop of Curacao (christen slaves)
  • 1800Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer
  • 1803Robert Smith Surtees: Novelist
  • 1804Ottho G Heldring: Dutch vicar / Reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • 1808Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel: Composer
  • 1812Joseph Warren Revere: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1880
  • 1819Johann Nepomuk Kafka: Composer
  • 1823Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Contralto / composer
  • 1836Joseph Norman Lockyer: Discoverer (Helium) / founder (Nature magazine)
  • 1846Edmund Bishop: English Secretary of Thomas Carlyle
  • 1850Antonio Scontrino: Composer
  • 1867Gerrit Mannoury: Dutch mathematician / philosopher
  • 1871Henricus P Bremmer: Art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • 1873Dorothy Miller Richardson: Abingdon Berkshire, United Kingdom -- Novelist
  • 1873Henri Barbusse: Asnieres, France -- Novelist (Le Feu)
  • 1876Alban Collignon: Belgian sport journalist
  • 1878Conway Tearle: US actor (Klondike Annie, Should Ladies Behave?)
  • 1888Selmer Jackson: Iowa, United States -- Actor (Life & Legend of Wyatt Earp)
  • 1889Alfonso Reyes: Mexican poet / historian / diplomat (Higenia Cruel)

Died on May 17

  • 1050Guido van Arezzo: Italian music theorist
  • 1510Alessandro di Botticelli: Painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65
  • 1510Sandro Botticelli [Alessandro di Mariano del Filpepi]: Painter
  • 1575Matthew Parker: Archbishop of Canterbury (1559-75), dies at 68
  • 1591Jost / Jobst / Jodocus Amman: Swiss cartoonist / graphic artist, dies at 51
  • 1606Forges Dimitri #1: Czar of Russia (1605-06), murdered
  • 1695Cornelis de Heem: Painter
  • 1727Catherine I: Empress of Russia (1725-27)
  • 1729Samuel Clarke: Theologian
  • 1796Jacob Wilhelm Lustig: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1809Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg: Physician
  • 1840Niccolo Paganini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1851Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde: Journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 1864N Hawthorne: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1866Adolf Bernhard Marx: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1872Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1883Lydia Estes Pinklham: Patent-medicine manufacturer
  • 1884Louis Brassin: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1889William Roxby Beverly: Artist
  • 1914Peter Leyten: Bishop of Breda (1885-1914), dies at 79
  • 1916Gervais Bernard Gaston Salvayre: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1919Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1926Lucien Herr: French leader (Correspondance entre Schiller)
  • 1930Herbert David Croly: US founder (New Republic), dies at 61
  • 1931Johan [Eliza J] de Master: Art critic / writer
  • 1931Timothy Cole: Wood engraver
  • 1943Montagu Love: Actor (Wind), dies at 65
  • 1945Jan van Geenen: Resistance fighter
  • 1945Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an: Founder 1st Zen Institute of America
  • 1950Eduardo Fabini: Composer, dies at 67

Historical events on May 18

  • 1096Crusaders massacre Jews of Worm
  • 1291Sultan of Egypt and his son take last Christian stronghold of Acre
  • 1302Trades people assault on French garrison (Brugse Metten)
  • 1385Peace of Doornik: Gent and Louis van Thoughts
  • 1596Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya
  • 1619Hugo the Great sentenced to life in prison
  • 1631English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right
  • 1631John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1642Montreal Canada founded
  • 1652Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal
  • 1703Dutch and English troops occupy Cologne
  • 1756England declares war on France
  • 17942nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • 1803Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy and Switzerland
  • 1804Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France
  • 1828Battle of Las Piedras, ends conflict between Uruguay and Brazil
  • 1830Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • 1843United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 1846US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • 1851Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
  • 1852Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • 1860Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for President
  • 1861Friedrich Hebbels "Kriemhildes Rache, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1863Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Yellow Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
  • 1866French Government of De Putte resigns
  • 1889Jules Massenets opera "Esclarmonde, " premieres in Paris
  • 1896US Supreme court affirms race separation (Plessy vs. Ferguson)
  • 1897Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
  • 1897New York Giant William Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game

Born on May 18

  • 1692Joseph Butler: Wantage Berkshire, United Kingdom -- Theologian
  • 1711Ruggiero G Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic]: Italian astronomer
  • 1744Joseph Beer: Bohemia clarinetist / composer (5th clarinet flap)
  • 1759Charles Duquesnoy: Composer
  • 1788Hugh Clapperton: Annan, Scotland -- African explorer
  • 1797Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54)
  • 1798Ethan Allen Hitchcock: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
  • 1815Thomas Stanhope Bocock: Rep (Confederacy), died in 1891
  • 1817James William Denver: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1819Julius Hopp: Composer
  • 1830Karl Goldmark: Keszthely, Hungary -- Composer (Sakuhtala)
  • 1836Isidor Vorobchievici: Composer
  • 1836Wilhelm Steinitz: Austria -- World chess champion (1866-94)
  • 1850Oliver Heaviside: London, England -- Physicist (predicted ionosphere)
  • 1854Bernard Zweers: Dutch composer (To my Fatherland)
  • 1862Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist
  • 1864Jan P Veth: Bayern -- Dutch painter / etcher / lithographer / art historian
  • 1865William Heinemann: England, United Kingdom -- Publisher (Chemical Instrumental)
  • 1868Nicholas II Aleksandrovitsj: Last tsar of Russia (1894-1917)
  • 1869Ruprecht: Crown Prince of Bavaria / General-Field Marshal
  • 1871Franiska zu Reventlow: Writer
  • 1872Bertrand Russell: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / philosopher (Nobel 1950)
  • 1875Guido Alberto Fano: Composer
  • 1881Georgi Atanasov: Composer
  • 1882Eduardo Fabini: Composer
  • 1883Walter Gropius: Berlin, Germany -- Architect (Bauhaus school of design)
  • 1885Eurico Gaspar Dutra: President of Brazil (1945-50)
  • 1886Ole Windingstad: Composer
  • 1887Ernst Wiechert: Writer
  • 1889G Gunnarson: Writer

Died on May 18

  • 0323Alexander III the Great: King of Macedonia / conqueror, dies at 32
  • 0526John I: Pope (523-26)
  • 1160Erik IX Helgi [The Saint]: King of Sweden
  • 1410Ruprecht: Roman Catholics German King
  • 1587Felix van Cantalice: Italian saint
  • 1675Jacques Marquette: Jesuit / missionaries (Chicago), dies at 37
  • 1692Elias Ashmole: Antiquary
  • 1724Johann K Amman: Swiss / Dutch doctor for deaf-mutes, dies at 54
  • 1733Georg Bohm: German Organist / composer, dies at 71
  • 1767Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1799Pierre de Beaumarchais: Dramatist
  • 1808Jacob Albright [Albrecht]: German / US preacher, dies at 49
  • 1829Bernardo Bittoni: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1832Bonafacio Asioli: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1839Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte: Countess Lipona, dies at 57
  • 1848William A Leidesdorf: Black, dies at 38 in San Francisco
  • 1862William H Keim: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48
  • 1864James Byron Gordon: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1909George Meredith: English Poet / writer (Diana of Crossways), dies at 81
  • 1910Flor van Duyse: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Otto Reubke: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1918Toivo Kuula: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1930Joao Marcellino Arroyo: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1936Alick Maclean: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1949James T Adams: US Historian (Pulitzer 1921)
  • 1952Rossetter Gleason Cole: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1955Mary McLeod Bethune: Educator and civil rights leader, dies at 79
  • 1965Eduard J Dijksterhuis: Mathematician (Archimedes), dies at 72
  • 1966Paul Althaus: German Theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), dies at 78
  • 1967Richard Ainley: Actor (I Dood It, Above Suspicion), dies at 56