Events on Jun 30

  • 0296St. Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0833Louis, King of Austria, crowned
  • 0949Otto I the Great gives away bishopdom of Utrecht
  • 1294Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland
  • 1371Arnold II of Horne chosen Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1397Denmark, Norway and Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1520Spanish conquerors under Cortes take gold from Aztecs
  • 1528Burgundy army occupies Utrecht
  • 1548Emperor Charles V orders Catholics to become Lutherans
  • 1559Duke of Montgomery wounds King Henri II during tournament
  • 1596English / Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • 1598King Philip II moves to Escorial palace
  • 1607Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1643Battle at Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1648French Premier Cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1688Whig-Lords questions Prince Willem III van Orange on Protestantism
  • 1690Battle at Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Netherlands / English fleet
  • 1700Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12 / 7 / 1700)
  • 1734Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1794Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1815US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1859Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
  • 1861CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • 1862Battle at Turkey Bridge Virginia: Confederate assault attack
  • 1862Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • 1863Battles in Hanover Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • 1863Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves

Born on Jun 30

  • 1468Johan [the Standvastige]: Monarch of Saxon
  • 1470Charles VIII: King of France (1483-98) - invaded Italy
  • 1503Johan Frederik: Elector of Saxon (1532-47)
  • 1669Mauritius Vogt: Composer
  • 1685Dominikus Zimmermann: German architect / painter (Liebfrauenkirche)
  • 1722Jiri Antonin Benda: Composer
  • 1723Christian Ernst Graf: Composer
  • 1743Niels Schiorring: Composer
  • 1748Jacques D "comte" Cassini: French astronomer
  • 1768Elizabeth Kortright Monroe: 1st lady (1817-25)
  • 1789E J Horace Vernet: French painter
  • 1807Friedrich T Vischer: German philosopher / writer (Auch einer)
  • 1810Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass]: Slovenian / Croatian poet (illyrism)
  • 1817Joseph D Hooker: British Botanist
  • 1818Edward John Hopkins: Composer
  • 1819William A Wheeler: (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
  • 1823Hendrik Jan Schimmel: Dutch writer / dramatist (2 Tudors)
  • 1837Stephen D Ramseur: Youngest West Pointer to be Major General
  • 1846Ricardo Drigo: Composer
  • 1847Jacob T Cremer: Minister of Colonies / President (Dutch Trading Comp)
  • 1856Gerrit Kalff: Writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • 1868C V France: Bradford, England -- Actor (Skin Game, Adventure in Blackmail)
  • 1879Walter Hampden: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor (Five Fingers, Hunchback of Notre Dame)
  • 1890Gertrude McCoy: Sugar Valley, Georgia -- Silent screen actress (Blue Bird)
  • 1892Laszlo Lajtha: Composer
  • 1892Pierre Blanchar: Philippeville, Algeria -- Actor (Magnificent Sinner)
  • 1893Harold / Joseph Laski: English economist / Labour leader (1945-..)
  • 1893Walter Ulbricht: President German DR
  • 1894Gavrilo Princip: Bosnian assassin (Archduke Ferdinand)
  • 1896Wilfred Pelletier: Montreal, Quebec -- Conductor (Voice of Firestone)

Died on Jun 30

  • 1109Alfonso VI: (imperator totius Hispaniae), King of Leon
  • 1520Montezuma II [the Last Aztec Emperor]: Killed
  • 1538Charles van Egmond: Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen, dies at 70
  • 1649Simon Vouet: French Painter
  • 1655Jacob Boonen: South Netherlands clergyman / lawyer, dies at 81
  • 1662Johannes C Verspronck: Portrait painter, buried at about 64
  • 1666Adam Krieger: German composer, dies at 32
  • 1666Alexander Brome: British Poet
  • 1792Francesco Antonio Rosetti: Composer
  • 1817Abraham Gottlob Werner: German geologist
  • 1819Ernst Ludwig Gerber: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1839Johan O Wallin: Swedish Poet / Archbishop (Dead Angel)
  • 1862Richard Griffith: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48
  • 1882Charles J Guiteau: Assassin (President Garfield), hanged
  • 1889Eugenio Terziani: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1890Samuel Parkman Tuckerman: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1899Jon Helgason: Icelandic Poet (Ur Landsudri)
  • 1905John Hay: US politician
  • 1914Bai Long [White Wolf]: Chinese Robin Hood / crowd leader
  • 1919John W S Raleigh: British physicist (Nobel 1904), dies at 76
  • 1920Lena Christ: Writer, dies at 38
  • 1923Claude Antoine Terrasse: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1924Jacob Israel de Haan: Dutch Poet / writer (Pypelyntjes), dies at 42
  • 1934Gregor Strasser: German pharmacist / NSDAP-leader, murdered at 42
  • 1934Karl Ernst: German SA-leader, murdered
  • 1934Kurt von Schleiger: German chancellor (1932-33), murdered at 52
  • 1938Milan Rakic: Serbian Poet (Nove Pesme), dies at 61
  • 1942Arnoldus J H Aerts: Dutch Bishop of New-Guinea, executed at 62
  • 1946Michael Zadora: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1948Karl Wolfskehl: Writer, dies at 78

Historical events on July 1

  • 0069Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed Emperor of Syria
  • 0070Titus sets up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem
  • 0649Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 10971st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1253Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha to Daughter of Jan III
  • 1390French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 15171st burning of Protestants at stake in the Netherlands
  • 1517Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes Cardinal
  • 1535Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543England and Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1569Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 16561st Quakers (Mary Fisher / Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
  • 1674Spain, France and Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • 1690Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish / Dutch army
  • 1747Battle at Lafeld: France beat English / Dutch army
  • 17761st vote on Declaration of Independence
  • 1795John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
  • 1810Louis Napoleon resigns as King of the Netherlands
  • 18239th Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • 1850At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 18591st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
  • 1859Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St. Louis
  • 18611st public schoolhouse opens at Washington and Mason St, San Francisco
  • 1861War Department decrees the KA and TN are to be canvassed for volunteers

Born on July 1

  • 1381Laurentius Justitianus [Lorenzo Giustiniani]: Saint
  • 1506Louis II: King of Hungary / Bohemia (1516-26)
  • 1511Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe]: Medical / historian / humanist
  • 1534Frederik II: King of Denmark / Norway (1559-88)
  • 1560Charles van Croij: Prince of Chimay / Duke of Aarschot
  • 1586Claudio Saracini: Composer
  • 1646G W Leibniz: German mathematician / philosopher; postulated monads
  • 1663Franz Xaver Murschhauser: Composer
  • 1688Johann Ludwig Steiner: Composer
  • 1723Pedro R de Campomanes: Spanish economist / historian / literary
  • 1735James Lyon: Composer
  • 1742Georg C Lichtenberg: German physicist / writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • 1764Georg Christoph Grosheim: Composer
  • 1784Wilhelm Friedemann Bach: Composer, Son of J.S. Bach, dies at 74
  • 1788Jean-Victor Poncelet: Mathematician, founded projective geometry
  • 1802Gideon Welles: Secretary of the Navy (Union), died in 1878
  • 1804George Sand: France -- Novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • 1807Thomas Green Clemson: Mining engineer, endowed Clemson University
  • 1818Ignaz Semmelweis: Gynecologist
  • 1833Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert: Bvt Major General (Union Army)
  • 1840Robert S Ball: Irish mathematician / astronomer
  • 1844Verney L Cameroon: English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • 1857Roger Connor: 1st baseman (New York Giants)
  • 1874Michel H Campen: Author / critic (Bikoerim)
  • 1881Piet[er] L Kramer: Architect (Amsterdam School)
  • 1887Charles D Brown: Iowa, United States -- Actor (Barefoot Boy, Disbarred, Night Editor)
  • 1892James M Cain: Minneapolis, Minnesota -- Novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice)
  • 1899Charles Laughton: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Mutiny on Bounty, Spartacus)
  • 1899Konstantijn Tsatsos: President Greece
  • 1901Irna Phillips: Chicago, Illinois -- Created 6 soap operas (Guiding Light)

Died on July 1

  • 1378Jan I V van Arkel: Bishop of Utrecht / Luik
  • 1523Hendrik Voes: Flemish priest / church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1523John of Esschen: Flemish priest / church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1589Christophe Plantin: French / Belgian book publisher
  • 1592Marc A Ingegneri: Italian violinist / Composer (Responsoria)
  • 1662Simon Ives: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1723Willem van de Pose: Gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
  • 1742Bohuslav Matej Czernohorsky: Czech Monk / composer, dies at 58
  • 1774Henry Fox Holland: English corrupt politician, dies at 68
  • 1776Francis Salvador: 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War
  • 1782Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquis of Rockingham: Does at 52
  • 1784Wilhelm Friedmann Bach: Composer (Sinfonias 64), dies at 73
  • 1805Georg Ritschel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1839Mahmud II: Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1847George F Kersting: German painter, dies at 61
  • 1863John Fulton Reynolds: Union General Major, dies in battle at 42
  • 1883Manuel Gregorio Tavarez: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1894Julius PJA van Nyevelt: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 77
  • 1910Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Casse-noisette)
  • 1925Erik Alfred Leslie Satie: French Composer (Dreamy Fish), dies at 59
  • 1925Jan P Veth: Dutch Painter / lithographer / art historian, dies at 61
  • 1939Louis Davids [Simon David]: Cabaret performer / chorus performer
  • 1943Auguste Reitsma: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Director), executed
  • 1943C Bakker: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943C L Barentsen: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Coos Hartogh: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Cor Roos: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Henri Halberstadt: Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • 1943Johan Brouwer: Hispanist / writer / Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943Koen Limperg: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed