Events on Jun 23

  • 1295Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298Duke Albrecht von Habsburg chosen Roman Catholic German King
  • 1305French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge
  • 1532Henry VIII and Francois I signs secret treaty against Emperor Karel V
  • 1585Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1611Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again
  • 1658Dutch troops occupy last Portugese Fort Jafnapatnam Ceylon
  • 1661Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal
  • 1683William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"
  • 1724Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757Robert Clive defeats Indians at Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1760Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
  • 17751st regatta held on Thames, England
  • 1776Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to US Congress
  • 17841st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
  • 1794Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
  • 1810John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
  • 1821Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
  • 1848Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1860US Secret Service created
  • 1863Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
  • 1865At Ft Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable Confederate army
  • 1868Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
  • 1888Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for President
  • 1909Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1915Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
  • 191731st US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)

Born on Jun 23

  • 1160Johannes de Matha: French Saint / founder (Trinitarians)
  • 1540Johann Baptista Serranus: Composer
  • 1612Justus G Schottel [Schottelius]: German poet
  • 1749Konrad Back: Composer
  • 1774Matthijs Siegenbeek: Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1801Daniel Smith Donelson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1810Franziska"Fanny" Elssler: Austrian ballerina
  • 1818Simon Vissering: Dutch economist / Minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • 1822Young Marshall Moody: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1866
  • 1824Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke: Composer
  • 1837Ernest Guiraud: Composer
  • 1838Edwin Henry Stoughton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1846George Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 1848Antoine Joseph Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 1852Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer
  • 1855Maude Valerie White: Composer
  • 1858William Ernst Johnson: Cambridge, England -- Mathematician
  • 1859Florentinus M Wibaut: Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • 1875Carl Milles: Uppsala, Sweden -- Fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • 1876Irvin S Cobb: Kentucky, United States -- Writer / humorist (Old Judge Priest)
  • 1877Blair Fairchild: Composer
  • 1877Hermann Stephani: Composer
  • 1879William Ewart Berry: 1st viscount Camrose / English nobleman
  • 1884Werner Krauss: Germany -- Actor (Cabinet of Dr Caligari, Joyless Street)
  • 1887Ernst Rowohlt: German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • 1887John Finley Williamson: Canton, Ohio -- Conductor (Westminster Choir)
  • 1888Anna Achmatova [AA Gorenko]: Russian conductor (Tsjetki)
  • 1888Lee Moran: Chicago, Illinois -- Actor (Circus Clown)
  • 1892Able Kiviat: United States -- Runner (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1892Edmund Cobb: Albuquerque, New Mexico -- Western actor (Comanche Territory)

Died on Jun 23

  • 0758Ho-tse Shen-hui: Zen teacher / disciple of Hui-neng, dies at 74
  • 1075Theoduinus: Beiers prince-bishop of Liege
  • 1137Adalbert I: Archbishop of Mainz (1111-1137)
  • 1139Andries van Kuik: Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1444Marcus [Manuel] Eugenicus: Byzantine Bishop of Efeze / theologist
  • 1771Jean-Claude Trial: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1801Bendix Friedrich Zinck: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1817Otto Carl Erdmann Kospoth: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1833Nikolaus Paul Zmeskall: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1866Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam Physician / social activist, dies at 53
  • 1888Emil Naumann: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1891Francis Henry Brown: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1895Joseph Paul Skelly: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1901Charles Kensington Salaman: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1916Victor Chapman: US legionaire / WWI pilot, killed
  • 1919Amy G C A Bonet-Maury: French reformed theologist
  • 1924Cecil [James] Sharp: English folk musician, dies at 64
  • 1928Thomas H Rollinson: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1945Lieutenant General Ushijima: Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • 1951Armin Knab: German Composer (Wunderhorn), dies at 70
  • 1958Edvard Armas Jarnefeldt: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1959Jean Gallon: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1965Mary Boland: Actress (Boy Trouble, New Moon), dies at 83
  • 1969Stanley Andrews: Actor (Old Ranger-Death Valley Days), dies at 78
  • 1971George Blagoi: Entertainer
  • 1971Walter Schulthess: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1972Elton Britt: Country singer (Sat Night Jamboree), dies at 54
  • 1973Fay Holden: Actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films), dies at 77
  • 1975William Hansen: Actor (Homebodies), dies at 64
  • 1980John Laurie: Actor (39 Steps, Jericho, Kidnapped), dies at 83

Historical events on June 24

  • 0843Vikings destroy Nantes
  • 1128Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-Jews of Ifhauben Austria massacred
  • 1314Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1322Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1340Battle at Lock: English fleet beats France / Genuezen, 10-30,000 killed
  • 1340In the Hundred Years War, British fleet destroys French at Sluys
  • 1396Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1397Sultan Bajezid I release caught crusaders free, for ransom
  • 1441Eton College founded by Henry VI
  • 1497John Cabot claims eastern Canada for England (believes he found Asia in Nova Scotia)
  • 1509Henry VIII crowned King of England
  • 1522Battle at La Bicocca: Emperor Karel V beats France
  • 1522Portuguese Antonio de Brita signs treaty island of Ternate Molukkas
  • 1527Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking RC possessions
  • 1535Anabaptists Protestants conquered and disbanded
  • 1540Henry VIII divorces his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves
  • 15725 clergymen of Enkhuizen, hanged
  • 1619Tsar Michails father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1648Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1658French fleet recaptures Duinkerk
  • 1662Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
  • 1692Kingston Jamaica founded
  • 1778David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 17931st Republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1795US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1806English under commodore Popham / col Beresford reach Buenos Aires
  • 1813Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat US forces
  • 18171st coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast
  • 1843Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy

Born on June 24

  • 1244Hendrik I [the Child]: 1st Count of Hessen (1256-1308)
  • 1322Johanna: Duchess of Brabant / Limburg (Joyful Entry)
  • 1499Johannes Brenz: German theologist (Dutch Brentians)
  • 1533Robert Dudley: Earl of Leicester / English Commander-in-Chief in Netherlands
  • 1542Juan de la Cruz [de Yepes]: Spanish Carmelet / poet / Saint
  • 1546Robert Parsons: English Jesuit (A Letter Disclosure)
  • 1561Rombout Hogerbeets: Lawyer / pension Minister of Leiden
  • 1572Jan Campanus: Composer
  • 1590Samuel Ampzing: Poet (Taelbericht der Neth Spellinge)
  • 1619Rijcklof Volckertsz van Goens: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 1669Francois van Aerssen: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Suriname / Algeria)
  • 1746Jean Baptiste Rochefort: Composer
  • 1747Johann Melchior Dreyer: Composer
  • 1762Johann Paul Wessely: Composer
  • 1771E I Du Pont: France -- Chemist / Scientist (Du Pont)
  • 1803George James Webb: Composer
  • 1804Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / Botanist
  • 1808Anna Caroline Oury: Composer
  • 1811John Archibald Campbell: Confederate States Assistant Secretary of War, died in 1889
  • 1813Henry Ward Beecher: Litchfield, Connecticut -- Clergyman / orator (Independent)
  • 1820Henry Rootes Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1822Birkett Davenport Fry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1832Edward Harland: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1915
  • 1838Gustav von Schmoller: German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1839Gustavus Franklin Swift: Founded Swift & Co.
  • 1840Louis Brassin: Composer
  • 1847Gervais Bernard Gaston Salvayre: Composer
  • 1848Brooks Adams: US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
  • 1850Horatio Herbert Kitchener: England, United Kingdom -- Original Order of Merit member
  • 1852Victor Adler: Austrian Foreign Minister (1918)

Died on June 24

  • 1519Lucrezia Borgia: Daughter of Pope Alexander, dies at 39
  • 1572Adrianus van Gouda: Lay brother, hanged
  • 1572Cornelis van Diest: Lay brother, hanged
  • 1572Joannes van Naarden: Priest, hanged
  • 1572Ludovicus Voets: Priest, hanged
  • 1629Carolus Scribani: Italian / Flemish Jesuit / writer, dies at 67
  • 1643John Hampden: English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
  • 1652Andries Bicker: Merchant / Amsterdam regent, dies at 65
  • 1673John of Paffenrode: Ruler of Ghussigny / poet, dies in battle
  • 1707Kaspar von Stieler: German linguist / poet, dies at 74
  • 1712Simon van der Stel: Dutch gov of Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72
  • 1724Johann Theile: German Composer (Adam und Eva), dies at 77
  • 1778Peter Burmannus Secundus [P Burman]: Dutch classicist, dies at 64
  • 1803Matthew Thornton: Irish / US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 1882Joseph Joachim Raff: German opera Composer (Cavatine), dies at 60
  • 1891Ann Sheppard Mounsey: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1894M F Sadi Carnot: President of France (1887-94), murdered at about 56
  • 1908Grover Cleveland: 22nd and 24th President (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71
  • 1913Frank Lynes: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1922Walter Rathenau: German foreign minister, killed by anti-semites at 54
  • 1933Sissieretta Joyner Jones: "Black Patti", US singer, dies at about 64
  • 1936Nandor Zsolt: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1944Rio Gebhardt: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1952Lodewijk Mortelmans: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1962Lucile Watson: Actress (Great Lie, Model Wife, Florian), dies at 83
  • 1969Maria Belgado: Entertainer
  • 1969Ted Hecht: Actor (Time to Kill, Song of India, Gangster)
  • 1969Willey Ley: US science writer, dies at 62
  • 1971Jack Good: Actor (Father Goose)
  • 1973Mary Carr: Actress (Forbidden Trail, 2nd Wife), dies at 99