Events on May 27

  • 1281Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge
  • 1328French King Philip VI Valois crowned
  • 152930 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
  • 1660Denmark and Sweden sign ceasefire
  • 1679Habeaus Corpus Act (no false arrest & imprisonment) passes in the UK
  • 1689Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as pension advisor of Holland
  • 1703St. Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great
  • 1738Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov
  • 1796James S McLean patents his piano
  • 1813Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • 1844Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
  • 1850Mormon Temple in Nauvoo Illinois destroyed by tornado
  • 1854Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
  • 1856Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
  • 1863CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • 1863Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana
  • 18786th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
  • 1883Czar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • 1893Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • 1895British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera / projector
  • 1896Bay District Race Track closes
  • 1896Tornado hits St. Louis, killing 255 and leaving thousands homeless
  • 190227th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
  • 190337th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
  • 1903Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants Bureau in Amsterdam
  • 1904NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, New York Giants)
  • 190530th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
  • 1905Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
  • 1907Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco
  • 1916Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx

Born on May 27

  • 1332Ibn Khaldun: Tunis -- Arab historian / sociologist (Muqaddimah)
  • 1595Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov]: German lawyer
  • 1626William II: Prince of Orange / stadholder
  • 1652Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts: German / French Duchess of Orleans
  • 1738Bonaventura Furlanetto: Composer
  • 1756Maximilian I Jozef: King of Bavaria
  • 1774Francis Beaufort: Admiral / hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
  • 1794Cornelius Vanderbilt: Millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • 1799Jacques-Francois-Fromental-Elle Halevy [Elie Levy]: Composer
  • 1806Charles-Joseph Tolbecque: Composer
  • 1815Henry Parkes: British journalist / Premier of Australia
  • 1819Julia Ward Howe: United States -- Author / lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • 1822Henry Wylde: Composer
  • 1822Josef Joachim Raff: Composer
  • 1823John Gray Foster: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1836Edwin Gray Lee: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
  • 1836Jay Gould: US railroad executive and financier
  • 1837"Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler]: Cowboy / scout
  • 1837Robert Frederick Hoke: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1839Luigi Capuana: Sicilian author / critic (Roccaverdina)
  • 1849"Blind" Tom Bethune: Pianist / composer
  • 1854Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • 1861Victoria E Matthews: Educator
  • 1867Arnold Bennett: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist / playwright / critic (Great Babylon)
  • 1871Georges-Henri Rouault: Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • 1874Richard von Schaukal: Austria -- Poet / writer (Eros Thanatos)
  • 1881Rudolf Pannwitz: German writer
  • 1884Bax Brod: Composer
  • 1887Emiel van der Straeten: Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
  • 1888Louis Durey: Composer

Died on May 27

  • 0927Symeon: Czar of Bulgaria ( -927)
  • 1039Dirk III Hierosolymita: Count of Holland
  • 1178Godfried van Rhenen: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1508Ludovico Sforza [il Moro]: Italian Duke of Milan, dies at 55
  • 1541Margaretha: Duchess of Salisbury, beheaded
  • 1549Lijsbeth Dirksdr: Fries antabaptist, drowns
  • 1564Jean Caulvin [John Calvin]: Priest / church reformer, dies at 54
  • 1569Francois de Coligny: French General (Jarnac)
  • 1576Louis de Boisot: Dutch Admiral, drowns at about 44
  • 1580Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum
  • 1596Tibaldi II: Italian Painter / Sculptor / architect
  • 1627Everhardus van Bronchorst: Lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1638Nicolas Forme: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1647Achsah Young: 1st woman known to be a witch, executed in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1652Jacques Huyn: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1690Giovanni Legrenzi: Italian composer, dies at 63
  • 1708Jacques Danican Philidor: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1768Johann M Fleischmann: German / Dutch stamp / letter designer
  • 1790Jeremiah Carlton: Laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed and stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • 1797Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf: French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1855Nikolaj A Bestoezjev: Russ writer / Painter (Account of Holland)
  • 1863Edward Payson Chapin: Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1876Joseph Bosworth: Lexicographer / scholar
  • 1878Carlo Marsili: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1887Coenraad J van Houten: Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1896Allard Pierson: Theologist / philosopher / art Historian / poet
  • 1902Jan van Droogenbroeck: Flemish poet
  • 1910Robert Koch: German bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel)
  • 1914Joseph Wilson Swan: Physicist / chemist
  • 1918Henry Adams: US literature Historian (Esther), dies at 80

Historical events on May 28

  • 0640Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)
  • 1037German Emperor Koenraad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis"
  • 1156Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet
  • 134960 Jews murdered in Breslau Silesia
  • 1358Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising
  • 1521Pope Leo X signs treaty with German Emperor Charles V
  • 1539Hernando de Soto lands in Florida
  • 16641st Baptist Church organizes (Boston)
  • 1674German Parliament declares war on France
  • 1731All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated
  • 1741Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • 1754George Washington defeats French and Indians at Ft Duquesne (Pittsburgh)
  • 17741st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • 18181st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
  • 1830Congress authorizes Indian removal from all states to western prairie
  • 1845Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 1849Princess WFLC Marianne and Albrecht of Prussia separate
  • 18631st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War
  • 1866Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt / Heemskerk forms
  • 1871Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1892Sierra Club forms by John Muir in SF, for conservation of nature
  • 1894Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
  • 1900Solar eclipse occurs
  • 190126th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
  • 1901Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • 190429th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
  • 1906Shields / Cobbs musical "His honor, the Mayor, " premieres in New York City
  • 1907Auto-Cycle Union Tourist Trophy, 1st held
  • 1915John B Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
  • 1918Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent

Born on May 28

  • 1371John [the Fearless]: Burgundy, France -- Duke of Burgundy / warrior
  • 1577Floris II van Pallandt: Dutch Earl of Culemborg / politician
  • 1660George I: King of England (1714-27)
  • 1759William Pitt [the Younger]: English Prime Minister (1783-1801, 1804-06)
  • 1765Jean Baptiste Cartier: Composer
  • 1777Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer
  • 1778Friedrich Westenholz: Composer
  • 1780Joseph Frohlich: Composer
  • 1782Wouter J van Troostwijk: Dutch painter
  • 1789Bernard S Ingemann: Danish author (Tomorrow - OG Aftensange)
  • 1798Josef Dessauer: Composer
  • 1807Jan van Swieten: Dutch General / Governor of West-Sumatra
  • 1807Louis Agassiz: Switzerland -- Naturalist / geologist / teacher
  • 1810Alexandre Calamo: Switzerland -- Painter / etcher / lithographer
  • 1818Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: US Confederate General (Hero of Sumter)
  • 1819William Birney: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
  • 1820Willem Doorenbos [Keerom]: Literary / critic
  • 1828Alpheus Baker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1828Bartel Wilton: Machinefabrikant / ship builder
  • 1830George Lucas Hartsuff: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1830Karoly Filtsch: Composer
  • 1831Eliza Ann Gardner: Underground railway conductor
  • 1838Basil Wilson Duke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916
  • 1841Giovanni Sgambati: Composer
  • 1844Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur: Composer
  • 1862Henry W Slocum, Jr.: Tennis champ (US Open-1888)
  • 1863Georg Adler: German state economist
  • 1865Gerrit Grijns: Dutch physiologist (Vitamin E)
  • 1868Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer]: French writer (Fille Perdue)
  • 1874G K Chesterton: Writer

Died on May 28

  • 1089Lanfrance: Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1259Christoffel I: King of Denmark
  • 1317Guy van Avesnes / Henegouwen: Bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 63
  • 1357Afonso IV: King of Portugal (1325-57), dies at 66
  • 1521Willem van Croij: Duke of Soria, dies at about 62
  • 1534Dirk Martens: Flemish printer / humanist, dies at about 83
  • 1650Gilles Hayne: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1685Pieter de la Court: Economist / historian, dies at about 67
  • 1787Johann Georg Leopold Mozart: Austrian composer, dies at 67
  • 1791Joseph Schmitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1805Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini: Ital Composer / cellist (Minuet), dies at 62
  • 1833Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1836Anton Reicha: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1838Thomas Busby: Composer
  • 1863Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 23
  • 1864Henry H Giesy: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1883August Freyer: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1890Viktor Ernst Nessler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1911Stephanus J du Toit: So Afr Theologist / journalist (Afr Bond)
  • 1913Lord Avebury [John Lubbock]: British banker / politician
  • 1914Adolf Gustaw Sonnenfeld: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1921Geo Mestdagh: Belgian aviation pioneer
  • 1922Carl Tieke: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1927Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Belgian Kempen)
  • 1937Alfred Adler: Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1940Randle Ayrton: Actor (Manx Man), dies at 70
  • 1940Theodor Streicher: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1940Walter Connolly: Actor (It Happened One Night, Good Earth), dies at 53
  • 1942Jean F van Royen: German secretary PTT (camp Amersfoort)
  • 1944Katri Vala: Finnish poet, dies at 42