Events on Jul 8

  • 0951Paris is founded
  • 1497Vasco da Gama departs for trip to India
  • 1551Willem of Orange weds countess Anna van Egmond and Buren
  • 16541st Jewish colonist arrive in US (Jacob Barsimson in Manhattan)
  • 1663King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island
  • 1672Willem II becomes captain- / admiral-general
  • 1693New York City authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
  • 1758English and Colonial assault on France at Ticonderoga, New York
  • 1776Colonel John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Declaration of Independence (Philadelphia)
  • 1777Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
  • 1778George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796US State Department issues 1st American passport
  • 17971st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 1833Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1835Liberty Bell cracks (again)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reaches Saint-Helena
  • 1838Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1853Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
  • 1861CS General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in NM territory
  • 1861Skirmish at Florida, MI - A rebel encampment is attacked and dispersed
  • 1862Odore R Timby patents revolving gun turret
  • 1870Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1870Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
  • 1876White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • 1889John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)

Born on Jul 8

  • 1528Emanuel Philibert: Duke of Savoy / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1545Don Carlos: Son of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1574Giovanni Battista Stefanini: Composer
  • 1604Heinrich Albert: Germany -- Composer (Arien oder Melodien)
  • 1621Jean de la Fontaine: French poet (Fables)
  • 1637Johann Georg Ebeling: Composer
  • 1638Matteo Coferati: Composer
  • 1757Richard Wainwright: Composer
  • 1809Ljudwit Gaj: Croatian writer / poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
  • 1819Alexander Hays: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1819Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer
  • 1821William Harvey Lamb Wallace: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Benjamin Henry Grierson: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Robert Kingston Scott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail: French serial writer
  • 1836Joseph Chamberlain: British Minister of Commerce / Colonies
  • 1838Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin: Inventor (rigid dirigibles)
  • 1839John D Rockefeller: US capitalist / founder (Standard Oil)
  • 1844Mary Johnson Lincoln: Educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • 1851Arthur J Evans: English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 1857Rudolf Dellinger: Composer
  • 1869William V Moody: US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • 1870Marie C of Zeggelen: Dutch Novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • 1871Clement Harris: Composer
  • 1871Kornelis ter Laan: 1st Dutch socialist Mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1882Percy Grainger: Melbourne, Victoria -- Composer / pianist / conductor (Hill Songs)
  • 1882Waverley John Anderson: Scottish viscount / Governor of Bengal
  • 1885Ann Jemima Flower: Oldest resident of the Netherlands
  • 1885Emil Bloch: German philosopher

Died on Jul 8

  • 0810Pepin: Son of Charlemagne, King of Italy
  • 0975Edgar: King of England (959-75)
  • 1115Petrus van Amiens: French Crusades predictor
  • 1153Eugene III [Bernardo]: Italian Pope (1145-53)
  • 1249Alexander II: King of Scotland (1215-49), dies at 51
  • 1253Thibaud IV: Poet / Count of Champagne / King of Navarra
  • 1496Benedetto Bonfiglio: Italian painter
  • 1531Tilman Riemenschneider: German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1623Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi]: Bishop of Bologna / Pope, dies at 69
  • 1656Alexander van der Capellen: Mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • 1679Samuel J Columbus: Swedish Poet (Odae Sveticae)
  • 1681Georg Neumark: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1695Christiaen Huygens: Inventor / astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1822Percy Bysshe Shelley: English Poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
  • 1859F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 1863Francis P Kenrick: Irish / US Archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
  • 1870John D Zocher, Jr.: Architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 1876Josef Dessauer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1885Hendrick Waelput: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1885Henry Waelput: Flemish Composer / conductor (Blessing of Arms)
  • 1894Vladimir Nikitich Kashperov: Composer
  • 1909Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet: French Minister of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • 1932Florenz Ziegfeld: US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies)
  • 1939[Henry] Havelock Ellis: English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
  • 1941Philippe Gaubert: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1942Catherinus Elling: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1943Harry Oakes: Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • 1943Jean "Max" Moulin: French resistance fighter, executed
  • 1946Aleksander V Aleksandrov: Russian Composer / conductor, dies at 63
  • 1949Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli: Composer, dies at 66

Historical events on July 9

  • 0711Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupies North Spain
  • 1371Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1386Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat Duke Leopold III of Austria
  • 1401Mongol monarch Timur Lenk destroys Baghdad
  • 1517Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen
  • 1536French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada
  • 1553Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades
  • 157219 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1595Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe
  • 1609Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • 1672Prince Willem III inaugurated as Viceroy of Holland / Zealand
  • 1686Germany, Sweden and Spain signs anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
  • 1755Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755British General E Braddock mortally wounded during French and Indian War
  • 1766English Premier Rockingham resigns
  • 1780Denmark declares neutrality
  • 1795James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 1800Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US
  • 18151st natural gas well in US is discovered
  • 1815King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France
  • 1816Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • 1835St. Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • 1842Notary Stamp Law passes
  • 1846Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • 1852Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada and no one die
  • 1853Adm Perry and US Navy visit Japan
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1863Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • 1864Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400

Born on July 9

  • 1513John van Hembyze: Flemish calvinist
  • 1535Emanuel van Meteren: Southern, Netherlands -- Merchant / historian
  • 1578Ferdinand II: King of Bohemia / Hungary / German Emperor (1619-37)
  • 1589Johannes a Sancto Thoma [Poinset]: Portuguese theologist
  • 1764Ann Ward Radcliffe: English Gothic Novelist (Italian)
  • 1766J Schopenhauer: Writer
  • 1777Henry Hallam: British lawyer / historian
  • 1791Nicolas Ledesma: Composer
  • 1802Thomas Davenport: Invented 1st coml electric motor
  • 1805Henry John Gauntlett: Composer
  • 1809Frederick Henle: Germany -- Pathologist
  • 1825Jules Oppert: German Assyriologist (decodes characters)
  • 1831Johan P van der Kellen: Dutch stamp cutter / lithographer / writer
  • 1839Carl Baermann: Composer
  • 1841Carl Christian Lumbye: Composer
  • 1855Johann P Zilcher: German composer
  • 1856Daniel Guggenheim: US (Guggenheim Museum)
  • 1857Frederik II W: Grandduke of Baden (1907-18)
  • 1858Franz Boas: Anthropologist / linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
  • 1864Franz Miller: Becomes first Train Murderer
  • 1878H V Kaltenborn: Milwaukee, Wisconsin -- Newscaster (Who Said That?)
  • 1879Ottorino Respighi: Bologna, Italy -- Composer (Pines of Rome)
  • 1882Richard Hageman: Dutch / US pianist / composer / conductor (Caponsacchi)
  • 1887Samuel Eliot Morison: Historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
  • 1895Cullen Landis: Nashville, Tennessee -- Actor (Soul of the Beast)
  • 1898Gerard Walschap: Flemish writer / journalist (Mary, Revolt in Congo)
  • 1898Marcel Delannoy: Composer
  • 1900Robert Oboussier: Composer
  • 1901Barbara Cartland: Romance author (Camfield #69)
  • 1901Jester Hairston: North Carolina, United States -- Actor (Thats My Mama, Rolly-Amen)

Died on July 9

  • 1441Jan / Johannes van Eyck: Flemish Painter (Lamb Gods)
  • 1639Entonius Walaeus: Calvinist theologist, dies at 65
  • 1677Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer]: German medical / mystic poet
  • 1696Waclaw Potocki: Polish Poet (Wojna Chocimska)
  • 1716Joseph Sauveur: French sound engineer, dies at 63
  • 1746Philip V: French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62
  • 1747Giovanni Battista Bononcini: Italian opera-composer, dies at 76
  • 1755E Braddock: British Gen, mortally wounded during French and Indian War
  • 1755Gottlob Harrer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1755James Braddock: English General, dies in battle at Fort Duquesne
  • 1756Pieter Langendijk: Painter / etcher / playwright, dies at 72
  • 1797Edmund Burke: British Author / parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68
  • 1805Georg W "Franz" Panzer: German vicar / librarian, dies at 76
  • 1821Tommaso Sogner: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1843Washington Allston: US Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 1845Jacob Earl of Rechteren / Appeltern: Gov of Gelderland, dies at 57
  • 1850Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab: Persian founder of Babism
  • 1850Zachary Taylor: 12th President (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
  • 1875Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Famed St. Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • 1883Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1909Kasimir Felix Badeni: Premier of Polish / Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1934Otakar Zich: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1949Fritz Bennicke Hart: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1951Harry Heilmann: Baseball hall of famer outfielder (Det), dies at 56
  • 1951Jorgen Bentzon: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1957Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1960Edward Burlingame Hill: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1961Alan Marshal: Actor (Lydia, Irene, Exile Express), dies at 52
  • 1962Louis A van Gasteren: Dutch actor (Willem van Oranje), dies at 74
  • 1963Frank Mayo: Actor (Santa Fe Trail), dies of heart attack at 74