Events on Jul 1

  • 0069Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed Emperor of Syria
  • 0070Titus sets up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem
  • 0649Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 10971st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1253Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha to Daughter of Jan III
  • 1390French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 15171st burning of Protestants at stake in the Netherlands
  • 1517Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes Cardinal
  • 1535Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543England and Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1569Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 16561st Quakers (Mary Fisher / Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
  • 1674Spain, France and Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • 1690Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish / Dutch army
  • 1747Battle at Lafeld: France beat English / Dutch army
  • 17761st vote on Declaration of Independence
  • 1795John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
  • 1810Louis Napoleon resigns as King of the Netherlands
  • 18239th Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • 1850At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 18591st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
  • 1859Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St. Louis
  • 18611st public schoolhouse opens at Washington and Mason St, San Francisco
  • 1861War Department decrees the KA and TN are to be canvassed for volunteers

Born on Jul 1

  • 1381Laurentius Justitianus [Lorenzo Giustiniani]: Saint
  • 1506Louis II: King of Hungary / Bohemia (1516-26)
  • 1511Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe]: Medical / historian / humanist
  • 1534Frederik II: King of Denmark / Norway (1559-88)
  • 1560Charles van Croij: Prince of Chimay / Duke of Aarschot
  • 1586Claudio Saracini: Composer
  • 1646G W Leibniz: German mathematician / philosopher; postulated monads
  • 1663Franz Xaver Murschhauser: Composer
  • 1688Johann Ludwig Steiner: Composer
  • 1723Pedro R de Campomanes: Spanish economist / historian / literary
  • 1735James Lyon: Composer
  • 1742Georg C Lichtenberg: German physicist / writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • 1764Georg Christoph Grosheim: Composer
  • 1784Wilhelm Friedemann Bach: Composer, Son of J.S. Bach, dies at 74
  • 1788Jean-Victor Poncelet: Mathematician, founded projective geometry
  • 1802Gideon Welles: Secretary of the Navy (Union), died in 1878
  • 1804George Sand: France -- Novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • 1807Thomas Green Clemson: Mining engineer, endowed Clemson University
  • 1818Ignaz Semmelweis: Gynecologist
  • 1833Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert: Bvt Major General (Union Army)
  • 1840Robert S Ball: Irish mathematician / astronomer
  • 1844Verney L Cameroon: English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • 1857Roger Connor: 1st baseman (New York Giants)
  • 1874Michel H Campen: Author / critic (Bikoerim)
  • 1881Piet[er] L Kramer: Architect (Amsterdam School)
  • 1887Charles D Brown: Iowa, United States -- Actor (Barefoot Boy, Disbarred, Night Editor)
  • 1892James M Cain: Minneapolis, Minnesota -- Novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice)
  • 1899Charles Laughton: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Mutiny on Bounty, Spartacus)
  • 1899Konstantijn Tsatsos: President Greece
  • 1901Irna Phillips: Chicago, Illinois -- Created 6 soap operas (Guiding Light)

Died on Jul 1

  • 1378Jan I V van Arkel: Bishop of Utrecht / Luik
  • 1523Hendrik Voes: Flemish priest / church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1523John of Esschen: Flemish priest / church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1589Christophe Plantin: French / Belgian book publisher
  • 1592Marc A Ingegneri: Italian violinist / Composer (Responsoria)
  • 1662Simon Ives: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1723Willem van de Pose: Gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
  • 1742Bohuslav Matej Czernohorsky: Czech Monk / composer, dies at 58
  • 1774Henry Fox Holland: English corrupt politician, dies at 68
  • 1776Francis Salvador: 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War
  • 1782Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquis of Rockingham: Does at 52
  • 1784Wilhelm Friedmann Bach: Composer (Sinfonias 64), dies at 73
  • 1805Georg Ritschel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1839Mahmud II: Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1847George F Kersting: German painter, dies at 61
  • 1863John Fulton Reynolds: Union General Major, dies in battle at 42
  • 1883Manuel Gregorio Tavarez: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1894Julius PJA van Nyevelt: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 77
  • 1910Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Casse-noisette)
  • 1925Erik Alfred Leslie Satie: French Composer (Dreamy Fish), dies at 59
  • 1925Jan P Veth: Dutch Painter / lithographer / art historian, dies at 61
  • 1939Louis Davids [Simon David]: Cabaret performer / chorus performer
  • 1943Auguste Reitsma: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Director), executed
  • 1943C Bakker: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943C L Barentsen: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Coos Hartogh: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Cor Roos: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed
  • 1943Henri Halberstadt: Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • 1943Johan Brouwer: Hispanist / writer / Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943Koen Limperg: Dutch resistance fighter (Census Bureau), executed

Historical events on July 2

  • 0311St. Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1140Hartbert becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1214Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers)
  • 1214English King John begins siege around Lille France
  • 1576Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1600Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1644Battle of Marston Moor: Parliamentary forces defeat royalists
  • 1681Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason
  • 1687King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1776Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"
  • 1777Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
  • 1787De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
  • 17942nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 1843An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
  • 1847Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps, still exists today
  • 1849Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
  • 1850Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1862Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1864Gen Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington DC
  • 1864Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • 1865William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
  • 18671st US elevated railroad begins service, New York City
  • 1881President Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
  • 1890Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • 1900Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
  • 1901Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Born on July 2

  • 0419Valentinian III: Roman Emperor (425-55)
  • 1489Thomas Cranmer: England, United Kingdom -- Archbishop / Reformer / martyr
  • 1581Johann Staden: Composer
  • 1589Guillaume van Messaus: Composer
  • 1636Daniel Speer: Composer
  • 1644Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar
  • 1647Daniel Finch 2nd Earl of Nottingham: English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1652Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx: Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans)
  • 1714Christoph W Ritter von Gluck: Austria -- Composer (Il there pastore)
  • 1724Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock: German poet
  • 1737Francois Leonard Rouwyzer: Composer
  • 1746Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck: Composer
  • 1763Peter Ritter: Composer
  • 1793Antoine Prumier: Composer
  • 1810Robert Augustus Toombs: Secretary of State (Confederacy), died in 1885
  • 1814Atale Therese Annette Wartel: Composer
  • 1821Charles Tupper: (C) 6th Canadian Prime Minister (1896)
  • 1822Douglas Strutt Galton: English engineer (rails / trains)
  • 1830John Bordenave Villepigue: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Hendry P G Quack: Lawyer / economist / secr Dutch Bank
  • 1836Henry Eugene Davies: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1847Marcel Bertrand: French mine engineer (tectonic geology)
  • 1857Francesco Spetrino: Composer
  • 1865Lili Braun: Prussia -- Feminist / socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1867Herbert Prior: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Caught Short, Slave of Desire)
  • 1876Wilhelm Cuno: German ship owner / Republic chancellor (1922-23)
  • 1877Hermann Hesse: Switzerland -- Novelist / poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946)
  • 1880Albert Szirmai: Composer
  • 1888Selman Waksman: Russ / US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
  • 1889Cor Hermus: Dutch actor / director / writer (A Mother)

Died on July 2

  • 0783Berta / Berthrada: Mother of Charles the Great
  • 0936Henry I the Vogelaar: German King (919-36) / Duke of Saxon 912-36
  • 1504Stefanus III Bogdanowitsj: Ruler of Moldavia (1457-1504)
  • 1566Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam]: French astrologist, dies at 62
  • 1619Olivier de Serres: French farming pioneer (silkworms)
  • 1644William Gascoigne: Introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24
  • 1663Thomas Selle: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1700Lambert Doomer: Painter / cartoonist, dies at about 77
  • 1708Willem of Nassau: Mister of Zuylenstein / Lieutenant General / Baron Enfield
  • 1743Spencer Compton Earl of Wilmington: English Minister of Finance
  • 1794Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1798John Fitch: American inventor, clockmaker, etc
  • 1843Samuel Hahnemann: German physician, dies at 88
  • 1850Robert "Bobbie" Peel: British Prime Minister / founder London Police, dies at 62
  • 1861Peter A de Genestet: Vicar / poet, dies at 31
  • 1863Stephen Hinsdale Weed: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 1878Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1895William Rockstro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1911Felix Mottl: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1914Joseph Chamberlain: British Minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1917Herbert Beerbohm Tree: English actor / director (Hamlet)
  • 1918Mohammed V Resjad: Sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • 1929Gladys Brockwell: Actress (Oliver Twist), dies at 34
  • 1930Anders Randolf: Actor (Love of Sunya, Dangerous Curves), dies at 59
  • 1932Manoel II: Last King of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 43
  • 1937Amelia Earhart Putnam: Dutch pilot / 1st female to fly Atl, dies at 40
  • 1937Fred L Noonan: US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • 1939Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22)
  • 1940Ben[jamin] Turpin: US comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job)
  • 1940Bertram Shapleigh: Composer, dies at 69