Events on Jun 14

  • 1565Catharina de Medici and Duke of Alva discuss Calvinism
  • 1597At 4:30 AM Willem Barents leaves Novaya Zemlya for Netherlands
  • 1615Jacques Le Maire sail to Zuidland / Terra Australis
  • 16231st breach-of-promise lawsuit: Rev Gerville Pooley, Va files against Cicely Jordan, he loses
  • 1634Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 16421st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts
  • 1645Battle at Naseby Leicester: New Model army under Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax beats royalists
  • 1647English New Model-army installed
  • 1658Battle at Dunes: English and French fleet beat Spanish
  • 1673Battle at Schooneveld: Michiel de Ruyter beats French / English fleet
  • 17551e edition of Dr Johnsons "Dictionary"
  • 1775US Army founded
  • 1777Continental Congress adopts Stars and Stripes replacing Grand Union flag
  • 1789Captain William Blighs reaches Timor
  • 1800Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs. Austria
  • 1834Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • 1834Isaac Fischer Jr patents sandpaper
  • 1834Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
  • 18391st Henley Regatta held
  • 18411st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • 1846Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • 1846California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma
  • 1846California declares independence from Mexico
  • 1847Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
  • 1863Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864Congress rules Black soldiers must receive equal pay
  • 1864US Union warship USS Kearsarge appears at Cherbourg
  • 1870All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
  • 18761st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise

Born on Jun 14

  • 1529Ferdinand: Archduke (Austria) / Mayor (Bohemia)
  • 1657Cornelis Cruys [Niels Olsen Creutz]: Norwegian / Dutch Admiral
  • 1691Jan Francisci: Composer
  • 1760Candido Jose Ruano: Composer
  • 1763Johannes Simon Mayr: Composer
  • 1769Dominique Della-Maria: Composer
  • 1805Robert Anderson: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1871
  • 1820John Bartlett: United States -- Editor (compiled Familiar Quotations)
  • 1821Jozef Lies: Flemish painter
  • 1835Nikolay Rubinstein: Composer
  • 1836Thomas Wilberforce Egan: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1844Edouard Naville: Switzerland -- Egyptologist
  • 1854Frederik Rung: Composer
  • 1855Robert Marion La Follette: Wisconsin, United States -- Presidential Candidate (Progressive)
  • 1856Andrey Markov: Russia -- Mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • 1865Auguste Jean Maria Charles Serieyx: Composer
  • 1868Karl Landsteiner: Austria -- Immunologist / pathologist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1874Edward Bowes: Radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour)
  • 1882Ion Antonescu: Fascist Premier / Dictator of Roemenia
  • 1882Michael Zadora: Composer
  • 1883Lucien Cerfaux: Belgian bible expert
  • 1884John McCormack: Irish / US singer (Irish folksongs)
  • 1889Victor van Straelen: Flemish biologist / palaeontologist
  • 1895Cliff Edwards: Hannibal, Missouri -- Singer (When You Wish Upon a Star)
  • 1895Louis Finkelstein: US historian / theologist (Pharizees)
  • 1899Kawabata Yasunari: Zen writer (Nobel Literature 1968)
  • 1900June Walker: Illinois, United States -- Actress (War Nurse, Unforgiven)
  • 1903Arthur William Raynes McDonald: Radar Pioneer / pilot
  • 1904Benno Ammann: Composer
  • 1906Gil Lamb: Minneapolis, Minnesota -- Actor (Hit Parade of 1947, Riding High)

Died on Jun 14

  • 1594Orlandus Lassus: Composer (Prophet sybillarum), dies at about 61
  • 1594Roland de Lassus: Composer
  • 1709Gottfried Wegner: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1727Cornelis Cruys: Norwegian / Dutch Admiral, dies at 70
  • 1744Andre Campra: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1750Franz Anton Maichelbeck: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1752Charles-Antoine Coypel: French carpet designer, dies at 57
  • 1752Daniel Marot: French / Netherlands, Architect / engraver, dies at about 88
  • 1789Johann Wilhelm Hertel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1801Benedict Arnold: Revolutionary War General, dies in London
  • 1828Charles Augustus: Grand Duke of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 1828Charles: Duke of Prussia, dies at 70
  • 1864Leonidas Polk: General, killed in action in Battle of Pine Mountain
  • 1873Friedrich von Raumer: German Historian / parliamentarian, dies at 92
  • 1885Agustin Bethencourt: Venezuelan publisher on Curacao, dies at 58
  • 1891Nicolo Gabrielli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1907A Adolf Daens: Belgian priest / politician (CVP)
  • 1911Johan Severin Svendsen: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1927Johanna C P Barbiers: Actress (Voddenraper of Paris), dies at 79
  • 1928Emmeline Pankhurst-Goulden: English feminist
  • 1933Albert Ross Parsons: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1936Gilbert K Chesterton: English writer / Poet (Father Brown)
  • 1941Pieter J Kromsigt: Theologist / publicist (John Knox), dies at 74
  • 1944Lubor Niederle: Czech archaeologist / slavist, dies at 78
  • 1944Robert H Iseley: US pilot / lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • 1948Ernst Henrik Ellberg: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1948John Blackwood McEwen: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1951Hendrik Baels: Belgian politician, dies at 73
  • 1960Ana Pauker-Rabensohn: Romanian Foreign Minister (1945-52), dies at 67
  • 1960Vladimir Nikolayevich Kryukov: Composer, dies at 57

Historical events on June 15

  • 1094Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren
  • 1215King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England
  • 1219King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
  • 1246Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1389Battle of Kossovo; Turks defeat Serbs, Bosnians
  • 1567Battle at Carberry Scot: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwells army
  • 1567Genoa Italy expels Jews
  • 1590Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther
  • 1626King Charles I disbands English parliament
  • 1643Able Tasmania returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • 1741Captain Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America
  • 1762Austria uses 1st paper currency
  • 1775George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
  • 1779General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
  • 180412th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing President
  • 1808Jozef Napoleon becomes King of Spain
  • 1834Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1836Arkansas becomes 25th state
  • 1844Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
  • 1851Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 1857San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 18601st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • 1861Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry
  • 1862Gen JEB Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"
  • 18632nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
  • 1864Battle for Petersburg begins as General Grant assaults Confederate line
  • 1864Captain Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
  • 1864Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • 1866Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1869Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, New York

Born on June 15

  • 1221Frederik II [Strijdbare]: Duke of Austria
  • 1330Edward [the black prince]: Prince of Wales (1343-1376)
  • 1542Richard Grenville: English parliament leader / Vice-Admiral (Roanoke)
  • 1553Ernst: Archduke of Austria / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1623Cornelis de Witt: Dutch Statesman (Chatham)
  • 1636Johann David Mayer: Composer
  • 1638Samuel Apostool: Dutch vicar / theologist (The Sun)
  • 1728Pietro Alessandro Pavona: Composer
  • 1734Johann Ernst Altenburg: Composer
  • 1749George Joseph Vogler: Composer
  • 1763Franz Danzi: Composer
  • 1767Rachel Donelson Jackson: Wife of President Andrew (1828-37) died in 1828
  • 1821Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer
  • 1833Edward Moody McCook: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1843Edvard Hagerup Grieg: Bergen, Norway -- Composer (Bewitched One)
  • 1864Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz: Composer
  • 1865L H Perquin: Dutch religious radio speaker
  • 1865Paul Gilson: Composer
  • 1867K Balmont: Writer
  • 1878Eduard R Verkade: Dutch actor / director / critic (Pygmalion)
  • 1880Mahlon Hamilton: Virginia, United States -- Actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi)
  • 1884Harry Langdon: Council Bluffs, Iowa -- Comic / director (Strong Man)
  • 1886Charles Wood: Composer
  • 1893Jacob HA van Coeverden: Boer / edelman
  • 1894Robert Russell Bennett: Kansas City, United States -- Composer / arranger (Oklahoma!)
  • 1898Thomas Henry Wait Armstrong: Organist
  • 1898Willem Scheps: Dutch journalist
  • 1900Otto Clarence Luening: Milwaukee, Wisconsin -- Composer (Sonority Canon)
  • 1900Paul J Mares: United States -- Jazz trumpetist / composer (Farewell blues)
  • 1901Peter Shankland: Film maker / writer

Died on June 15

  • 0923Robert I: King of France (922-23), dies in battle
  • 0948Romanus I Lecapenus: Armenian Emperor of Byzantium (919-44)
  • 0991Theophano: German Empress / Wife of Emperor Otto II
  • 1246Frederik II "the Strijdbare": Duke of Austria, dies in battle at 25
  • 1337Angelus Clarenus / da Cingoli: Italian leader
  • 1341Andronicus III Paleologus: Byzantine Emperor (1328-41)
  • 1389Lazar I: Serbian prince, dies in battle
  • 1389Murad I: Osmaans Sultan, dies in battle
  • 1397Count of Eu: French knight, dies in Turkish captivity
  • 1467Philip the Good: Duke of Burgundy, dies at 70
  • 1557Sebastiaan Van Noyen: Military master builder
  • 1580Nicolaas van Nieuwland: Corrupt 1st Bishop of Haarlem, dies at 70
  • 1666Pieter de Bitter: Dutch Admiral (Colombo, Goa)
  • 1677Giovanni Battista Chinelli: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1702Georg E Rumphius: German nature explorer
  • 1703Gillis Schey: Dutch Admiral (battle at Lowestoft), dies at 58
  • 1708Romeyn de Hooghe: Painter / goldsmith, buried at 62
  • 1760Antoine Court: French reformed theologist, dies at 69
  • 1772Louis-Claude Daquin: French Organist / Composer (La Rose), dies at 77
  • 1814Charles Palissot de Montenoy: French writer / politician, dies at 84
  • 1828Brizio Petrucci: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1831Peter Fuchs: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1839Hans Skramstad: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1844Thomas Campbell: Poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • 1845Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 60
  • 1849James Knox Polk: 11th President (1845-1849), dies at 53 in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1856David Cox: English Painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73
  • 1858Ary Scheffer: Painter / etcher / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1865Edmun Ruffin: US secessionist / writer, commits suicide
  • 1865Jakob Zeugheer: Composer, dies at 61