Events on Jun 25

  • 0253St. Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1080Wibbert of Ravenna chosen as anti-pope Clemens III
  • 10961st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1139Battle of Ourique: Afonso I defeats Moors
  • 11785 Canterbury monks report something exploding on Moon
  • 1183Peace of Konstanz
  • 1243Sinibaldo dei Fieschi elected as Pope Innocentius IV
  • 1298Rindfleish Persecutions-250 Jews killed in Rothenburg Germany
  • 1500Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada
  • 1580Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • 1606Alkmaarse clergy asks "Great Dertelheyt"
  • 1606St. Jansday is forbidden
  • 1607Mentally ill Emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary and Moravia
  • 1630Fork introduced to American dining by Gov Winthrop
  • 1638Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in US
  • 1658Spanish garrison at Duinkerk surrenders to French and British
  • 1667Dr Jean-Baptiste Denys, French doctor, performs 1st blood transfusion
  • 16721st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held, Sandwich, Massachusetts
  • 1675Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • 1716Eugenius of Savoye named land guardian of Austrian Netherlands
  • 1749General fast because of drought in Massachusetts
  • 1788Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1794French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 1798US passes Alien Act allowing President to deport dangerous aliens
  • 18351st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now San Francisco)
  • 1861Western Virginia campaign
  • 1863US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • 1864Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
  • 1864Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
  • 18671st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio

Born on Jun 25

  • 1373Johanna II: Queen of Naples (1414-35)
  • 1709Francesco Araja: Composer
  • 1735Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele: Composer
  • 1796Ferdinando Giorgetti: Composer
  • 1813William Hugh Keim: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1823James Dunwody Bulloch: Captain (Confederate Navy), died in 1901
  • 1858Georges Courteline [Moineaux]: French playwright
  • 1860Gustave Charpentier: French composer (opera Louise)
  • 1862Vasily Georgiyevich Wrangell: Composer
  • 1864Walther Hermann Nernst: Prussian physicist / chemist (Nobel 1920)
  • 1865Robert Henri: US painter, leader of Ashcan school
  • 1878Jean Gallon: Composer
  • 1886Henry "Hap" Arnold: Commanding General US Army Air Force (WWII)
  • 1887George Abbott: Forestville, New York -- Producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
  • 1889Ethel Glenn Hier: Composer
  • 1889Margriet M C Baers: Flemish philosopher
  • 1890Marchwitza: Writer
  • 1893Charlotte Greenwood: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actress (Oklahoma, Moon over Miami)
  • 1894Hermann Oberth: Germany -- Founded modern Astronautics (V2 / Redstone)
  • 1897Basil Radford: Chester, England -- Actor (Whiskey Galore, Night Train)
  • 1897Hans Barth: Composer
  • 1900Izak D du Plessis: South African writer / director (3rd World)
  • 1900Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma: Royal relative / Earl / Baron / Admiral
  • 1901Adolf Brunner: Composer
  • 1903Arthur Tracy: Russia -- Street singer (Vincent Lopez Show, Limelight)
  • 1904Jan van Axel [Johannes P Kraakman]: Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • 1906Roger Livesey: Barry, Wales -- Actor (Drums, Life & Death of Colonel Blimp)
  • 1907J Hans D Jensen: Germany -- Physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963)
  • 1909Daniel Fuchs: US writer (Summer in Williamsburg)
  • 1911Reed Hadley: Petrolia, Texas -- Actor (Racket Squad, Shock, Grand Canyon)

Died on Jun 25

  • 1142Gulielmus of Vercelli: Italian hermit / monastery founder / saint
  • 1423Reinald IV: Duke of Gelre and Gulik (Reinoud I)
  • 1483Edward V: King of England (April 9 - June 25, 1483), murdered
  • 1514Berta Jacobsdr [Suster Bertken]: Dutch hermit, dies at 87
  • 1522Franchinus Gaffurius: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1710Antonius Matthaeus: Dutch lawyer / historian, dies at 74
  • 1767Georg Philipp Telemann: German late-barok composer, dies at 86
  • 1785Pierre Talon: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1785Pieter Kintsius: VOC-supercarga / chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • 1822Ernst T Amadeus Hoffmann: German writer / judge / composer, dies at 46
  • 1840Leopold Count of Limburg Stirum: Dutch General / politician, dies at 82
  • 1876Boston Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876George A Custer: US General (Little Bighorn), dies at 36
  • 1876John Patton: Trumpeter, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Lame White Man: Cheyenne, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Myles Keogh: US officer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876Thomas W Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1884Hans Rott: Composer, dies at 25
  • 1896Emile AH Seipgens: Dutch priest / beer brewer / man of letters, dies at 58
  • 1898Ferdinand J Cohn: German Botanist / publicist, dies at 70
  • 1906Stanford White: Architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit
  • 1912Louis Antoine: Belgian miner / Sect Leader, dies at about 65
  • 1926Symon Petljoera: President Ukraine (pogroms), murdered in Paris
  • 1929Georges Courteline [Moineaux]: French playwright
  • 1937Colin Clive: Actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Jane Eyre), dies at 39
  • 1942Hans Lietzman: German Theologist / church historian, dies at 67
  • 1943Spencer Charters: Actor (Big Town Girl, St. Louis Kid), dies at 68
  • 1954Eduard M Meijers: Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74
  • 1956Ernest J King: US fleet Admiral / Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77
  • 1959Charles Starkwether: Murderer, executed

Historical events on June 26

  • 0684St. Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1284Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)
  • 1409Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
  • 1483Duke of Gloucester appoints himself English King Richard III
  • 1483Richard III usurps English throne
  • 1498Toothbrush invented
  • 1714Spain and Netherlands sign peace / trade agreement
  • 1721Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • 1794Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
  • 1807Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • 1843Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 1844US President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
  • 18481st pure food law enacted in US
  • 185762 receive Victoria Cross
  • 1857Cawnpore England massacre
  • 1862Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • 1862Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • 1862US Army of Virginia established under General John Pope
  • 18701st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • 1879Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
  • 1894Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto
  • 18961st movie theater in US opens, charging 10 cents for admission
  • 1900Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • 1902Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • 1902Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)
  • 1906Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
  • 1907Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
  • 190923rd US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss beats Maud Barger-Wallach (60 61)
  • 1909Victoria and Albert Museum opens in London
  • 191024th US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss Wightman beats L Hammond (64 62)

Born on June 26

  • 1582Johannes Schultz: Composer
  • 1655Jean Deutz: Merchant / Amsterdam regent
  • 1702Philip Doddridge: England, United Kingdom -- Dr / nonconformist clergyman
  • 1730Charles Joseph Messier: Astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects")
  • 1742Arthur Middleton: Signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1747Leopold Jan Antonin Kozeluh: Composer
  • 1749Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans: Composer
  • 1760Johan I Jozef: Monarch of Liechtenstein / Field Marshal
  • 1763George Morland: England, United Kingdom -- Artist of rural landscapes
  • 1823Frederick Bowen Jewson: Composer
  • 1824Kelvin [William Thomson]: British physicist (Kelvin Scale)
  • 1824Moritz Furstenau: Composer
  • 1831Julius Rodenberg [Levy]: German writer (Kriegs - Songs of War & Peace)
  • 1837Martin Davis Hardin II: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1923
  • 1837Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1854Robert Laird Borden: (C), 8th Canadian Prime Minister (1911-20)
  • 1865Bernard Berenson: Art critic (Italian painters of the Renaissance)
  • 1865Charles E Bonin: French explorer / diplomat (China)
  • 1865George C Pearce: Actor (Country Kid, British Agent, Valiant)
  • 1866Josef Swickard: Coblenz, Germany -- Actor (Lost City, Tale of 2 Cities)
  • 1874Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky: Composer
  • 1875Camille Zeckwer: Composer
  • 1876Nico[laas P] de Jong: Dutch radio play actor (Laughter & Tears)
  • 1878Albert Siklos: Composer
  • 1878Ernest Torrence: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame)
  • 1885Billy Jenkins [Erich Rosenthal]: Magdeburg
  • 1886Margaretha C E "Greta" Beekman: Actress (Wrong Poes)
  • 1887Anthony G de Rothschild: Britain -- Philanthropist
  • 1891Heinrich Lemacher: Composer
  • 1891Sidney Coe Howard: United States -- Dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925)

Died on June 26

  • 0363Flavius C Julianus [Apostata]: Emperor of Rome (361-63)
  • 1631Justinus van Nassau: Ltalian Admiral (Armada)
  • 1657Tobias Michael: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1661Lazaro Valvasensi: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1666Richard Fanshawe: Diplomat / translator / poet
  • 1688Ralph Cudworth: English philosopher (Intellectual system)
  • 1778Angelo Antonio Caroli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1793Gilbert White: Naturalist / cleric
  • 1798Eugene Godecharle: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1819Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1819Slome Duikelar [Abraham J Swalff]: Yiddish writer
  • 1827Christian A Vulpius: German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini)
  • 1827Samuel Crompton: English inventor (mule-jenny), dies at 73
  • 1836Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle: Author / Composer (Marseillaise)
  • 1863Andrew Hull Foote: US Union Lieutenant Admiral
  • 1906Alexander Muir: Poet (Maple Leaf Forever), dies at 76
  • 1922Albert H K: Monarch of Monaco (1889-1922), dies at 73
  • 1926Christina Goedvolk: Wife of Henry Jut
  • 1937Georg A Erman: German egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82
  • 1938James Weldon Johnson: Black leader (NAACP), dies in car crash at 67
  • 1939Ford M Ford [Hueffer]: British writer, (Tietjens Saga) dies at 65
  • 1942Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd]: Dutch RC priest (Dachau)
  • 1943Fritz Schmidt: Nazi commissioner in Holland, commits suicide at 39
  • 1945Erno Rapee: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1945Nikolay Nikolayevich Tcherepnin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1956Clifford Brown: US jazz trumpeter (Joyspring, Jordu), dies at 25
  • 1958Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / Author (Vocation), dies at 93
  • 1960John Brenden Kelly: Rower (1920, 24 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 70
  • 1961Kenneth F Fearing: United States -- Poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • 1963Obe Postma: Fries, Poet / geography / Historian (Own Cart)