Events on Jun 12

  • 1523Frisian rebel leader Jancko Douwama arrested
  • 1534Turkish Admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder Naples
  • 1552Land guardians of the Netherlands attacks Verdun
  • 1553King Edward VI accept Archbishop Cranmers "42 Articles"
  • 1575William of Orange marries Charlotte de Bourbon
  • 1665English rename New Amsterdam, NY, after Dutch pull out
  • 1672French army under General Turenne crosses Rhine at Lobith
  • 1683Rye House-plot against English King Charles II uncovered
  • 1691Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • 1701Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
  • 1714Prussia and Russia sign secret treaty
  • 17751st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • 1776Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
  • 1787Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
  • 1792George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver BC
  • 1812Napoleon invades Russia
  • 1819Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang Sumatra
  • 1838Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 1838Iowa Territory forms
  • 18391st baseball game played in America
  • 1840Meteorite hits Uden, Netherlands
  • 1845George Abernethy becomes 1st Governor of Oregon Country
  • 1849Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky)
  • 1859Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered
  • 1861Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state
  • 1864Lee sends Early into Shenandoah Valley
  • 1867Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • 18801st baseball perfect game-John Richmond of Worcester beats Cleveland
  • 1885Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • 1889Single tornado kills 119, injures 146 (New Richmond Wisc)

Born on Jun 12

  • 1468Juan del Encina: Composer
  • 1519Cosmos de Medici: Art Patron (Accademia del Disegno)
  • 1526Marc-Antoine de Muret: Composer
  • 1599Jan W van Brederode: Governor (Hertogenbosch) / Field Marshal
  • 1771Patrick Gass: Falling Springs, Pennsylvania -- Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1795John Marston, Jr.: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 1798Samuel Cooper: Secretary of War / General (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1819Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot]: England, United Kingdom -- Vicar / historian (Westward Ho!)
  • 1821Henry Moses Judah: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1825John Cook: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1829Johanna Spyri: Switzerland -- Writer (Heidi)
  • 1842Rikard Nordraak: Composer
  • 1851Oliver Joseph Lodge: England, United Kingdom -- Early radio pioneer
  • 1857Achille Simonetti: Composer
  • 1874Willem Louis Frederic Landre: Composer
  • 1876Narciso Garay: Composer
  • 1877Thomas C Hart: US Admiral (Asiatic fleet)
  • 1878James O Curwood: United States -- Journalist / writer (Kazan the wolfdog)
  • 1881Juan de Hernandez: Composer
  • 1885Werner Erich Josten: Elberfeld, Germany -- Composer (Jungle)
  • 1890Egon Schiele: Austrian painter / graphic artist
  • 1892John Donald Robb: Composer
  • 1893Kommer Kleijn: Dutch actor / radio play director (Paul Vlaanderen)
  • 1897Alexandre Tansman: Lodz, Poland -- Composer (Dyptique)
  • 1897Anthony Eden: Earl of Avon (C), British Prime Minister (1955-57)
  • 1900Amadeo Roldan: Composer
  • 1900Betsy van Es: Flemish actress (Sonna)
  • 1902Hendrik J Elias: Flemish historian / (mayor-Ghent)
  • 1904Eino Roiha: Composer
  • 1907Giorgio Nataletti: Composer

Died on Jun 12

  • 0816Leo III: Italian Pope (795-816)
  • 1231Antonius van Padua [Fernando M de Bulhom]: Port minister, dies at 35
  • 1490Adriaan Vilain II of Rassegem: Peace of Tours, murdered at about 39
  • 1616Cornelis F Schuyt: Dutch Organist / Composer (Madrigalen)
  • 1675Charles Emanuel II: Duke of Savoy (1638-75), dies at 40
  • 1687Jurriaen van Streeck: Dutch still life painter, buried
  • 1761Meinrad Spiess: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1778Philip Livingston: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1788Johann A Cramer: Prime Minister / poet, dies at 65
  • 1789Jean E Liotard [Turk]: Swiss Painter (Maria-Theresia)
  • 1850Jean V Constant de Rebecque: Swiss / Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • 1853John C de Jonge: Dutch Historian / archivist, dies at 60
  • 1858Cornelis Smit: Dutch ship builder / ship owner, dies at 74
  • 1858William Horsley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1878Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
  • 1887Gustav Weber: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1888Carel Vosmaer: Art Historian / Poet / editor (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 62
  • 1917Maria Teresa Carreno: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1922Wolfgang Kapp: German politician (Kapp putsch 1920), dies at 63
  • 1928Salvador Diaz Miron: Mexicans poet
  • 1932Theodorus Heemskerk: Lawyer / Dutch Secretary of State (1866..88), dies at 79
  • 1936Isidore Weiss: French world checker champion
  • 1936Karl Kraus: Writer, dies at 62
  • 1942Walter Leigh: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1946Count Hisaichi Terauchi: Japanese Field Marshal
  • 1947Jazeps Medins: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1952Michael von Faulhaber: Cardinal / Archbishop of Munich, dies at 83
  • 1957James F "Jimmy" Dorsey: US orchestra leader, dies at 53
  • 1962John N Ireland: English Composer / pianist (Epic March), dies at 82
  • 1963Andrew Browne: Irish / British Admiral (Cape Matapan, WWII), dies at 80

Historical events on June 13

  • 1325Sheik Ibn Battuta begins 1st world trip, Tangiers to Mecca
  • 1392Assassination attempt on Pierre de Craon Van Clisson of France, fails
  • 1547King Ferdinand of Austria subjects himself on Turkish Sultan Suleiman
  • 1611John Fabricius dedicates earliest sunspot publication
  • 1625English King Charles I marries French Princess Henriette
  • 1633Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • 1655Adriana Nooseman-van de Bergh is 1st actress in Amsterdam theater
  • 1665Sea battle at Lowestoft: English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1721England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • 1727Spain underwrites Preliminairy of Paris
  • 1753Austria, England and Modena sign secret military treaty
  • 1774Rhode Island becomes 1st colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • 1777Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • 1777Marquis de Lafayette lands in US
  • 1789Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington
  • 1792King Louis XVI fires French government
  • 1798Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California
  • 1825Walter Hunt patents safety pin
  • 18371st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
  • 1863Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon, " Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1863Skirmish at Berryville Virginia
  • 1865President Johnson proclaims reconstruction confederate states
  • 1866House passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights for blacks)
  • 1868Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
  • 1871Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • 1878Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization
  • 1886Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, BC
  • 1888Congress creates Department of Labor
  • 1890Eagle Ave in the Bronx is cut out and named
  • 1898Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital

Born on June 13

  • 0040Gnaeus Julius Agricola: Roman General; conquered Wales, North England
  • 0823Charles II [the Bald]: King of France (843-77) / Emperor (875-77)
  • 1539Jost / Jobst / Jodocus Amman: Switzerland -- Cartoonist / graphic artist / illustrator
  • 1592Tobias Michael: Composer
  • 1612Karel van Croij: Prince of Chimay / Duke of Aarschot
  • 1627Fidel Molitor: Composer
  • 1701Angelo Antonio Caroli: Composer
  • 1736Henryk Klein: Composer
  • 1752Fanny Burney: England, United Kingdom -- Author (Camille, Evelina)
  • 1757Christian Ludwig Dieter: Composer
  • 1761Anton Wranitzky: Composer
  • 1763Jose B de Andrada e Silva: Premier of Brazil
  • 1765Anton Eberl: Composer
  • 1773Thomas Young: British philologist / Physician (light interference)
  • 1775Antoni Henryk Radziwill: Composer
  • 1786Winfield Scott: Army General (Union) / presidential candidate
  • 1795Thomas Arnold: English educator / historian (History of Rome)
  • 1806Bernard ter Haar: Dutch vicar / poet / church historian
  • 1809George Philip St Cooke: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1895
  • 1820WF Hendrik [the Navigator]: Prince of the Netherlands / Admiral
  • 1821Albert duc de Broglie: France -- Premier (1873-74, 1977)
  • 1821Gustavus Vasa Fox: Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Union), died in 1883
  • 1823Gustave Paul Cluseret: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1824Julius Eichberg: Composer
  • 1825Benjamin Jefferson Hill: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1829Antonio Zamara: Composer
  • 1831James Clerk Maxwell: Scotish physicist (electromagnetic theory)
  • 1854Charles Algernon Parsons: British inventor (steam turbine)
  • 1863Josef Venantius von Woss: Composer
  • 1865William Butler Yeats: Ireland -- Poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923)

Died on June 13

  • 1142Godfried II: Duke of Brabant / Neth-Lotharingen
  • 1371Jan V of Virneburg: Bishop of Utrecht (Pledge Vollenhove)
  • 1550Johann Spangenberg: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1550Veronica Gambara: Italian poet, dies at 64
  • 1612Charles van Croij: Prince of Chimay, dies at 51
  • 1665Auke Stellingwerf: Lieutenant Admiral of Friesland, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1665Egbert Meussen Kortenaer: Vice-admiral, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1665Jacob van Wassenaer [Foggy Obdam]: Lieutenant Admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1810J G Seume: Writer, dies at 47
  • 1825Johan Peter Melchior: German sculptor, dies at 82
  • 1839Martin-Pierre Dalvimare: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1865Cleaveland J Campbell: Union Brigadier General, dies at about 29
  • 1873Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1886Ludwig II: King of Bavaria, drowns, dies at 40
  • 1905Theodoros Delyannis: Premier Greece, murdered
  • 1905Tippo-Tip [Hamed ben Mohammed]: Zanzibar merchant, dies at about 67
  • 1920Essad Pasja: Albanian military man / minister, murdered at peace confer
  • 1927Henry CK "Clan" Petty-Fitzmaurice: Gov of India (1888-94), dies at 82
  • 1928Damaso Ledesma: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1939Volter A Kilpi: Finnish writer (Suljetuilla Porteilla), dies at 64
  • 1946Edward Bowes: Radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour), dies at 71
  • 1952Max Pulver: Writer
  • 1954Nikolai Obouhov: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1961Ben Jones: Missouri, United States -- Whirlaway), dies at 79
  • 1962Eugene Goossens: British Composer (Perseus), dies at 69
  • 1965Martin Buber: German / Israel philosopher / zionist / theologist, dies at 87
  • 1972Clyde L Mcphatter: US singer (Drifters-Without Love), dies at 39
  • 1973Alvin Derold Etler: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1976Don Bolles: US journalist (against Arizona)
  • 1977Tom C Clark: Former Supreme Court Justice (1949-67), dies in New York at 77