Events on May 31

  • 0070Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
  • 1417Jacoba van Bavarian becomes Countess of Holland / Zealand / Henegouwen
  • 1495Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella and Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1621Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night
  • 1634US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1659Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • 1678Lady Godiva rode naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes
  • 1696John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
  • 1727France, England and Netherlands sign accord of Paris
  • 1744French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • 1790US copyright law enacted
  • 1821Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • 1837Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • 1849Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • 1859Philadelphia Athletics organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
  • 1861Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1861Mint at New Orleans closes
  • 1862Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • 18681st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • 1868Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St. Cloud, Paris
  • 1870Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • 1870E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • 1878US Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation
  • 18791st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
  • 1879Madison Square Garden opens
  • 1880League of American Wheelmen (1st US Bicycle Association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1883French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • 1884Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • 1889Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn

Born on May 31

  • 1469Manuel I: King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration
  • 1472Erardus van der Mark: Prince-Bishop of Luik / Cardinal
  • 1557Theodorus I [Fedor Ivanovitsj]: Czar of Russia (1584-98)
  • 1656Marin Marias: Composer
  • 1664Giulio Alberoni: Spanish / Italian Minister / Cardinal
  • 1674Friedrich Erhard Niedt: Composer
  • 1701Alexander Cruden: Compiler of a concordance to King James Bible
  • 1744Richard Edgeworth: Writer, Bath
  • 1753Pierre V Vergniaud: French politician / police leader
  • 1773Ludwig Tieck: Writer
  • 1802Cesare Pugni: Composer
  • 1804Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer
  • 1809Franz Joseph Haydn: Vienna, Austria -- Composer
  • 1810Horatio Seymour: Gov (Union), died in 1886
  • 1817Edouard Deldevez: Composer
  • 1817Georg Herwegh: Writer
  • 1818John Albion Andrew: Gov (Union), died in 1867
  • 1837Ernest Daudet: French writer (White Terror)
  • 1837Joseph Grimaldi: London, England -- Clown
  • 1837William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1838Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 1857Pius XI [Ambrogio DA Ratti]: Italy -- 259th Pope (1922-39)
  • 1860Walter Richard Sickert Munich: Danish / English painter (The Miner)
  • 1861Emily Perkins Bissell: Welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • 1863Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer
  • 1864Albert J M Bakker: Dutch actor (Teun the night watch)
  • 1866Vladimir Ivanovich Rebikov: Composer
  • 1872Charles G Abbot: United States -- Astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • 1872William Heath Robinson: England, United Kingdom -- Illustrator / cartoonist (Don Quixote)
  • 1875Italo Montemezzi: Composer

Died on May 31

  • 0455Petronius Maximus: Senator / Emperor of Rome, lynched
  • 1091Hendrik van Verdun: Bishop of Luik (1075-91)
  • 1198Moses ben Solomon Ha-Cohen: Rabbi of Mainz
  • 1504Engelbert II: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
  • 1551Aristotele "Basiano" da Sangallo: Italian set designer
  • 1594Tintoretto: Italian Mannerist painter, dies at 75
  • 1620Willem Louis: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies at 59
  • 1665Pieter J Saenredam: Dutch architectural painter, dies at 67
  • 1696Heinrich Schwemmer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1740Frederick-William I: King of Prussia (1713-1740), dies at 51
  • 1809Ferdinand von Schill: Prussian officer / rebel, dies in battle at 33
  • 1809Franz Josef Haydn: Austrian Composer (Jahreszeiten), dies at 77
  • 1837Joseph Grimaldi: Greatest clown (king of pantomime), dies at 57
  • 1854Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1862Robert Hatton: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 34
  • 1900James Loudon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1871-75), dies at 75
  • 1900John Power: Irish baronet / whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle
  • 1906Hermann Schell: German Theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • 1906King Alfonso XIII: Assassinated in Madrid
  • 1910Elizabeth Blackwell: 1st woman physician, dies at 89
  • 1916Horace Hood: British spy (Battle of Jutland), dies in battle
  • 1928Ludwig Enneccerus: German leader, dies at 85
  • 1928Manuel de Oliveira Lima: Brazilian historian, dies at 60
  • 1947Adrienne Ames: Actress (Black Sheep, 24 Hours), dies at 39
  • 1948Jose Vianna da Motta: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1952Walter Schellenberg: German lawyer / headed spy (Venlo)
  • 1955"Wild Bill" Vukovich: Killed in Indy 500
  • 1955Raoul Gunsbourg: Composer, dies at 95
  • 1960Willem Elsschot [Alfons de Ridder]: Flemish writer (Kas), dies at 78
  • 1962Adolf Eichmann: War criminal, hanged at Ramie Prison in Israel at 56

Historical events on June 1

  • 0794Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt
  • 1283Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian / Bull market
  • 1459Pope Pius II opens Congress of Mantua
  • 14951st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1526Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief
  • 1533Anna Boleyn crowned Queen of England
  • 1562Emperor Ferdinand and Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
  • 1568Duke van Alva beheads 18 nobles in Brussels
  • 1608Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-Government
  • 16381st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649Czar Aleksei throws out English merchants from Moscow
  • 16571st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1679Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scottish
  • 1746French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 17891st US Congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
  • 1796Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 18081st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • 1834HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 18356th national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • 1836Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town
  • 1843It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
  • 1843Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
  • 1845Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1855US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 18611st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Virginia
  • 1861British territorial waters and ports off-limits during Civil War

Born on June 1

  • 1503Wilhelm von Grumbach: German lt col
  • 1549Allesandre Spontone: Composer
  • 1563Robert Cecil: Earl of Salisbury, English Prime Minister (1598-1612)
  • 1611Felician Schwab: Composer
  • 1653Georg Muffat: Composer
  • 1679Johan Runius: Swedish poet (Dudaim)
  • 1755Frederico Fiorillo: Italian violist / composer
  • 1757Ignaz J Pleyel: Austria -- Composer / piano builder (Piano method)
  • 1763Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer
  • 1765Christiane Vulpius: Wife of Johann W von Goethe
  • 1765Friedrich Ludwig Seidel: Composer
  • 1769Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer
  • 1771Ferdinando Paer: Composer
  • 1776John George Schetky: Composer
  • 1780Karl von Clausewitz: Prussian strategist
  • 1790Salomon J Rappoport: Czechoslovakia -- Rabbi / learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 1804Mikhail Ivan Glinka: Novosspaskoye, Russia -- Composer (Jota Aragonesa)
  • 1806John Buchanan Floyd: Ex-Secretary of War (Union), died in 1863
  • 1825John Hunt Morgan: Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
  • 1826Carl Bechstein: German piano inventor
  • 1826Hermann Zopff: Composer
  • 1831John Bell Hood: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1844Galusha Pennypacker: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1916
  • 1848Otto Valdemar Malling: Composer
  • 1858William W Campbell: Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream)
  • 1878John Masefield: England, United Kingdom -- 15th poet laureate (Salt-Water Ballads)
  • 1882John Drinkwater: English poet / playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • 1886Ernst Kurth: Austrian / Swiss musicologist
  • 1887Clive Brook: London, England -- Actor / director (List of Adrian Messenger)
  • 1890Frank Morgan [Francis P Wupperman]: NYC, New York -- Actor (Annie Get Your Gun)

Died on June 1

  • 0193Didius Julianus: Ship owner / Emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61
  • 1191Philips van de Elzas: Count of Vlanderen
  • 1340Jan III van Diest: Bishop of Utrecht (1322-40)
  • 1434Jagiello: King of Lithuania / Poland
  • 1568Duke of Alva: And 18 nobles, beheaded
  • 1568Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg: Calvinist leader, beheaded
  • 1713Johan Runius: Swedish Poet (Dudaim), dies at 34
  • 1729Matthaeus de Cock: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1725-29), dies at about 65
  • 1763Johann Caspar Vogler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1810Johann Paul Wessely: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1823Louis Nicholas Davout: French Field Marshal, dies at 53
  • 1846Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo A Cappellari] / Mauro: Pope dies at 80
  • 1861John Q Marr: US Union captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse
  • 1864Solomon George Washington Dill: Poor white ally of blacks, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in South Carolina
  • 1868James Buchanan: 15th US President (1857-61), dies at 77
  • 1876Christo Botew: Writer
  • 1909Giuseppe Martucci: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1910Francis S Haden: English surgeon / graphic artist, dies at 91
  • 1918Friedrich Richard Faltin: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1918Jaroslav Novotny: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1926Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1935Alberto Cametti: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1941Hugh S Walpole: British writer (Killer & the Slain)
  • 1942Ernest Pingoud: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1942Vladislav Vancura: Czech Physician / resistance fighter, executed at 50
  • 1943Leslie Howard: Actor (Romeo & Juliet), Nazis shot down his plane at 50
  • 1946Ion Antonescu: Fascist Premier / Dictator of Romania, executed
  • 1951Rafael Altamira Crevea: Spanish lawyer / historian, dies at 85
  • 1952John Dewey: US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92
  • 1955F Melius Christiansen: Composer, dies at 84