Events on Jun 8

  • 0065Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
  • 0068Rome Senate accepts Emperor Galba
  • 0452Italy invaded by Attila the Hun
  • 0536St. Silverius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0570Religion of Islam (submission) founded in Mecca
  • 0793Vikings plunder St. Cuthbert convent Lindisfarne
  • 0979Louis V de Luie, crowned King of France
  • 1551Pope Julius III excommunicates Duke Ottario Farnese of Parma
  • 1624Earthquake strikes Peru
  • 1632Prince Frederik Henry conquerors Sittard
  • 1663Battle at Amegical: English and Portugese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1694English troop landing at Brest attack (300 killed)
  • 1761British fleet occupies Belle Britain
  • 1783Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
  • 1786Commercially made ice cream 1st advertised (Mr Hall, NYC)
  • 181539 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • 1824Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec
  • 18291st UK municipal swimming pool outside of London, opens in Liverpool
  • 1834HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • 1846Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 1856Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
  • 1861People of Tennessee vote to succeed from Union
  • 1861US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • 1862Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • 1869Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner (it sucks)
  • 1872Congress endorses penny post card
  • 188216th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Forester wins in 2:43
  • 18861st Civil Rights Act passes
  • 1889Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Boscombe Valley Mystery" (BG)

Born on Jun 8

  • 1318Eleonora Plantagenet: Daughter of King Eduard II / Wife of Reinald II
  • 1625Giovanni D Cassini: Perinaldo, France -- Discoverer (4 moons of Saturn)
  • 1652William Dampier: English explorer / pirate
  • 1671Tomaso Albinoni: Italian composer (Adagio in G-minor)
  • 1722Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht: Composer
  • 1724John Smeaton: Leeds, England -- Civil Engineer
  • 1740Gabriele Mario Piozzi: Composer
  • 1743Alessandro Cagliostro: Palermo, Italy -- Adventurer
  • 1753Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac: Composer
  • 1756Cornelis van Foreest: Mayor of Alkmaar
  • 1759Thomas Dunham Whitaker: Rainham, Norfolk -- Topographer
  • 1772Robert Stevenson: Glasgow, Scotland -- Civil Engineer
  • 1783Joseph Lincke: Composer
  • 1804Jan Baptist van Son: Dutch politician (RC)
  • 1805Luigi Ricci: Composer
  • 1806Gideon Johnson Pillow: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878
  • 1812Spyridon Xyndas: Composer
  • 1813David Dixon Porter: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1891
  • 1814Charles Reade: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Cloister & Hearth)
  • 1821John Dunlap Stevenson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1821Samuel White Baker: London, England -- Explorer (Ceylon / Egypt)
  • 1824James Loudon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1824William Montgomery Gardner: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1829John Everett Millais: England, United Kingdom -- Painter (Order of Release)
  • 1834George Garrett: Composer
  • 1837Jan Kleczynski: Composer
  • 1837Moriz Heyne: German germanist (Beowulf)
  • 1847Ida Sazton McKinley: 1st lady (1897-1901)
  • 1849Juliaan Dillens: Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument)
  • 1856Natalia Janotha: Composer

Died on Jun 8

  • 0218Opellius Macrinus: Emperor of Rome (217-8), dies in battle at 54
  • 0632Mohammed: Prophet of Islam (Koran), dies (according to tradition)
  • 1042Hardicanute: King of England (1040-42), Lambeth
  • 1115Peter van Amiens: French Minister of crusades, dies at about 64
  • 1376"Black Prince" of Wales: Son of King Edward of England, dies at 46
  • 1612Hans Leo Hassler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1661John Elsevier: Book publisher / publisher, dies at 39
  • 1688Hans Bontemantel: Amsterdams merchant, buried
  • 1695Christian Huygens: Inventor / astronomer (ring of Saturn), dies at 66
  • 1711Katharina Lescaille [Netherlands Sappho]: Poetess, dies at 61
  • 1742Omobono Stradivari: Italian violin maker / Son of Antonius, dies at 62
  • 1768Johann J Winckelmann: German archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 1790Charles-Joseph van Helmont: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1795Louis XVII Charles: King of France (1793-95), dies at 10
  • 1796Felice de Giardini: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1803Joannes Natalis Paquot: Belgian priest / historian, dies at 80
  • 1806George Wythe: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 79
  • 1809Thomas Paine: Writer (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72
  • 1814Friedrich Heinrich Himmel: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1831Sarah Kemble Siddons: English actress (Lady Macbeth), dies at 75
  • 1845Andrew Jackson: (D) 7th President (1828-37), dies at 78
  • 1865Joseph Paxton: Designer (Crystal Palace)
  • 1870Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1871Satank: Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
  • 1876George Sand: French Author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 1884Henry Clay Work: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1889Gerard Manley Hopkins: Poet, dies at 54
  • 1906Christian Frederik Emil Horneman: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1908Johan Lindegren: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1919Jacob Fabricius: Composer, dies at 78

Historical events on June 9

  • 0641Arabic / Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 0922French Republic chooses Robert I, King of France
  • 1075Battle at Homburg / Unstrut: German King Henry IV beats Saksen
  • 1525Tax revolt in Hertogenbosch
  • 1531Pope Clemens VII and Francois I sign secret treaty against Karel V
  • 1534Jacques Cartier 1st sails into mouth of St. Lawrence River
  • 1549Book of Common Prayer is adopted by the Church of England
  • 1549England enforces Act of Supremacy
  • 1572Willem van Oranges army occupies Gelderland
  • 1588Spanish Armada sails from Lisbon to England
  • 16281st deportation from what is now US, Thomas Morton from Massachusetts
  • 1720Sweden and Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1732Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • 1742Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia
  • 1752French army surrenders to the English in Trichinopoly India
  • 17721st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 17721st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
  • 1784John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 1789Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver I
  • 17901st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"
  • 1802US Academy at West Point founded
  • 1822Charles Graham patents false teeth
  • 1851San Francisco Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • 18601st "dime" novel issued "Malaesk The Indian Wife of the White Hunter"
  • 1862Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
  • 1863Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)
  • 1864Battle of Big Shanty, Georgia
  • 1864Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia (Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha)
  • 1865Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi
  • 18681st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California

Born on June 9

  • 1510Nicolaas van Nieuwland: Corrupt 1st Bishop of Harlem
  • 1573Henricus Hondius: Dutch etcher / publisher
  • 1588Johann Andreas Herbst: Composer
  • 1597Pieter J Saenredam: Architecture painter
  • 1640Leopold I: Holy Roman Emperor (1658-1705)
  • 1791John Howard Payne: United States -- Author / actor / diplomat (Home Sweet Home)
  • 1810Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai: Composer
  • 1812Johann G Galle: German astronomer (discovered Neptune)
  • 1828Carlo Marsili: Composer
  • 1829Gaetano Braga: Composer
  • 1833John Rogers Cooke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1836Elizabeth Garrett Anderson: 1st woman Mayor in England (Aldeburgh)
  • 1843Bertha von Suttner: Austria -- Novelist / pacifist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1849Joseph Vezina: Composer
  • 1854Gerardus J P J Bolland: Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • 1861Floris H Verster [van Wulverhorst]: Painter / cartoonist / etcher
  • 1865Alberic Magnard: Composer
  • 1865Carl Nielsen: Norre-Lyndelse, Denmark -- Composer (Det Uuslukkelige)
  • 1875Henry Dale: London, England -- Physiologist (Nobel-1936)
  • 1877Rudolf Borchardt: Writer
  • 1879Dudley Digges
  • 1879Oscar Back: Austrian-Dutch viola player
  • 1884Johannes Clinge Doorenbos: Dutch journalist / conductor
  • 1886Kusaku Yamada: Composer
  • 1888Hugo Kauder: Composer
  • 1890Leslie Banks: English actor / director (Jamaica Inn, 48 Hours)
  • 1893Samuel N Behrman: US screenwriter (Tale of 2 Cities, Daddy Long Legs)
  • 1896Aura Abranches: Lisbon, Portugal -- Actress (Lisboa, O Primo Basilio)
  • 1896Catherine Filene Shouse: Philanthropist (Wolf Trap Institute)
  • 1898C Malaparte: Writer

Died on June 9

  • 0068Claudius Nero: Roman Emperor (54-68), commits suicide at 31
  • 1171Jacob Ben Meir [Rabbenu Tam]: French Tosofist
  • 1361Philippe de Vitry: French Composer / poet, dies at 69
  • 1382Philip of Lead: Lawyer of Utrecht
  • 1597Jose de Anchieta: Spanish Jesuit / missionary
  • 1656Thomas Tomkins: Composer
  • 1681William Lilly: English astrologer
  • 1717Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Mothe-Guyon: French mystic, dies at 69
  • 1717Louis Le Quointe: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1820Wilhelmina FS: Princess of Prussia / Orange, dies at 68
  • 1825M Pauline Bonaparte: Corsican Duchess of Parma / Guastalla, dies at 44
  • 1832Manuel Garcia: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1839Gerrit J Pijman: Dutch Minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • 1863Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis: Union major, dies in battle at 30
  • 1868James Brooke: Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68)
  • 1870Charles Dickens: English writer (David Copperfield), dies at 58
  • 1870Erik Drake: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1892Friedrich Wilhelm Langhans: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1897Alvin Graham Clark: Dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens
  • 1901Walter Besant: Novelist / philanthropist
  • 1907Manuel Estrada Vabrera: President Guatemala, murdered
  • 1908Jose FdT Coelho: Portuguese writer (Os meus amores), dies at 46
  • 1911Carry Amelia Moore Nation: American temperance leader
  • 1922Albert Baertsoen: Flemish Painter / etcher, dies at 56
  • 1929Lewis Bennison
  • 1931Henrique Oswald: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1932Natalia Janotha: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1939Owen Moore: Actor (She Done Him Wrong), commits suicide at 52
  • 194499 inhabitants of Tulle hanged by SS
  • 1946Rama VIII: King of Siam (1935-46), dies at 21