Events on Jul 7

  • 1124Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1438French church / King Charles VII release Pragmatieke Sanctie of Bourges
  • 1456Though she had already been executed, Joan of Arc is acquitted
  • 1495King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1498Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel
  • 1543French troops invade Luxembourg
  • 1550Chocolate introduced
  • 1585King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots loose all freedoms
  • 1607"God Save the King" is 1st sung
  • 1668Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1753English parliament grants Jewish English citizenship
  • 1754Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)
  • 18021st comic book "The Wasp, " is published
  • 1807France, Russia and Prussia sign Peace of Tilsit
  • 1829Royal Military Chapel forms
  • 1838Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1850Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 1861Battle of Laurel Hill, Virginia
  • 1862Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • 18631st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
  • 1863Orders barring Jews from serving under US Grant are revoked
  • 1868Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey vs. Sussex
  • 187427th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of New Jersey takes office
  • 1875Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
  • 1878Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • 1891Travelers checks patents
  • 1898US annexes Hawaii
  • 1900Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • 1908Great White Fleet leaves SF Bay
  • 191128th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: D Chambers beats D Boothby (60 60)

Born on Jul 7

  • 1690Johann Tobias Krebs: Composer
  • 1710Arvid Niclas Hopken: Composer
  • 1746Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer
  • 1752Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Invented programmable loom
  • 1778Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer
  • 1806Michele Amari: Italian historian / Minister of Education
  • 1813William Scott Ketchum: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1871
  • 1816Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard: Gen (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1824Alfred Pleasonton: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1827James Murrell Shackelford: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827William Montague Browne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1843Camillo Golgi: Italy -- Physician, cytologist (Nobel 1906)
  • 1851Lillien Jane Martin: Psychologist, founded Gerontology Clinic
  • 1853Albert Vandal: French Earl / historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 1860Gustav Mahler: Kalischat Bohemia, Austria -- Composer / conductor (Titan)
  • 1872Juan Lamonte de Grignon: Composer
  • 1879Jacob Weinberg: Composer
  • 1882Zdzislaw Jachimecki: Composer
  • 1883Toivo Kuula: Composer
  • 1885Ernest Bristow Farrar: Composer
  • 1887Dirk Koster: Literary (New Noises)
  • 1887Marc Chagall: Vitebsk, Russia -- Artist (I & The Village)
  • 1887Raymond Hatton: Red Oak, Iowa -- Actor (Girls in Prison, Lady Killer)
  • 1890Tom Powers: Owensboro, Kentucky -- Actor (Station West, Destination Moon)
  • 1893Vladimir Mayakovsky: Soviet, Georgia -- Poet (Ode to Revolution)
  • 1897Anna Luther: New Jersey, United States -- Silent screen actress (Sinners in Silk)
  • 1901Gustav Knuth: Braunschweig, Germany -- Actor (Freddy Unter Fremden)
  • 1902James McCartney: Father of Beatle (Paul)
  • 1902Vittorio De Sica: Sora, Italy -- Director / actor (2 Women)
  • 1905Marcel Rubin: Composer

Died on Jul 7

  • 1129Shirakawa: Emperor of Japan (1072-86) / budhist monk, dies at 76
  • 1307Edward I: King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68
  • 1348John Andreae: Italian canonist
  • 1572Sigismund II August: Last Jagellonen King of Poland, dies at 51
  • 1647Thomas Hooker: Clergyman, father of American democracy
  • 1656Michelangelo Rossi: Italian opera composer, buried at about 55
  • 1694Dokusho: Zen teacher, Obaku line
  • 1773Cornelis Douwes: Dutch Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1774Giuseppi Maria Carretti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1790Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis: Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • 1794Pascal Boyer: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1799William Curtis: English Botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • 1814Robert Jasper van der Capellen: Dutch politician, dies at 71
  • 1826Friedrich Ludwig Dulon: Flautist / composer, dies at 56
  • 1861John Willis Ellis: US Governor of NC (1858-61)
  • 1865Mary Surratt: And 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
  • 1885Nicola De Giosa: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1889Giovanni Bottesini: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1893Guy de Maupassant: Writer, dies at 42
  • 1898Lucien Petipa: French dancer / choreograph / ballet leader
  • 1903Jose Augusto da Ferreira Veiga: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1907James McGranahan: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1919Paul Deusen: German philosopher / CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 1930Arthur Conan Doyle: British writer (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 71
  • 1933John M Acket: Literary (New Friends), dies at 70
  • 1939James Deacon White: Ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi), dies at 91
  • 1944Erich Salomon: German photographer
  • 1944Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild]: French foreign min (-1940)
  • 1945Salomeja Neris [S Bacinskaite-Buciene]: Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • 1955Franco Casavola: Composer, dies at 63

Historical events on July 8

  • 0951Paris is founded
  • 1497Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India
  • 1551Willem of Orange weds countess Anna van Egmond and Buren
  • 16541st Jewish colonist arrive in US (Jacob Barsimson in Manhattan)
  • 1663King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island
  • 1672Willem II becomes captain- / admiral-general
  • 1693New York City authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
  • 1758English and Colonial assault on France at Ticonderoga, New York
  • 1776Colonel John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Declaration of Independence (Philadelphia)
  • 1777Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
  • 1778George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796US State Department issues 1st American passport
  • 17971st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 1833Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1835Liberty Bell cracks (again)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Saint-Helena
  • 1838Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1853Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
  • 1861CS General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in NM territory
  • 1861Skirmish at Florida, MI - A rebel encampment is attacked and dispersed
  • 1862Odore R Timby patents revolving gun turret
  • 1870Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1870Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
  • 1876White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • 1889John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)

Born on July 8

  • 1528Emanuel Philibert: Duke of Savoy / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1545Don Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1574Giovanni Battista Stefanini: Composer
  • 1604Heinrich Albert: Germany -- Composer (Arien oder Melodien)
  • 1621Jean de la Fontaine: French poet (Fables)
  • 1637Johann Georg Ebeling: Composer
  • 1638Matteo Coferati: Composer
  • 1757Richard Wainwright: Composer
  • 1809Ljudwit Gaj: Croatian writer / poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
  • 1819Alexander Hays: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1819Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer
  • 1821William Harvey Lamb Wallace: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Benjamin Henry Grierson: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Robert Kingston Scott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail: French serial writer
  • 1836Joseph Chamberlain: British Minister of Commerce / Colonies
  • 1838Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin: Inventor (rigid dirigibles)
  • 1839John D Rockefeller: US capitalist / founder (Standard Oil)
  • 1844Mary Johnson Lincoln: Educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • 1851Arthur J Evans: English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 1857Rudolf Dellinger: Composer
  • 1869William V Moody: US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • 1870Marie C of Zeggelen: Dutch Novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • 1871Clement Harris: Composer
  • 1871Kornelis ter Laan: 1st Dutch socialist Mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1882Percy Grainger: Melbourne, Victoria -- Composer / pianist / conductor (Hill Songs)
  • 1882Waverley John Anderson: Scottish viscount / Governor of Bengal
  • 1885Ann Jemima Flower: Oldest resident of the Netherlands
  • 1885Emil Bloch: German philosopher

Died on July 8

  • 0810Pepin: Son of Charlemagne, King of Italy
  • 0975Edgar: King of England (959-75)
  • 1115Petrus van Amiens: French Crusades predictor
  • 1153Eugene III [Bernardo]: Italian Pope (1145-53)
  • 1249Alexander II: King of Scotland (1215-49), dies at 51
  • 1253Thibaud IV: Poet / Count of Champagne / King of Navarra
  • 1496Benedetto Bonfiglio: Italian painter
  • 1531Tilman Riemenschneider: German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1623Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi]: Bishop of Bologna / Pope, dies at 69
  • 1656Alexander van der Capellen: Mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • 1679Samuel J Columbus: Swedish Poet (Odae Sveticae)
  • 1681Georg Neumark: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1695Christiaen Huygens: Inventor / astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1822Percy Bysshe Shelley: English Poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
  • 1859F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 1863Francis P Kenrick: Irish / US Archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
  • 1870John D Zocher, Jr.: Architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 1876Josef Dessauer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1885Hendrick Waelput: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1885Henry Waelput: Flemish Composer / conductor (Blessing of Arms)
  • 1894Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov: Composer
  • 1909Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet: French Minister of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • 1932Florenz Ziegfeld: US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies)
  • 1939[Henry] Havelock Ellis: English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
  • 1941Philippe Gaubert: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1942Catherinus Elling: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1943Harry Oakes: Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • 1943Jean "Max" Moulin: French resistance fighter, executed
  • 1946Aleksander V Aleksandrov: Russian Composer / conductor, dies at 63
  • 1949Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli: Composer, dies at 66