Events on Jul 6

  • 1495Battle at Fornovo: French King Charles VIII beats St. League
  • 1560England / Scotland signs Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1573Pacificatie of Boulogne: new peace treaty with huguenots
  • 1590English Admiral Francis Drake takess Portuguese Forts at Taag
  • 1609Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
  • 1621Dutch Governor-General John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda-islands, 15,000 die
  • 1634Johan van Walbeecks ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curacao
  • 1669LaSalle leaves Montreal to explore Ohio River
  • 1673French troops conquer Maastricht
  • 1685Battle at Sedgemoor: King James II beats Duke of Monmouth
  • 1687Newton publishes "Principia"
  • 1699Pirate Captain William Kidd is captured in Boston
  • 1770Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1775Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms, " listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
  • 1776Dec of Ind announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"
  • 1777British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 1782British-French sea battle at Negapatam (South-Indies)
  • 1785Congress resolves US currency named "dollar" andadopts decimal coinage
  • 1787French government proclaims end to stamp / land tax
  • 1787Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
  • 1798US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • 1801Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • 1848Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
  • 1853National Black convention meets (Rochester NY)
  • 1853William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel, " 1st novel by black American
  • 18541st Republican state convention (Ripon Wisc)
  • 1858Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • 1863Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • 1863Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • 1869Black candidate for lt Governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated

Born on Jul 6

  • 1542Elisabeth van Nassau: Daughter of Willem / Juliana van Stolberg
  • 1580Johann Stobaeus: Composer
  • 1632Albert Schop: Composer
  • 1632Pietro Reggio: Composer
  • 1638Gerrit A Berckheyde: Dutch painter
  • 1668Peter Burmannus [Pieter Burman]: Dutch attorney / classicist
  • 1678Nicola Francesco Haym: Composer
  • 1702Franz Anton Maichelbeck: Composer
  • 1739Freidrich Wilhelm Rust: Composer
  • 1747Coelestin Jungbauer: Composer
  • 1753John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • 1773Wenzel Thomas Matiegka: Composer
  • 1782Luis [Philippus] Brion: Curacao commander of Colombian fleet
  • 1785William J Hooker: English Botanist / director (Kew Gardens)
  • 1793Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch lawyer / Minister of Internal Affairs (1848-49)
  • 1796Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55)
  • 1800Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer
  • 1814Justus McKinstry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1818Adolf Anderssen: Prussia -- World chess champion (1851-66)
  • 1821Edward Winston Pettus: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1832Maximilian F J: Archduke of Austria / Emperor of Mexico
  • 1837Wlasyslaw Zelenski: Composer
  • 1852John Albert Delany: Composer
  • 1856Edward Anseele: Belgian Minister of Rail / PTT
  • 1859Verner von Heidenstam: Sweden -- Poet / Novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916)
  • 1864Alberto Nepomuceno: Brazil -- Composer / conductor (Artemis)
  • 1868Petrus A Euwens: Dutch vicar / editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • 1873Paul Keller: German writer (Ferien vom Ich)
  • 1877David Stanley Smith: Composer
  • 1877Niceto A Zamora y Torres: Premier / President of Spain (1931-36)

Died on Jul 6

  • 1189Henry II: King of England (1154-89), dies at 56
  • 1415Jan Hus: Burned for heresy by the Church at Constance, Germany
  • 1480Antonio Squarcialupi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1533Ludovico Ariosto: Italian Poet (Orlando Furioso), dies at 57
  • 1535Thomas More: Philosopher (Utopia), executed for treason at 57
  • 1553Edward VI Tudor: King of England (1547-53), dies at 15
  • 1568Johann Oporinus: Swiss book publisher / publisher, dies at 61
  • 1583Edmund Grindal: English Bishop of London / archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • 1587Michael Lauterbeck: Assassinated Fries Viceroy Willem Louis, executed
  • 1734Nicolas Bernier: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1762Peter III Feodorovich: Tsar of Russia (1761-62), murdered at 34
  • 1768Conrad Johann Conrad Beissel: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1795Georg Gottfried Petri: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1816Philipp Meissner: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1858Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1860Alexandre Edouard Goria: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1863Strong Vincent: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1864Samuel Allen Rice: US Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 36
  • 1868Samuel Lover: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1871Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian Poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 1879Henry Thomas Smart: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1896Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1902Leopoldo Miguez: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1914Delmira Augustini: Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • 1918Count von Mirbach: German ambassador to Moscow
  • 1933Robert Kajanus: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1934Warden Uncle [Edward Vermeulen]: Flemish landlord / writer, dies at 73
  • 1951Josef Huttel: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1954Dirk Verbeek: Actor / director (Hofstad Stage), dies at 70
  • 1955Paolo Gallico: Composer, dies at 87

Historical events on July 7

  • 1124Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1438French church / King Charles VII release Pragmatieke Sanctie of Bourges
  • 1456Though she had already been executed, Joan of Arc is acquitted
  • 1495King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1498Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel
  • 1543French troops invade Luxembourg
  • 1550Chocolate introduced
  • 1585King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots loose all freedoms
  • 1607"God Save the King" is 1st sung
  • 1668Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1753English parliament grants Jewish English citizenship
  • 1754Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)
  • 18021st comic book "The Wasp, " is published
  • 1807France, Russia and Prussia sign Peace of Tilsit
  • 1829Royal Military Chapel forms
  • 1838Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1850Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 1861Battle of Laurel Hill, Virginia
  • 1862Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • 18631st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
  • 1863Orders barring Jews from serving under US Grant are revoked
  • 1868Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey vs. Sussex
  • 187427th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of New Jersey takes office
  • 1875Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
  • 1878Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • 1891Travelers checks patents
  • 1898US annexes Hawaii
  • 1900Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • 1908Great White Fleet leaves SF Bay
  • 191128th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: D Chambers beats D Boothby (60 60)

Born on July 7

  • 1690Johann Tobias Krebs: Composer
  • 1710Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer
  • 1746Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer
  • 1752Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Invented programmable loom
  • 1778Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer
  • 1806Michele Amari: Italian historian / Minister of Education
  • 1813William Scott Ketchum: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1871
  • 1816Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard: Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1824Alfred Pleasonton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1827James Murrell Shackelford: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827William Montague Browne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1843Camillo Golgi: Italy -- Physician, cytologist (Nobel 1906)
  • 1851Lillien Jane Martin: Psychologist, founded Gerontology Clinic
  • 1853Albert Vandal: French Earl / historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 1860Gustav Mahler: Kalischat Bohemia, Austria -- Composer / conductor (Titan)
  • 1872Juan Lamonte de Grignon: Composer
  • 1879Jacob Weinberg: Composer
  • 1882Zdzislaw Jachimecki: Composer
  • 1883Toivo Kuula: Composer
  • 1885Ernest Bristow Farrar: Composer
  • 1887Dirk Koster: Literary (New Noises)
  • 1887Marc Chagall: Vitebsk, Russia -- Artist (I & The Village)
  • 1887Raymond Hatton: Red Oak, Iowa -- Actor (Girls in Prison, Lady Killer)
  • 1890Tom Powers: Owensboro, Kentucky -- Actor (Station West, Destination Moon)
  • 1893Vladimir Mayakovsky: Soviet, Georgia -- Poet (Ode to Revolution)
  • 1897Anna Luther: New Jersey, United States -- Silent screen actress (Sinners in Silk)
  • 1901Gustav Knuth: Braunschweig, Germany -- Actor (Freddy Unter Fremden)
  • 1902James McCartney: Father of Beatle (Paul)
  • 1902Vittorio De Sica: Sora, Italy -- Director / actor (2 Women)
  • 1905Marcel Rubin: Composer

Died on July 7

  • 1129Shirakawa: Emperor of Japan (1072-86) / budhist monk, dies at 76
  • 1307Edward I: King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68
  • 1348John Andreae: Italian canonist
  • 1572Sigismund II August: Last Jagellonen King of Poland, dies at 51
  • 1647Thomas Hooker: Clergyman, father of American democracy
  • 1656Michelangelo Rossi: Italian opera composer, buried at about 55
  • 1694Dokusho: Zen teacher, Obaku line
  • 1773Cornelis Douwes: Dutch Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1774Giuseppi Maria Carretti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1790Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis: Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • 1794Pascal Boyer: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1799William Curtis: English Botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • 1814Robert Jasper van der Capellen: Dutch politician, dies at 71
  • 1826Friedrich Ludwig Dulon: Flautist / composer, dies at 56
  • 1861John Willis Ellis: US Governor of NC (1858-61)
  • 1865Mary Surratt: And 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
  • 1885Nicola De Giosa: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1889Giovanni Bottesini: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1893Guy de Maupassant: Writer, dies at 42
  • 1898Lucien Petipa: French dancer / choreograph / ballet leader
  • 1903Jose Augusto da Ferreira Veiga: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1907James McGranahan: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1919Paul Deusen: German philosopher / CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 1930Arthur Conan Doyle: British writer (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 71
  • 1933John M Acket: Literary (New Friends), dies at 70
  • 1939James Deacon White: Ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi), dies at 91
  • 1944Erich Salomon: German photographer
  • 1944Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild]: French foreign min (-1940)
  • 1945Salomeja Neris [S Bacinskaite-Buciene]: Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • 1955Franco Casavola: Composer, dies at 63