Events on Jun 26

  • 0684St. Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1284Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)
  • 1409Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
  • 1483Duke of Gloucester appoints himself English King Richard III
  • 1483Richard III usurps English throne
  • 1498Toothbrush invented
  • 1714Spain and Netherlands sign peace / trade agreement
  • 1721Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • 1794Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
  • 1807Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • 1843Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 1844US President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
  • 18481st pure food law enacted in US
  • 185762 receive Victoria Cross
  • 1857Cawnpore England massacre
  • 1862Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • 1862Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • 1862US Army of Virginia established under General John Pope
  • 18701st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • 1879Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
  • 1894Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto
  • 18961st movie theater in US opens, charging 10 cents for admission
  • 1900Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • 1902Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • 1902Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)
  • 1906Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
  • 1907Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
  • 190923rd US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss beats Maud Barger-Wallach (60 61)
  • 1909Victoria and Albert Museum opens in London
  • 191024th US Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss Wightman beats L Hammond (64 62)

Born on Jun 26

  • 1582Johannes Schultz: Composer
  • 1655Jean Deutz: Merchant / Amsterdam regent
  • 1702Philip Doddridge: England, United Kingdom -- Dr / nonconformist clergyman
  • 1730Charles Joseph Messier: Astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects")
  • 1742Arthur Middleton: Signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1747Leopold Jan Antonin Kozeluh: Composer
  • 1749Louis Joseph Claude Saint-Amans: Composer
  • 1760Johan I Jozef: Monarch of Liechtenstein / Field Marshal
  • 1763George Morland: England, United Kingdom -- Artist of rural landscapes
  • 1823Frederick Bowen Jewson: Composer
  • 1824Kelvin [William Thomson]: British physicist (Kelvin Scale)
  • 1824Moritz Furstenau: Composer
  • 1831Julius Rodenberg [Levy]: German writer (Kriegs - Songs of War & Peace)
  • 1837Martin Davis Hardin II: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1923
  • 1837Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1854Robert Laird Borden: (C), 8th Canadian Prime Minister (1911-20)
  • 1865Bernard Berenson: Art critic (Italian painters of the Renaissance)
  • 1865Charles E Bonin: French explorer / diplomat (China)
  • 1865George C Pearce: Actor (Country Kid, British Agent, Valiant)
  • 1866Josef Swickard: Coblenz, Germany -- Actor (Lost City, Tale of 2 Cities)
  • 1874Mikhail Vladimirovich Ivanov-Boretsky: Composer
  • 1875Camille Zeckwer: Composer
  • 1876Nico[laas P] de Jong: Dutch radio play actor (Laughter & Tears)
  • 1878Albert Siklos: Composer
  • 1878Ernest Torrence: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame)
  • 1885Billy Jenkins [Erich Rosenthal]: Magdeburg
  • 1886Margaretha C E "Greta" Beekman: Actress (Wrong Poes)
  • 1887Anthony G de Rothschild: Britain -- Philanthropist
  • 1891Heinrich Lemacher: Composer
  • 1891Sidney Coe Howard: United States -- Dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925)

Died on Jun 26

  • 0363Flavius C Julianus [Apostata]: Emperor of Rome (361-63)
  • 1631Justinus van Nassau: Ltalian Admiral (Armada)
  • 1657Tobias Michael: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1661Lazaro Valvasensi: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1666Richard Fanshawe: Diplomat / translator / poet
  • 1688Ralph Cudworth: English philosopher (Intellectual system)
  • 1778Angelo Antonio Caroli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1793Gilbert White: Naturalist / cleric
  • 1798Eugene Godecharle: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1819Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1819Slome Duikelar [Abraham J Swalff]: Yiddish writer
  • 1827Christian A Vulpius: German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini)
  • 1827Samuel Crompton: English inventor (mule-jenny), dies at 73
  • 1836Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle: Author / Composer (Marseillaise)
  • 1863Andrew Hull Foote: US Union Lieutenant Admiral
  • 1906Alexander Muir: Poet (Maple Leaf Forever), dies at 76
  • 1922Albert H K: Monarch of Monaco (1889-1922), dies at 73
  • 1926Christina Goedvolk: Wife of Henry Jut
  • 1937Georg A Erman: German egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82
  • 1938James Weldon Johnson: Black leader (NAACP), dies in car crash at 67
  • 1939Ford M Ford [Hueffer]: British writer, (Tietjens Saga) dies at 65
  • 1942Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd]: Dutch RC priest (Dachau)
  • 1943Fritz Schmidt: Nazi commissioner in Holland, commits suicide at 39
  • 1945Erno Rapee: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1945Nikolay Nikolayevich Tcherepnin: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1956Clifford Brown: US jazz trumpeter (Joyspring, Jordu), dies at 25
  • 1958Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / Author (Vocation), dies at 93
  • 1960John Brenden Kelly: Rower (1920, 24 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 70
  • 1961Kenneth F Fearing: United States -- Poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • 1963Obe Postma: Fries, Poet / geography / Historian (Own Cart)

Historical events on June 27

  • 0678St. Agatho begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1524Earl Henry III of Nassau weds Mencia de Medoza, 16-years old marquess
  • 1542Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain
  • 1652New Amsterdam (now NYC) passes 1st speed limit law in US
  • 16931st sea battle of Lagos: England and Holland vs. France
  • 1697Polish parliament selects monarch August van Saksen as King
  • 1743English defeat French at Dettingen
  • 1756French fleet conquer St. Philips Castle of Minorca
  • 1778Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British had left
  • 1806Buenos Aires captured by British
  • 1833Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury Conn
  • 1847New York and Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • 1863Skirmish at Fairfax (Courthouse) Virginia
  • 1864Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia
  • 1867Bank of California opens doors
  • 18761st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as presidential candidate
  • 1890George Dixon becomes 1st black boxing champ (Bantam weight)
  • 1893Great stock crash on New York stock exchange
  • 19039th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 307 at Baltusrol Golf Club - New Jersey
  • 1905Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin"
  • 190923rd US Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats M Barger-Wallach (60 61)
  • 1909Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in the Netherlands (Belg count De Lambert)
  • 1914Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1914US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
  • 1915Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
  • 19171st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WWI military service
  • 1922Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)
  • 19291st color TV demo (NYC)
  • 1929President Von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

Born on June 27

  • 1462Louis XII [the Just]: King of France (1498-1515)
  • 1615Johann Paul Schor: German Baroque painter
  • 1718Wenzel Raimund Pirck: Composer
  • 1745Johann Nepomuk Went: Composer
  • 1789Philipp Friedrich Silcher: Composer
  • 1805Stephen Elvey: Composer
  • 1808Everhardus J Potgieter: Dutch writer / publisher (The Guide)
  • 1809Francois de Canrobert: French marshal / parliament member
  • 1812John Pike Hullah: Composer
  • 1819Carl Albert Loeschhorn: Composer
  • 1821August Conradi: Composer
  • 1828Junius Daniel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1833Vladislav Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer
  • 1838Bankim Chandra Chatterjee: Bengali Novelist (Anandamath)
  • 1846Charles S Parnell: English / Irish Home Rule Party-Lower house member
  • 1849Harriet Hubbard Ayers: Beauty cream maufacturer and expert / columnist
  • 1850Ivan Vazov: Bulgaria -- Poet / Novelist / playwright (Under the Yoke)
  • 1850Jacob Adolf Hagg: Composer
  • 1850Lafcadio Hearn: United States -- Journalist / author (Chita)
  • 1862May Irwin: US comedienne / singer (Hot Time in the Old Town)
  • 1869Emma Goldman: Anarchist / publisher (Mother Earth)
  • 1872Paul Laurence Dunbar: Dayton, Ohio -- Poet / Novelist (Oak & Ivory)
  • 1882Eduard Spranger: German psychologist / educator
  • 1884Forrester Harvey: Ireland -- Actor (Tarzan, Chump at Oxford)
  • 1884Gaston Bachelard: French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu)
  • 1885Arthur Harmat: Composer
  • 1889Alfred Courtens: Belgian sculptor
  • 1889Moroni Olsen: Ogden, Utah -- Actor (Annie Oakley, Black Gold, Snow White)
  • 1896Franciscus J Feron: Vicaris-General of Roermond
  • 1898Alexandra G "Alja" von Hoyer-Rachmanova: Russ / Aust author (Students)

Died on June 27

  • 0444Cyrillus van Alexandria: Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 1137Guigo de Castro [Venerabilis]: 5th prior of Grande Chartreuse
  • 1296Floris V: Count of Holland and Zeeland
  • 1458Alfonso V: King of Aragon / Sicily / Naples (Alfonso I)
  • 1543Agnolo Firenzuola [Giovannini]: Ital Monk (De golden ezel)
  • 1638Lukaris Cyrillus: Patriarch of Alexandria / Constantinople
  • 1641Michiel Jansz of Mierevelt: Royal painter, dies at 74
  • 1654Johann V Andreae: German vicar / writer (Christenburg), dies at 67
  • 1679Pablo Bruna: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1757Willem Gideon Deutz: Amsterdam regent / banker / merchant, dies at 59
  • 1785Egbert de Free Temminck: Amsterdam regent, dies at 84
  • 1814Johann Friedrich Reichardt: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1829James Smithson: Dies, his will establishes Smithsonian Institute
  • 1829Louis-Sebastien Lebrun: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1832Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisla: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1839Ranjit Singh: Gov of Lahore
  • 1844Hyrum Smith: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched in Carthage, Illinois
  • 1844Joseph Smith, Jr.: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched at 38
  • 1848Denis-Auguste Affre: Archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
  • 1848Zschokke: Writer
  • 1859Jean C Baud: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • 1862Chatham Roberdeau Wheat: Confederate major, dies in battle at about 35
  • 1863Martin E Green: Confederate Brigadier General, shot dead at 38
  • 1864Charles Garrison Harker: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 26
  • 1876Christian G Ehrenberg: German zoologist (micro-organisms), dies at 81
  • 1889Carlotta Patti: Italian soprano
  • 1889Whitney Eugene Thayer: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1917Gustav von Schmolle: German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1934Max Pallenberg: Austria actor (Brave Suender), dies in air crash at 56
  • 1944Werner Wehrli: Composer, dies at 52