Events on Jun 17

  • 0653St. Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0656Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam
  • 0676Deusdedit III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1091Floris II de Vette becomes Earl of Holland
  • 1119Charles the Good becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1291Akko reconquered after 200 years by French crusaders, and destroyed
  • 1397Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden and Norway
  • 1535English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights
  • 1579Anti-English uprising in Ireland
  • 1579Francis Drake entered SF Bay
  • 1579Sir Francis Drake lands on coast of California
  • 1580Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1583Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • 1609Netherlands, England and France sign 12 year Covenant
  • 1665Battle at Viciosa: English and Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1700Mass orders priest to leave the colony
  • 1734French troops occupy Philipsburg at Rhine
  • 1745American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton I from French
  • 17893rd Estate in France declared itself a national assembly
  • 1815Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • 1837Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent
  • 1850Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 1855Heavy French / British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed
  • 1856Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 1861Battle of Boonville, MI - Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • 1863Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • 1863Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs. CSS Atlanta
  • 1863Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • 1864640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished
  • 1864General John B Hood replaces General Johnston

Born on Jun 17

  • 1239Edward I: King of England (1272-1307) / chased Jews out of England
  • 1604Johan Maurits: Count of Nassau-Siegen (Maurits House)
  • 1682Charles XII: King of Sweden (1697-1718)
  • 1703John B Wesley: England, United Kingdom -- Religion co-founder (Methodists)
  • 1714Cesar F Cassini de Thury: French astronomer (geodesic labor)
  • 1725Joseph Anton Bauer: Composer
  • 1742William Hooper: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Michel Woldemar: Composer
  • 1756Pierre-Joseph Cambon: French member of Committee of Salut Public
  • 1810F Freiligrath: Writer
  • 1811Jon Sigurdsson: Iceland -- Leader / collects Icelandic legends
  • 1817Thomas Maley Harris: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1818Charles Francois Gounod: Paris, France -- Opera composer (Faust)
  • 1818Sophia Frederika Mathilde: Queen of the Netherlands / Wife of William III
  • 1823John Henry Hobart Ward: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1828Jan K J de Jonge: Dutch historian
  • 1830Rochard Montgomery Gano: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1913
  • 1832William Crookes: English chemist / physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium)
  • 1837Vincent Strong: Civil war fighter, died in 1863
  • 1838Bankim C Chattopadhyaya: Writer (Kapala-Kundala)
  • 1838Chattopadhyaya / Bankim Chandra: Bengalese writer (Monastery of Delight)
  • 1845Hendrik P Staal: Dutch banker
  • 1855Fritz Steinbach: Composer
  • 1858Eben Sumner Draper: (Gov-Massachusetts)
  • 1861Sidney James Jones: Composer
  • 1867John Robert Gregg: Ireland -- Inventor (shorthand)
  • 1870George Cormack: Cereal inventor (Wheaties)
  • 1871James Weldon Johnson: Lawyer (1st black admitted to Florida Bar)
  • 1871Nicolae Iorga: Writer / poet / literature historian / President of Romania
  • 1874Grant Mitchell: Columbus, Ohio -- Actor (Man Who Came to Dinner)

Died on Jun 17

  • 0656Osman ibn Affan: 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0676Adeodatus II: Italian Pope (672-76)
  • 0855Leo IV: Italian Pope (847-55)
  • 1091Dirk V: Count of Holland (1061-91)
  • 1119Boudouin VII with the Axe: Earl of Flanders (1111-19)
  • 1501Jan I Olbracht: King of Poland
  • 1672Orazio Benevoli: Italian composer, dies at 67
  • 1678Giacomo Torelli: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1696Jan III Sobieski: King of Poland (1674-96), dies at 72
  • 1696Johannes II Sobieski: King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1719Joseph Addison: English Poet / writer / Secretary of State, dies at 47
  • 1734Duke of Berwick: French General strategist, dies in battle
  • 1797Aga Mohammed Khan: Cruel ruler of Persia, castrated and killed
  • 1815Hammida: Algerian Admiral, dies in battle
  • 1862Charles J Canning: English 1st Viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • 1863Isham W Garrott: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1906Harry N Pillsbury: US chess player
  • 1906William Dale: International legal consultant
  • 1910Lady Mosley: Biographer
  • 1918Derek Barber: CEO (Countryside Commission)
  • 1928Ramon de Basterra: Spanish writer / diplomat (Virulo, mocedades)
  • 1936Kenneth Loach: TV director (Singing the Blues in Red)
  • 1938Peter Michael: CEO (Cray Electronics)
  • 1939Eugene Weldman: Last guillotined in France
  • 1941Johan Wagenaar: Dutch Composer (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 78
  • 1951Carl Vogler: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1952Alberto Williams: Argentine Composer (Etrerno Reposo), dies at 89
  • 1953Walter Niemann: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1957D Richardson: Writer, dies at 84
  • 1959Abdul Mouse: Indonesian nationalist foreman / author, dies at about 68

Historical events on June 18

  • 0860Swedish Vikings attack Constantinople
  • 1155Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor
  • 11785 Canterbury monks report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1178Proposed time of origin of lunar crater Giordano Bruno
  • 1316Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns
  • 1538Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V and King French I
  • 1541Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as King of Ireland
  • 1574Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580States of Utrecht forbid Catholic worship
  • 1629Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn vs. Dunkerk Cape
  • 1639Treaty of Berwick: End 1st Bishop war
  • 1643Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
  • 1682William Penn found Philadelphia
  • 1757Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1778British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779French fleet occupies St. Vincent
  • 1812War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1822Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1822Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested in South Carolina
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave South-Africa
  • 1837Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1839Dutch Prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
  • 1863After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • 1864At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
  • 1873Susan B Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President
  • 1892Macademia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 18981st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 18984th US Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
  • 1900Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as Premier of Italy

Born on June 18

  • 1511Bartolommeo Ammanati: Italian sculptor / architect
  • 1511Ponte Santa Trinita: Florence, Italy
  • 1581Thomas Overbury: Poet
  • 1681Feofan Prokopovich: Theologian, Archbishop of Novgorod, Westernizer
  • 1716Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter
  • 1723Giuseppe Scarlotti: Composer
  • 1740Karel van Poucke: Flemish sculptor
  • 1744Augustin Holler: Composer
  • 1757Ignaz Joseph Pleyel: Composer
  • 1758Pieter PJQ Ondaatje: Ceylon / Dutch jurist / patriot
  • 1780Michael Henkel: Composer
  • 1794George Grote: British historian
  • 1799William Lassell: Discoverer (satellites of Uranus and Neptune)
  • 1809Sylvanus William Godon: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1879
  • 1812Ivan Goncharov: Russia -- Novelist / travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813Pavel Annenkov: Rus literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti)
  • 1820Martin Andreas Udbye: Composer
  • 1822Henry David Leslie: Composer
  • 1824Johannes Heykamp: Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1839William Henry Seward, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1920
  • 1850Richard Heuberger: Composer
  • 1854Edward Wyllis Scripps: Publisher / journalist
  • 1857Henry Clay Folger, Jr.: United States -- Businessman / Shakespeare fan
  • 1858Hans Schardt: Switzerland -- Geologist
  • 1860Hugo Loudon: CEO (Royal Dutch Oil [Shell])
  • 1877James Montgomery Flagg: Illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam)
  • 1881Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen: Dutch labor leader
  • 1884Edouard Daladier: Premier France (1933..40)
  • 1886George Mallory: England, United Kingdom -- Mountain climber ("because it is there")
  • 1887Blanche Yurka: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actress (Taxi, Tale of 2 Cities)

Died on June 18

  • 0741Leo III de Isaurier: Byzantine Emperor (717-41)
  • 1291Alfonso III: King of Aragon (1285-91)
  • 1464Rogier van der Weyden: Flemish painter, dies at 65
  • 1580Juliana van Stolberg: Engraver of Nassau
  • 1629Piet Heyn: Lieutenant Admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies in battle at 51
  • 1669Abraham Crijnssen: Swiss Admiral, conquered Suriname
  • 1686Johann Quirsfeld: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1726Michel-Richard Delalande: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1772Gerard of Swieten: Botanist / Painter of Maria Theresia, dies at 72
  • 1799Johann Andre: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1817Joannes Siberg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1801-05)
  • 1821Charles Hague: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1824Ferdinand III JJ-B: Archduke of Austria / ruler of Toscane, dies at 55
  • 1850Antoni Weinert: Composer, dies at 99
  • 1853Branko Radicevic: Serbian Poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1859Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1866Jacobus T Abels: Painter, dies at 62
  • 1876August Rockel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1880John Sutter: US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • 1884Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Arg writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 1886Joannes A Paredis: Belgian / Netherlands Bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • 1909Learmont Drysdale: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1911Franjo Zaver Kuhac: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1916Helmuth J L von Moltke: German chief General of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916Max Immelmann: German pilot (WWI), killed
  • 1921Herman Baccaert: Flemish philological / writer (Kantkennis), dies at 37
  • 1922John C Kapteyn: Astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1928Roald E G Amundsen: Norwegian pole explorer
  • 1934Francisco Lacerda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935August Reusner: Composer, dies at 64