Events on Jun 20

  • 0451Germans and Romans beat Atiila the Hun at Catalarinische Fields
  • 1212French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1402Battle of Angora (Ankara) - Tatars defeat Turkish Army
  • 1530German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1547Count Philip van Hessen captured
  • 1567Don Henrique of Brazil, expel Jews
  • 1567Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1582Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1591Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • 1632Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • 1656Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1675Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom
  • 1756146 British soldiers imprisoned in India-Black Hole of Calcutta-most die
  • 1756India rebels defeat Calcutta on British army
  • 1779Battle of Stone Ferry
  • 1789Oath of Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken
  • 1791King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 1793Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin
  • 1819320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 1825Coronation of French King Charles X the Bourbon
  • 1826Siam / England sign trade / peace treaty
  • 1837England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
  • 1837Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901
  • 1840Samuel Morse patents his telegraph
  • 1855Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 18631st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • 1863Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • 1863West Virginia admitted as 35th US state
  • 1864Battle of Kinston NC and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Petersburgs VA - in trenches

Born on Jun 20

  • 1566Sigismund III: King of Poland / Sweden
  • 1585Lazaro Valvasensi: Composer
  • 1634Charles Emanuel II: Duke of Savoy (1638-75)
  • 1642George Hickes: English linguistic (Old German Philology)
  • 1647Johan Georg III: Elect of Saxon (1680-91)
  • 1674Nicholas Rowe: England, United Kingdom -- Poet laureate (Jane Shore, Tamerlane)
  • 1694Hans A Brorson: Danish poet / Bishop of Ribe
  • 1723Adam Ferguson: Scottish sociologist / historian
  • 1730Nonnosus Madlseder: Composer
  • 1743Anna L Barbauld: Writer of hymns
  • 1756Joseph Martin Kraus: Composer
  • 1819Jacques Offenbach: Cologne, France -- French composer (Tales of Hoffmann)
  • 1823Jesse Lee Reno: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1824John Tyler Morgan: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1858Medardo Rosso: Italian sculptor (portraits)
  • 1861Arthur Battelle Whiting: Composer
  • 1864Worm Pander: Sculptor
  • 1866Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven]: Dutch lawyer / detective writer
  • 1866Lord George ESMH Carnarvon: England, United Kingdom -- Egyptologist (Tutanchamon)
  • 1868Helen Miller Shepard: Philanthropist / established Hall of Fame
  • 1875Othenio Able: Austria -- Paleontologist
  • 1883Giannotto Bastianelli: Composer
  • 1883Jules Verstraete [Julien G the Graef]: Actor (Driestuiversopera)
  • 1883Leah Baird: Chicago, Illinois -- Actress (Lady Gangster)
  • 1887Arnaut Colnot: Painter / graphic artist
  • 1887Kurt Schwitters: German / British dada-artist / poet (collages)
  • 1892S M Tretjakow: Writer
  • 1894George Delacorte: NYC, New York -- Philanthropist / publisher (Dell Books)
  • 1894Lloyd A Hall: Illinois, United States -- Pioneer in food chemistry
  • 1899Anthon van der Horst: Dutch Organist / composer

Died on Jun 20

  • 0840Louis de Vrome: Emperor of French rich
  • 1585Christianus Adrichomius: Writer (Theatrum Terrae Sanctae), dies at 52
  • 1597Willem Barents: Explorer (discovered Spitsbergen and Bereneil)
  • 1649Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher: Author
  • 1751Adriaen Valckenier: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1737-41), dies at 56
  • 1787Carl Friedrich Abel: German / British viola player / composer, dies at 63
  • 1833Philip Knapton: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1837Giovanni Furno: Composer, dies at 89
  • 1837William IV: King of England
  • 1842Michael Umlauf: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1846Pieter Adams: Architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 1870Jules de Goncourt: Writer, dies at 39
  • 1876Antonio L de Santa Ana: President Mexico, dies at 79
  • 1883Olivier Gloux [Gustave Aimard]: French world explorer, dies at 64
  • 1888Cesare Dominiceti: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1888John H Zuckertort: German chess player, dies at 45
  • 1890Theodore Edouard Dufaure de Lajarte: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1915Emil Rathenau: German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1917James Mason Crafts: US chemist, dies at 78
  • 1922Vittorio Monti: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1923Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1925Wilhelm Posse: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1933Clara Zetkin: German feminist / communist
  • 1940Jehan Alain: French Organist / composer, dies in battle at 29
  • 1941Stephanie H Lapidoth-Swarth: Author (Lonely flowers
  • 1945Bruno Frank: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1947Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel: Gangster, shot dead in Beverly Hills Cal
  • 1948George Frederick Boyle: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1953Hendrik de Man: Sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • 1958Kurt Alder: German chemist (Nobel 1950)

Historical events on June 21

  • 0524Battle at Vezerone: Burgundy beats France
  • 0996Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German Emperor of Elzas
  • 1128Battle of Akspoele: Earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik
  • 1498Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
  • 1529Battle at Landriano: Leyva beats France
  • 1547Great fire in Moscow
  • 1572Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 16071st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown
  • 1633Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to "abjure, curse, and detest" his Copernican heliocentric views
  • 1661Treaty of Kardis: Russia and Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England
  • 1672Dutch pension advisor Johan de Witt seriously wounded
  • 1672French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht
  • 1684King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter
  • 1749Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Neth
  • 17681st US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)
  • 1788US Constitution goes into effect as NH is 9th to ratify
  • 1788Vizille France population demands local parliament
  • 1791Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 1792Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
  • 1805Great Stoneface Mt found in New Hampshire
  • 1821African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1834Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine
  • 1858Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • 1863Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • 1879F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately)
  • 1887Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria
  • 1894Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895British Roseberry government falls
  • 1898Guam becomes a territory of US

Born on June 21

  • 1002Leo IX [Bruno Count of Egesheim & Dagsburg]: Pope (1049-54)
  • 1577Giovanni Del Turco: Composer
  • 1596Michael Fjodorovitsj: Tsar of Russia (1613-45) / 1st Romanov
  • 1640Abraham Mignon: Still life painter
  • 1668Cajetan Kolberer: Composer
  • 1732Johann Christoph Frederic Bach: Composer
  • 1740Hendrik van Wijn: Dutch archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief)
  • 1763Pierre P Royer-Collard: French attorney / philosopher
  • 1774Daniel D Tompkins: (D-R), 6th US Vice President (1817-25)
  • 1790Wilhelm Speyer: Composer
  • 1805Karl Friedrich Curschmann: Composer
  • 1817James Brewerton Ricketts: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
  • 1818Ernst II: Duke of Saxon-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) / composer
  • 1818Joseph Abel Haskin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1823Edward Elmer Potter: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1839Johannes P R Tak: Dutch liberal politician
  • 1839John Decatur Barry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1839Machado de Assis: Writer
  • 1844Ernest F Cambier: Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)
  • 1851Daniel Carter Beard: United States -- Organized 1st boy scout troop
  • 1859Henry O Tanner: Artist
  • 1862Henry Holden Huss: Composer
  • 1862Johannes Schlaf: Writer
  • 1865Albert Herbert Brewer: Composer
  • 1873Henry M Tomlinson: British writer (Sea & Jungle)
  • 1876Willem H Keesom: Physicist (helium vast)
  • 1879Umberto Brunelleschi: Italian cartoonist / illustrator (Candide)
  • 1882Rockwell Kent: Artist / painter / illustrator (Canterbury Tales)
  • 1883Fjodor W Gladkow: Russian writer (Cement)
  • 1884Claude "Auk" Auchinleck: British Field Marshal North-Africa

Died on June 21

  • 1208Philips van Zwaben Hohenstaufen: Roman-German King
  • 1377Edward III: King of England (1327-77)
  • 1529John Skelton: English poet, dies at about 69
  • 1573Antonie van Burgundy: Mayor of Sealand, dies in battle
  • 1591Aloysius [Luigi] van Gonzaga: Prince / Italian Jesuit saint
  • 1876Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican General (took Alamo), dies at 79
  • 1884Alexander: Prince / last male descendent of Johan W Friso
  • 1887Adolf Schimon: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1900Polibo Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1908Nikolai A Rimski-Korssakov: Russian Composer (Sheherazade), dies at 64
  • 1913Stefan O Iosif: Romanian Poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • 1914Glauco Velasquez: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1925Jan H Leopold: Poet / classical (translated Omar Khayyam), dies at 60
  • 1934[James] Thorne Smith: United States -- Sci-fi Author (Stray Lamb, Turnabout)
  • 1940Edouard Vuillard: French Painter / graphic artist
  • 1940Hendrik Marsman: Dutch Poet / writer / critic, drowns at 40
  • 1940W Hasenclever: Writer, dies at 49
  • 1944Jan Bonekamp: Dutch resistance fighter / friend of Hannie Schaft
  • 1945Josef Hora: Czech writer / Poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1946Heinrich Kaminski: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Don McBride: Actor (Mr Clyde-My Friend Flicka), dies at 68
  • 1957Frantisek Kupka: Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1964Andrew Goodman: US civil rights activist, murdered at 20
  • 1964James Chaney: US civil rights activist, murdered at 21
  • 1964Michael Schwerner: US civil rights activist, murder at 21
  • 1965Bernard M Baruch: Presidential Advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • 1969Maureen "Little Mo" Connolly: 1st woman grand slam (1953), dies at 34
  • 1970Achmed Sukarno: 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), dies at 68
  • 1972Seth Bingham: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1973Frank Leahy: Football coach (Notre Dame), dies at 64