Events on May 18

  • 1096Crusaders massacre Jews of Worm
  • 1291Sultan of Egypt and his son take last Christian stronghold of Acre
  • 1302Trades people assault on French garrison (Brugse Metten)
  • 1385Peace of Doornik: Gent and Louis van Thoughts
  • 1596Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya
  • 1619Hugo the Great sentenced to life in prison
  • 1631English colony Massachusetts Bay grants puritarian voting right
  • 1631John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1642Montreal Canada founded
  • 1652Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal
  • 1703Dutch and English troops occupy Cologne
  • 1756England declares war on France
  • 17942nd battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)
  • 1803Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy and Switzerland
  • 1804Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France
  • 1828Battle of Las Piedras, ends conflict between Uruguay and Brazil
  • 1830Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • 1843United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 1846US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • 1851Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
  • 1852Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • 1860Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for President
  • 1861Friedrich Hebbels "Kriemhildes Rache, " premieres in Weimar
  • 1863Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1864Battle of Yellow Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
  • 1866French Government of De Putte resigns
  • 1889Jules Massenets opera "Esclarmonde, " premieres in Paris
  • 1896US Supreme court affirms race separation (Plessy vs. Ferguson)
  • 1897Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
  • 1897New York Giant William Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game

Born on May 18

  • 1692Joseph Butler: Wantage Berkshire, United Kingdom -- Theologian
  • 1711Ruggiero G Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic]: Italian astronomer
  • 1744Joseph Beer: Bohemia clarinetist / composer (5th clarinet flap)
  • 1759Charles Duquesnoy: Composer
  • 1788Hugh Clapperton: Annan, Scotland -- African explorer
  • 1797Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54)
  • 1798Ethan Allen Hitchcock: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1870
  • 1815Thomas Stanhope Bocock: Rep (Confederacy), died in 1891
  • 1817James William Denver: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1819Julius Hopp: Composer
  • 1830Karl Goldmark: Keszthely, Hungary -- Composer (Sakuhtala)
  • 1836Isidor Vorobchievici: Composer
  • 1836Wilhelm Steinitz: Austria -- World chess champion (1866-94)
  • 1850Oliver Heaviside: London, England -- Physicist (predicted ionosphere)
  • 1854Bernard Zweers: Dutch composer (To my Fatherland)
  • 1862Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist
  • 1864Jan P Veth: Bayern -- Dutch painter / etcher / lithographer / art historian
  • 1865William Heinemann: England, United Kingdom -- Publisher (Chemical Instrumental)
  • 1868Nicholas II Aleksandrovitsj: Last tsar of Russia (1894-1917)
  • 1869Ruprecht: Crown Prince of Bavaria / General-Field Marshal
  • 1871Franiska zu Reventlow: Writer
  • 1872Bertrand Russell: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / philosopher (Nobel 1950)
  • 1875Guido Alberto Fano: Composer
  • 1881Georgi Atanasov: Composer
  • 1882Eduardo Fabini: Composer
  • 1883Walter Gropius: Berlin, Germany -- Architect (Bauhaus school of design)
  • 1885Eurico Gaspar Dutra: President of Brazil (1945-50)
  • 1886Ole Windingstad: Composer
  • 1887Ernst Wiechert: Writer
  • 1889G Gunnarson: Writer

Died on May 18

  • 0323Alexander III the Great: King of Macedonia / conqueror, dies at 32
  • 0526John I: Pope (523-26)
  • 1160Erik IX Helgi [The Saint]: King of Sweden
  • 1410Ruprecht: Roman Catholics German King
  • 1587Felix van Cantalice: Italian saint
  • 1675Jacques Marquette: Jesuit / missionaries (Chicago), dies at 37
  • 1692Elias Ashmole: Antiquary
  • 1724Johann K Amman: Swiss / Dutch doctor for deaf-mutes, dies at 54
  • 1733Georg Bohm: German Organist / composer, dies at 71
  • 1767Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1799Pierre de Beaumarchais: Dramatist
  • 1808Jacob Albright [Albrecht]: German / US preacher, dies at 49
  • 1829Bernardo Bittoni: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1832Bonafacio Asioli: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1839Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte: Countess Lipona, dies at 57
  • 1848William A Leidesdorf: Black, dies at 38 in San Francisco
  • 1862William H Keim: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48
  • 1864James Byron Gordon: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1909George Meredith: English Poet / writer (Diana of Crossways), dies at 81
  • 1910Flor van Duyse: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Otto Reubke: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1918Toivo Kuula: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1930Joao Marcellino Arroyo: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1936Alick Maclean: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1949James T Adams: US Historian (Pulitzer 1921)
  • 1952Rossetter Gleason Cole: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1955Mary McLeod Bethune: Educator and civil rights leader, dies at 79
  • 1965Eduard J Dijksterhuis: Mathematician (Archimedes), dies at 72
  • 1966Paul Althaus: German Theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), dies at 78
  • 1967Richard Ainley: Actor (I Dood It, Above Suspicion), dies at 56

Historical events on May 19

  • 0715St. Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1506Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir
  • 1515George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to Archduke Charles
  • 1517Philip van Bourgondie installed as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1547Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
  • 1568English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish Queen Mary
  • 1571Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manilla in the Phillipines
  • 1585Spain confisquates English ships
  • 1588Spanish Armada sets sail for Lisbon, bound to England
  • 1608Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1635France declares war on Spain
  • 1643Battle at Rocroi / Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1643Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form United Colonies of New England
  • 1652Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1662Uniformity Act of England goes into effect
  • 1749George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
  • 1792Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793Netherlands captures French island of St. Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 1796Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • 18481st department store opens
  • 1848Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • 1853Dutch Prince Henry marries Princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
  • 1856Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
  • 1857William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • 1862Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West
  • 1863Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • 1864Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • 1864Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1865President Jefferson Davis is captured by Union Cavalry in Georgia
  • 1878Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield

Born on May 19

  • 1469Giovanni della Robbia: Italian sculptor
  • 1611Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi]: Italy -- 240th Pope (1676-89)
  • 1616Johann Jacob Froberger: German singer / Organist / composer
  • 1746Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer
  • 1755Gabriele Prota: Composer
  • 1762Johann G Fichte: Germany -- Philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)
  • 1770Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer
  • 1795Johns Hopkins: Philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
  • 1808Samuel Jameson Gholson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1812Felix Kirk Zollicoffer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1815John Gross Barnard: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1882
  • 1828Adin Ballou Underwood: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Alice Mary Smith: Composer
  • 1858Roland Napoleon Bonaparte: French officer / traveller (Surinam)
  • 1859Nellie Melba [Heal Mitchell]: Australian soprano (Peach Melba)
  • 1864Carl Ethan Akeley: United States -- Naturalist - developed animal mount process
  • 1869Jules Poncelet: Belgian Minister of State
  • 1873Federico Gerdes: Composer
  • 1878Adam von Ahn Carse: Composer
  • 1880Allard R Hulshoff: Architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • 1883Henricus WJM Keuls: Dutch lawyer / poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • 1884Arthur Meulemans: Belgian composer (Adriaan Brouwer) (or 5 / 10)
  • 1895Albert Hay Malotte: Composer
  • 1895Cecil Gray: Composer
  • 1896Michael Balcon: Birmingham, England -- Producer / father of Jill Balcon
  • 1899Leonid Maksimovich Leonov: Novelist / playwright
  • 1901Ivo Cruz: Composer
  • 1904Sven Thofelt: Sweden -- Pentathlete (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1909Bruce Bennett: Tacoma, Washington -- Actor (Before I Hang, Sahara)
  • 1909Schlomo Joffe: Composer

Died on May 19

  • 0804Alcuin of York: English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69
  • 0988Dunstan[us]: English Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1296Celestine V [Pietro del Murrone]: Pope (1294)
  • 1536Anne Boleyn: Queen of England / Wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
  • 1536Lord Rochford: English Brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded
  • 1647Sebastian Vrancx: Flemish Painter (captain of vigilante)
  • 1786John Stanley: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1795Josiah Bartlett: US Physician / judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1800French Bosbeeck: Veterinarian / robber, hanged
  • 1801Herman H Vitringa: Politician (National Meetings)
  • 1845Maria EJ Versfelt: Mistress of General Moreau / marshal Ney, dies at 68
  • 1864Nathaniel Hawthorne: United States -- Writer (Scarlet Letter)
  • 1872Johan van Dale: Schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
  • 1876Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: Dutch Historian / politician, dies at 74
  • 1895Jose J Marti y Perez: Spanish / Cuban Poet (Versos sencillos)
  • 1901Marthinus Wessels Pretorius: 1st President Rep South-Africa, dies at 81
  • 1922Heinrich I Quincke: German internist (postural drainage), dies at 79
  • 1928Henry Franklin Belknap Gilbert: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1928Max Scheler: German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1935Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: French composer, dies at 74
  • 1935Thomas E Lawrence (of Arabia): Dies in a motorcycle crash
  • 1942[Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll: Norwegian Author (Enken), dies at 69
  • 1953Damasco Berenguer y Fuste: Spanish General / Minister of War, dies at 79
  • 1954Aart A van Schelven: Church Historian (Willem of Orange), dies at 73
  • 1954Charles Edward Ives: US Composer (Unanswered Question), dies at 79
  • 1958Bruno Sturmer: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1958Ronald Colman: British actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 67
  • 1961Joe Howard: Singer (Gay Nineties Revue), dies at 94
  • 1965Maria Dabrowska: Polish writer (Znaki Zycia)
  • 1969Coleman Hawkins: US jazz musician / composer