Events on Jun 19

  • 0987Louis IV, crowned King of France
  • 1205Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269King Louis IX of Frances decrees all Jews must wear a badge of shame
  • 1286Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim
  • 1369Duke Philip the Stout marries Margaretha van Male
  • 1464French King Louis XI forms postal service
  • 1502Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1621Battle at Dragetsani: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1631Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes Duke of Mantua
  • 1669Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as King
  • 1754Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies and Iroquois indians
  • 1770General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1829Sir Robert Peel found London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)
  • 1835New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 18461st baseball game (Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
  • 1850Swedish / Norwegian crown Prince Charles weds Dutch Princess Wilhelmina
  • 1861Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861Francis Pierpont is elected provisional Governor of West Virginia
  • 1862Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1864CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia
  • 1865Siege of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1865Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
  • 18671st Belmont: J Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05
  • 1868Maj General E R S Canby removes Mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1875Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • 1881Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"

Born on Jun 19

  • 1566James I Stuart: King of Scotland (James VI) / England (1567 / 1603-25)
  • 1595Wladyslaw IV Vasa: King of Poland (1632-48)
  • 1608Thomas Fuller: England, United Kingdom -- Literary (History of the Holy War)
  • 1613Christian de Placker: Composer
  • 1623Blaise Pascal: Mathematician / physicist / religious writer (Pascal)
  • 1633Philippus van Limborch: Remonstrants theologist / vicar
  • 1708Johann Gottlieb Janitsch: Composer
  • 1717Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz: Composer
  • 1741Reinier Vinkeles: Dutch engraver / art collector
  • 1764John Barrow: England, United Kingdom -- Founded Royal Geographical Society
  • 1764Jose Gervasio Artigas: General / father of Uruguay
  • 1766Edmund Weber: Composer
  • 1782John Bray: Composer
  • 1783Thomas Sully: US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
  • 1792Gustav Schwab: Writer
  • 1810Ferdinand David: Violist / compser (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels)
  • 1811Henry Prince: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1814Johannes H Weissenbruch: Landscape painter
  • 1815John William Glover: Composer
  • 1834Edgar H G Degas: French painter (ballerina)
  • 1842Carl Johann Adam Zeller: Composer
  • 1843Charles Edouard Lefebvre: Composer
  • 1854Alfredo Catalani: Composer
  • 1856Elbert Hubbard: United States -- Editor / publisher / author (Message to Garcia)
  • 1858Charles Haddon George Alexander [George Samson]: British actor
  • 1858Dirk Fock: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1921-26)
  • 1861Douglas Haig: British Field Marshal (Sudan, WWI)
  • 1861Jose Protasio Rizal: Philippine optician / author / nationalist
  • 1865Alfred Hugenberg: German RC President of the Directorate of Krupp / media magnate
  • 1865May Whitty: Liverpool, England -- Actress (Mrs Minerva, Suspicion)

Died on Jun 19

  • 1113Odo / Odardus van Kamerijk: French writer / Bishop of Kamerijk
  • 1312Piers Gaveston: Earl of Cornwall, beheaded
  • 1341Juliana van Falconieri: Italian Saint / Swedish tenor
  • 1542Leo Jud[ae]: Swiss pastor / church Reformer
  • 1554Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius]: German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • 1652Louis de Geer: Netherlands / Swedish industrialist / millionaire, dies at 64
  • 1747Alessandro Marcello: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1747Nadir: Shah of Persia (1736-47), murdered
  • 1759Charles-Joseph-Balthazar Sohier: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1762Johann Ernst Eberlin: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1787John Brown: Theologist
  • 1794Richard H Lee: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1811Samuel Chase: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 1820Joseph Banks: English natural Historian (Cook / Australia)
  • 1822John Bray: Composer, dies on 40th birthday
  • 1837Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky: Russian writer, dies in battle
  • 1840John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrial / orangist, dies at 50
  • 1864George Lincoln Prescott: US Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries
  • 1867Maximilian F J: Austrian Archduke / Emperor of Mexico
  • 1902John E E Dalberg baron van Acton: English historian, dies at 69
  • 1915Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev: Russian Composer (Oresteia), dies at 58
  • 1922Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1932Solomon Tshkisho Platje: South African writer
  • 1937James M Barrie: Scottish writer (Dear Brutus / Peter Pan)
  • 1939Grace Abbott: Social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at 60
  • 1940Maurice Jaubert: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1944Han Yong-woon: Zen teacher, dies at 65 in Seoul County, Korea
  • 1947Willem H Fly: Typographer / co-founder (SDAP), dies at 84
  • 1953Ethel Rosenberg: Executed at Sing Sing, in 5 tries
  • 1953Julius Rosenberg: NYC, 1st US civilian executed for espionage at 37

Historical events on June 20

  • 0451Germans and Romans beat Atiila the Hun at Catalarinische Fields
  • 1212French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1402Battle of Angora (Ankara) - Tatars defeat Turkish Army
  • 1530German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1547Count Philip van Hessen captured
  • 1567Don Henrique of Brazil, expel Jews
  • 1567Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1582Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1591Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • 1632Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • 1656Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1675Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom
  • 1756146 British soldiers imprisoned in India-Black Hole of Calcutta-most die
  • 1756India rebels defeat Calcutta on British army
  • 1779Battle of Stone Ferry
  • 1789Oath of Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken
  • 1791King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 1793Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin
  • 1819320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 1825Coronation of French King Charles X the Bourbon
  • 1826Siam / England sign trade / peace treaty
  • 1837England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
  • 1837Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901
  • 1840Samuel Morse patents his telegraph
  • 1855Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 18631st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • 1863Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • 1863West Virginia admitted as 35th US state
  • 1864Battle of Kinston NC and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Petersburgs VA - in trenches

Born on June 20

  • 1566Sigismund III: King of Poland / Sweden
  • 1585Lazaro Valvasensi: Composer
  • 1634Charles Emanuel II: Duke of Savoy (1638-75)
  • 1642George Hickes: English linguistic (Old German Philology)
  • 1647Johan Georg III: Elect of Saxon (1680-91)
  • 1674Nicholas Rowe: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Jane Shore, Tamerlane)
  • 1694Hans A Brorson: Danish poet / Bishop of Ribe
  • 1723Adam Ferguson: Scottish sociologist / historian
  • 1730Nonnosus Madlseder: Composer
  • 1743Anna L Barbauld: Writer of hymns
  • 1756Joseph Martin Kraus: Composer
  • 1819Jacques Offenbach: Cologne, France -- French composer (Tales of Hoffmann)
  • 1823Jesse Lee Reno: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1824John Tyler Morgan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1858Medardo Rosso: Italian sculptor (portraits)
  • 1861Arthur Battelle Whiting: Composer
  • 1864Worm Pander: Sculptor
  • 1866Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven]: Dutch lawyer / detective writer
  • 1866Lord George ESMH Carnarvon: England, United Kingdom -- Egyptologist (Tutanchamon)
  • 1868Helen Miller Shepard: Philanthropist / established Hall of Fame
  • 1875Othenio Able: Austria -- Paleontologist
  • 1883Giannotto Bastianelli: Composer
  • 1883Jules Verstraete [Julien G the Graef]: Actor (Driestuiversopera)
  • 1883Leah Baird: Chicago, Illinois -- Actress (Lady Gangster)
  • 1887Arnaut Colnot: Painter / graphic artist
  • 1887Kurt Schwitters: German / British dada-artist / poet (collages)
  • 1892S M Tretjakow: Writer
  • 1894George Delacorte: NYC, New York -- Philanthropist / publisher (Dell Books)
  • 1894Lloyd A Hall: Illinois, United States -- Pioneer in food chemistry
  • 1899Anthon van der Horst: Dutch Organist / composer

Died on June 20

  • 0840Louis de Vrome: Emperor of French rich
  • 1585Christianus Adrichomius: Writer (Theatrum Terrae Sanctae), dies at 52
  • 1597Willem Barents: Explorer (discovered Spitsbergen and Bereneil)
  • 1649Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher: Author
  • 1751Adriaen Valckenier: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1737-41), dies at 56
  • 1787Carl Friedrich Abel: German / British viola player / composer, dies at 63
  • 1833Philip Knapton: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1837Giovanni Furno: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1837William IV: King of England
  • 1842Michael Umlauf: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1846Pieter Adams: Architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 1870Jules de Goncourt: Writer, dies at 39
  • 1876Antonio L de Santa Ana: President Mexico, dies at 79
  • 1883Olivier Gloux [Gustave Aimard]: French world explorer, dies at 64
  • 1888Cesare Dominiceti: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1888John H Zuckertort: German chess player, dies at 45
  • 1890Theodore Edouard Dufaure de Lajarte: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1915Emil Rathenau: German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1917James Mason Crafts: US chemist, dies at 78
  • 1922Vittorio Monti: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1923Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1925Wilhelm Posse: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1933Clara Zetkin: German feminist / communist
  • 1940Jehan Alain: French Organist / composer, dies in battle at 29
  • 1941Stephanie H Lapidoth-Swarth: Author (Lonely flowers
  • 1945Bruno Frank: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1947Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel: Gangster, shot dead in Beverly Hills Cal
  • 1948George Frederick Boyle: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1953Hendrik de Man: Sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • 1958Kurt Alder: German chemist (Nobel 1950)