Events on Jun 22

  • 0431Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens
  • 0816Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III
  • 1342Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reconning)
  • 1377Richard II succeeds Edward III as King of England
  • 1476Battle at Morat / Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
  • 1497Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath
  • 1533Ferdinand of Austria and Sultan Suleiman sign peace treaty
  • 1559Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 1596Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java
  • 1611Henry Hudson and son set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers
  • 1633Galileo Galilei forced to recant Earth orbits Sun by Pope (but on October 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)
  • 1675Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II
  • 1740King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion and freedom of the press
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772Slavery outlawed in England
  • 1774English parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • 17751st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799England and Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • 1807British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • 1808Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
  • 18152nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • 1832John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1847Doughnut created
  • 1848Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President
  • 1849Stephen C Massett opens courthouse using only piano in California
  • 1868Arkansas re-enters US
  • 18701st Boardwalk in America invented
  • 1870Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1873Prince Edward Island joins Canada
  • 1874Dr Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy

Born on Jun 22

  • 1478Philips de Schone: Archduke of Austrian / King of Castilia (Philips I)
  • 1611Pablo Bruna: Composer
  • 1613Lambert Pietkin: Composer
  • 1674Eugene J P: Earl of Merode, Belgian Marquis of Westerloo
  • 1684Francesco Onofrio Manfredini: Composer
  • 1701Nikolaj Eigtved: Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)
  • 1741Alois Luigi Tomasini: Composer
  • 1742Heinrich Gottfried Reichard: Composer
  • 1757George Vancouver: Surveyed Pacific coast from SF to Vancouver I
  • 1805Giuseppe Mazzini: Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • 1824Frederic Louis Ritter: Composer
  • 1830Theodor Leschetizky: Composer
  • 1837Paul Morphy: New Orleans, Louisiana -- Greatest chess player of all time (1857-61)
  • 1840Ernest Debes: German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • 1849Stephen C Massett: Opens at courthouse as 1st pro entertainer
  • 1859Frank Heino Damrosch: Author / musician / teacher (founded Institute of Music)
  • 1864Hermann Minkowski: German mathematician
  • 1869Hendrikus Colijn: Dutch Premier (AR 1933-39)
  • 1883Jose Rolon: Composer
  • 1887Albert PAA Besnard: Dutch poet / journalist (Uprising & Remorse)
  • 1891Franz de Backer: Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • 1891Harry Seymour: New York, United States -- Actor (Boy Meets Girl, Tenderfoot)
  • 1893Osvald Chlubna: Composer
  • 1896Francis C Denebrink: US Naval officer (WWI, WWII, Korea)
  • 1897Norbert Elias: English / Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898Erich Maria Remarque: Novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front)
  • 1898R M Remarque: Writer
  • 1899Dorothy Devore: Fort Worth, Texas -- Actress (Narrow Street, Senior Daredevil)
  • 1899Michal Kalecki: Polish economist
  • 1900Jennie Tourel: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47)

Died on Jun 22

  • 1276Innocent V [Pierre the Tarantaise]: Pope (1276), dies at about 36
  • 1527Machiavelli: Writer
  • 1535John Fisher: English Bishop (1504-35) / cardinal, beheaded at about 65
  • 1741Joseph-Hector Fiocco: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1745Hubert Renotte: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1754Nicholas Siret: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1777Josef Christian: German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1803Wilhelm Heinse: Writer
  • 1843Gabriele Prota: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1874Howard Staunton: World chess champion, designer of chess pieces
  • 1885Mahdi [Muhammad Ahmed]: Sudanese music reviewer
  • 1897Ralph Abercromby: British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun: Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • 1903George White: Black resident of Delaware, lynched
  • 1906Fritz Schaudinn: German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34
  • 1909Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron: German poet, dies at 65
  • 1910Marie: Princess of Wied / Orange Nassau
  • 1922Henry H Wilson: Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • 1926Hermann Suter: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1928George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba), dies at 46
  • 1930Karl von Amira: German historian, dies at 82
  • 1945Isamu Tsjo: Japanese Chief of Staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1945Mitsuri Ushijima: Japanese Lieutenant General / Commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1950Julio Fonseca: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1954Don Hollenbeck: Newscaster (CBS Weekend News), dies at 49
  • 1955Wyllis Cooper: TV narrator (Volume One), dies at 56
  • 1961Betty Elder: Actress (Annie Get Your Gun)
  • 1964Havank [HF van der Kallen]: Detective writer (Shade), dies at 60
  • 1965Adriaan F Dussenbroek: Dutch doctor / co-founder (UNA), dies at 72
  • 1965David O Selznick: Producer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 63

Historical events on June 23

  • 1295Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298Duke Albrecht von Habsburg chosen Roman Catholic German King
  • 1305French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge
  • 1532Henry VIII and Francois I signs secret treaty against Emperor Karel V
  • 1585Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1611Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again
  • 1658Dutch troops occupy last Portugese Fort Jafnapatnam Ceylon
  • 1661Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal
  • 1683William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"
  • 1724Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757Robert Clive defeats Indians at Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1760Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
  • 17751st regatta held on Thames, England
  • 1776Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to US Congress
  • 17841st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
  • 1794Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 1810John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
  • 1821Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
  • 1848Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1860US Secret Service created
  • 1863Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
  • 1865At Ft Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable Confederate army
  • 1868Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
  • 1888Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for President
  • 1909Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1915Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
  • 191731st US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)

Born on June 23

  • 1160Johannes de Matha: French Saint / founder (Trinitarians)
  • 1540Johann Baptista Serranus: Composer
  • 1612Justus G Schottel [Schottelius]: German poet
  • 1749Konrad Back: Composer
  • 1774Matthijs Siegenbeek: Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1801Daniel Smith Donelson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1810Franziska"Fanny" Elssler: Austrian ballerina
  • 1818Simon Vissering: Dutch economist / Minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • 1822Young Marshall Moody: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1824Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke: Composer
  • 1837Ernest Guiraud: Composer
  • 1838Edwin Henry Stoughton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1846George Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 1848Antoine Joseph Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 1852Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer
  • 1855Maude Valerie White: Composer
  • 1858William Ernst Johnson: Cambridge, England -- Mathematician
  • 1859Florentinus M Wibaut: Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • 1875Carl Milles: Uppsala, Sweden -- Fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • 1876Irvin S Cobb: Kentucky, United States -- Writer / humorist (Old Judge Priest)
  • 1877Blair Fairchild: Composer
  • 1877Hermann Stephani: Composer
  • 1879William Ewart Berry: 1st viscount Camrose / English nobleman
  • 1884Werner Krauss: Germany -- Actor (Cabinet of Dr Caligari, Joyless Street)
  • 1887Ernst Rowohlt: German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • 1887John Finley Williamson: Canton, Ohio -- Conductor (Westminster Choir)
  • 1888Anna Achmatova [AA Gorenko]: Russian conductor (Tsjetki)
  • 1888Lee Moran: Chicago, Illinois -- Actor (Circus Clown)
  • 1892Able Kiviat: United States -- Runner (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1892Edmund Cobb: Albuquerque, New Mexico -- Western actor (Comanche Territory)

Died on June 23

  • 0758Ho-tse Shen-hui: Zen teacher / disciple of Hui-neng, dies at 74
  • 1075Theoduinus: Beiers prince-bishop of Liege
  • 1137Adalbert I: Archbishop of Mainz (1111-1137)
  • 1139Andries van Kuik: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1444Marcus [Manuel] Eugenicus: Byzantine Bishop of Efeze / theologist
  • 1771Jean-Claude Trial: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1801Bendix Friedrich Zinck: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1817Otto Carl Erdmann Kospoth: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1833Nikolaus Paul Zmeskall: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1866Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam Physician / social activist, dies at 53
  • 1888Emil Naumann: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1891Francis Henry Brown: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1895Joseph Paul Skelly: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1901Charles Kensington Salaman: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1916Victor Chapman: US legionaire / WWI pilot, killed
  • 1919Amy G C A Bonet-Maury: French reformed theologist
  • 1924Cecil [James] Sharp: English folk musician, dies at 64
  • 1928Thomas H Rollinson: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1945Lieutenant General Ushijima: Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • 1951Armin Knab: German Composer (Wunderhorn), dies at 70
  • 1958Edvard Armas Jarnefeldt: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1959Jean Gallon: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1965Mary Boland: Actress (Boy Trouble, New Moon), dies at 83
  • 1969Stanley Andrews: Actor (Old Ranger-Death Valley Days), dies at 78
  • 1971George Blagoi: Entertainer
  • 1971Walter Schulthess: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1972Elton Britt: Country singer (Sat Night Jamboree), dies at 54
  • 1973Fay Holden: Actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films), dies at 77
  • 1975William Hansen: Actor (Homebodies), dies at 64
  • 1980John Laurie: Actor (39 Steps, Jericho, Kidnapped), dies at 83