Events on May 22

  • 1176Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo
  • 1200Peace of Goulet
  • 1370Jews are expelled / massacred from Brussels Belgium
  • 1455Richard of York takes St. Albans, kidnapping King Henry VI
  • 1526Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence and Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 15701st atlas, with 70 maps, published
  • 1594Earl Mauritius and Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen
  • 1659France, England and Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • 1712Emperor Karel VI crowned King of Hungary
  • 1746Russia and Austria signs treaty of cooperation
  • 17611st life insurance policy in US, issued in Philadelphia
  • 1762Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1784Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
  • 18031st public library opens (Connecticut)
  • 1807Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond Va (acquitted)
  • 1807Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia)
  • 18191st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 18431st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
  • 1849Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
  • 1856Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
  • 1863General Grant begins siege on Vicksburg
  • 1863War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1868Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash
  • 1872Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • 18773rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
  • 18841-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • 188513th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
  • 1888Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • 1892Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube
  • 1893Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game

Born on May 22

  • 1671Abraham Patras: Governor-General of East-Indies (1735-37)
  • 1722Johannes Schmidlin: Composer
  • 1759Gervais-Francois Couperin: Composer
  • 1780Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer
  • 1783Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer
  • 1804John William [Turk] Livingston: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 1808G de Nerval: Writer
  • 1813Richard Wagner: Leipsig, Germany -- Composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman)
  • 1820Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer
  • 1821Alfred Sully: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1844Mary Cassatt: United States -- Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • 1850Johann Schrammel: Composer
  • 1852Emile Sauret: Composer
  • 1859Arthur Conan Doyle: United Kingdom -- Author brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice
  • 1862August Cuppens: Flemish author / pastor
  • 1865Enrique Morera: Composer
  • 1874Daniel F Malan: Premier of South-Africa (1948-54)
  • 1874Francesco Paolo Neglia: Composer
  • 1879Eastwood Lane: Composer
  • 1879Jean Emile Paul Cras: Composer
  • 1884Alceo Toni: Composer
  • 1885Julio Fonseca: Composer
  • 1891J R Becher: Writer
  • 1891Robert Gordon Sproul: Educator / College President (University of California)
  • 1892Louis van Tulder: Dutch tenor (From Office Stool to High C)
  • 1897Robert Neumann: Austrian / British author (Waters of Babylon)
  • 1904Anne de Vries: Writer (Bartje)
  • 1906Harry Ritz: US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)
  • 1910Johnny Olson: TV announcer (Price is Right)
  • 1911Anatol Rapoport: Russ / US mathem / biologist (game theory)

Died on May 22

  • 0337Constantine the Great: Emperor of Rome (306-37) / anti semite
  • 0987Louis V le Faineant [the Lazy]: King of France (986-87), poisoned at 20
  • 1501Robert Gaguin: French writer / diplomat (Arte Metrificandi), dies at 66
  • 1540Francesco Guicciardini: Italian Historian / President of Romagna, dies at 57
  • 1667Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi]: Italian Pope (1655-67), dies at 68
  • 1688Johann A Quenstedt: German Lutherian theologist, dies at 70
  • 1781Garret Wesley Mornington: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1801Heinrich Gottfried Reichard: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1819John H van Kinsbergen: Lieutenant Admiral / founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • 1825Domenico Corri: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1859Ferdinand II [Re Bomba]: Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • 1878Franz von Holstein: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1880Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician, dies at 80
  • 1910Jules Renard: French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46
  • 1921Marie E Wilton: Writer
  • 1925John [Denton Pinkstone] French: British Field Marshal (WWI), dies at 72
  • 1928William HT Gairdner: Engl Missionary (Nile Mission Press), dies at 54
  • 1932Lady Augusta [Isabella Gregory]: Playwright (Gold Apple), dies at 80
  • 1939Ernst Toller: Writer, dies at 45
  • 1945Carel A Lion Cachet: Lithographer / wood carver
  • 1948Claude McKaye: Jamaican / US Author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies at 57
  • 1949Hans Erich Pfitzner: Russian / German composer, dies at 80
  • 1949Klaus H T Mann: German / US writer (Turning Point)
  • 1953Vaclav Klicka: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1961Joan Davis: Actress (I Married Joan), dies of heart attack at 53
  • 1965Bobby Watson: Comedian (Hitler Gang, Boys Town), dies at 77
  • 1967J Langston Hughes: US Author (Tambourines to Glory), dies at 65
  • 1975Torben Meyer: Actor (Viking, Roberta, Sunny), dies at 90
  • 1977Gijsbert van Hall: Banker / Mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73
  • 1977Marius Monnikendam: Dutch choir composer, dies at 80

Historical events on May 23

  • 1059Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France
  • 1275King Edward I of Engld orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
  • 1420Jews of Syria and Austria expelled
  • 1421Jews of Austria imprisoned and expelled
  • 1430Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne and sold to the British
  • 1493King Charles VIII and Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
  • 1533King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon marriage declared null and void
  • 1536Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition
  • 1544German Emperor Charles V recognizes King Christian III of Denmark
  • 1555Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • 1568Battle at Heiligerlee: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, 100s killed
  • 1576Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory
  • 1611Matthias von Habsburg chosen King of Bohemia
  • 16182nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War
  • 1618Imperial civil servants thrown out a window of Prague Castle
  • 1644Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • 1647Willem II sworn in as Viceroy of Holland
  • 1660King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
  • 1667King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
  • 1706Battle of Ramillies-Marlborough defeats French; 17,000 killed
  • 1774Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
  • 1785Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
  • 1788SC becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1853Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 18613 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
  • 1861Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession
  • 1862Battle at Front Royal, Virginia
  • 1862Valley Campaign-Stonewall Jackson takes Ft Royal, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Dallas, Georgia
  • 1864Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting

Born on May 23

  • 1598Claude Mellan: French engraver / cartoonist / painter, baptized
  • 1617Elias Ashmole: Antiquary
  • 1620Pieter Neefs [the Younger]: Flemish painter
  • 1644Thomas Eisenhut: Composer
  • 1696Johann Caspar Vogler: Composer
  • 1710Francois-Gaspard Adam: French sculptor (garden sculptures)
  • 1718William Hunter: Obstetrician / medal writer
  • 1729Giuseppe Parini: Italian priest / poet (Il Giorno)
  • 1734Friedrich Anton Mesmer: Austria -- Physician / hypnotist (Mesmerism)
  • 1735Charles Joseph: Prince the Ligne, Belgian Field Marshal / author
  • 1737Louis Francois Chambray: Composer
  • 1741Andrea Lucchesi: Composer
  • 1753Giovanni Battista Viotti: Violonist / composer
  • 1754Andrea Appiana: Italian royal painter (Napoleon)
  • 1756Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel: Composer
  • 1759Antoinio da Silva Leite: Composer
  • 1794Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer
  • 1795Charles Barry: Architect
  • 1799Thomas Hood: English poet / composer (Song of the Shirt)
  • 1812Henri A Esquiros: French poet / writer (Les Vierges Folles)
  • 1813Mason Brayman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1820James Buchanan Eads: United States -- Engineer / inventor (Eads Bridge-St. Louis)
  • 1824Ambrose Everett Burnside: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832Pieter J B C R van der Aa: Dutch Indologist / geographer
  • 1837James Sanks Brisbin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1843Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia: Composer
  • 1848Helmuth J L von Moltke: German General / Chief of Staff (WWI)
  • 1848Otto Lilienthal: Pioneer aviator
  • 1851Antoni Stolpe: Composer
  • 1862William "Dummy" Hoy: Professional baseball player who lived to 99

Died on May 23

  • 1498Girolamo Savonarola: Dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
  • 1648Luis de Nain: Painter
  • 1668Philips Wouwerman: Haarlems painter, buried
  • 1684Adriaen Backer: Amsterdams Painter buried at about 48
  • 1754John Wood: Architect / town planner
  • 1783James Otis: American lawyer
  • 1785William Woollett: Engraver
  • 1841Franz Xaver von Baader: German philosopher / theologist, dies at 76
  • 1842Jose de Espronceda y Delgado: Spanish revolutionary / poet, dies at 34
  • 1851Lucas Pieter Roodbaard: Architect, dies at 69
  • 1860Albert Richard Smith: Author / lecturer
  • 1867Archibald Alison: Scottish historian, dies at 74
  • 1875Johann Wilhelm Mangold: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1881Kit Carson: Frontiersman
  • 1881Leopold von Ranke: Historian
  • 1883Cyprian K Norwid: Polish Painter / Poet / playwright (Wanda)
  • 1887Ludwig Mathias Lindeman: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1891Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1895Franz E Neumann: German mineralogist / physicist, dies at 96
  • 1897Aleko Konstantinov: Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
  • 1905Martinus W van AA Meerbeke: Head-editor (Time), dies at 75
  • 1906Henrik Johan Ibsen: Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78
  • 1926Hans Koessler: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1934Bonnie Parker: Outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
  • 1934Clyde Barrow: Outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
  • 1937John Davison Rockfeller: Industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach, Florida
  • 1938Philip Kleintjes: Republic leader, dies at 70
  • 1940Andrej N Rimski-Korssakov: Russian musicologist / Son of Nikolai
  • 1940Paul Nizan: French journalist / writer (Ce Soir / Aden Arabia), dies at 35
  • 1941Lord Herbert Austin: Motor manufacturer