Events on May 26

  • 0961German King Otto II crowned
  • 1328William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
  • 1521Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
  • 1596England, France and Netherlands signs Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 16371st battle of Pequot at New Haven Ct kills 500 indians
  • 1647Massachusetts disallows priest access to colony
  • 1736Battle of Ackia (La), British and Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • 1781Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 1790Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
  • 1798British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1805Lewis and Clark 1st see Rocky Mountains
  • 1805Napoleon is crowned King of Italy
  • 1824Brazil is recognized by US
  • 1834Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • 1860Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy
  • 1861Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
  • 1861Union blockades New Orleans LA and Mobile, Alabama
  • 1864Territory of Montana formed
  • 1865Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
  • 1868President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
  • 1876HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • 1884Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
  • 1887Racetrack betting becomes legal in New York state
  • 1894Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • 18961st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach, New York
  • 1896Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
  • 1896Last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 189832nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
  • 1898San Francisco approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • 1900British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa

Born on May 26

  • 1566Mohammed III: Sultan of Turkey (1595-1603)
  • 1591Dirck Janszoon Sweelinck: Composer
  • 1689Mary Wortley Montagu: English essayist, feminist, eccentric
  • 1700Nikolaus L Earl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf: German evangelist
  • 1771Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin: German saloon owner / author
  • 1773Hans Georg Nageli: Composer
  • 1782Joseph Drechsler: Composer
  • 1799Alexander S Pushkin: Russia -- Writer (Eugene Onegin)
  • 1806Henry Knox Thatcher: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880
  • 1822E de Goncourt: Writer
  • 1825Felipe Gutierrez y Espinoza: Composer
  • 1835Edward Porter Alexander: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1846Arthur Coquard: Composer
  • 1850Christine [Elizabeth C] Poolman: Dutch actress (Stupid force)
  • 1853Monroe A Althouse: Composer
  • 1856George Templeton Strong: Composer
  • 1865Akseli V Gallen-Kallela: Fins painter / graphic artist / illustrator
  • 1866John Eigenhuis: Writer (Tough Workers)
  • 1867Mary: Queen of Great Britain / North Ireland
  • 1871Camille Huysmans: Belgian Premier (1946-47)
  • 1873Cornelis G N de Vooys: Translator / founder (New Taalgids)
  • 1874Henry Farman: French aviation pioneer (double decker)
  • 1877Isadora Duncan: San Francisco, California -- Free form / interpretative dancer
  • 1877Jean Schlumberger: French writer (La Mort de Sparte)
  • 1877Sadao Araki: Japanese General / Minister of War (1931-34)
  • 1884Charles Winninger: Athens, Wisconsin -- Actor (Charlie Farrell Show)
  • 1890Kurt Edzard: German sculptor (nudes / portraits)
  • 1893Eugene Goossens: London, England -- Conductor / composer (Perseus)
  • 1893Norma Talmadge: New York, United States -- Actress (Sign on Door, Camille)
  • 1895Dorothea Lange: US documentary photographer

Died on May 26

  • 0735Beda Venerabilis: English speaking church historian, dies at about 62
  • 1421Mohammed I: Sultan of Turkey (1413-21)
  • 1512Bajezid II: Governor of Amasja / 8th Sultan of Turkey
  • 1595Philippus Nerius [Filippo Neri]: Italian Merchant / saint, dies at 79
  • 1609Cornelis Claesz: Mapmaker, buried
  • 1685Karel: Monarch of Palts
  • 1703Samuel Pepys: English marine expert (Diary) / composer, dies at 70
  • 1753Willem Maurits: Earl of Nassau / gov of Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1818Michael A Barclay de Tolly: Russian Field Marshal / War Minister
  • 1831Georg Hermes: German philosopher / Theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1832Francois-Louis Perne: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1864Ch Sealsfield: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1868Michael Barrett: Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • 1871Aime Maillart: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1873August Conradi: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1876Frantisek Palacky: Czech Historian / MP, dies at 77
  • 1880John Curwen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1883Abd el-Kader: Algerian Sultan / religious ruler, dies at about 74
  • 1891Frederick Bowen Jewson: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1905Alphonse de Rothschild: French banker
  • 1908Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: Indies Theologist (Ahmadiyya motion), dies at 69
  • 1912Jan Blockx: Belgian opera Composer (Bride of the Sea), dies at 61
  • 1924Johann Heinrich Beck: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1924Victor Herbert: Irish / US cellist / Composer / conductor, dies at 65
  • 1926S V Petlura: Ukrainain ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard
  • 1933Jimmie Rodgers: Country singer, dies at 35
  • 1939Charles H Mayo: US surgeon / co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939Cornelis J Cutters: Supreme Commander of Navy (1910-18)
  • 1943Edsel Ford: Owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49
  • 1946Friedrich A H von Waldeck: Monarch of Waldeck

Historical events on May 27

  • 1281Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge
  • 1328French King Philip VI Valois crowned
  • 152930 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
  • 1660Denmark and Sweden sign ceasefire
  • 1679Habeaus Corpus Act (no false arrest & imprisonment) passes in the UK
  • 1689Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as pension advisor of Holland
  • 1703St. Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great
  • 1738Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov
  • 1796James S McLean patents his piano
  • 1813Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • 1844Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
  • 1850Mormon Temple in Nauvoo Illinois destroyed by tornado
  • 1854Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
  • 1856Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
  • 1863CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • 1863Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana
  • 18786th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
  • 1883Czar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • 1893Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • 1895British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera / projector
  • 1896Bay District Race Track closes
  • 1896Tornado hits St. Louis, killing 255 and leaving thousands homeless
  • 190227th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
  • 190337th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
  • 1903Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants Bureau in Amsterdam
  • 1904NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, New York Giants)
  • 190530th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
  • 1905Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
  • 1907Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco
  • 1916Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx

Born on May 27

  • 1332Ibn Khaldun: Tunis -- Arab historian / sociologist (Muqaddimah)
  • 1595Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov]: German lawyer
  • 1626William II: Prince of Orange / stadholder
  • 1652Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts: German / French Duchess of Orleans
  • 1738Bonaventura Furlanetto: Composer
  • 1756Maximilian I Jozef: King of Bavaria
  • 1774Francis Beaufort: Admiral / hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
  • 1794Cornelius Vanderbilt: Millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • 1799Jacques-Francois-Fromental-Elle Halevy [Elie Levy]: Composer
  • 1806Charles-Joseph Tolbecque: Composer
  • 1815Henry Parkes: British journalist / Premier of Australia
  • 1819Julia Ward Howe: United States -- Author / lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • 1822Henry Wylde: Composer
  • 1822Josef Joachim Raff: Composer
  • 1823John Gray Foster: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1836Edwin Gray Lee: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
  • 1836Jay Gould: US railroad executive and financier
  • 1837"Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler]: Cowboy / scout
  • 1837Robert Frederick Hoke: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1839Luigi Capuana: Sicilian author / critic (Roccaverdina)
  • 1849"Blind" Tom Bethune: Pianist / composer
  • 1854Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • 1861Victoria E Matthews: Educator
  • 1867Arnold Bennett: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / playwright / critic (Great Babylon)
  • 1871Georges-Henri Rouault: Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • 1874Richard von Schaukal: Austria -- Poet / writer (Eros Thanatos)
  • 1881Rudolf Pannwitz: German writer
  • 1884Bax Brod: Composer
  • 1887Emiel van der Straeten: Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
  • 1888Louis Durey: Composer

Died on May 27

  • 0927Symeon: Czar of Bulgaria ( -927)
  • 1039Dirk III Hierosolymita: Count of Holland
  • 1178Godfried van Rhenen: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1508Ludovico Sforza [il Moro]: Italian Duke of Milan, dies at 55
  • 1541Margaretha: Duchess of Salisbury, beheaded
  • 1549Lijsbeth Dirksdr: Fries antabaptist, drowns
  • 1564Jean Caulvin [John Calvin]: Priest / church reformer, dies at 54
  • 1569Francois de Coligny: French General (Jarnac)
  • 1576Louis de Boisot: Dutch Admiral, drowns at about 44
  • 1580Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum
  • 1596Tibaldi II: Italian Painter / Sculptor / architect
  • 1627Everhardus van Bronchorst: Lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1638Nicolas Forme: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1647Achsah Young: 1st woman known to be a witch, executed in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1652Jacques Huyn: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1690Giovanni Legrenzi: Italian composer, dies at 63
  • 1708Jacques Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1768Johann M Fleischmann: German / Dutch stamp / letter designer
  • 1790Jeremiah Carlton: Laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed and stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • 1797Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf: French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1855Nikolaj A Bestoezjev: Russ writer / Painter (Account of Holland)
  • 1863Edward Payson Chapin: Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1876Joseph Bosworth: Lexicographer / scholar
  • 1878Carlo Marsili: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1887Coenraad J van Houten: Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1896Allard Pierson: Theologist / philosopher / art Historian / poet
  • 1902Jan van Droogenbroeck: Flemish poet
  • 1910Robert Koch: German bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel)
  • 1914Joseph Wilson Swan: Physicist / chemist
  • 1918Henry Adams: US literature Historian (Esther), dies at 80