Events on May 24

  • 1086Abbott Dauferio / Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III
  • 1153Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland
  • 1300King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured
  • 1370Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish King Waldemar IV
  • 1487Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin
  • 1626Peter Minuet buys Manhattan from Indians for trinkets, valued at $24
  • 1653German Parliament selects Ferdinand II King of Austria
  • 1658Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought
  • 1660English King Charles II visits Netherlands
  • 1667French troops attack into Southern Netherlands
  • 1689English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
  • 1697English King Willem III travels through Northern Europe
  • 1738Methodist Church forms
  • 1809Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 1815George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • 1818Gen Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
  • 1824Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
  • 1829Pope Pius VIII issues his program for pontificate
  • 1830"Mary Had A Little Lamb, " is written
  • 18301st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • 1844Samuel FB Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" (1st telegraph message)
  • 1854Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
  • 1854Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US forms by Prebyts
  • 1856Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
  • 1861Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops
  • 1861Maj General Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
  • 1862Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • 1862Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
  • 1866Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • 1870Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US

Born on May 24

  • 0015Julius Caesar Germanicus: Roman Commandant
  • 1544William Gilbert: Essex, England -- Physicist (researcher into magnetism)
  • 1605Nikon [Nikita Minin]: Patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1610Giovanni Battista Chinelli: Composer
  • 1619Philips Wouwermans: Dutch painter
  • 1650John Churchill: 1st Duke of Marlborough, English General strategist
  • 1677Alexandre de Villenueve: Composer
  • 1736Juan de Sesse y Balaguer: Composer
  • 1743Jean-Paul Marat: France -- Revolutionist
  • 1751Charles Emanuel II: King of Sardina (1796-1802)
  • 1753Oliver Cromwell: Burlington, New Jersey -- Black who served with Washington
  • 1754Giacomo Conti: Composer
  • 1767Joseph Ignaz Schnabel: Composer
  • 1781Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer / horn player
  • 1794William Whewell: British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 1803Charles LJL Bonaparte: Corsican / French Prince of Canino / Musignano
  • 1807Cornelis E van Koetsveld: Vicar / literature
  • 1807Thomas Duncan: Painter
  • 1810Abraham Geiger: Theologian / author / Leader of Reform Judaism
  • 1811Charles Clark: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
  • 1816Emanuel Leutze: United States -- Painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)
  • 1816Robert Seaman Granger: (Union Army Bvt Major General, died in 1894)
  • 1819Victoria Alexandrine: Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901)
  • 1831Richard Hoffman: Composer
  • 1838Paul Laband: German lawyer
  • 1840Frederick Walker: Painter
  • 1841Charles Napier Henry: Painter
  • 1841Tito Mattei: Pianist / composer
  • 1850Ernest Albert Waterlow: Water-color painter
  • 1852Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham: Author / politician

Died on May 24

  • 1144Petronella: Wife of Earl Floris II the Vette of Holland / regent
  • 1543Nicolas Copernicus: Astronomer, dies in Poland
  • 1612Robert Cecil: 1st Earl of Salisbury / Prime Minister (1598-1612), dies at 48
  • 1665Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel]: Spanish franciscans
  • 1669Pieter Cuypers: South Netherlands lawyer, dies at 48
  • 1670Ferdinand II: Ruler of Toscane, dies at 59
  • 1696Albertine Agnes: Princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 62
  • 1762Joseph Umstatt: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1773Jan Zach: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1792George Brydges: 1st Baron Rodney / Admiral
  • 1792Jakob M R Lenz: Writer (That Soldier)
  • 1804Simon Style: Fries medical / writer, dies at 73
  • 1826Friedrich Fesca: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1831Benjamin Carr: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1844William Crockford: Clubman / gambler
  • 1850Jane Porter: Novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1851Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass]: Slavic Poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 1861Elmer Ellsworth: US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23
  • 1861James T Jackson: US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)
  • 1871Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1872Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld: Painter
  • 1876Henry Kingsley: English / Australian writer, dies at 46
  • 1879William Lloyd Garrison: Abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73
  • 1881Samuel Palmer: Landscape painter
  • 1894William Joseph Westbrook: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1895Joseph Quinaux: Belgian painter, dies at 73
  • 1919Amado Nervo [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo]: Mexican poet, dies at 48
  • 1941Lancelot Holland: British Vice-Admiral ( (WWII / Hood), dies in battle
  • 1943Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko: Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1948Alfred Kastner: Composer, dies at 78

Historical events on May 25

  • 12411st attack on Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main Germany
  • 1522Emperor Karel I returns to Spain
  • 1632Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
  • 1659Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector
  • 1660English King Charles II lands in Dover
  • 1720"Le Grand St. Antoine" reaches Marseille, plague kills 80,000
  • 1784Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 1787Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, G Washington presiding
  • 1793Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1810Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain (National Day)
  • 1812Earthquake destroys Caracas Venezuela
  • 1825American Unitarian Association founded
  • 18441st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 1861John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a Supreme Court decision protecting writ
  • 1864Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • 18761st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • 18764th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
  • 1878Gilbert / Sullivans opera "HMS Pinafore, " premieres in London
  • 1887Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
  • 1895Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite
  • 18981st US troop transport to Manila leaves San Francisco
  • 189933rd Belmont: R Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
  • 1900Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
  • 190438th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
  • 1906After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0
  • 1914British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule
  • 19152nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • 1915Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pittsburgh (Federal League), 10-0
  • 1919Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
  • 1922Babe Ruth suspended 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an ump

Born on May 25

  • 1494Jacopo Pontormo II: Italy -- Painter (Sepulture of Christ)
  • 1550Camillus de Lellis: Italian soldier / monastery founder / Saint
  • 1688Christian August Jacobi: Composer
  • 1713John Stuart: 3rd Earl of Bute, English Premier (1760-63)
  • 1726Giuseppi Paolucci: Composer
  • 1729Jean de Neufville: Dutch / US Merchant (started 4th English war)
  • 1767Ferdinand Franzl: Composer
  • 1767Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer
  • 1779Henry M Baron de Kock: Dutch officer / politician
  • 1781Ferdinand K J: Archduke of Austria-Este / Governor-General (Sicily)
  • 1818Jacob Burckhardt: Switzerland -- Cultural historian
  • 1821Diederich Krug: Composer
  • 1830Jules de Geyter: Belgian poet (International)
  • 1839John Eliot: English meteorologist
  • 1845William Muldoon: Belfast, New York -- Boxing commissioner (help find PAL)
  • 1847Alphonse Goovaerts: Composer
  • 1847John Alexander Dowie [Elijah the Restorer]: United States -- Evangelist
  • 1865Frederick Augustus III: King of Saxon (1904-18)
  • 1865John Raleigh Mott: Organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946)
  • 1865Pieter Zeeman: Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel 1902)
  • 1877Billy Murray: Singer (Denver Nightengale)
  • 1879W Maxwell Aitken lord Beaverbrook: Canada -- Banker
  • 1882Harry Fox: Entertainer
  • 1886Philip Murray: Founded Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
  • 1889Gilardo Gilardi: Composer
  • 1889Igor Sikorsky: Developed a working helicopter
  • 1889Sverre Jordan: Composer
  • 1891Robert W P Peereboom: Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper)
  • 1894Dirk Vansina: Flemish playwright (Verschaeve Gives Evidence)
  • 1896Jan N Bakhuizen van den Brink: Theologist / church historian

Died on May 25

  • 0615Boniface IV: Pope (608-15)
  • 0709Aldhelmus of Ealdhelm: Engl abbot / Bishop / Poet / saint, dies at about 69
  • 0946Edmund the Older: King of Wessex / England (939-46)
  • 1085Gregory VII [Ildebrando]: Pope (1073-85)
  • 1261Alexander IV [Rinaldo dei conti di Segni]: Pope (1254-61)
  • 1555Gemma Frisius: Frisian geographer / astronomer, dies at 46
  • 1765Pierre-Joseph Le Blan: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1826Christian Friedrich Ruppe: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1849Andreas Michiels: Dutch Military gov of West Sumatra, dies in battle at 52
  • 1862Johann N Nestroy: Aust actor (Einmal Keine Sorgen Haben), dies at 60
  • 1895Ahmed Djevdet Pasja: Turkish Minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1899Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur: French painter, dies at 68
  • 1914Paolo Giorza: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1917Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Madame C J Walker: Wealthy cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 51
  • 1924Theodore Morse: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1926Symon Petlyura: Leader of Ukraine (pogroms), assassinated at 47
  • 1934Gustav Theodore Holst: English Composer (Ode to Death), dies at 59
  • 1936Jan Levoslav Bella: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1937Henry O Tanner: Artist
  • 1946Patty Smith Hill: Songwriter (Happy Birthday To You), dies at 78
  • 1949Simon H Spoor: Intelligence officer / General (WWII), dies at 47
  • 1964Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1968Charles K Feldman [Gould]: Producer (Casino Royale), dies at 63
  • 1971Jo Etha Collier: Young black woman killed by 3 whites in Drew, Mississippi
  • 1971Mark Brunswick: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1971Terence De Marney: Actor (Case Thomas-Johnny Ringo), dies at 62
  • 1974Donald Crisp: Actor / director (Beloved Brat, Dawn Patrol), dies at 91
  • 1981Rosa Ponselle: US singer (Metropolitan Opera), dies at 84
  • 1981Roy Brown: Rocker, dies at 55 of a heart attack