Events on Jul 5

  • 0649St. Martin I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0767Duke of Nepi names his brother (leek) Pope Constantine II
  • 1054Brightest supernova (Crab Nebula) 1st reported
  • 1294Pietro del Murrone elected as Pope Coelestinus V
  • 1295Scotland and France sign anti-English covenant
  • 1436German Emperor Sigismund signs peace with Hussieten
  • 1596English fleet under the Earl of Essex plunder Cadiz
  • 1626Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated
  • 16431st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
  • 1750Slave revolt on Curacao
  • 1808Battle of Buenos Aires
  • 1811Venezuela, 1st South American country to gain independence from Spain
  • 1814Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1830France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 1832HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin departs Rio de Janeiro
  • 1834Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • 1841Thomas Cook opens 1st travel agency
  • 1843Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
  • 1859Captain N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 1861Battle of Carthage, MO - US General Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • 1863Battle of Jackson, MS and Battle of Birdsong Ferry, Mississippi
  • 1865Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department
  • 1871Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) and Big Tree, begins
  • 1884German Consul-General Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • 1884US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1891Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • 1900Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • 1904Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
  • 1913Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • 1914Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, and win World Series

Born on Jul 5

  • 1546Johann Steuerlein: Composer
  • 1654Antonio Maria Pacchioni: Composer
  • 1729Claudio M da Costa: Brazilian poet
  • 1755Sarah Kemble Siddons: Brecon, England -- Tragic actress (Fatal Marriage)
  • 1764Janos Lavotta: Composer
  • 1775William Crotch: Composer
  • 1781Stamford Raffles: Founder (Singapore)
  • 1793Pavel I Pestel: Russian officer
  • 1801David Glasgow Farragut: Tennessee, United States -- Vice Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1870
  • 1828Paul J C Gabriel: Painter / water colors painter / etcher
  • 1843Mandell Creighton: English Bishop / historian
  • 1847Agnes Marie Jacobina Zimmermann: Composer
  • 1852Stefano Gobatti: Composer
  • 1853Cecil John Rhodes: South Africa -- Politician / diamond Merchant
  • 1858Maria J "Marie" Bakker: Dutch actress
  • 1867Andrew Ellicott Douglass: Dendrochronologer (study of tree rings)
  • 1868William H Singer: US painter / collector (Singer Museum, Laren)
  • 1874Gerhard von Keussler: Composer
  • 1877Wanda A Landowska: Warsaw, Poland -- Harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne)
  • 1878Joseph Holbrooke: English pianist / conductor / composer
  • 1879Volkmar Andreae: Switzerland -- Conductor / composer (Tonhalle Orchestra)
  • 1880Jan Kubelik: Composer
  • 1881Augustyn Hlond: Polish Cardinal
  • 1886Felix Timmermans: Flemish writer / painter / cartoonist (Pallieter)
  • 1886Willem Drees: Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PvdA, 1948-58) / Indonesia (AOW)
  • 1891John Northrop: United States -- Biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
  • 1895Gordon Jacob: Composer
  • 1897Paul Ben-Haim [Frankenburger]: Munich, Germany -- Israeli composer
  • 1899Anna Arnold Hedgeman: Social activist (NYC cabinet)
  • 1899Domingo Santa Cruz Wilson: Composer

Died on Jul 5

  • 1539Antonio M Zaccaria: Italian Physician / saint
  • 1626Stephan Fadinger: Austrian boer leader, dies in battle
  • 1681Fjodor Aleksejevitsj: Tsar of Russia
  • 1851Juanita: Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
  • 1852Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1871Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso: Italian princess
  • 1883Frederick Scotson Clark: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1884Victor Masse: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1886Henry Gerhard: Founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
  • 1887August F Pott: German philological (That Personennamen)
  • 1894Betty Paoli: Writer
  • 1905Carel V Gerritsen: Free thinker
  • 1907Maria Anna Mahler: Gustav Mahlers eldest daughter, dies at 5
  • 1909Emil Bohn: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1911George J Stoney: Irish physicist, dies at 85
  • 1920Max Klinger: German graphic artist / Painter / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1925Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1941Oskar Fried: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1944William Gillies Whittaker: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1948Carole Landis: US actress (1 Million BC, Topper Returns), dies at 29
  • 1948G Bernanos: Writer, dies at 60
  • 1948Peter JM Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor, dies at 77
  • 1950Kenneth Shadrick: Pvt from WV becomes 1st US fatality in Korean War
  • 1950Salvatore Giuliano: Sicilian bandit, shot by police
  • 1963Daniel Ruyneman: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1969Ben Alexander: Dies at 58
  • 1969Tom Mboya: Kenyian economics minister, assassinated in Narobi at 65
  • 1969Walter Gropius: Architect / found (Bauhaus school of design), dies at 86
  • 1969Wilhelm Backhaus: German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), dies at 85
  • 1979Elizabeth Ryan: Tennis ace (won 19 Wimbledon titles), dies at 87

Historical events on July 6

  • 1495Battle at Fornovo: French King Charles VIII beats St. League
  • 1560England / Scotland signs Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1573Pacificatie of Boulogne: new peace treaty with huguenots
  • 1590English Admiral Francis Drake takess Portuguese Forts at Taag
  • 1609Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
  • 1621Dutch Governor-General John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda-islands, 15,000 die
  • 1634Johan van Walbeecks ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curacao
  • 1669LaSalle leaves Montreal to explore Ohio River
  • 1673French troops conquer Maastricht
  • 1685Battle at Sedgemoor: King James II beats Duke of Monmouth
  • 1687Newton publishes "Principia"
  • 1699Pirate Captain William Kidd is captured in Boston
  • 1770Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1775Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms, " listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
  • 1776Dec of Ind announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"
  • 1777British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 1782British-French sea battle at Negapatam (South-Indies)
  • 1785Congress resolves US currency named "dollar" andadopts decimal coinage
  • 1787French government proclaims end to stamp / land tax
  • 1787Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
  • 1798US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • 1801Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • 1848Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
  • 1853National Black convention meets (Rochester NY)
  • 1853William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel, " 1st novel by black American
  • 18541st Republican state convention (Ripon Wisc)
  • 1858Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • 1863Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • 1863Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • 1869Black candidate for lt Governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated

Born on July 6

  • 1542Elisabeth van Nassau: Daughter of Willem / Juliana van Stolberg
  • 1580Johann Stobaeus: Composer
  • 1632Albert Schop: Composer
  • 1632Pietro Reggio: Composer
  • 1638Gerrit A Berckheyde: Dutch painter
  • 1668Peter Burmannus [Pieter Burman]: Dutch attorney / classicist
  • 1678Nicola Francesco Haym: Composer
  • 1702Franz Anton Maichelbeck: Composer
  • 1739Freidrich Wilhelm Rust: Composer
  • 1747Coelestin Jungbauer: Composer
  • 1753John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • 1773Wenzel Thomas Matiegka: Composer
  • 1782Luis [Philippus] Brion: Curacao commander of Colombian fleet
  • 1785William J Hooker: English Botanist / director (Kew Gardens)
  • 1793Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch lawyer / Minister of Internal Affairs (1848-49)
  • 1796Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55)
  • 1800Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer
  • 1814Justus McKinstry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1818Adolf Anderssen: Prussia -- World chess champion (1851-66)
  • 1821Edward Winston Pettus: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1832Maximilian F J: Archduke of Austria / Emperor of Mexico
  • 1837Wlasyslaw Zelenski: Composer
  • 1852John Albert Delany: Composer
  • 1856Edward Anseele: Belgian Minister of Rail / PTT
  • 1859Verner von Heidenstam: Sweden -- Poet / Novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916)
  • 1864Alberto Nepomuceno: Brazil -- Composer / conductor (Artemis)
  • 1868Petrus A Euwens: Dutch vicar / editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • 1873Paul Keller: German writer (Ferien vom Ich)
  • 1877David Stanley Smith: Composer
  • 1877Niceto A Zamora y Torres: Premier / President of Spain (1931-36)

Died on July 6

  • 1189Henry II: King of England (1154-89), dies at 56
  • 1415Jan Hus: Burned for heresy by the Church at Constance, Germany
  • 1480Antonio Squarcialupi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1533Ludovico Ariosto: Italian Poet (Orlando Furioso), dies at 57
  • 1535Thomas More: Philosopher (Utopia), executed for treason at 57
  • 1553Edward VI Tudor: King of England (1547-53), dies at 15
  • 1568Johann Oporinus: Swiss book publisher / publisher, dies at 61
  • 1583Edmund Grindal: English Bishop of London / archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • 1587Michael Lauterbeck: Assassinated Fries Viceroy Willem Louis, executed
  • 1734Nicolas Bernier: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1762Peter III Feodorovich: Tsar of Russia (1761-62), murdered at 34
  • 1768Conrad Johann Conrad Beissel: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1795Georg Gottfried Petri: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1816Philipp Meissner: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1858Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1860Alexandre Edouard Goria: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1863Strong Vincent: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1864Samuel Allen Rice: US Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 36
  • 1868Samuel Lover: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1871Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian Poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 1879Henry Thomas Smart: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1896Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1902Leopoldo Miguez: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1914Delmira Augustini: Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • 1918Count von Mirbach: German ambassador to Moscow
  • 1933Robert Kajanus: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1934Warden Uncle [Edward Vermeulen]: Flemish landlord / writer, dies at 73
  • 1951Josef Huttel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1954Dirk Verbeek: Actor / director (Hofstad Stage), dies at 70
  • 1955Paolo Gallico: Composer, dies at 87