Events on Jul 3

  • 0683St. Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0987Hugo Capet crowned King of France
  • 1090Battle at Hagenoorde: German Emperor beats Earl Egbert II
  • 1187Crusaders enter Tiberias
  • 1428Treaty of Delft-between Jacoba of Bayern and Philip the Good
  • 1468Duke Charles the Stout marries Princess Margaretha of York
  • 1608Samuel de Champlain founded city of Quebec
  • 1630Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament
  • 1661Portugal gives Tanger and Bombay to English King Charles II
  • 1720Sweden and Denmark sign peace treaty
  • 1775Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1778British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • 1778Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 1806Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
  • 1814Americans capture Fort Erie Canada
  • 1816French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • 18191st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 18391st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 1841John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • 1848Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • 1853Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
  • 1861Colonal Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • 1861Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • 1861Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from New York
  • 1863Battle of Donaldsonville, Louisiana
  • 1863Battle of Gettysburg Pa ends, major victory for North
  • 1864Battle of Chattahoochie River, Georgia [until July 9]
  • 1871Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • 1876Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1883SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die

Born on Jul 3

  • 1423Louis XI: King of France (1461-83)
  • 1567Samuel de Champlain: Explorer (Lake Champlain)
  • 1683Edward Young: English poet (Revenge, Complaint)
  • 1687Arnold Hoogvliet: Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch)
  • 1728Robert Adam: Architect / designer (Adelphi Terrace, London)
  • 1731Samuel Huntington: (Gov-Connecticut), Continental Congress President
  • 1738John Singleton Copley: Massachusetts, United States -- Finest colonial American artist
  • 1793John Claire: England, United Kingdom -- Poet
  • 1794Eberhard F Walcker: German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 1802Joseph Labitzky: Composer
  • 1814Janis Cimze: Composer
  • 1819Louis Theodore Gouvy: Composer
  • 1828John Austin Wharton: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1846Achilles Alferaki: Composer
  • 1850Alfredo Kiel: Composer
  • 1855Piotr Maszynski: Composer
  • 1860Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Economist / lecturer / author / feminist
  • 1860William Wallace: Composer
  • 1861Peter Jackson: Heavyweight boxer (hall of famer)
  • 1862Friedrich Ernst Koch: Composer
  • 1870Richard B Bennett: (C) 11th Canadian Prime Minister (1930-35)
  • 1871Vicente Arregui Garay: Composer
  • 1872Habib Ullah Chan: Emir of Afghanistam (1901-19)
  • 1874Apirana Turupa Ngata: Kawaka, New Zealand -- Maori political / cultural leader
  • 1875Ernst F Sauerbruch: German Nazi / surgeon
  • 1878George M Cohan: Actor / singer (Phantom Pres, Give My Regards to Broadway)
  • 1879Philippe Gaubert: Composer
  • 1880Carl Schuricht: Composer
  • 1881Leon Errol: Australian actor (Ziegfeld Follies, What a Blonde!)
  • 1883Alfred Korzybski: Poland -- Scientist (Science & Sanity)

Died on Jul 3

  • 0683Leo II: Pope (681-83)
  • 1090Egbert II van Brunswick: Fries count, dies in battle
  • 1570Antonio Paleario: Italian humanist, executed by inquisition at 67
  • 1801Johann Nepomuk Went: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1809Joseph Quesne: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1816Dorothea Jordan: French actress / mistress (William IV), dies at 65
  • 1862William Barksdale: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 40
  • 1863Alonzo Hersford Cushing: US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • 1863Lewis Addison Armistead: Confederate Brigadier General Gettysburg / dies in battle at 46
  • 1863Little Crow [Ta-oya-te-duta]: Santee Sioux indian chief
  • 1863Richard Brooke Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863Samuel Kosciuzko Zook: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 40
  • 1873Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1891Stefano Golinelli: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1904Theodor Herzl: Austrian journalist / Zionist
  • 1908Joel Chandler Harris: Created Uncle Remus, dies at 59
  • 1910Julius Slabbe: Belgian writer
  • 1916Henrietta "Hetty" Howland Robinson Green: (Witch of Wall Street)
  • 1934Henry WAE: Prince of the Netherlands / father of Queen Juliana
  • 1948Adrien H Gerhard: Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • 1952Daniel Zamudio: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1952Henriette Bosmans: Composer
  • 1957Richard Mohaupt: German Composer (Bucolica), dies at 52
  • 1960Alfred Henry Ackley: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1965Clarence Loomis: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1965Trigger: Horse (Roy Rogers), dies at 25
  • 1966Andre Gailhard: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1966Cornelis "Kees" Boeke: Theorist, dies at 81
  • 1966Joseph Deems Taylor: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1967John Clark: Actor (Last Day of the War), dies at 50

Historical events on July 4

  • 1054Brightest known super-nova (Crab Nebula) starts shining (23 days)
  • 1301Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs. Lichtenberg
  • 1415Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII
  • 145341 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • 1636City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1653British Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
  • 1693Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs. Dutch army
  • 1708Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • 1754George Washington gives Ft Necessity to France
  • 1776Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain
  • 1779French fleet occupies Grenada
  • 17891st US tariff act
  • 17961st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)
  • 1810French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817Construction on Erie Canal begins
  • 1819William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
  • 1827Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828Construction begins on B&O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829Cornerstone laid for 1st US mint (Chestnut & Juniper St, Philadelphia)
  • 1832"America" 1st sung publicly
  • 1836Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1845Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
  • 1845Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • 1861In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1862Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P Liddell
  • 1863Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
  • 1863Skirmish at Smithburg, Tennessee

Born on July 4

  • 1546Murad III: Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1610Cornelis Evertsen [the Elder]: Dutch / Swiss Vice-Admiral
  • 1610Paul Scarron: French playwright (Virgile Travesti)
  • 1669Alexander von Papenhoven: Flemish religious sculptor
  • 1715Christian F Gellert: Saxony, Germany -- Poet / Novelist (Fables & Tales)
  • 1753Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard: 1st balloon flights in England
  • 1762Marco Santucci: Composer
  • 1769Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis: Composer
  • 1793Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer
  • 1799F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59)
  • 1804Nathaniel Hawthorne: Massachusetts, United States -- Author (House of 7 Gables, Scarlet Letter)
  • 1807Giuseppe Garibaldi: Freedom fighter (Risorgimento) / unified Italy
  • 1810Phineas T Barnum: Circus magnate
  • 1819Reuben Eaton Fenton: Governor (Union), died in 1885
  • 1826Green Clay Smith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1828James Johnston Pettigrew: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1828Theodor W Ahlwardt: German orientalist
  • 1829Hermann Kotzchmar: Composer
  • 1840James McGranahan: Composer
  • 1841Edward Gailliard: Flemish linguist / archaeologicalist
  • 1841Marie von Wied: Princess of Orange Nassau
  • 1842Gustav Ratzenhofer: Austria -- Sociologist / judge / Field Marshal
  • 1842Gyula Erkel: Composer
  • 1845Thomas John Barnardo: English social worker
  • 1847James Anthony Bailey: Detroit, Michigan -- Circus impresario (Barnum & Bailey)
  • 1850Ole Olsen: Composer
  • 1854Heinrich Zollner: Composer
  • 1867Stephen Mather: Organized US National Park Service
  • 1869Karl Seitz: President of Austria
  • 1870Pieter van der Lijn: Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders)

Died on July 4

  • 1301Willem II Berthout van Mechelen: Bishop of Utrecht, dies in battle
  • 1307Rudolf III: Duke of Austria / King of Bohemia dies
  • 1336Elisabeth van Portugal: Queen of Portugal / saint, dies at about 65
  • 1498Filips van Burgundy: Admiral-General of the Netherlands
  • 1541Pedro de Alvarado: Spanish occupier, dies at about 56
  • 1578Charles de Berlaymont: Baron of Hierges, gov / Viceroy of Names
  • 1603Philippus the Monte: Priest / bandmaster / composer, dies at 82
  • 1623William Byrd: English Composer (Ave verum corpus), dies at 80
  • 1627Thomas Middleton: Elizabethan dramatist (Women Beware Women)
  • 1672Ambrosius Reiner: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1672Govert D Camphuysen: (court)painter, dies at about 48
  • 1757Jean-Joseph Vade: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1768Willem van Hairs: Fries nobleman / Poet (Suicide), dies at 58
  • 1780Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen South Netherlands, dies at 67
  • 1787Charles: Prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France, dies at 71
  • 1789Claudio M da Costa: Brazilian conductor, dies at 59
  • 1826John Adams: 2nd President (1797-1801), dies at 90
  • 1826Thomas Jefferson: 3rd President (1801-09), dies at 83
  • 1831James Monroe: 5th President (1817-25), dies at 73
  • 1848Francois Rene de Chateaubriand: French Novelist (Atala) / diplomat
  • 1851Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1854Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian, dies at 72
  • 1856Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1863Paul Joseph Revere: US grandson of Paul Revere / Union Brigadier General
  • 1888Theodor Storm: German judge / Author (Schimmelreiter), dies at 70
  • 1889Auguste Mermet: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1891Frederic Louis Ritter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1901John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green]: US Historian / philosopher
  • 1910Giovanni V Schiaparelli: Italian astronomer (Mars), dies at 75
  • 1910Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray: Composer, dies at 70