Events on Jun 16

  • 0632Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 1487Battle at Stoke: Henry VII beats John de la Pole and Lord Lovell
  • 1567Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland
  • 1624Judge directs US colony Virginia to English crown
  • 1673Peace of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederik Willem of Brandenburg
  • 1745English fleet occupies Cap Breton on St. Lawrence River
  • 1746Battle at Piacenza: Austria and Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • 1775Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress
  • 1779In support of the US, Spain declares war on England
  • 1779Vice-adm Hardy sails out of Isle of Wright against Spanish Armada
  • 1784Holland forbids orange clothes
  • 17941st stone layed at Dutch biggest grain windmill (De Walvisch)
  • 1815Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1822Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina
  • 1823King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1842Natchex Mississippi, hit by tornado; about 500 die
  • 1858Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand"
  • 1861Battle of Vienna, VA and Secessionville, SC (James Island)
  • 1864Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1864Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1864Union General Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Virginia
  • 1871Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, New York City
  • 1880Salvation Army forms in Londo
  • 1881Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 188217" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque, Iowa
  • 1884On Coney Island, the 1st roller coaster begins operating
  • 1893RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack
  • 19031st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox
  • 1903Ford Motors incorporates

Born on Jun 16

  • 1583Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna: Swedish Earl / chancellor / regent
  • 1633Nathaniel Schnittelbach: Composer
  • 1637Giovanni Paulo Colonna: Composer
  • 1752Meingosus Gaelle: Composer
  • 1834Wesley Merritt: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1837Eli Long: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1903
  • 1843David Popper: Composer
  • 1843Jan Malat: Composer
  • 1853Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer
  • 1858Eugene Ysaye: Composer
  • 1858Gustav V: King of Sweden (1907-50)
  • 1861Scato Gocko de Vries: Dutch paleographer / librarian
  • 1863Paul Antonin Vidal: Composer
  • 1874Arthur Meighen: (C) 9th Prime Minister of Canada (1920-21, 1926)
  • 1879Fritz Schulz: German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • 1879Theo[dorus J] Thijssen: Dutch writer (Kees the boy)
  • 1892Lupino Lane: London, England -- Actress (Love Parade)
  • 1894Norman Kerry: Rochester, New York -- Actor (Phantom of the Opera)
  • 1896Jean Peugeot: Frans auto manufacturer (Peugeot)
  • 1896William Fitzgerald Jenkins: Author (Time Tunnel, Land of Giants)
  • 1900Jan van Tilburg: Governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • 1901Arthur Pierson: Oslo, Norway -- Actor / director (Hat Check Girl)
  • 1901Conrad Beck: Composer
  • 1902Barbara McClintock: United States -- Cytogeneticist (Jumping Genes, Nobel 1983)
  • 1902Kornelis Posthumus: Dutch chemist
  • 1903Huldreich Georg Fruh: Composer
  • 1904Gerard Holt: Dutch architect
  • 1907Jack Albertson: Malden, Massachusetts -- Actor (Thin Man, Chico & the Man)
  • 1907John Hadfield: Author / publisher (Love on a Branch Line)
  • 1909Willi Boskovsky: Austria -- Conductor (new years concert)

Died on Jun 16

  • 0956Hugo [the Great]: Duke of France
  • 1246Lutgardis / Ludgardis: Flemish mystic / saint, dies at about 64
  • 1361John Tauler: German mystic (Gottesfreunde) dies at about 61
  • 1492Jan Coppenhole: Flemish rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1575Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen the Jonghe]: Medical / historian, dies at 63
  • 1620Carlo Saraceni [Carlo Veniziano]: Italian Painter (Judith)
  • 1644Johannes a Sancto Thoma [Poinset]: Portuguese theologist, dies at 54
  • 1651Marsilio Casentini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1671Stenka Razin: Cossack rebel leader, tortured and executed in Moscow
  • 1722John Churchill up Marlborough: English General strategist, dies at 72
  • 1752Giulio Alberoni: Spanish / Italian Minister / cardinal, dies at 88
  • 1804Johann Adam Hiller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1808Georg Wenzel Ritter: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1812Franz Pforr: German Painter / cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23
  • 1815Frederik Willem: Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle
  • 1831Joseph Ignaz Schnabel: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1837Valentino Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1892Victor Tesch: Belgian lawyer / Minister of Justice, dies at 80
  • 1901Hermann Grimm: German writer / Poet / historian
  • 1910Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1930Elmer Ambrose Sperry: US inventor (gyroscope compass)
  • 1932Frederik W Van Oaths: Psychiatrist / writer (Blades of Grass)
  • 1936Leib Malach: Yiddish writer
  • 1940Vitezslava Kapralova: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1941Lodo of Hamel: 1st Dutch secret affiliate
  • 1946Ludwig Winder: Writer
  • 1946Miloje Milojevic: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1947Jean-Francois Capart: Belgian egyptologist (Memphis), dies at 86
  • 1958Jose Pablo Moncayo Garcia: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1959George Reeves: Actor (Superman, Gone with the Wind), shoots self at 45

Historical events on June 17

  • 0653St. Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0656Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam
  • 0676Deusdedit III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1091Floris II de Vette becomes Earl of Holland
  • 1119Charles the Good becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1291Akko reconquered after 200 years by French crusaders, and destroyed
  • 1397Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden and Norway
  • 1535English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights
  • 1579Anti-English uprising in Ireland
  • 1579Francis Drake entered SF Bay
  • 1579Sir Francis Drake lands on coast of California
  • 1580Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1583Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • 1609Netherlands, England and France sign 12 year Covenant
  • 1665Battle at Viciosa: English and Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1700Mass orders priest to leave the colony
  • 1734French troops occupy Philipsburg at Rhine
  • 1745American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton I from French
  • 17893rd Estate in France declared itself a national assembly
  • 1815Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • 1837Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent
  • 1850Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 1855Heavy French / British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed
  • 1856Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 1861Battle of Boonville, MI - Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • 1863Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • 1863Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs. CSS Atlanta
  • 1863Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • 1864640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished
  • 1864General John B Hood replaces General Johnston

Born on June 17

  • 1239Edward I: King of England (1272-1307) / chased Jews out of England
  • 1604Johan Maurits: Count of Nassau-Siegen (Maurits House)
  • 1682Charles XII: King of Sweden (1697-1718)
  • 1703John B Wesley: England, United Kingdom -- Religion co-founder (Methodists)
  • 1714Cesar F Cassini de Thury: French astronomer (geodesic labor)
  • 1725Joseph Anton Bauer: Composer
  • 1742William Hooper: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Michel Woldemar: Composer
  • 1756Pierre-Joseph Cambon: French member of Committee of Salut Public
  • 1810F Freiligrath: Writer
  • 1811Jon Sigurdsson: Iceland -- Leader / collects Icelandic legends
  • 1817Thomas Maley Harris: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1818Charles Francois Gounod: Paris, France -- Opera composer (Faust)
  • 1818Sophia Frederika Mathilde: Queen of the Netherlands / Wife of William III
  • 1823John Henry Hobart Ward: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1828Jan K J de Jonge: Dutch historian
  • 1830Rochard Montgomery Gano: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1913
  • 1832William Crookes: English chemist / physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium)
  • 1837Vincent Strong: Civil war fighter, died in 1863
  • 1838Bankim C Chattopadhyaya: Writer (Kapala-Kundala)
  • 1838Chattopadhyaya / Bankim Chandra: Bengalese writer (Monastery of Delight)
  • 1845Hendrik P Staal: Dutch banker
  • 1855Fritz Steinbach: Composer
  • 1858Eben Sumner Draper: (Gov-Massachusetts)
  • 1861Sidney James Jones: Composer
  • 1867John Robert Gregg: Ireland -- Inventor (shorthand)
  • 1870George Cormack: Cereal inventor (Wheaties)
  • 1871James Weldon Johnson: Lawyer (1st black admitted to Florida Bar)
  • 1871Nicolae Iorga: Writer / poet / literature historian / President of Romania
  • 1874Grant Mitchell: Columbus, Ohio -- Actor (Man Who Came to Dinner)

Died on June 17

  • 0656Osman ibn Affan: 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0676Adeodatus II: Italian Pope (672-76)
  • 0855Leo IV: Italian Pope (847-55)
  • 1091Dirk V: Count of Holland (1061-91)
  • 1119Boudouin VII with the Axe: Earl of Flanders (1111-19)
  • 1501Jan I Olbracht: King of Poland
  • 1672Orazio Benevoli: Italian composer, dies at 67
  • 1678Giacomo Torelli: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1696Jan III Sobieski: King of Poland (1674-96), dies at 72
  • 1696Johannes II Sobieski: King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1719Joseph Addison: English Poet / writer / Secretary of State, dies at 47
  • 1734Duke of Berwick: French General strategist, dies in battle
  • 1797Aga Mohammed Khan: Cruel ruler of Persia, castrated and killed
  • 1815Hammida: Algerian Admiral, dies in battle
  • 1862Charles J Canning: English 1st Viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • 1863Isham W Garrott: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1906Harry N Pillsbury: US chess player
  • 1906William Dale: International legal consultant
  • 1910Lady Mosley: Biographer
  • 1918Derek Barber: CEO (Countryside Commission)
  • 1928Ramon de Basterra: Spanish writer / diplomat (Virulo, mocedades)
  • 1936Kenneth Loach: TV director (Singing the Blues in Red)
  • 1938Peter Michael: CEO (Cray Electronics)
  • 1939Eugene Weldman: Last guillotined in France
  • 1941Johan Wagenaar: Dutch Composer (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 78
  • 1951Carl Vogler: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1952Alberto Williams: Argentine Composer (Etrerno Reposo), dies at 89
  • 1953Walter Niemann: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1957D Richardson: Writer, dies at 84
  • 1959Abdul Mouse: Indonesian nationalist foreman / author, dies at about 68