Events on Jul 2

  • 0311St. Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1140Hartbert becomes Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1214Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers)
  • 1214English King John begins siege around Lille France
  • 1576Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1600Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1644Battle of Marston Moor: Parliamentary forces defeat royalists
  • 1681Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason
  • 1687King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1776Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"
  • 1777Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
  • 1787De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
  • 17942nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 1843An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
  • 1847Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps, still exists today
  • 1849Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
  • 1850Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1862Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1864Gen Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington DC
  • 1864Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • 1865William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
  • 18671st US elevated railroad begins service, New York City
  • 1881President Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
  • 1890Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • 1900Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
  • 1901Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Born on Jul 2

  • 0419Valentinian III: Roman Emperor (425-55)
  • 1489Thomas Cranmer: England, United Kingdom -- Archbishop / Reformer / martyr
  • 1581Johann Staden: Composer
  • 1589Guillaume van Messaus: Composer
  • 1636Daniel Speer: Composer
  • 1644Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Megerle]: German court vicar
  • 1647Daniel Finch 2nd Earl of Nottingham: English Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1652Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx: Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans)
  • 1714Christoph W Ritter von Gluck: Austria -- Composer (Il there pastore)
  • 1724Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock: German poet
  • 1737Francois Leonard Rouwyzer: Composer
  • 1746Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck: Composer
  • 1763Peter Ritter: Composer
  • 1793Antoine Prumier: Composer
  • 1810Robert Augustus Toombs: Secretary of State (Confederacy), died in 1885
  • 1814Atale Therese Annette Wartel: Composer
  • 1821Charles Tupper: (C) 6th Canadian Prime Minister (1896)
  • 1822Douglas Strutt Galton: English engineer (rails / trains)
  • 1830John Bordenave Villepigue: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Hendry P G Quack: Lawyer / economist / secr Dutch Bank
  • 1836Henry Eugene Davies: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1847Marcel Bertrand: French mine engineer (tectonic geology)
  • 1857Francesco Spetrino: Composer
  • 1865Lili Braun: Prussia -- Feminist / socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1867Herbert Prior: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Caught Short, Slave of Desire)
  • 1876Wilhelm Cuno: German ship owner / Republic chancellor (1922-23)
  • 1877Hermann Hesse: Switzerland -- Novelist / poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946)
  • 1880Albert Szirmai: Composer
  • 1888Selman Waksman: Russ / US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
  • 1889Cor Hermus: Dutch actor / director / writer (A Mother)

Died on Jul 2

  • 0783Berta / Berthrada: Mother of Charles the Great
  • 0936Henry I the Vogelaar: German King (919-36) / Duke of Saxon 912-36
  • 1504Stefanus III Bogdanowitsj: Ruler of Moldavia (1457-1504)
  • 1566Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam]: French astrologist, dies at 62
  • 1619Olivier de Serres: French farming pioneer (silkworms)
  • 1644William Gascoigne: Introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24
  • 1663Thomas Selle: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1700Lambert Doomer: Painter / cartoonist, dies at about 77
  • 1708Willem of Nassau: Mister of Zuylenstein / Lieutenant General / Baron Enfield
  • 1743Spencer Compton Earl of Wilmington: English Minister of Finance
  • 1794Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1798John Fitch: American inventor, clockmaker, etc
  • 1843Samuel Hahnemann: German physician, dies at 88
  • 1850Robert "Bobbie" Peel: British Prime Minister / founder London Police, dies at 62
  • 1861Peter A de Genestet: Vicar / poet, dies at 31
  • 1863Stephen Hinsdale Weed: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 1878Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1895William Rockstro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1911Felix Mottl: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1914Joseph Chamberlain: British Minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1917Herbert Beerbohm Tree: English actor / director (Hamlet)
  • 1918Mohammed V Resjad: Sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • 1929Gladys Brockwell: Actress (Oliver Twist), dies at 34
  • 1930Anders Randolf: Actor (Love of Sunya, Dangerous Curves), dies at 59
  • 1932Manoel II: Last King of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 43
  • 1937Amelia Earhart Putnam: Dutch pilot / 1st female to fly Atl, dies at 40
  • 1937Fred L Noonan: US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • 1939Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22)
  • 1940Ben[jamin] Turpin: US comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job)
  • 1940Bertram Shapleigh: Composer, dies at 69

Historical events on July 3

  • 0683St. Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0987Hugo Capet crowned King of France
  • 1090Battle at Hagenoorde: German Emperor beats Earl Egbert II
  • 1187Crusaders enter Tiberias
  • 1428Treaty of Delft-between Jacoba of Bayern and Philip the Good
  • 1468Duke Charles the Stout marries Princess Margaretha of York
  • 1608Samuel de Champlain founded city of Quebec
  • 1630Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament
  • 1661Portugal gives Tanger and Bombay to English King Charles II
  • 1720Sweden and Denmark sign peace treaty
  • 1775Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1778British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • 1778Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 1806Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
  • 1814Americans capture Fort Erie Canada
  • 1816French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • 18191st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 18391st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 1841John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • 1848Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • 1853Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
  • 1861Colonal Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • 1861Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • 1861Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from New York
  • 1863Battle of Donaldsonville, Louisiana
  • 1863Battle of Gettysburg Pa ends, major victory for North
  • 1864Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until July 9]
  • 1871Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • 1876Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1883SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die

Born on July 3

  • 1423Louis XI: King of France (1461-83)
  • 1567Samuel de Champlain: Explorer (Lake Champlain)
  • 1683Edward Young: English poet (Revenge, Complaint)
  • 1687Arnold Hoogvliet: Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch)
  • 1728Robert Adam: Architect / designer (Adelphi Terrace, London)
  • 1731Samuel Huntington: (Gov-Connecticut), Continental Congress President
  • 1738John Singleton Copley: Massachusetts, United States -- Finest colonial American artist
  • 1793John Claire: England, United Kingdom -- Poet
  • 1794Eberhard F Walcker: German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 1802Joseph Labitzky: Composer
  • 1814Janis Cimze: Composer
  • 1819Louis Theodore Gouvy: Composer
  • 1828John Austin Wharton: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1846Achilles Alferaki: Composer
  • 1850Alfredo Kiel: Composer
  • 1855Piotr Maszynski: Composer
  • 1860Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Economist / lecturer / author / feminist
  • 1860William Wallace: Composer
  • 1861Peter Jackson: Heavyweight boxer (hall of famer)
  • 1862Friedrich Ernst Koch: Composer
  • 1870Richard B Bennett: (C) 11th Canadian Prime Minister (1930-35)
  • 1871Vicente Arregui Garay: Composer
  • 1872Habib Ullah Chan: Emir of Afghanistam (1901-19)
  • 1874Apirana Turupa Ngata: Kawaka, New Zealand -- Maori political / cultural leader
  • 1875Ernst F Sauerbruch: German Nazi / surgeon
  • 1878George M Cohan: Actor / singer (Phantom Pres, Give My Regards to Broadway)
  • 1879Philippe Gaubert: Composer
  • 1880Carl Schuricht: Composer
  • 1881Leon Errol: Australian actor (Ziegfeld Follies, What a Blonde!)
  • 1883Alfred Korzybski: Poland -- Scientist (Science & Sanity)

Died on July 3

  • 0683Leo II: Pope (681-83)
  • 1090Egbert II van Brunswick: Fries count, dies in battle
  • 1570Antonio Paleario: Italian humanist, executed by inquisition at 67
  • 1801Johann Nepomuk Went: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1809Joseph Quesne: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1816Dorothea Jordan: French actress / mistress (William IV), dies at 65
  • 1862William Barksdale: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 40
  • 1863Alonzo Hersford Cushing: US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • 1863Lewis Addison Armistead: Confederate Brigadier General Gettysburg / dies in battle at 46
  • 1863Little Crow [Ta-oya-te-duta]: Santee Sioux indian chief
  • 1863Richard Brooke Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863Samuel Kosciuzko Zook: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 40
  • 1873Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1891Stefano Golinelli: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1904Theodor Herzl: Austrian journalist / Zionist
  • 1908Joel Chandler Harris: Created Uncle Remus, dies at 59
  • 1910Julius Slabbe: Belgian writer
  • 1916Henrietta "Hetty" Howland Robinson Green: (Witch of Wall Street)
  • 1934Henry WAE: Prince of the Netherlands / father of Queen Juliana
  • 1948Adrien H Gerhard: Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • 1952Daniel Zamudio: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1952Henriette Bosmans: Composer
  • 1957Richard Mohaupt: German Composer (Bucolica), dies at 52
  • 1960Alfred Henry Ackley: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1965Clarence Loomis: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1965Trigger: Horse (Roy Rogers), dies at 25
  • 1966Andre Gailhard: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1966Cornelis "Kees" Boeke: Theorist, dies at 81
  • 1966Joseph Deems Taylor: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1967John Clark: Actor (Last Day of the War), dies at 50