Events on Jun 24

  • 0843Vikings destroy Nantes
  • 1128Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-Jews of Ifhauben Austria massacred
  • 1314Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1322Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1340Battle at Lock: English fleet beats France / Genuezen, 10-30,000 killed
  • 1340In the Hundred Years War, British fleet destroys French at Sluys
  • 1396Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1397Sultan Bajezid I release caught crusaders free, for ransom
  • 1441Eton College founded by Henry VI
  • 1497John Cabot claims eastern Canada for England (believes he found Asia in Nova Scotia)
  • 1509Henry VIII crowned King of England
  • 1522Battle at La Bicocca: Emperor Karel V beats France
  • 1522Portuguese Antonio de Brita signs treaty island of Ternate Molukkas
  • 1527Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking RC possessions
  • 1535Anabaptists Protestants conquered and disbanded
  • 1540Henry VIII divorces his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves
  • 15725 clergymen of Enkhuizen, hanged
  • 1619Tsar Michails father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1648Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1658French fleet recaptures Duinkerk
  • 1662Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
  • 1692Kingston Jamaica founded
  • 1778David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 17931st Republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1795US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1806English under commodore Popham / col Beresford reach Buenos Aires
  • 1813Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat US forces
  • 18171st coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast
  • 1843Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy

Born on Jun 24

  • 1244Hendrik I [the Child]: 1st Count of Hessen (1256-1308)
  • 1322Johanna: Duchess of Brabant / Limburg (Joyful Entry)
  • 1499Johannes Brenz: German theologist (Dutch Brentians)
  • 1533Robert Dudley: Earl of Leicester / English Commander-in-Chief in Netherlands
  • 1542Juan de la Cruz [de Yepes]: Spanish Carmelet / poet / Saint
  • 1546Robert Parsons: English Jesuit (A Letter Disclosure)
  • 1561Rombout Hogerbeets: Lawyer / pension Minister of Leiden
  • 1572Jan Campanus: Composer
  • 1590Samuel Ampzing: Poet (Taelbericht der Neth Spellinge)
  • 1619Rijcklof Volckertsz van Goens: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 1669Francois van Aerssen: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Suriname / Algeria)
  • 1746Jean Baptiste Rochefort: Composer
  • 1747Johann Melchior Dreyer: Composer
  • 1762Johann Paul Wessely: Composer
  • 1771E I Du Pont: France -- Chemist / Scientist (Du Pont)
  • 1803George James Webb: Composer
  • 1804Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / Botanist
  • 1808Anna Caroline Oury: Composer
  • 1811John Archibald Campbell: Confederate States Assistant Secretary of War, died in 1889
  • 1813Henry Ward Beecher: Litchfield, Connecticut -- Clergyman / orator (Independent)
  • 1820Henry Rootes Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1822Birkett Davenport Fry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1832Edward Harland: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1915
  • 1838Gustav von Schmoller: German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1839Gustavus Franklin Swift: Founded Swift & Co.
  • 1840Louis Brassin: Composer
  • 1847Gervais Bernard Gaston Salvayre: Composer
  • 1848Brooks Adams: US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
  • 1850Horatio Herbert Kitchener: England, United Kingdom -- Original Order of Merit member
  • 1852Victor Adler: Austrian Foreign Minister (1918)

Died on Jun 24

  • 1519Lucrezia Borgia: Daughter of Pope Alexander, dies at 39
  • 1572Adrianus van Gouda: Lay brother, hanged
  • 1572Cornelis van Diest: Lay brother, hanged
  • 1572Joannes van Naarden: Priest, hanged
  • 1572Ludovicus Voets: Priest, hanged
  • 1629Carolus Scribani: Italian / Flemish Jesuit / writer, dies at 67
  • 1643John Hampden: English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
  • 1652Andries Bicker: Merchant / Amsterdam regent, dies at 65
  • 1673John of Paffenrode: Ruler of Ghussigny / poet, dies in battle
  • 1707Kaspar von Stieler: German linguist / poet, dies at 74
  • 1712Simon van der Stel: Dutch gov of Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72
  • 1724Johann Theile: German Composer (Adam und Eva), dies at 77
  • 1778Peter Burmannus Secundus [P Burman]: Dutch classicist, dies at 64
  • 1803Matthew Thornton: Irish / US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 1882Joseph Joachim Raff: German opera Composer (Cavatine), dies at 60
  • 1891Ann Sheppard Mounsey: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1894M F Sadi Carnot: President of France (1887-94), murdered at about 56
  • 1908Grover Cleveland: 22nd and 24th President (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71
  • 1913Frank Lynes: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1922Walter Rathenau: German foreign minister, killed by anti-semites at 54
  • 1933Sissieretta Joyner Jones: "Black Patti", US singer, dies at about 64
  • 1936Nandor Zsolt: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1944Rio Gebhardt: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1952Lodewijk Mortelmans: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1962Lucile Watson: Actress (Great Lie, Model Wife, Florian), dies at 83
  • 1969Maria Belgado: Entertainer
  • 1969Ted Hecht: Actor (Time to Kill, Song of India, Gangster)
  • 1969Willey Ley: US science writer, dies at 62
  • 1971Jack Good: Actor (Father Goose)
  • 1973Mary Carr: Actress (Forbidden Trail, 2nd Wife), dies at 99

Historical events on June 25

  • 0253St. Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1080Wibbert of Ravenna chosen as anti-pope Clemens III
  • 10961st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1139Battle of Ourique: Afonso I defeats Moors
  • 11785 Canterbury monks report something exploding on Moon
  • 1183Peace of Konstanz
  • 1243Sinibaldo dei Fieschi elected as Pope Innocentius IV
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-250 Jews killed in Rothenburg Germany
  • 1500Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada
  • 1580Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • 1606Alkmaarse clergy asks "Great Dertelheyt"
  • 1606St. Jansday is forbidden
  • 1607Mentally ill Emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary and Moravia
  • 1630Fork introduced to American dining by Gov Winthrop
  • 1638Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in US
  • 1658Spanish garrison at Duinkerk surrenders to French and British
  • 1667Dr Jean-Baptiste Denys, French doctor, performs 1st blood transfusion
  • 16721st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held, Sandwich, Massachusetts
  • 1675Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • 1716Eugenius of Savoye named land guardian of Austrian Netherlands
  • 1749General fast because of drought in Massachusetts
  • 1788Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1794French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 1798US passes Alien Act allowing President to deport dangerous aliens
  • 18351st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now San Francisco)
  • 1861Western Virginia campaign
  • 1863US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • 1864Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
  • 1864Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
  • 18671st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio

Born on June 25

  • 1373Johanna II: Queen of Naples (1414-35)
  • 1709Francesco Araja: Composer
  • 1735Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele: Composer
  • 1796Ferdinando Giorgetti: Composer
  • 1813William Hugh Keim: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1823James Dunwody Bulloch: Captain (Confederate Navy), died in 1901
  • 1858Georges Courteline [Moineaux]: French playwright
  • 1860Gustave Charpentier: French composer (opera Louise)
  • 1862Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell: Composer
  • 1864Walther Hermann Nernst: Prussian physicist / chemist (Nobel 1920)
  • 1865Robert Henri: US painter, leader of Ashcan school
  • 1878Jean Gallon: Composer
  • 1886Henry "Hap" Arnold: Commanding General US Army Air Force (WWII)
  • 1887George Abbott: Forestville, New York -- Producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
  • 1889Ethel Glenn Hier: Composer
  • 1889Margriet M C Baers: Flemish philosopher
  • 1890Marchwitza: Writer
  • 1893Charlotte Greenwood: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Oklahoma, Moon over Miami)
  • 1894Hermann Oberth: Germany -- Founded modern Astronautics (V2 / Redstone)
  • 1897Basil Radford: Chester, England -- Actor (Whiskey Galore, Night Train)
  • 1897Hans Barth: Composer
  • 1900Izak D du Plessis: South African writer / director (3rd World)
  • 1900Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma: Royal relative / Earl / Baron / Admiral
  • 1901Adolf Brunner: Composer
  • 1903Arthur Tracy: Russia -- Street singer (Vincent Lopez Show, Limelight)
  • 1904Jan van Axel [Johannes P Kraakman]: Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • 1906Roger Livesey: Barry, Wales -- Actor (Drums, Life & Death of Colonel Blimp)
  • 1907J Hans D Jensen: Germany -- Physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963)
  • 1909Daniel Fuchs: US writer (Summer in Williamsburg)
  • 1911Reed Hadley: Petrolia, Texas -- Actor (Racket Squad, Shock, Grand Canyon)

Died on June 25

  • 1142Gulielmus of Vercelli: Italian hermit / monastery founder / saint
  • 1423Reinald IV: Duke of Gelre and Gulik (Reinoud I)
  • 1483Edward V: King of England (April 9 - June 25, 1483), murdered
  • 1514Berta Jacobsdr [Suster Bertken]: Dutch hermit, dies at 87
  • 1522Franchinus Gaffurius: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1710Antonius Matthaeus: Dutch lawyer / historian, dies at 74
  • 1767Georg Philipp Telemann: German late-barok composer, dies at 86
  • 1785Pierre Talon: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1785Pieter Kintsius: VOC-supercarga / chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • 1822Ernst T Amadeus Hoffmann: German writer / judge / composer, dies at 46
  • 1840Leopold Count of Limburg Stirum: Dutch General / politician, dies at 82
  • 1876Boston Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876George A Custer: US General (Little Bighorn), dies at 36
  • 1876John Patton: Trumpeter, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Lame White Man: Cheyenne, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Myles Keogh: US officer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Thomas W Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1884Hans Rott: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1896Emile AH Seipgens: Dutch priest / beer brewer / man of letters, dies at 58
  • 1898Ferdinand J Cohn: German Botanist / publicist, dies at 70
  • 1906Stanford White: Architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit
  • 1912Louis Antoine: Belgian miner / Sect Leader, dies at about 65
  • 1926Symon Petljoera: President Ukraine (pogroms), murdered in Paris
  • 1929Georges Courteline [Moineaux]: French playwright
  • 1937Colin Clive: Actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Jane Eyre), dies at 39
  • 1942Hans Lietzman: German Theologist / church historian, dies at 67
  • 1943Spencer Charters: Actor (Big Town Girl, St. Louis Kid), dies at 68
  • 1954Eduard M Meijers: Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74
  • 1956Ernest J King: US fleet Admiral / Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77
  • 1959Charles Starkwether: Murderer, executed