Events on May 30

  • 1035Boudouin V van Rijsel becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1087German Emperor Henry IV crowns his son Koenraad
  • 1100Burchard becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1381English boer uprising begins in Essex
  • 1434Battle at Lipany
  • 1498Columbus departs with 6 ships for 3rd trip to America
  • 1522French troops driven out of Genoa
  • 1527University of Marburg (Germany) founded
  • 1536English King Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour
  • 1539Spanish explorer Fernando de Soto discovers Florida
  • 1574Henry III follows brother Charles IX as King of France
  • 1574Sea battle at Lillo Belgium (Adolf Van Haemstede vs. Louis de Boisot)
  • 1584Earl Adolf van Nieuwenaar / Meurs becomes Viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1588Spanish Aramada under Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
  • 1631France / Maximilian van Bavarian signs Accord of Fontainebleau
  • 1635Emperor Ferdinand II and Saksen sign Peace of Prague
  • 1646Spain and Netherlands signs temporary cease fire
  • 1783Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in US
  • 1793Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public
  • 1808Napoleon annexes Tuscany and gave it seats in French Senate
  • 1821James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • 1822House slave betrays Denmark Vesey conspiracy (37 blacks hanged)
  • 1832Evariste Galois give his theory on free assembly (dies in duel May 31)
  • 1842John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria
  • 18482nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Colorado in return for $15 million
  • 1848William G Young patents ice cream freezer
  • 1854Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery
  • 1854Territories of Kansas and Nebraska created
  • 1862Battle of Booneville MS - captured General Beauregard evacuates Corinth

Born on May 30

  • 1220Alexander Nevski [Aleksandr]: Russian Great Ruler (1252-63)
  • 1578Valentin Dretzel: Composer
  • 1623Wallerand Vaillant: Painter / engraver, baptized
  • 1672Peter I [the Great]: Tsar of Russia
  • 1757Henry Addington: Viscount Sidmouth (C), British Prime Minister (1801-04)
  • 1797Johann Christian Lobe: Composer
  • 1800Karl W Feuerbach: German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)
  • 1808Joaquim Casimiro, Jr.: Composer
  • 1812John Alexander McClernand: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Levin Goldschmidt: German business law expert
  • 1830Edward Winslow Hinks: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832George Doherty Johnston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835Alfred Austin: Leeds, England -- Poet laureate of England (Garden)
  • 1844Louis Varney: Composer
  • 1845Amadeus I FM: Duke of Aosta / King of Spain (1870-73)
  • 1847Alice Sophia Stopford Green: Ireland -- Proponent of Irish independence
  • 1853Karl Fritjof Valentin: Composer
  • 1859Pierre Marie Felix Janet: France -- Psychologist / neurologist
  • 1867Arthur Vining Davis: Sharon, Massachusetts -- CEO (Alcoa-1910-57)
  • 1883Riccardo Zandonai: Composer
  • 1887Alexander Archipenko: Ukraine -- Sculptor / lithographer
  • 1887Gino Tagliapietra: Composer
  • 1888James A Farley: Postmaster General (1932-38)
  • 1891Iman J van den Bosch: Belgian resistance fighter
  • 1894Hubertus J van Mook: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1942-45)
  • 1896Howard Hawks: Goshen, Indiana -- Director / producer (Rio Bravo, Scarface)
  • 1901Cornelia Otis Skinner: Chicago, Illinois -- Writer (When Our Hearts Were Young & Gay)
  • 1902Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd: Archaeologist
  • 1902Stepin Fetchit [Lincoln Perry]: Florida, United States -- Actor (Miracle in Harlem)
  • 1903Ray Howard-Jones: Artist

Died on May 30

  • 0727Hubertus: Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht / saint, dies at about 72
  • 1035Boudouin IV: Count of Flanders (988-1035)
  • 1431Joan of Arc: Burned as a witch by English at Rouen at 19
  • 1574Charles IX: King of France (1560-74)
  • 1593Christopher Marlowe: British dramatist (Tamburlaine the Great), murdered
  • 1640Peter Paul Rubens: Flemish painter, dies at 62
  • 1718Arnold J van Keppel: Earl of Albemarle / General, dies at about 48
  • 1718Bernard Nieuwentyt: Physician / theologist, dies at 63
  • 1744Alexander Pope: English Poet (Eloisa to Abelard), dies at 56
  • 1746Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1778Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet]: French writer (Candide), dies at 42
  • 1791Ildephons Haas: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1797Carl Ludwig Junker: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1809Johan B Scheffer: Portrait painter, dies at about 43
  • 1833Josef Slavik: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1840Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 59
  • 1864James Barbour Terrill: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 26
  • 1865William Clarke Quantrill: Criminal / Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
  • 1870Gustave Vogt: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1906William Yeates Hurlstone: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1912Wilbur Wright: US aviation pioneer
  • 1918Georgi V Plechanov: Russian revolutionary theorist
  • 1919Lord John WS Raleigh: British physicist (Nobel 1904)
  • 1922David Mendes Chumaceiro: Curacaos Poet (Adelfas), dies at 45
  • 1923Camille Chevillard: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1935Lothar Windsperger: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1938Raden Sutomo: Indonesian freedom fighter, dies at 49
  • 1940Y de Smit-Rog: Eldest Dutchman, dies at 104
  • 1944Jessie Ralph: Actress (Good Earth, San Francisco), dies at 79
  • 1945Irma Laplasse: Flemish farmer / Nazi collaborator, executed

Historical events on May 31

  • 0070Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
  • 1417Jacoba van Bavarian becomes Countess of Holland / Zealand / Henegouwen
  • 1495Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella and Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1621Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night
  • 1634US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1659Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • 1678Lady Godiva rode naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes
  • 1696John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
  • 1727France, England and Netherlands sign accord of Paris
  • 1744French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • 1790US copyright law enacted
  • 1821Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • 1837Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • 1849Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • 1859Philadelphia Athletics organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
  • 1861Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1861Mint at New Orleans closes
  • 1862Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • 18681st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • 1868Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St. Cloud, Paris
  • 1870Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • 1870E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • 1878US Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation
  • 18791st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
  • 1879Madison Square Garden opens
  • 1880League of American Wheelmen (1st US Bicycle Association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1883French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • 1884Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • 1889Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn

Born on May 31

  • 1469Manuel I: King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration
  • 1472Erardus van der Mark: Prince-Bishop of Luik / Cardinal
  • 1557Theodorus I [Fedor Ivanovitsj]: Czar of Russia (1584-98)
  • 1656Marin Marias: Composer
  • 1664Giulio Alberoni: Spanish / Italian Minister / Cardinal
  • 1674Friedrich Erhard Niedt: Composer
  • 1701Alexander Cruden: Compiler of a concordance to King James Bible
  • 1744Richard Edgeworth: Writer, Bath
  • 1753Pierre V Vergniaud: French politician / police leader
  • 1773Ludwig Tieck: Writer
  • 1802Cesare Pugni: Composer
  • 1804Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer
  • 1809Franz Joseph Haydn: Vienna, Austria -- Composer
  • 1810Horatio Seymour: Gov (Union), died in 1886
  • 1817Edouard Deldevez: Composer
  • 1817Georg Herwegh: Writer
  • 1818John Albion Andrew: Gov (Union), died in 1867
  • 1837Ernest Daudet: French writer (White Terror)
  • 1837Joseph Grimaldi: London, England -- Clown
  • 1837William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1838Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 1857Pius XI [Ambrogio DA Ratti]: Italy -- 259th Pope (1922-39)
  • 1860Walter Richard Sickert Munich: Danish / English painter (The Miner)
  • 1861Emily Perkins Bissell: Welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • 1863Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer
  • 1864Albert J M Bakker: Dutch actor (Teun the night watch)
  • 1866Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov: Composer
  • 1872Charles G Abbot: United States -- Astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • 1872William Heath Robinson: England, United Kingdom -- Illustrator / cartoonist (Don Quixote)
  • 1875Italo Montemezzi: Composer

Died on May 31

  • 0455Petronius Maximus: Senator / Emperor of Rome, lynched
  • 1091Hendrik van Verdun: Bishop of Luik (1075-91)
  • 1198Moses ben Solomon Ha-Cohen: Rabbi of Mainz
  • 1504Engelbert II: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
  • 1551Aristotele "Basiano" da Sangallo: Italian set designer
  • 1594Tintoretto: Italian Mannerist painter, dies at 75
  • 1620Willem Louis: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies at 59
  • 1665Pieter J Saenredam: Dutch architectural painter, dies at 67
  • 1696Heinrich Schwemmer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1740Frederick-William I: King of Prussia (1713-1740), dies at 51
  • 1809Ferdinand von Schill: Prussian officer / rebel, dies in battle at 33
  • 1809Franz Josef Haydn: Austrian Composer (Jahreszeiten), dies at 77
  • 1837Joseph Grimaldi: Greatest clown (king of pantomime), dies at 57
  • 1854Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1862Robert Hatton: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 34
  • 1900James Loudon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1871-75), dies at 75
  • 1900John Power: Irish baronet / whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle
  • 1906Hermann Schell: German Theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • 1906King Alfonso XIII: Assassinated in Madrid
  • 1910Elizabeth Blackwell: 1st woman physician, dies at 89
  • 1916Horace Hood: British spy (Battle of Jutland), dies in battle
  • 1928Ludwig Enneccerus: German leader, dies at 85
  • 1928Manuel de Oliveira Lima: Brazilian historian, dies at 60
  • 1947Adrienne Ames: Actress (Black Sheep, 24 Hours), dies at 39
  • 1948Jose Vianna da Motta: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1952Walter Schellenberg: German lawyer / headed spy (Venlo)
  • 1955"Wild Bill" Vukovich: Killed in Indy 500
  • 1955Raoul Gunsbourg: Composer, dies at 95
  • 1960Willem Elsschot [Alfons de Ridder]: Flemish writer (Kas), dies at 78
  • 1962Adolf Eichmann: War criminal, hanged at Ramie Prison in Israel at 56