Events on May 19

  • 0715St. Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1506Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir
  • 1515George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to Archduke Charles
  • 1517Philip van Bourgondie installed as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1547Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
  • 1568English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish Queen Mary
  • 1571Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manilla in the Phillipines
  • 1585Spain confisquates English ships
  • 1588Spanish Armada sets sail for Lisbon, bound to England
  • 1608Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1635France declares war on Spain
  • 1643Battle at Rocroi / Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1643Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form United Colonies of New England
  • 1652Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1662Uniformity Act of England goes into effect
  • 1749George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
  • 1792Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793Netherlands captures French island of St. Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 1796Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • 18481st department store opens
  • 1848Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • 1853Dutch Prince Henry marries Princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
  • 1856Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
  • 1857William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • 1862Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West
  • 1863Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • 1864Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • 1864Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1865President Jefferson Davis is captured by Union Cavalry in Georgia
  • 1878Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield

Born on May 19

  • 1469Giovanni della Robbia: Italian sculptor
  • 1611Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi]: Italy -- 240th Pope (1676-89)
  • 1616Johann Jacob Froberger: German singer / Organist / composer
  • 1746Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer
  • 1755Gabriele Prota: Composer
  • 1762Johann G Fichte: Germany -- Philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)
  • 1770Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer
  • 1795Johns Hopkins: Philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
  • 1808Samuel Jameson Gholson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1812Felix Kirk Zollicoffer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1815John Gross Barnard: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1882
  • 1828Adin Ballou Underwood: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Alice Mary Smith: Composer
  • 1858Roland Napoleon Bonaparte: French officer / traveller (Surinam)
  • 1859Nellie Melba [Heal Mitchell]: Australian soprano (Peach Melba)
  • 1864Carl Ethan Akeley: United States -- Naturalist - developed animal mount process
  • 1869Jules Poncelet: Belgian Minister of State
  • 1873Federico Gerdes: Composer
  • 1878Adam von Ahn Carse: Composer
  • 1880Allard R Hulshoff: Architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • 1883Henricus WJM Keuls: Dutch lawyer / poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • 1884Arthur Meulemans: Belgian composer (Adriaan Brouwer) (or 5 / 10)
  • 1895Albert Hay Malotte: Composer
  • 1895Cecil Gray: Composer
  • 1896Michael Balcon: Birmingham, England -- Producer / father of Jill Balcon
  • 1899Leonid Maksimovich Leonov: Novelist / playwright
  • 1901Ivo Cruz: Composer
  • 1904Sven Thofelt: Sweden -- Pentathlete (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1909Bruce Bennett: Tacoma, Washington -- Actor (Before I Hang, Sahara)
  • 1909Schlomo Joffe: Composer

Died on May 19

  • 0804Alcuin of York: English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69
  • 0988Dunstan[us]: English Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1296Celestine V [Pietro del Murrone]: Pope (1294)
  • 1536Anne Boleyn: Queen of England / Wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
  • 1536Lord Rochford: English Brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded
  • 1647Sebastian Vrancx: Flemish Painter (captain of vigilante)
  • 1786John Stanley: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1795Josiah Bartlett: US Physician / judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1800French Bosbeeck: Veterinarian / robber, hanged
  • 1801Herman H Vitringa: Politician (National Meetings)
  • 1845Maria EJ Versfelt: Mistress of General Moreau / marshal Ney, dies at 68
  • 1864Nathaniel Hawthorne: United States -- Writer (Scarlet Letter)
  • 1872Johan van Dale: Schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
  • 1876Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: Dutch Historian / politician, dies at 74
  • 1895Jose J Marti y Perez: Spanish / Cuban Poet (Versos sencillos)
  • 1901Marthinus Wessels Pretorius: 1st President Rep South-Africa, dies at 81
  • 1922Heinrich I Quincke: German internist (postural drainage), dies at 79
  • 1928Henry Franklin Belknap Gilbert: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1928Max Scheler: German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1935Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: French composer, dies at 74
  • 1935Thomas E Lawrence (of Arabia): Dies in a motorcycle crash
  • 1942[Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll: Norwegian Author (Enken), dies at 69
  • 1953Damasco Berenguer y Fuste: Spanish General / Minister of War, dies at 79
  • 1954Aart A van Schelven: Church Historian (Willem of Orange), dies at 73
  • 1954Charles Edward Ives: US Composer (Unanswered Question), dies at 79
  • 1958Bruno Sturmer: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1958Ronald Colman: British actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 67
  • 1961Joe Howard: Singer (Gay Nineties Revue), dies at 94
  • 1965Maria Dabrowska: Polish writer (Znaki Zycia)
  • 1969Coleman Hawkins: US jazz musician / composer

Historical events on May 20

  • 0526Earthquake kills 250,000 in Antioch, Syria
  • 1293Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
  • 1303Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War
  • 1310Shoes were made for both right and left feet
  • 1495French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
  • 1498Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calcutta India
  • 1501Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands
  • 1521Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball
  • 1524Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
  • 1571Venice, Spain and Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
  • 1591Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis / Mauritius
  • 1631German army under Earl Johann Tilly conquerors Maagdenburg
  • 1639Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes
  • 1690England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II
  • 1704Elias Neau forms school for slaves in New York
  • 17341st Jockey Club forms in South Carolina
  • 1775Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain
  • 1784England and Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 1825Charles X becomes King of France
  • 18301st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • 1830D Hyde patents fountain pen
  • 18451st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • 1861Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
  • 1861Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
  • 1861North Carolina becomes 11th and last state to secede from Union
  • 1862Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West
  • 1864Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
  • 1864Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed / injured person
  • 1867British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills law on women suffrage
  • 1867Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria

Born on May 20

  • 1364Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur]: British soldier / politican
  • 1470Pietro Bembo: Cardinal / Theologian
  • 1537Hieronymus Fabricius Ab: Aquapend, Italy -- Physician (De Formato Foetu)
  • 1547Melchior Bischoff: Composer
  • 1554Paulo Bellasio: Composer
  • 1593Jacob Jordaens: Flemish barok artist
  • 1750Stephen Girard: Bailed out US bonds during War of 1812
  • 1754Hans Gram: Composer
  • 1759William Thornton: Architect (Capitol Building - Washington, DC)
  • 1764J Gottfried Schadow: German sculptor / cartoonist / lithographer
  • 1768Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison: 1st lady (1809-17)
  • 1772William Congreve: English officer (design fire rocket)
  • 1806John Stuart Mill: United Kingdom -- Philosopher / political economist / Utilitarian
  • 1812Gustav Adolf Mankell: Composer
  • 1818William George Fargo: Founder (Wells Fargo)
  • 1822Emile Erckmann [E-Chatrian]: French writer (Waterloo)
  • 1825Antoinette Brown Blackwell: Clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
  • 1828James William Reilly: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1830Amalia MdGA: Princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach / Wife of Prince Henry
  • 1830Hector H Malot: French writer (Without Family)
  • 1841Sara Louisa Oberholtz: Social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • 1844Henri Julien Felix Rousseau: French ambassador / painter (Dream)
  • 1850Eaton Faning: Composer
  • 1851Emile Berliner: Germany -- Inventor (flat phonograph record)
  • 1851Rose Hawthorne Lathrop: United States -- Nun / Daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 1856Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter
  • 1874Folkert E Posthuma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture / Industry
  • 1876John Owen Jones: Composer
  • 1881Wladyslaw Sikorski: Premier Poland (WWII General)
  • 1882Sigrid Undset: Norway -- Novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)

Died on May 20

  • 1277John XXI [Petrus Juliani / Hispanus]: Port Pope (1276-77)
  • 1444Bernardinus van Siena: Italian saint, dies at 63
  • 1449Peter: Prince / regent of Portugal / writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria)
  • 1471Henry VI: King of England (1422-61, 70-71) / France (1431-71)
  • 1506Christopher Columbus: Explorer, dies at 55 in poverty, Spain
  • 1509Catharina Sforza: Italian Duchess of Forli, dies at 45
  • 1597Matthijs Heldt: Dies in battle
  • 1622Osman II: Sultan of Turkey (1618-22)
  • 1648Wladyslaw IV Wasa: King of Poland
  • 1650Francesco Sacrati: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1669Joris van der Hagen: Landscape painter
  • 1751Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1782Carlo Giovanni Testori: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1782Christoph Gottlieb Schroter: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1834Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert de Motier: Nobleman
  • 1834Marquis de Lafayette: French General
  • 1841Joseph Blanco White: Theological writert
  • 1847Mary Lamb: Writer
  • 1864John Clare: English Poet (Little Trotty Wagtail), dies at 70
  • 1875Amalia: Wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
  • 1876Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
  • 1876Khristo Botev: Bulgarian poet
  • 1883William Chambers: Author / publisher
  • 1896Clara Josephine Wieck Schumann: Composer / pianist, dies at 76
  • 1900Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1910Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1919Jacob Verdam: Philosopher
  • 1923Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist
  • 1935Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven]: Lawyer / detective writer, dies at 68
  • 1939Joe Carr: NFL hall of famer / NFL President (1921-39), dies at 59