Events on May 21

  • 0143Earliest known date in Amer-pre Mayan King Harvest-Bergvorst installed
  • 0685Battle at Nechtansmere: Picten beat Northumbrians
  • 0996Pope Gregory V crowns his cousin Otto III German Emperor
  • 1040King Henry III gives Utrecht the Groninger currency
  • 1216French crown Prince Louis enters England
  • 1420Treaty of Troyes-French King Charles VI gives France to English
  • 1471King Edwards IV enters London
  • 1502Portuguese Admiral Da Nova discovers St. Helena
  • 1553English Lady Jane Grey marries Guildford Dudley
  • 1674General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1683West Indian Company sells 1 / 3 of Suriname
  • 1793Curacao Island Council forbids criticism on House of Orange
  • 1804Lewis and Clark Expedition begins
  • 1809Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian Archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • 18191st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in New York City
  • 1825Prince Willem FK marries Louise AWA of Prussia
  • 18321st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore)
  • 1840New Zealand became a British colony
  • 18461st steamship arrives in Hawaii
  • 1856Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
  • 1861NC is 10th state to secede from Union
  • 1861Richmond, Va is designated Confederate Capital
  • 1863Siege on Port Hudson, Louisiana begins
  • 1864GEN David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
  • 18661st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • 1879Battle of Iquiquw
  • 1881American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
  • 1881US Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms
  • 188614th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45
  • 1891Boxers Peter Jackson and Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds

Born on May 21

  • 1527Philip II: King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98)
  • 1633Joseph de La Barre: Composer
  • 1671Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaia: Composer
  • 1680Frederich Karl Erbach: Composer
  • 1720Antonio Corbisiero: Composer
  • 1722Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle: Composer
  • 1775Lucien Bonaparte: Prince of Canino / Musignano
  • 1780Elizabeth Fry: Quaker Minister / prison Reformer / nurse
  • 1796Reverdy Johnson: Rep (Union), died in 1876
  • 1821John F Loudon: Dutch entrepreneur / colonial director
  • 1822Dabney Herndon Maury: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1822Mosby Monroe Parsons: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1865
  • 1825George Lafayette Beal: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 1834Charles-Albert Gobat: Switzerland -- Politician / lawyer / author (Nobel 1902)
  • 1835Newton Martin Curtis: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1841Joseph Parry: Composer
  • 1843Louis Renault: French lawyer
  • 1855Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian poet / writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • 1858Jose Battle Ordonez: Uruguay -- Politician
  • 1860Willam Einthoven: Dutch physiologist / inventor (electrocardiograph)
  • 1865C J Thomsen: Denmark
  • 1867Marie Joseph Leon Desire Paque: Composer
  • 1872Henry Warren: Boston, Massachusetts -- Inventor (Telechon electric clock)
  • 1873Emil Ermatinger: Switzerland -- Literature historian
  • 1873Everard Verachtert: Flemish translator (I speak beschaafd Dutch)
  • 1878Glenn Hammond Curtiss: United States -- Inventor (hydroplane)
  • 1878Louis L H de Visser: Dutch MP (CPN)
  • 1880Pablo Luna y Carne: Composer
  • 1882Georgine M "May" Basting: Actress (Hostage Rights of Aemstel)

Died on May 21

  • 0987Louis V: Last Carlovingians King of France (966-987)
  • 1254Koenraad IV: RC-German King (1237-54), dies at 26
  • 1481Christian I: King of Denmark / Norway / Sweden
  • 1524Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk: General / Premier, dies at about 80
  • 1542Hernando de Soto: Dies while searching for gold near Mississippi River
  • 1639Giovan D "Tommaso" Campanella: Italian philosopher / poet, dies at 70
  • 1647Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft: Poet / playwright (Warenar), dies at about 65
  • 1650James G: Marquis of Montrose, Scottish General, hanged
  • 1690John Eliot: English Missionary in Massachusetts, dies at 85
  • 1703Roemer Vlacq: Dutch Admiral, dies in battle
  • 1725Robert Haley Earl of Oxford: English Whig Premier (1710-4), dies at 63
  • 1786Carl W Scheele: Swedish pharmacist / chemist, dies at 43
  • 1790Thomas Warton: English Poet (Oxford sausage)
  • 1812Joseph Wolfl: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1815Roman Hoffstetter: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1817Johann Friedrich Christmann: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1844Guiseppi Baini: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1860Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1885Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1894August A Kundt: German physicist, (test of Kundt), dies at 54
  • 1895Franz von Suppe: Austrian Composer (Poet und Bauer), dies at 76
  • 1897Karol Mikuli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1924Bobby Franks: Killed by Leopold and Loeb, at 14
  • 1926Ronald Arthur A Firbank: British writer (Prancing Nigger), dies at 40
  • 1933John Henry Mackay: Scottish / German Author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • 1935Hugo de Vries: Botanist Gruppenweise Artbildung, dies at 87
  • 1935Jane Addams: A founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), dies at 65
  • 1949Klaus Mann: German writer, dies at 42
  • 1952John Garfield: Actor (Juarez, Air Force), dies at 39
  • 1954Janos Hammerschlag: Composer, dies at 68

Historical events on May 22

  • 1176Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo
  • 1200Peace of Goulet
  • 1370Jews are expelled / massacred from Brussels Belgium
  • 1455Richard of York takes St. Albans, kidnapping King Henry VI
  • 1526Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence and Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 15701st atlas, with 70 maps, published
  • 1594Earl Mauritius and Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen
  • 1659France, England and Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • 1712Emperor Karel VI crowned King of Hungary
  • 1746Russia and Austria signs treaty of cooperation
  • 17611st life insurance policy in US, issued in Philadelphia
  • 1762Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1784Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
  • 18031st public library opens (Connecticut)
  • 1807Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond Va (acquitted)
  • 1807Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia)
  • 18191st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 18431st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
  • 1849Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
  • 1856Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
  • 1863General Grant begins siege on Vicksburg
  • 1863War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1868Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash
  • 1872Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • 18773rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
  • 18841-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • 188513th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
  • 1888Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • 1892Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube
  • 1893Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game

Born on May 22

  • 1671Abraham Patras: Governor-General of East-Indies (1735-37)
  • 1722Johannes Schmidlin: Composer
  • 1759Gervais-Francois Couperin: Composer
  • 1780Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer
  • 1783Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer
  • 1804John William [Turk] Livingston: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 1808G de Nerval: Writer
  • 1813Richard Wagner: Leipsig, Germany -- Composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman)
  • 1820Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer
  • 1821Alfred Sully: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1844Mary Cassatt: United States -- Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • 1850Johann Schrammel: Composer
  • 1852Emile Sauret: Composer
  • 1859Arthur Conan Doyle: United Kingdom -- Author brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice
  • 1862August Cuppens: Flemish author / pastor
  • 1865Enrique Morera: Composer
  • 1874Daniel F Malan: Premier of South-Africa (1948-54)
  • 1874Francesco Paolo Neglia: Composer
  • 1879Eastwood Lane: Composer
  • 1879Jean Emile Paul Cras: Composer
  • 1884Alceo Toni: Composer
  • 1885Julio Fonseca: Composer
  • 1891J R Becher: Writer
  • 1891Robert Gordon Sproul: Educator / College President (University of California)
  • 1892Louis van Tulder: Dutch tenor (From Office Stool to High C)
  • 1897Robert Neumann: Austrian / British author (Waters of Babylon)
  • 1904Anne de Vries: Writer (Bartje)
  • 1906Harry Ritz: US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)
  • 1910Johnny Olson: TV announcer (Price is Right)
  • 1911Anatol Rapoport: Russ / US mathem / biologist (game theory)

Died on May 22

  • 0337Constantine the Great: Emperor of Rome (306-37) / anti semite
  • 0987Louis V le Faineant [the Lazy]: King of France (986-87), poisoned at 20
  • 1501Robert Gaguin: French writer / diplomat (Arte Metrificandi), dies at 66
  • 1540Francesco Guicciardini: Italian Historian / President of Romagna, dies at 57
  • 1667Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi]: Italian Pope (1655-67), dies at 68
  • 1688Johann A Quenstedt: German Lutherian theologist, dies at 70
  • 1781Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1801Heinrich Gottfried Reichard: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1819John H van Kinsbergen: Lieutenant Admiral / founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • 1825Domenico Corri: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1859Ferdinand II [Re Bomba]: Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • 1878Franz von Holstein: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1880Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician, dies at 80
  • 1910Jules Renard: French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46
  • 1921Marie E Wilton: Writer
  • 1925John [Denton Pinkstone] French: British Field Marshal (WWI), dies at 72
  • 1928William HT Gairdner: Engl Missionary (Nile Mission Press), dies at 54
  • 1932Lady Augusta [Isabella Gregory]: Playwright (Gold Apple), dies at 80
  • 1939Ernst Toller: Writer, dies at 45
  • 1945Carel A Lion Cachet: Lithographer / wood carver
  • 1948Claude McKaye: Jamaican / US Author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies at 57
  • 1949Hans Erich Pfitzner: Russian / German composer, dies at 80
  • 1949Klaus H T Mann: German / US writer (Turning Point)
  • 1953Vaclav Klicka: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1961Joan Davis: Actress (I Married Joan), dies of heart attack at 53
  • 1965Bobby Watson: Comedian (Hitler Gang, Boys Town), dies at 77
  • 1967J Langston Hughes: US Author (Tambourines to Glory), dies at 65
  • 1975Torben Meyer: Actor (Viking, Roberta, Sunny), dies at 90
  • 1977Gijsbert van Hall: Banker / Mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73
  • 1977Marius Monnikendam: Dutch choir composer, dies at 80