Events on May 28

  • 0640Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)
  • 1037German Emperor Koenraad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis"
  • 1156Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet
  • 134960 Jews murdered in Breslau Silesia
  • 1358Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising
  • 1521Pope Leo X signs treaty with German Emperor Charles V
  • 1539Hernando de Soto lands in Florida
  • 16641st Baptist Church organizes (Boston)
  • 1674German Parliament declares war on France
  • 1731All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated
  • 1741Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • 1754George Washington defeats French and Indians at Ft Duquesne (Pittsburgh)
  • 17741st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • 18181st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
  • 1830Congress authorizes Indian removal from all states to western prairie
  • 1845Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 1849Princess WFLC Marianne and Albrecht of Prussia separate
  • 18631st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War
  • 1866Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt / Heemskerk forms
  • 1871Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1892Sierra Club forms by John Muir in SF, for conservation of nature
  • 1894Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
  • 1900Solar eclipse occurs
  • 190126th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
  • 1901Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • 190429th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
  • 1906Shields / Cobbs musical "His honor, the Mayor, " premieres in New York City
  • 1907Auto-Cycle Union Tourist Trophy, 1st held
  • 1915John B Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
  • 1918Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent

Born on May 28

  • 1371John [the Fearless]: Burgundy, France -- Duke of Burgundy / warrior
  • 1577Floris II van Pallandt: Dutch Earl of Culemborg / politician
  • 1660George I: King of England (1714-27)
  • 1759William Pitt [the Younger]: English Prime Minister (1783-1801, 1804-06)
  • 1765Jean Baptiste Cartier: Composer
  • 1777Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer
  • 1778Friedrich Westenholz: Composer
  • 1780Joseph Frohlich: Composer
  • 1782Wouter J van Troostwijk: Dutch painter
  • 1789Bernard S Ingemann: Danish author (Tomorrow - OG Aftensange)
  • 1798Josef Dessauer: Composer
  • 1807Jan van Swieten: Dutch General / Governor of West-Sumatra
  • 1807Louis Agassiz: Switzerland -- Naturalist / geologist / teacher
  • 1810Alexandre Calamo: Switzerland -- Painter / etcher / lithographer
  • 1818Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: US Confederate General (Hero of Sumter)
  • 1819William Birney: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
  • 1820Willem Doorenbos [Keerom]: Literary / critic
  • 1828Alpheus Baker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1828Bartel Wilton: Machinefabrikant / ship builder
  • 1830George Lucas Hartsuff: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1830Karoly Filtsch: Composer
  • 1831Eliza Ann Gardner: Underground railway conductor
  • 1838Basil Wilson Duke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916
  • 1841Giovanni Sgambati: Composer
  • 1844Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur: Composer
  • 1862Henry W Slocum, Jr.: Tennis champ (US Open-1888)
  • 1863Georg Adler: German state economist
  • 1865Gerrit Grijns: Dutch physiologist (Vitamin E)
  • 1868Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer]: French writer (Fille Perdue)
  • 1874G K Chesterton: Writer

Died on May 28

  • 1089Lanfrance: Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1259Christoffel I: King of Denmark
  • 1317Guy van Avesnes / Henegouwen: Bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 63
  • 1357Afonso IV: King of Portugal (1325-57), dies at 66
  • 1521Willem van Croij: Duke of Soria, dies at about 62
  • 1534Dirk Martens: Flemish printer / humanist, dies at about 83
  • 1650Gilles Hayne: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1685Pieter de la Court: Economist / historian, dies at about 67
  • 1787Johann Georg Leopold Mozart: Austrian composer, dies at 67
  • 1791Joseph Schmitt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1805Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini: Ital Composer / cellist (Minuet), dies at 62
  • 1833Johann Christian Friedrich Haeffner: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1836Anton Reicha: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1838Thomas Busby: Composer
  • 1863Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 23
  • 1864Henry H Giesy: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1883August Freyer: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1890Viktor Ernst Nessler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1911Stephanus J du Toit: So Afr Theologist / journalist (Afr Bond)
  • 1913Lord Avebury [John Lubbock]: British banker / politician
  • 1914Adolf Gustaw Sonnenfeld: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1921Geo Mestdagh: Belgian aviation pioneer
  • 1922Carl Tieke: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1927Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Belgian Kempen)
  • 1937Alfred Adler: Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • 1940Randle Ayrton: Actor (Manx Man), dies at 70
  • 1940Theodor Streicher: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1940Walter Connolly: Actor (It Happened One Night, Good Earth), dies at 53
  • 1942Jean F van Royen: German secretary PTT (camp Amersfoort)
  • 1944Katri Vala: Finnish poet, dies at 42

Historical events on May 29

  • 0526Antioch struck by Earthquake; about 250,000 die
  • 0757St. Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1138Anti-Pope Victor IV (Gregorio) overthrows self for Innocentius II
  • 1167Lombard League defeat Frederick Barbarossa at Battle of Legnano
  • 1176Battle at Legnano: Lombardi League beats Frederik Barbarossa
  • 1415Council of Konstanz
  • 1453Constantinople falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends Byzantine Empire
  • 1453French banker Jacques Coeurs possessions confiscated
  • 1506Earl Willem I van Nassau-Dillenburg weds countess Walburg van Egmont
  • 1630Gov John Winthrop begins "History of New England"
  • 1652English Admiral Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under Lieutenant Admiral Tromp
  • 1660Charles II restored to English throne after Puritan Commonwealth
  • 1692Battle at La Hogue: English and Dutch fleet beat France
  • 1692Royal Hospital Founders Day 1st celebrated
  • 1721South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony
  • 1727Peter II Aleksei (11) becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1753Joseph Haydns "Krumme Teufel, " premieres
  • 1765Patrick Henry historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"
  • 1787"Virginia Plan" proposed
  • 1790Rhode Is becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying Constitution
  • 1848Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848Wisconsin becomes 30th state
  • 1849Patent for lifting vessels granted to Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army
  • 1874Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • 18841st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • 190025th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • 1900Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Company
  • 1902Dutch State Mine law forms
  • 1905Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania

Born on May 29

  • 1630Charles II: King of England (1660-85)
  • 1673Cornelis van Bijnkershoek: Lawyer / President of High Council
  • 1716Louis J M Daubenton: French zoologist
  • 1731Orazio Mei: Composer
  • 1741Johann Gottfried Krebs: Composer
  • 1791Pietro Romani: Composer
  • 1810Erasmus Darwin Keyes: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1810Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Argentina -- Politician / writer
  • 1810Solomon Meredith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1824Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1825David Bell Birney: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1826Ebenezer Butterick: Inventor (tissue paper dress pattern)
  • 1827Reuben Lindsay Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
  • 1837Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann: Dutch Minister / party leader (CHU)
  • 1837Luca Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1840Hans Makart: Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz)
  • 1843Emile Pessard: Composer
  • 1852Jindrich z Albestu Kaan: Composer
  • 1864A H Borgesius: Dutch amateur astronomer
  • 1874Gilbert Keith Chesterton: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Man Who Made Gold)
  • 1880Oswald Spengler: Germany -- Philosopher (Decline of West)
  • 1881Frederik Septimus Kelly: Composer
  • 1883William Beatton Moonie: Composer
  • 1885Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich: British astronomer (theory of relativity)
  • 1890Francis de Bourguignon: Composer
  • 1892Alfonsina Storni: Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal)
  • 1894Beatrice Lillie: Toronto, Ontario -- Comedian / actress (Around World in 80 Days)
  • 1894Josef von Sternberg: Austrian director (Der blaue Engel)
  • 1896George L Funke: Botanist (Flower Physiology)
  • 1897Erich Wolfgang Korngold: Brno, Austria -- Movie composer (Violanta)

Died on May 29

  • 1453Constantine XI Dragases: Last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49
  • 1500Bartholomeu Diaz de Narvaez (Novaez): Portuguese sea explorer, drowns
  • 1544Jacobus Latomus [Jasques Masson]: Belgian inquisitor, dies at about 68
  • 1593John Penry: English congressionalist, executed
  • 1629Arnold Baert: Flemish lawyer / member of Great Council, dies at about 74
  • 1680Abraham Megerle: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1691Cornelis Tromp: Admiral-General / Son of Maarten T, dies at 61
  • 1750Giuseppe Porsile: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1788Jacques Aliamet: French etcher / engraver, dies at 61
  • 1815Cornelis de Gijselaar: Politician / patriot, dies at 64
  • 1862Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1869Philippe Vandermaelen: Flemish cartographer / publisher, dies at 73
  • 1877John Lothrop Motley: (History of United Netherlands), dies at 63
  • 1883Albrecht of Prussia: Mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • 1883WFLC Marianne: Princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 1885Alfred von Meissner: Austria Physician / writer (Ziska), dies at 63
  • 1899Frantz Jehin-Prume: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1905Leon Francis Victor Caron: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1910Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev: Russian Composer (Islamej), dies at 73
  • 1911William Schwenck Gilbert: Engl writer (Gilbert & Sullivan), dies at 74
  • 1922Jevgeni B Vachtangov: Armenian / Russian actor / director, dies at 39
  • 1924Pierre-Paul Cambon: French diplomat (Madrid / London)
  • 1934Eugenie Besserer: Actress (Anna Christie, Madame X), dies at 65
  • 1935Josef Suk: Czech violinist / composer, dies at 61
  • 1942John Barrymore: US actor (Beloved Rogue, Dinner at 8), dies at 60
  • 1943Hermann Hans Wetzler: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1948May Whitty: Actress (Gaslight, Mrs Miniver, Suspicion), dies at 82
  • 1951Dimitrios Levidis: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1951Fanny Brice: Zeigfield Girl (Baby Snooks Show), dies at 59
  • 1951Josef Bohuslav Foerster: Composer, dies at 91