Events on Jul 9

  • 0711Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupies North Spain
  • 1371Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1386Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat Duke Leopold III of Austria
  • 1401Mongol monarch Timur Lenk destroys Baghdad
  • 1517Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen
  • 1536French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada
  • 1553Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades
  • 157219 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1595Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe
  • 1609Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
  • 1672Prince Willem III inaugurated as Viceroy of Holland / Zealand
  • 1686Germany, Sweden and Spain signs anti-French League of Augsburg
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
  • 1755Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755British General E Braddock mortally wounded during French and Indian War
  • 1766English Premier Rockingham resigns
  • 1780Denmark declares neutrality
  • 1795James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 1800Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US
  • 18151st natural gas well in US is discovered
  • 1815King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France
  • 1816Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • 1835St. Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • 1842Notary Stamp Law passes
  • 1846Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • 1852Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada and no one die
  • 1853Adm Perry and US Navy visit Japan
  • 1862Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1863Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • 1864Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400

Born on Jul 9

  • 1513John van Hembyze: Flemish calvinist
  • 1535Emanuel van Meteren: Southern, Netherlands -- Merchant / historian
  • 1578Ferdinand II: King of Bohemia / Hungary / German Emperor (1619-37)
  • 1589Johannes a Sancto Thoma [Poinset]: Portuguese theologist
  • 1764Ann Ward Radcliffe: English Gothic Novelist (Italian)
  • 1766J Schopenhauer: Writer
  • 1777Henry Hallam: British lawyer / historian
  • 1791Nicolas Ledesma: Composer
  • 1802Thomas Davenport: Invented 1st coml electric motor
  • 1805Henry John Gauntlett: Composer
  • 1809Frederick Henle: Germany -- Pathologist
  • 1825Jules Oppert: German Assyriologist (decodes characters)
  • 1831Johan P van der Kellen: Dutch stamp cutter / lithographer / writer
  • 1839Carl Baermann: Composer
  • 1841Carl Christian Lumbye: Composer
  • 1855Johann P Zilcher: German composer
  • 1856Daniel Guggenheim: US (Guggenheim Museum)
  • 1857Frederik II W: Grandduke of Baden (1907-18)
  • 1858Franz Boas: Anthropologist / linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
  • 1864Franz Miller: Becomes first Train Murderer
  • 1878H V Kaltenborn: Milwaukee, Wisconsin -- Newscaster (Who Said That?)
  • 1879Ottorino Respighi: Bologna, Italy -- Composer (Pines of Rome)
  • 1882Richard Hageman: Dutch / US pianist / composer / conductor (Caponsacchi)
  • 1887Samuel Eliot Morison: Historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
  • 1895Cullen Landis: Nashville, Tennessee -- Actor (Soul of the Beast)
  • 1898Gerard Walschap: Flemish writer / journalist (Mary, Revolt in Congo)
  • 1898Marcel Delannoy: Composer
  • 1900Robert Oboussier: Composer
  • 1901Barbara Cartland: Romance author (Camfield #69)
  • 1901Jester Hairston: North Carolina, United States -- Actor (Thats My Mama, Rolly-Amen)

Died on Jul 9

  • 1441Jan / Johannes van Eyck: Flemish Painter (Lamb Gods)
  • 1639Entonius Walaeus: Calvinist theologist, dies at 65
  • 1677Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer]: German medical / mystic poet
  • 1696Waclaw Potocki: Polish Poet (Wojna Chocimska)
  • 1716Joseph Sauveur: French sound engineer, dies at 63
  • 1746Philip V: French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62
  • 1747Giovanni Battista Bononcini: Italian opera-composer, dies at 76
  • 1755E Braddock: British Gen, mortally wounded during French and Indian War
  • 1755Gottlob Harrer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1755James Braddock: English General, dies in battle at Fort Duquesne
  • 1756Pieter Langendijk: Painter / etcher / playwright, dies at 72
  • 1797Edmund Burke: British Author / parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68
  • 1805Georg W "Franz" Panzer: German vicar / librarian, dies at 76
  • 1821Tommaso Sogner: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1843Washington Allston: US Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 1845Jacob Earl of Rechteren / Appeltern: Gov of Gelderland, dies at 57
  • 1850Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab: Persian founder of Babism
  • 1850Zachary Taylor: 12th President (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
  • 1875Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Famed St. Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • 1883Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1909Kasimir Felix Badeni: Premier of Polish / Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1934Otakar Zich: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1949Fritz Bennicke Hart: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1951Harry Heilmann: Baseball hall of famer outfielder (Det), dies at 56
  • 1951Jorgen Bentzon: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1957Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1960Edward Burlingame Hill: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1961Alan Marshal: Actor (Lydia, Irene, Exile Express), dies at 52
  • 1962Louis A van Gasteren: Dutch actor (Willem van Oranje), dies at 74
  • 1963Frank Mayo: Actor (Santa Fe Trail), dies of heart attack at 74

Historical events on July 10

  • 0552Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 1040Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
  • 1460Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton
  • 1520King Charles V and King Henry VIII signs treaty of Calais
  • 1553Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen of England
  • 1568Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1584Spanish army leader Richebourg conquerors Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1598Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1609Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • 16291st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • 1652England declares war on Netherlands
  • 1690Battle of Beachy Head-French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet
  • 1690Neth-French sea battle at Beachy Head (Cornelis Evertsen)
  • 1746Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • 1775Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • 17971st US frigate, the "United States, " is launched in Philadelphia
  • 1810Emperor Napoleon corpse leaves Netherlands for France
  • 1832President Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
  • 1847Urbain J J Leverrier and John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel
  • 1862US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • 1866Indelible pencil patents by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • 1873French Poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol
  • 1886Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink and white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
  • 1886George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • 1890Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • 18921st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
  • 1898Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • 1905Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • 1910Chicago White Sox Comiskey Park opens, visiting Browns win 2-0
  • 1912Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)

Born on July 10

  • 1509John Calvin: Protestant religious Reformer / Theologian
  • 1526Philip III van Croij: Duke of Aarschot / Earl of Porcien
  • 1638David Teniers III: Flemish painter (carpet cartons)
  • 1697Francois Hanot: Composer
  • 1759Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer
  • 1778Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer / royal chaplain master
  • 1779Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer
  • 1792George Mifflin Dallas: (D) 11th VP (1845-49)
  • 1797Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull)
  • 1818John Stuart "Cerro Gordo" Williams: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820Andrew Porter: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 1821Christopher Columbus Augur: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824Rudolf von Benningsen: German lawyer / politician
  • 1826Theodore Edouard Dufaure de Lajarte: Composer
  • 1830Camille Pissaro: Danish Antillean / French painter (impressionism)
  • 1833Lucius Eugene Polk: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1835Henryk Wieniawski: Lubin, Poland -- Violinist / composer (Souv de Moscou)
  • 1852Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter: German Foreign Minister
  • 1858Karl Flodin: Composer
  • 1865Jan "Pa" van der Steur: Dutch philanthropist (Steurtjes)
  • 1867Finley Peter Dunne: United States -- Journalist / humorist (Mr Dooley)
  • 1867Max Prinz von Baden: German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918)
  • 1870Maurice Lugeon: Switzerland -- Geologist (nappism)
  • 1871Marcel Proust: France -- Novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • 1875Mary McLeod Bethune: South Carolina, United States -- Slave / educator (Bethune-Cookman College)
  • 1879Harry Nicholls Holmes: Pennsylvania, United States -- Dr (crystallized vitamin A)
  • 1882Ima Hogg: Texas art Patron / founder of Houston Symphony
  • 1882Riccadro Pick-Mangiagalli: Composer
  • 1883Johann Blaskowitz: German General
  • 1883Sam Wood: United States -- Communist fighter / director (For Whom the Bell Tolls)

Died on July 10

  • 0138Publius A Hadrianus: Roman Emperor (117-138)
  • 0518Anastasius I Dikoros [Dyrrhachium / Durazzo]: Byzantine Emperor
  • 0983Benedict VI: Italian Pope (974-83)
  • 1086Knut IV [the Saint]: King of Denmark (1080-86), murdered
  • 1103Erik I Ejegod [the Good hearted]: King of Denmark (1095-1103)
  • 1559Henry II: King of France (1547-59)
  • 1573Willem van Bronkhorst: Brattenburg / Stein / army leader
  • 1584Willem I "the Silent" [Willem of Orange]: Earl of Nassau, dies at 51
  • 1594Paulo Bellasio: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1668Adam-Nicolas Gascon: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1686Ercole Ferrata: Italian Sculptor / restauranteur, dies at 76
  • 1690Domenico Gabrielli: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1690Jan van Brakel: Dutch Vice-Admiral (Chatham), dies in battle at 48
  • 1692Bridget Bishop: 1st Salem witch hanged
  • 1762Johann F Gronovius: Physician / botany, dies at 76
  • 1838Willem Earl van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43
  • 1839Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1863Paul Jones Semmes: US businessman / Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 48
  • 1868Carlo Conti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1884Paul Charles Morphy: US lawyer / chess wizard, dies at 47
  • 1888Rafael Hernando: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1902Albert FA: King of Saxon (1873-1902), dies at 74
  • 1908Eliza Laurillard: Vicar / Poet / writer, dies at 78
  • 1910Johann G Galle: German discoverer of Neptune by telescope
  • 1915Hendrik W Mesdag: Painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1920John A "Jacky" Kilverston: Adm / designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • 1924Johannes B van Heutsz: Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1904-09), dies at 73
  • 1937Attilio Brugnoli: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1937Johan[nes] B Schepers: Fries writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • 1940Donald Francis Tovey: English musicologist / composer, dies at 64