Events on Jun 1

  • 0794Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt
  • 1283Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian / Bull market
  • 1459Pope Pius II opens Congress of Mantua
  • 14951st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1526Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief
  • 1533Anna Boleyn crowned Queen of England
  • 1562Emperor Ferdinand and Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
  • 1568Duke van Alva beheads 18 nobles in Brussels
  • 1608Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-Government
  • 16381st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649Czar Aleksei throws out English merchants from Moscow
  • 16571st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1679Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scottish
  • 1746French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 17891st US Congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
  • 1796Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 18081st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • 1834HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 18356th national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • 1836Charles Darwin returns to Cape Town
  • 1843It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
  • 1843Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
  • 1845Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1855US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 18611st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Virginia
  • 1861British territorial waters and ports off-limits during Civil War

Born on Jun 1

  • 1503Wilhelm von Grumbach: German lt col
  • 1549Allesandre Spontone: Composer
  • 1563Robert Cecil: Earl of Salisbury, English Prime Minister (1598-1612)
  • 1611Felician Schwab: Composer
  • 1653Georg Muffat: Composer
  • 1679Johan Runius: Swedish poet (Dudaim)
  • 1755Frederico Fiorillo: Italian violist / composer
  • 1757Ignaz J Pleyel: Austria -- Composer / piano builder (Piano method)
  • 1763Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer
  • 1765Christiane Vulpius: Wife of Johann W von Goethe
  • 1765Friedrich Ludwig Seidel: Composer
  • 1769Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer
  • 1771Ferdinando Paer: Composer
  • 1776John George Schetky: Composer
  • 1780Karl von Clausewitz: Prussian strategist
  • 1790Salomon J Rappoport: Czechoslovakia -- Rabbi / learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 1804Mikhail Ivan Glinka: Novosspaskoye, Russia -- Composer (Jota Aragonesa)
  • 1806John Buchanan Floyd: Ex-Secretary of War (Union), died in 1863
  • 1825John Hunt Morgan: Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
  • 1826Carl Bechstein: German piano inventor
  • 1826Hermann Zopff: Composer
  • 1831John Bell Hood: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1844Galusha Pennypacker: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1916
  • 1848Otto Valdemar Malling: Composer
  • 1858William W Campbell: Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream)
  • 1878John Masefield: England, United Kingdom -- 15th poet laureate (Salt-Water Ballads)
  • 1882John Drinkwater: English poet / playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • 1886Ernst Kurth: Austrian / Swiss musicologist
  • 1887Clive Brook: London, England -- Actor / director (List of Adrian Messenger)
  • 1890Frank Morgan [Francis P Wupperman]: NYC, New York -- Actor (Annie Get Your Gun)

Died on Jun 1

  • 0193Didius Julianus: Ship owner / Emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61
  • 1191Philips van de Elzas: Count of Vlanderen
  • 1340Jan III van Diest: Bishop of Utrecht (1322-40)
  • 1434Jagiello: King of Lithuania / Poland
  • 1568Duke of Alva: And 18 nobles, beheaded
  • 1568Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg: Calvinist leader, beheaded
  • 1713Johan Runius: Swedish Poet (Dudaim), dies at 34
  • 1729Matthaeus de Cock: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1725-29), dies at about 65
  • 1763Johann Caspar Vogler: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1810Johann Paul Wessely: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1823Louis Nicholas Davout: French Field Marshal, dies at 53
  • 1846Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo A Cappellari] / Mauro: Pope dies at 80
  • 1861John Q Marr: US Union captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse
  • 1864Solomon George Washington Dill: Poor white ally of blacks, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in South Carolina
  • 1868James Buchanan: 15th US President (1857-61), dies at 77
  • 1876Christo Botew: Writer
  • 1909Giuseppe Martucci: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1910Francis S Haden: English surgeon / graphic artist, dies at 91
  • 1918Friedrich Richard Faltin: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1918Jaroslav Novotny: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1926Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1935Alberto Cametti: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1941Hugh S Walpole: British writer (Killer & the Slain)
  • 1942Ernest Pingoud: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1942Vladislav Vancura: Czech Physician / resistance fighter, executed at 50
  • 1943Leslie Howard: Actor (Romeo & Juliet), Nazis shot down his plane at 50
  • 1946Ion Antonescu: Fascist Premier / Dictator of Romania, executed
  • 1951Rafael Altamira Crevea: Spanish lawyer / historian, dies at 85
  • 1952John Dewey: US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92
  • 1955F Melius Christiansen: Composer, dies at 84

Historical events on June 2

  • 0455A D Gaiseric and the Vandals sacked Rome
  • 0575Benedict I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0657St. Eugene I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1619England and Netherlands signs treaty about business in the Indies
  • 1625Prince Frederik Henry sworn in as Viceroy of Holland / Zealand
  • 1627English King Charles I establishes Guyana Company
  • 1633Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Rhine at Cologne
  • 1676Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch / Spanish fleet
  • 1697Monarch August van Saksen becomes Catholic
  • 1746Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • 1774England passed Quartering Act, mandating Colonists must board English troops in their homes
  • 1780Anti Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 18345th national black convention meet (NYC)
  • 1835P T Barnum and his circus begin 1st tour of US
  • 18511st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 1857James Gibbs, Va, patents chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • 1862Gen Robert E Lee takes command of Confederate armies of East Virginia and North Carolina
  • 1863Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves
  • 1864Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2
  • 1865At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
  • 1866Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • 1875James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • 1881Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • 1882Pierre de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris
  • 18831st night baseball under lights, Ft Wayne Indiana
  • 1886Grover Cleveland is 1st to wed during presidency (Frances Folsom)
  • 1896Guglielmo Marconi patents the radio
  • 1899Black Americans observed day of fasting to protest lynchings
  • 1901Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY)
  • 19022nd statewide initiative and referendum law adopted, in Oregon

Born on June 2

  • 1491Henry VIII: King of England (1509-47)
  • 1504George / Joris van Egmont: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1577Giovanni Righi: Composer
  • 1614Benjamin Rogers: Composer
  • 1624Jan III Sobieski: King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1715Herman-Francois Delange: Composer
  • 1751Antoni Weinert: Composer
  • 1758Cornelis R T Krayenhoff: Dutch fortress engineer / cartographer
  • 1759Jan Ekels [the Young]: Dutch painter
  • 1777Christian Traugott Tag: Composer
  • 1802Adrian van der Hoop, Jr.: Dutch poet / critic
  • 1803Michail I Glinka: Russian composer
  • 1806Isaac Strauss: Composer
  • 1807Robert Fuhrer: Composer
  • 1815Philip Kearny: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1821Ion Bratianu: (Lib), Premier of Romania (1876-88)
  • 1828James Cutler Dunn Parker: Composer
  • 1830Olivier Metra: Composer
  • 1831Jan G Palm: Bandmaster / choir master / composer
  • 1835Pius X [Giuseppe Sarto]: 257th Roman Catholic Pope (1903-14)
  • 1840Thomas Hardy: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / Novelist (Far from the Madding Crowd)
  • 1842Constantly AM Cap: Flemish poet / etcher
  • 1849Paul-Albert Besnard: French painter / graphic artist (La femme)
  • 1857Edward William Elgar: Broadheath, England -- Composer (Pomp & Circumstance)
  • 1857Karl Adolph Gjellerup: Denmark -- Poet (Poutnici Svetem, Nobel 1917)
  • 1858Harry Rowe Shelley: Composer
  • 1863Paul Felix Weingartner: Germany -- Conductor (Zara, Dalmatia)
  • 1864Ben Webster: London, England -- Actor (Old Curiosity Shop)
  • 1876Hakon Borresen: Composer
  • 1879Adolf Herckenrath: Flemish playwright / poet (Avondvlam)

Died on June 2

  • 0657Eugene I: Italian Pope (654-7)
  • 1564Gellius Faber [Jelle Smit]: Fries theologist
  • 1572Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk: English Earl, executed at 36
  • 1575Pieter Aertsen [Long Worm]: Painter, dies at about 65
  • 1597Diederik Sonoy: German / Netherlands Governor of Northern quarter, dies at 67
  • 1632Ernst Casimir: Count of Nassau-Dietz / Mayor of Friesland, dies at 58
  • 1639Floris II van Pallandt: Earl of Culemborg / politician, dies at 62
  • 1676John de Haen: Vice-admiral (Kijkduin / Palermo), dies in battle
  • 1678Pieter the Great: Regent / diplomat, dies at 63
  • 1750Johann Valentin Rathgeber: German composer, dies at 68
  • 1812John W de Winter: Dutch Vice-Admiral, dies at battle at Kamperduin at 51
  • 1839Wijnand YY Nuijen: Painter / lithographer (Wrecked), dies at 26
  • 1864George Pierce Doles: US businessman / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 34
  • 1865John E Feisser: Founder (1st Dutch baptist church), dies at 59
  • 1873Francois Hainl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1879E Louis JJ Napoleon Bonaparte: Crown prince, dies in battle at 23
  • 1882Guiseppi Garibaldi: Italian rebel leader, dies at 74
  • 1896Gerhard Rohlfs: German explorer (Abbsynia / Ethiopia)
  • 1901James A Herne [J Aherne]: US playwright (Margaret Fleming)
  • 1908Redvers H Buller: English General, dies at 68
  • 1927Eduard GHH Cuypers: Architect (De Hooge Vuursche), dies at 67
  • 1927Freidrich Hegar: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1927Lizzie Borden: Accused murderer, dies at 68
  • 1937Louis Vierne: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1940Willem E Roelofs: Painter / cartoonist
  • 1941Lou Gehrig: 1st baseman (New York Yankee), dies at 37 of ALS in Riverdale, New York
  • 1947Hermann Darewsky: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1949Dynam-Victor Fumet: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1949Ernest Ford: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1950Stanislas Bizot: French checker player (world champ 1925), dies at 70