Events on Jun 15

  • 1094Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupies Valencia on the Moren
  • 1215King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England
  • 1219King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
  • 1246Battle at Leitha: Hungary-Austrian
  • 1389Battle of Kossovo; Turks defeat Serbs, Bosnians
  • 1567Battle at Carberry Scot: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwells army
  • 1567Genoa Italy expels Jews
  • 1590Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther
  • 1626King Charles I disbands English parliament
  • 1643Able Tasmania returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • 1741Captain Bering leaves Petropavlovsk, sailing to America
  • 1762Austria uses 1st paper currency
  • 1775George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
  • 1779General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
  • 180412th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing President
  • 1808Jozef Napoleon becomes King of Spain
  • 1834Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews
  • 1836Arkansas becomes 25th state
  • 1844Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
  • 1851Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 1857San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 18601st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • 1861Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry
  • 1862Gen JEB Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan"
  • 18632nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
  • 1864Battle for Petersburg begins as General Grant assaults Confederate line
  • 1864Captain Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
  • 1864Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • 1866Prussia attacks Austria
  • 1869Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, New York

Born on Jun 15

  • 1221Frederik II [Strijdbare]: Duke of Austria
  • 1330Edward [the black prince]: Prince of Wales (1343-1376)
  • 1542Richard Grenville: English parliament leader / Vice-Admiral (Roanoke)
  • 1553Ernst: Archduke of Austria / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1623Cornelis de Witt: Dutch Statesman (Chatham)
  • 1636Johann David Mayer: Composer
  • 1638Samuel Apostool: Dutch vicar / theologist (The Sun)
  • 1728Pietro Alessandro Pavona: Composer
  • 1734Johann Ernst Altenburg: Composer
  • 1749George Joseph Vogler: Composer
  • 1763Franz Danzi: Composer
  • 1767Rachel Donelson Jackson: Wife of President Andrew (1828-37) died in 1828
  • 1821Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer
  • 1833Edward Moody McCook: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1909
  • 1843Edvard Hagerup Grieg: Bergen, Norway -- Composer (Bewitched One)
  • 1864Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz: Composer
  • 1865L H Perquin: Dutch religious radio speaker
  • 1865Paul Gilson: Composer
  • 1867K Balmont: Writer
  • 1878Eduard R Verkade: Dutch actor / director / critic (Pygmalion)
  • 1880Mahlon Hamilton: Virginia, United States -- Actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi)
  • 1884Harry Langdon: Council Bluffs, Iowa -- Comic / director (Strong Man)
  • 1886Charles Wood: Composer
  • 1893Jacob HA van Coeverden: Boer / edelman
  • 1894Robert Russell Bennett: Kansas City, United States -- Composer / arranger (Oklahoma!)
  • 1898Thomas Henry Wait Armstrong: Organist
  • 1898Willem Scheps: Dutch journalist
  • 1900Otto Clarence Luening: Milwaukee, Wisconsin -- Composer (Sonority Canon)
  • 1900Paul J Mares: United States -- Jazz trumpetist / composer (Farewell blues)
  • 1901Peter Shankland: Film maker / writer

Died on Jun 15

  • 0923Robert I: King of France (922-23), dies in battle
  • 0948Romanus I Lecapenus: Armenian Emperor of Byzantium (919-44)
  • 0991Theophano: German Empress / Wife of Emperor Otto II
  • 1246Frederik II "the Strijdbare": Duke of Austria, dies in battle at 25
  • 1337Angelus Clarenus / da Cingoli: Italian leader
  • 1341Andronicus III Paleologus: Byzantine Emperor (1328-41)
  • 1389Lazar I: Serbian prince, dies in battle
  • 1389Murad I: Osmaans Sultan, dies in battle
  • 1397Count of Eu: French knight, dies in Turkish captivity
  • 1467Philip the Good: Duke of Burgundy, dies at 70
  • 1557Sebastiaan Van Noyen: Military master builder
  • 1580Nicolaas van Nieuwland: Corrupt 1st Bishop of Haarlem, dies at 70
  • 1666Pieter de Bitter: Dutch Admiral (Colombo, Goa)
  • 1677Giovanni Battista Chinelli: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1702Georg E Rumphius: German nature explorer
  • 1703Gillis Schey: Dutch Admiral (battle at Lowestoft), dies at 58
  • 1708Romeyn de Hooghe: Painter / goldsmith, buried at 62
  • 1760Antoine Court: French reformed theologist, dies at 69
  • 1772Louis-Claude Daquin: French Organist / Composer (La Rose), dies at 77
  • 1814Charles Palissot de Montenoy: French writer / politician, dies at 84
  • 1828Brizio Petrucci: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1831Peter Fuchs: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1839Hans Skramstad: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1844Thomas Campbell: Poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • 1845Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 60
  • 1849James Knox Polk: 11th President (1845-1849), dies at 53 in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1856David Cox: English Painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73
  • 1858Ary Scheffer: Painter / etcher / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1865Edmun Ruffin: US secessionist / writer, commits suicide
  • 1865Jakob Zeugheer: Composer, dies at 61

Historical events on June 16

  • 0632Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 1487Battle at Stoke: Henry VII beats John de la Pole and Lord Lovell
  • 1567Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland
  • 1624Judge directs US colony Virginia to English crown
  • 1673Peace of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederik Willem of Brandenburg
  • 1745English fleet occupies Cap Breton on St. Lawrence River
  • 1746Battle at Piacenza: Austria and Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • 1775Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress
  • 1779In support of the US, Spain declares war on England
  • 1779Vice-adm Hardy sails out of Isle of Wright against Spanish Armada
  • 1784Holland forbids orange clothes
  • 17941st stone layed at Dutch biggest grain windmill (De Walvisch)
  • 1815Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1822Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina
  • 1823King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1842Natchex Mississippi, hit by tornado; about 500 die
  • 1858Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand"
  • 1861Battle of Vienna, VA and Secessionville, SC (James Island)
  • 1864Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1864Union General Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Virginia
  • 1871Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, New York City
  • 1880Salvation Army forms in Londo
  • 1881Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 188217" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque, Iowa
  • 1884On Coney Island, the 1st roller coaster begins operating
  • 1893RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack
  • 19031st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox
  • 1903Ford Motors incorporates

Born on June 16

  • 1583Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna: Swedish Earl / chancellor / regent
  • 1633Nathaniel Schnittelbach: Composer
  • 1637Giovanni Paulo Colonna: Composer
  • 1752Meingosus Gaelle: Composer
  • 1834Wesley Merritt: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1837Eli Long: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
  • 1843David Popper: Composer
  • 1843Jan Malat: Composer
  • 1853Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer
  • 1858Eugene Ysaye: Composer
  • 1858Gustav V: King of Sweden (1907-50)
  • 1861Scato Gocko de Vries: Dutch paleographer / librarian
  • 1863Paul Antonin Vidal: Composer
  • 1874Arthur Meighen: (C) 9th Prime Minister of Canada (1920-21, 1926)
  • 1879Fritz Schulz: German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • 1879Theo[dorus J] Thijssen: Dutch writer (Kees the boy)
  • 1892Lupino Lane: London, England -- Actress (Love Parade)
  • 1894Norman Kerry: Rochester, New York -- Actor (Phantom of the Opera)
  • 1896Jean Peugeot: Frans auto manufacturer (Peugeot)
  • 1896William Fitzgerald Jenkins: Author (Time Tunnel, Land of Giants)
  • 1900Jan van Tilburg: Governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • 1901Arthur Pierson: Oslo, Norway -- Actor / director (Hat Check Girl)
  • 1901Conrad Beck: Composer
  • 1902Barbara McClintock: United States -- Cytogeneticist (Jumping Genes, Nobel 1983)
  • 1902Kornelis Posthumus: Dutch chemist
  • 1903Huldreich Georg Fruh: Composer
  • 1904Gerard Holt: Dutch architect
  • 1907Jack Albertson: Malden, Massachusetts -- Actor (Thin Man, Chico & the Man)
  • 1907John Hadfield: Author / publisher (Love on a Branch Line)
  • 1909Willi Boskovsky: Austria -- Conductor (new years concert)

Died on June 16

  • 0956Hugo [the Great]: Duke of France
  • 1246Lutgardis / Ludgardis: Flemish mystic / saint, dies at about 64
  • 1361John Tauler: German mystic (Gottesfreunde) dies at about 61
  • 1492Jan Coppenhole: Flemish rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1575Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen the Jonghe]: Medical / historian, dies at 63
  • 1620Carlo Saraceni [Carlo Veniziano]: Italian Painter (Judith)
  • 1644Johannes a Sancto Thoma [Poinset]: Portuguese theologist, dies at 54
  • 1651Marsilio Casentini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1671Stenka Razin: Cossack rebel leader, tortured and executed in Moscow
  • 1722John Churchill up Marlborough: English General strategist, dies at 72
  • 1752Giulio Alberoni: Spanish / Italian Minister / cardinal, dies at 88
  • 1804Johann Adam Hiller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1808Georg Wenzel Ritter: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1812Franz Pforr: German Painter / cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23
  • 1815Frederik Willem: Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle
  • 1831Joseph Ignaz Schnabel: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1837Valentino Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1892Victor Tesch: Belgian lawyer / Minister of Justice, dies at 80
  • 1901Hermann Grimm: German writer / Poet / historian
  • 1910Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1930Elmer Ambrose Sperry: US inventor (gyroscope compass)
  • 1932Frederik W Van Oaths: Psychiatrist / writer (Blades of Grass)
  • 1936Leib Malach: Yiddish writer
  • 1940Vitezslava Kapralova: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1941Lodo of Hamel: 1st Dutch secret affiliate
  • 1946Ludwig Winder: Writer
  • 1946Miloje Milojevic: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1947Jean-Francois Capart: Belgian egyptologist (Memphis), dies at 86
  • 1958Jose Pablo Moncayo Garcia: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1959George Reeves: Actor (Superman, Gone with the Wind), shoots self at 45