Events on Jul 4

  • 1054Brightest known super-nova (Crab Nebula) starts shining (23 days)
  • 1301Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs. Lichtenberg
  • 1415Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII
  • 145341 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • 1636City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1653British Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
  • 1693Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs. Dutch army
  • 1708Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • 1754George Washington gives Ft Necessity to France
  • 1776Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain
  • 1779French fleet occupies Grenada
  • 17891st US tariff act
  • 17961st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)
  • 1810French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817Construction on Erie Canal begins
  • 1819William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
  • 1827Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828Construction begins on B&O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829Cornerstone laid for 1st US mint (Chestnut & Juniper St, Philadelphia)
  • 1832"America" 1st sung publicly
  • 1836Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1845Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
  • 1845Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • 1861In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1862Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P Liddell
  • 1863Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
  • 1863Skirmish at Smithburg, Tennessee

Born on Jul 4

  • 1546Murad III: Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1610Cornelis Evertsen [the Elder]: Dutch / Swiss Vice-Admiral
  • 1610Paul Scarron: French playwright (Virgile Travesti)
  • 1669Alexander von Papenhoven: Flemish religious sculptor
  • 1715Christian F Gellert: Saxony, Germany -- Poet / Novelist (Fables & Tales)
  • 1753Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard: 1st balloon flights in England
  • 1762Marco Santucci: Composer
  • 1769Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis: Composer
  • 1793Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer
  • 1799F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59)
  • 1804Nathaniel Hawthorne: Massachusetts, United States -- Author (House of 7 Gables, Scarlet Letter)
  • 1807Giuseppe Garibaldi: Freedom fighter (Risorgimento) / unified Italy
  • 1810Phineas T Barnum: Circus magnate
  • 1819Reuben Eaton Fenton: Governor (Union), died in 1885
  • 1826Green Clay Smith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1828James Johnston Pettigrew: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1828Theodor W Ahlwardt: German orientalist
  • 1829Hermann Kotzchmar: Composer
  • 1840James McGranahan: Composer
  • 1841Edward Gailliard: Flemish linguist / archaeologicalist
  • 1841Marie von Wied: Princess of Orange Nassau
  • 1842Gustav Ratzenhofer: Austria -- Sociologist / judge / Field Marshal
  • 1842Gyula Erkel: Composer
  • 1845Thomas John Barnardo: English social worker
  • 1847James Anthony Bailey: Detroit, Michigan -- Circus impresario (Barnum & Bailey)
  • 1850Ole Olsen: Composer
  • 1854Heinrich Zollner: Composer
  • 1867Stephen Mather: Organized US National Park Service
  • 1869Karl Seitz: President of Austria
  • 1870Pieter van der Lijn: Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders)

Died on Jul 4

  • 1301Willem II Berthout van Mechelen: Bishop of Utrecht, dies in battle
  • 1307Rudolf III: Duke of Austria / King of Bohemia dies
  • 1336Elisabeth van Portugal: Queen of Portugal / saint, dies at about 65
  • 1498Filips van Burgundy: Admiral-General of the Netherlands
  • 1541Pedro de Alvarado: Spanish occupier, dies at about 56
  • 1578Charles de Berlaymont: Baron of Hierges, gov / Viceroy of Names
  • 1603Philippus the Monte: Priest / bandmaster / composer, dies at 82
  • 1623William Byrd: English Composer (Ave verum corpus), dies at 80
  • 1627Thomas Middleton: Elizabethan dramatist (Women Beware Women)
  • 1672Ambrosius Reiner: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1672Govert D Camphuysen: (court)painter, dies at about 48
  • 1757Jean-Joseph Vade: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1768Willem van Hairs: Fries nobleman / Poet (Suicide), dies at 58
  • 1780Charles Alexander: Duke of Lotharingen South Netherlands, dies at 67
  • 1787Charles: Prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France, dies at 71
  • 1789Claudio M da Costa: Brazilian conductor, dies at 59
  • 1826John Adams: 2nd President (1797-1801), dies at 90
  • 1826Thomas Jefferson: 3rd President (1801-09), dies at 83
  • 1831James Monroe: 5th President (1817-25), dies at 73
  • 1848Francois Rene de Chateaubriand: French Novelist (Atala) / diplomat
  • 1851Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1854Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian, dies at 72
  • 1856Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1863Paul Joseph Revere: US grandson of Paul Revere / Union Brigadier General
  • 1888Theodor Storm: German judge / Author (Schimmelreiter), dies at 70
  • 1889Auguste Mermet: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1891Frederic Louis Ritter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1901John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green]: US Historian / philosopher
  • 1910Giovanni V Schiaparelli: Italian astronomer (Mars), dies at 75
  • 1910Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray: Composer, dies at 70

Historical events on July 5

  • 0649St. Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0767Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
  • 1054Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported
  • 1294Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
  • 1295Scotland and France sign anti-English covenant
  • 1436German Emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
  • 1596English fleet under the Earl of Essex plunder Cadiz
  • 1626Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • 16431st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
  • 1750Slave revolt on Curacao
  • 1808Battle of Buenos Aires
  • 1811Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain
  • 1814Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1830France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin departs Rio de Janeiro
  • 1834Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • 1841Thomas Cook opens 1st travel agency
  • 1843Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
  • 1859Captain N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 1861Battle of Carthage, MO - US General Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • 1863Battle of Jackson, MS and Battle of Birdsong Ferry, Mississippi
  • 1865Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department
  • 1871Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins
  • 1884German Consul-General Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • 1884US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1891Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • 1900Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • 1904Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
  • 1913Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • 1914Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, and win World Series

Born on July 5

  • 1546Johann Steuerlein: Composer
  • 1654Antonio Maria Pacchioni: Composer
  • 1729Claudio M da Costa: Brazilian poet
  • 1755Sarah Kemble Siddons: Brecon, England -- Tragic actress (Fatal Marriage)
  • 1764Janos Lavotta: Composer
  • 1775William Crotch: Composer
  • 1781Stamford Raffles: Founder (Singapore)
  • 1793Pavel I Pestel: Russian officer
  • 1801David Glasgow Farragut: Tennessee, United States -- Vice Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1870
  • 1828Paul J C Gabriel: Painter / water colors painter / etcher
  • 1843Mandell Creighton: English Bishop / historian
  • 1847Agnes Marie Jacobina Zimmermann: Composer
  • 1852Stefano Gobatti: Composer
  • 1853Cecil John Rhodes: South Africa -- Politician / diamond Merchant
  • 1858Maria J "Marie" Bakker: Dutch actress
  • 1867Andrew Ellicott Douglass: Dendrochronologer (study of tree rings)
  • 1868William H Singer: US painter / collector (Singer Museum, Laren)
  • 1874Gerhard von Keussler: Composer
  • 1877Wanda A Landowska: Warsaw, Poland -- Harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne)
  • 1878Joseph Holbrooke: English pianist / conductor / composer
  • 1879Volkmar Andreae: Switzerland -- Conductor / composer (Tonhalle Orchestra)
  • 1880Jan Kubelik: Composer
  • 1881Augustyn Hlond: Polish Cardinal
  • 1886Felix Timmermans: Flemish writer / painter / cartoonist (Pallieter)
  • 1886Willem Drees: Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PvdA, 1948-58) / Indonesia (AOW)
  • 1891John Northrop: United States -- Biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
  • 1895Gordon Jacob: Composer
  • 1897Paul Ben-Haim [Frankenburger]: Munich, Germany -- Israeli composer
  • 1899Anna Arnold Hedgeman: Social activist (NYC cabinet)
  • 1899Domingo Santa Cruz Wilson: Composer

Died on July 5

  • 1539Antonio M Zaccaria: Italian Physician / saint
  • 1626Stephan Fadinger: Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
  • 1681Fjodor Aleksejevitsj: Tsar of Russia
  • 1851Juanita: Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
  • 1852Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1871Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso: Italian princess
  • 1883Frederick Scotson Clark: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1884Victor Masse: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1886Henry Gerhard: Founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
  • 1887August F Pott: German philological (That Personennamen)
  • 1894Betty Paoli: Writer
  • 1905Carel V Gerritsen: Free thinker
  • 1907Maria Anna Mahler: Gustav Mahlers eldest daughter, dies at 5
  • 1909Emil Bohn: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1911George J Stoney: Irish physicist, dies at 85
  • 1920Max Klinger: German graphic artist / Painter / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1925Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1941Oskar Fried: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1944William Gillies Whittaker: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1948Carole Landis: US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29
  • 1948G Bernanos: Writer, dies at 60
  • 1948Peter JM Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor, dies at 77
  • 1950Kenneth Shadrick: Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War
  • 1950Salvatore Giuliano: Sicilian bandit, shot by police
  • 1963Daniel Ruyneman: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1969Ben Alexander: Dies at 58
  • 1969Tom Mboya: Kenyian economics minister, assassinated in Narobi at 65
  • 1969Walter Gropius: Architect / found (Bauhaus school of design), dies at 86
  • 1969Wilhelm Backhaus: German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), dies at 85
  • 1979Elizabeth Ryan: Tennis ace (won 19 Wimbledon titles), dies at 87